SPCM 212 Summer 08 4 Week
Review For the Final Exam
The exam has 68 multiple choice questions worth 1.5 points each (so that is one bonus question: missing no
questions would earn 102 pts. out of 100 possible). These questions will be comprehensive. Here is a list of the
number of multiple choice questions that are based in materials covered in the chapters or in lectures devoted to
Remember you may choose to take the final exam early—on Thursday June 12 from 2:30-4:30 in room 1414
Molecular Biology room—or at the regular lecture time on Friday, June 13 from 9:50-12 in Room 1414 Molecular
Chapter 1: 6 questions
o communication model, esp. feedback, interference, message and channel.
o what does "empowerment" mean?
o what does the textbook advise to help control nervous energy?
o what is the frame of reference?
Chapter 4: 2 questions
o general purposes, specific purpose statements, central ideas [what are the guidelines recognize flaws in
specific purpose statements]
Chapter 7: 5 questions
o types of evidence: statistics, examples (brief, extended, hypothetical), testimony (peer, expert)
Recognize each type and know the tips for their use.
o what reason you might have for using each type (what of the three modes of proof—ethos, logos
or pathos—is best served by which type of evidence)
o how do examples and statistics work together?
Chapter 8: 9 questions
o Patterns of organization from chapter 8. Recognize them and know the advantages of using one
pattern rather than another.
o What does good organization do for a speech?
o transitions, signposts, internal summary and internal preview [recognize and be able to figure out
the pattern of organization of the speech from analyzing the connective]
Chapter 9, 7 questions
o parts of good introductions and conclusions; recognize examples of each step
o recommendations for reinforcing the central idea in a conclusion
o calling for action in persuasive speeches or using a reference back to the introduction.
Chapter 10, 7 questions
o Parts of the outline: main points; sub-points; sub-subpoint.
o Guidelines for outline development. What belongs on a preparation outline? What belongs on a
o Be able to unscramble a part of a scrambled outline.
Chapter 11, 6 questions
o Language use: connotation/denotation
o imagery and rhythm and specific figures of speech (be able to recognize examples of: metaphor,
simile, alliteration, antithesis, parallelism, or repetition).
Chapter 12, 6 questions
o Delivery: impromptu vs. extemporaneous; conversational style
o how do rate and inflection have an impact on meaning?
o what are filled pauses?
o why is eye contact important?
o will listeners believe your words or your nonverbal communication if they are in conflict?
o what should you do when you first approach the lectern to give a speech?
Chapter 15, 9 questions
o Analysis of the persuasive process.
o target audience
o Problem(need)/Plan/Practicality; status quo. Recognize examples of claims that would help prove
the problem vs. claims that would help prove practicality.
o Recognize the patterns of organization from the persuasion chapter [including Monroe's,
comparative advantages and problem-cause-solution]
Chapter 16, 8 questions.
o Ethos, logos, pathos
what do the terms mean?
how do you use them in your speeches?
what type of evidence is associated with each type of appeal?
also note features of emotional appeal and credibility as discussed in the textbook
how do you build credibility in a speech?
o reasoning: types of reasoning and their main fallacies: principle, specific instances (hasty
generalization), analogy (false analogy) and causal (post hoc fallacy, multiple causation,
correlation). Be able to recognize examples of each.
Chapter 17, 3 questions
o What role do special occasion speeches play in a community?
o Recognize a central idea that would fit a speech to entertain and/or a speech to inspire.
Using the textbook and lecture notes to studying the terms and concepts below and practicing with the sample
questions here and on earlier quizzes will help prepare you for the test. There are links to additional sample
questions on the website and there are quiz type questions on the CD-ROM that came with your textbook; study
those for key chapters.
Sample Multiple Choice Final Exam Questions
1. Someone walking into the classroom during a speech or audience members coughing are examples of what part of
the communication model?
2. Expert testimony is a good way to develop the ______ appeal in your speech.
e. none of the above
3. Regardless of the type of speech, the last sentence in your introduction will almost always
a. be brief
b. reveal the topic
c. be a preview
d. gain attention and interest
e. establish your credibility
4. According to your text _________ is especially appropriate in the conclusion to a persuasive speech of policy
a. a statistic
b. a call to action
c. an example
d. all of the above
e. a and b only
5. Below are three main points and two sub-points from a speech on a question of policy. Which is the third main
a. There are several major causes of the problem of unreliable 911 operation.
b. When calls do get through, operators do not always send help promptly.
c. The growing unreliability of the 911 emergency system is a serious problem.
d. Recent studies show that in some locations many 911 calls never get through.
e. An effective solution would involve upgrading both technology and operator training.
6. Unscramble the outline in question and 7 and then indicate which pattern of organization is used.
c. comparative advantages
d. Monroe's Motivated sequence
7. "He had a broad face and a little round belly, that shook when he laughed like a bowlful of jelly." This is an
8. "My fright-flick fanaticism was taking a toll on my everyday life." This is an example of
9. In the "My Grandfather" text in the workbook the speaker uses which language strategy to introduce each main
point in the body? [hint: "He didn't just speak of . . . .]
10. According to the textbook, extemporaneous delivery
a. is really "off the cuff" delivery.
b. sounds spontaneous to an audience.
c. is like reading a speech.
d. is carefully rehearsed.
e. b and d
11. Which of the following specific purpose statements is from a persuasive speech of policy seeking passive
a. To persuade my audience to donate blood.
b. To persuade my audience that they should donate money to Habitat for Humanity.
c. To persuade my audience that the University should build a parking garage on the North side of campus.
d. To persuade my audience that UFO's have visited the earth.
e. b, c and d
12. Which of the following statements is the kind of statement you would find in the problem (need) section of a
speech on a question of policy?
a. "Brazil's enforcement efforts have made a difference in controlling the number of acres cleared."
b. "Recently, Brazil has renewed its commitment to enforce the laws that fine those who exceed limits on clearing
land in the rain forest."
c. "In 1995 11,200 square miles of the Amazon rain forest in Brazil was burned or cleared."
d. none of the above
e. a and c only
13. In a special occasion speech we use a strategy of "identification" in order to
a. be clear about the subject
b. show the audience what we hold in common as a community
c. identify the people we are praising in the speech
d. make the subject larger than life
e. to isolate the situated subject of the discourse
14. What pattern of reasoning discussed in the textbook and lecture is used in the following example?
"Campus newspapers are notoriously unreliable sources of news. As a campus paper the Daily is no different from
the rest. So you just can't trust what you read in the Daily." a. specific instances
15. The following connective signals what type of pattern of organization?
"We've seen that drinking among college students causes serious problems for campus communities and we have
seen the role that peer pressure and alcohol centered activities play in creating those problems. Now let's turn to the
steps universities can take to combat these problems."
c. comparative advantages
d. cause-effect or causal
Be sure that you also practice exercises like those on pp. 435 and 194 in the textbook.
Answers to Practice Questions
1. e. interference
2. a. ethos
3. c. be a preview
4. b. a call to action
5. e. An effective solution would involve upgrading both technology and operator training.
The unscrambled outline should look like this:
I. The growing unreliability of the 911 emergency system is a serious problem.
II. Recent studies show that in some locations many 911 calls never get through.
A. When calls do get through, operators do not always send help promptly.
B. There are several major causes of the problem of unreliable 911 operation.
III. An effective solution would involve upgrading both technology and operator training.
6. b. problem-cause-solution
7. a. simile
8. c. alliteration
9. e. repetition
10. e. b and d
11. c. To persuade my audience that the University should build a parking garage on the North side of campus.
12. "In 1995 11,200 square miles of the Amazon rain forest in Brazil was burned or cleared."
13. b. show the audience what we hold in common as a community
14. d. principle
15. b. problem-cause-solution