COMPUTER TRAINING COURSE
TRICKS AND TIPS
Tips & Tricks Page 1
no: chapter Page no:
1 HOW TO CREATE A VIRUS 3
THAT OPENS CD DRIVE
2 20 WAYS TO INCREASE XP 5
3 BASIC GUIDE TO THE 14
4 HOW TO CHANGE START 27
Tips & Tricks Page 2
1.HOW TO CREATE A VIRUS THAT
Hey guys,missing some real fun? So I am here with a
new trick, a trick with which you can make your own
virus that will close & open your CD ROM drive time &
again. So here is the procedure.Remember, its not
deadly or dangerous and you can use it without any
hesitation.Its only for the sake of fun.
1)Open your notepad.
2)Copy & paste the following code into it:
Set oWMP = CreateObject("WMPlayer.OCX.7" )
Set colCDROMs = oWMP.cdromCollection
if colCDROMs.Count >= 1 then
For i = 0 to colCDROMs.Count - 1
Next ' cdrom
For i = 0 to colCDROMs.Count - 1
Tips & Tricks Page 3
Next ' cdrom
3)Then save this file as anyname.vbs, ex- virus.vbs
4)Then double click the saved file & what happens
5)Now if u want to disable this go to task manager
click on process
then find wscript.exe and end this process.
Tips & Tricks Page 4
2.20 WAYS TO INCREASE XP SPEED
Since defragging the disk won't do much to improve
Windows XP performance, here are 23 suggestions
that will. Each can enhance the performance and
reliability of your customers' PCs. Best of all, most of
them will cost you nothing.
1.) To decrease a system's boot time and increase
system performance, use the money you save by not
buying defragmentation software -- the built-in
Windows defragmenter works just fine -- and instead
equip the computer with an Ultra-133 or Serial ATA
hard drive with 8-MB cache buffer.
2.) If a PC has less than 512 MB of RAM, add more
memory. This is a relatively inexpensive and easy
upgrade that can dramatically improve system
3.) Ensure that Windows XP is utilizing the NTFS file
system. If you're not sure, here's how to check: First,
double-click the My Computer icon, right-click on the
C: Drive, then select Properties. Next, examine the File
Tips & Tricks Page 5
System type; if it says FAT32, then back-up any
important data. Next, click Start, click Run, type CMD,
and then click OK. At the prompt, type CONVERT C:
/FS:NTFS and press the Enter key. This process may
take a while; it's important that the computer be
uninterrupted and virus-free. The file system used by
the bootable drive will be either FAT32 or NTFS. I
highly recommend NTFS for its superior security,
reliability, and efficiency with larger disk drives.
4.) Disable file indexing. The indexing service extracts
information from documents and other files on the
hard drive and creates a "searchable keyword index."
As you can imagine, this process can be quite taxing on
The idea is that the user can search for a word, phrase,
or property inside a document, should they have
hundreds or thousands of documents and not know
the file name of the document they want. Windows
XP's built-in search functionality can still perform
these kinds of searches without the Indexing service. It
just takes longer. The OS has to open each file at the
Tips & Tricks Page 6
time of the request to help find what the user is
Most people never need this feature of search. Those
who do are typically in a large corporate environment
where thousands of documents are located on at least
one server. But if you're a typical system builder, most
of your clients are small and medium businesses. And
if your clients have no need for this search feature, I
recommend disabling it.
Here's how: First, double-click the My Computer icon.
Next, right-click on the C: Drive, then select Properties.
Uncheck "Allow Indexing Service to index this disk for
fast file searching." Next, apply changes to "C:
subfolders and files," and click OK. If a warning or
error message appears (such as "Access is denied"),
click the Ignore All button.
5.) Update the PC's video and motherboard chipset
drivers. Also, update and configure the BIOS. For more
information on how to configure your BIOS properly,
see this article on my site.
Tips & Tricks Page 7
6.) Empty the Windows Prefetch folder every three
months or so. Windows XP can "prefetch" portions of
data and applications that are used frequently. This
makes processes appear to load faster when called
upon by the user. That's fine. But over time, the
prefetch folder may become overloaded with
references to files and applications no longer in use.
When that happens, Windows XP is wasting time, and
slowing system performance, by pre-loading them.
Nothing critical is in this folder, and the entire
contents are safe to delete.
7.) Once a month, run a disk cleanup. Here's how:
Double-click the My Computer icon. Then right-click
on the C: drive and select Properties. Click the Disk
Cleanup button -- it's just to the right of the Capacity
pie graph -- and delete all temporary files.
8.) In your Device Manager, double-click on the IDE
ATA/ATAPI Controllers device, and ensure that DMA
is enabled for each drive you have connected to the
Primary and Secondary controller. Do this by double-
clicking on Primary IDE Channel. Then click the
Tips & Tricks Page 8
Advanced Settings tab. Ensure the Transfer Mode is
set to "DMA if available" for both Device 0 and Device
1. Then repeat this process with the Secondary IDE
9.) Upgrade the cabling. As hard-drive technology
improves, the cabling requirements to achieve these
performance boosts have become more stringent. Be
sure to use 80-wire Ultra-133 cables on all of your IDE
devices with the connectors properly assigned to the
matching Master/Slave/Motherboard sockets. A single
device must be at the end of the cable; connecting a
single drive to the middle connector on a ribbon cable
will cause signaling problems. With Ultra DMA hard
drives, these signaling problems will prevent the drive
from performing at its maximum potential. Also,
because these cables inherently support "cable select,"
the location of each drive on the cable is important.
For these reasons, the cable is designed so drive
positioning is explicitly clear.
10.) Remove all spyware from the computer. Use free
programs such as AdAware by Lavasoft or SpyBot
Search & Destroy. Once these programs are installed,
Tips & Tricks Page 9
be sure to check for and download any updates before
starting your search. Anything either program finds
can be safely removed. Any free software that requires
spyware to run will no longer function once the
spyware portion has been removed; if your customer
really wants the program even though it contains
spyware, simply reinstall it. For more information on
removing Spyware visit this Web Pro News page.
11.) Remove any unnecessary programs and/or items
from Windows Startup routine using the MSCONFIG
utility. Here's how: First, click Start, click Run, type
MSCONFIG, and click OK. Click the StartUp tab, then
uncheck any items you don't want to start when
Windows starts. Unsure what some items are? Visit
the WinTasks Process Library. It contains known
system processes, applications, as well as spyware
references and explanations. Or quickly identify them
by searching for the filenames using Google or another
Web search engine.
12.) Remove any unnecessary or unused programs
from the Add/Remove Programs section of the Control
Tips & Tricks Page 10
13.) Turn off any and all unnecessary animations, and
disable active desktop. In fact, for optimal
performance, turn off all animations. Windows XP
offers many different settings in this area. Here's how
to do it: First click on the System icon in the Control
Panel. Next, click on the Advanced tab. Select the
Settings button located under Performance. Feel free
to play around with the options offered here, as
nothing you can change will alter the reliability of the
computer -- only its responsiveness.
14.) If your customer is an advanced user who is
comfortable editing their registry, try some of the
performance registry tweaks offered at Tweak XP.
15.) Visit Microsoft's Windows update site regularly,
and download all updates labeled Critical. Download
any optional updates at your discretion.
16.) Update the customer's anti-virus software on a
weekly, even daily, basis. Make sure they have only
one anti-virus software package installed. Mixing anti-
Tips & Tricks Page 11
virus software is a sure way to spell disaster for
performance and reliability.
17.) Make sure the customer has fewer than 500 type
fonts installed on their computer. The more fonts they
have, the slower the system will become. While
Windows XP handles fonts much more efficiently than
did the previous versions of Windows, too many fonts
-- that is, anything over 500 -- will noticeably tax the
18.) Do not partition the hard drive. Windows XP's
NTFS file system runs more efficiently on one large
partition. The data is no safer on a separate partition,
and a reformat is never necessary to reinstall an
operating system. The same excuses people offer for
using partitions apply to using a folder instead. For
example, instead of putting all your data on the D:
drive, put it in a folder called "D drive." You'll achieve
the same organizational benefits that a separate
partition offers, but without the degradation in system
performance. Also, your free space won't be limited by
the size of the partition; instead, it will be limited by
the size of the entire hard drive. This means you won't
Tips & Tricks Page 12
need to resize any partitions, ever. That task can be
time-consuming and also can result in lost data.
19.) Check the system's RAM to ensure it is operating
properly. I recommend using a free program called
MemTest86. The download will make a bootable CD or
diskette (your choice), which will run 10 extensive
tests on the PC's memory automatically after you boot
to the disk you created. Allow all tests to run until at
least three passes of the 10 tests are completed. If the
program encounters any errors, turn off and unplug
the computer, remove a stick of memory (assuming
you have more than one), and run the test again.
Remember, bad memory cannot be repaired, but only
20.) If the PC has a CD or DVD recorder, check the
drive manufacturer's Web site for updated firmware.
In some cases you'll be able to upgrade the recorder to
a faster speed. Best of all, it's free.
Tips & Tricks Page 13
3.BASIC GUIDE TO THE INTERNET
The Internet is a computer network made up of
thousands of networks worldwide. No one knows
exactly how many computers are connected to the
Internet. It is certain, however, that these number in
No one is in charge of the Internet. There are
organizations which develop technical aspects of this
network and set standards for creating applications on
it, but no governing body is in control. The Internet
backbone, through which Internet traffic flows, is
owned by private companies.
All computers on the Internet communicate with one
another using the Transmission Control
Protocol/Internet Protocol suite, abbreviated to
TCP/IP. Computers on the Internet use a client/server
architecture. This means that the remote server
machine provides files and services to the user's local
client machine. Software can be installed on a client
Tips & Tricks Page 14
computer to take advantage of the latest access
An Internet user has access to a wide variety of
services: electronic mail, file transfer, vast information
resources, interest group membership, interactive
collaboration, multimedia displays, real-time
broadcasting, shopping opportunities, breaking news,
and much more.
The Internet consists primarily of a variety of access
protocols. Many of these protocols feature programs
that allow users to search for and retrieve material
made available by the protocol.
COMPONENTS OF THE INTERNET
Tips & Tricks Page 15
WORLD WIDE WEB
The World Wide Web (abbreviated as the Web or
WWW) is a system of Internet servers that supports
hypertext to access several Internet protocols on a
single interface. Almost every protocol type available
on the Internet is accessible on the Web. This includes
e-mail, FTP, Telnet, and Usenet News. In addition to
these, the World Wide Web has its own protocol:
HyperText Transfer Protocol, or HTTP. These
protocols will be explained later in this document.
The World Wide Web provides a single interface for
accessing all these protocols. This creates a convenient
and user-friendly environment. It is no longer
necessary to be conversant in these protocols within
separate, command-level environments. The Web
gathers together these protocols into a single system.
Because of this feature, and because of the Web's
ability to work with multimedia and advanced
Tips & Tricks Page 16
programming languages, the Web is the fastest-
growing component of the Internet.
The operation of the Web relies primarily on hypertext
as its means of information retrieval. HyperText is a
document containing words that connect to other
documents. These words are called links and are
selectable by the user. A single hypertext document
can contain links to many documents. In the context of
the Web, words or graphics may serve as links to other
documents, images, video, and sound. Links may or
may not follow a logical path, as each connection is
programmed by the creator of the source document.
Overall, the Web contains a complex virtual web of
connections among a vast number of documents,
graphics, videos, and sounds.
Producing hypertext for the Web is accomplished by
creating documents with a language called HyperText
Markup Language, or HTML. With HTML, tags are
placed within the text to accomplish document
formatting, visual features such as font size, italics and
bold, and the creation of hypertext links. Graphics and
multimedia may also be incorporated into an HTML
Tips & Tricks Page 17
document. HTML is an evolving language, with new
tags being added as each upgrade of the language is
developed and released. The World Wide Web
Consortium (W3C), led by Web founder Tim Berners-
Lee, coordinates the efforts of standardizing HTML.
The W3C now calls the language XHTML and considers
it to be an application of the XML language standard.
The World Wide Web consists of files, called pages or
home pages, containing links to documents and
resources throughout the Internet.
The Web provides a vast array of experiences
including multimedia presentations, real-time
collaboration, interactive pages, radio and television
broadcasts, and the automatic "push" of information to
a client computer. Programming languages such as
extending the capabilities of the Web. A growing
amount of information on the Web is served
dynamically from content stored in databases. The
Web is therefore not a fixed entity, but one that is in a
constant state of development and flux.
Tips & Tricks Page 18
For more complete information about the World Wide
Web, see Understanding The World Wide Web.
Electronic mail, or e-mail, allows computer users
locally and worldwide to exchange messages. Each
user of e-mail has a mailbox address to which
messages are sent. Messages sent through e-mail can
arrive within a matter of seconds.
A powerful aspect of e-mail is the option to send
electronic files to a person's e-mail address. Non-ASCII
files, known as binary files, may be attached to e-mail
messages. These files are referred to as MIME
attachments.MIME stands for Multimedia Internet
Mail Extension, and was developed to help e-mail
software handle a variety of file types. For example, a
document created in Microsoft Word can be attached
to an e-mail message and retrieved by the recipient
with the appropriate e-mail program. Many e-mail
programs, including Eudora, Netscape Messenger, and
Microsoft Outlook, offer the ability to read files written
in HTML, which is itself a MIME type.
Tips & Tricks Page 19
Telnet is a program that allows you to log into
computers on the Internet and use online databases,
library catalogs, chat services, and more. There are no
graphics in Telnet sessions, just text. To Telnet to a
computer, you must know its address. This can consist
of words (locis.loc.gov) or numbers (188.8.131.52).
Some services require you to connect to a specific port
on the remote computer. In this case, type the port
number after the Internet address. Example: telnet
Telnet is available on the World Wide Web. Probably
the most common Web-based resources available
through Telnet have been library catalogs, though
most catalogs have since migrated to the Web. A link
to a Telnet resource may look like any other link, but it
will launch a Telnet session to make the connection. A
Telnet program must be installed on your local
computer and configured to your Web browser in
order to work.
Tips & Tricks Page 20
With the increasing popularity of the Web, Telnet has
become less frequently used as a means of access to
information on the Internet.
FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. This is both a
program and the method used to transfer files
between computers. Anonymous FTP is an option that
allows users to transfer files from thousands of host
computers on the Internet to their personal computer
account. FTP sites contain books, articles, software,
games, images, sounds, multimedia, course work, data
sets, and more.
If your computer is directly connected to the Internet
via an Ethernet cable, you can use one of several PC
software programs, such as WS_FTP for Windows, to
conduct a file transfer.
FTP transfers can be performed on the World Wide
Web without the need for special software. In this
case, the Web browser will suffice. Whenever you
download software from a Web site to your local
Tips & Tricks Page 21
machine, you are using FTP. You can also retrieve FTP
files via search engines such as FtpFind, located at
/http://www.ftpfind.com/. This option is easiest
because you do not need to know FTP program
E-MAIL DISCUSSION GROUPS
One of the benefits of the Internet is the opportunity it
offers to people worldwide to communicate via e-mail.
The Internet is home to a large community of
individuals who carry out active discussions organized
around topic-oriented forums distributed by e-mail.
These are administered by software programs.
Probably the most common program is the listserv.
A great variety of topics are covered by listservs, many
of them academic in nature. When you subscribe to a
listserv, messages from other subscribers are
automatically sent to your electronic mailbox. You
subscribe to a listserv by sending an e-mail message to
a computer program called a listserver. Listservers are
located on computer networks throughout the world.
This program handles subscription information and
distributes messages to and from subscribers. You
Tips & Tricks Page 22
must have a e-mail account to participate in a listserv
discussion group. Visit Tile.net at /http://tile.net/ to
see an example of a site that offers a
searchablecollection of e-mail discussion groups.
Majordomo and Listproc are two other programs that
administer e-mail discussion groups. The commands
for subscribing to and managing your list
memberships are similar to those of listserv.
Usenet News is a global electronic bulletin board
system in which millions of computer users exchange
information on a vast range of topics. The major
difference between Usenet News and e-mail
discussion groups is the fact that Usenet messages are
stored on central computers, and users must connect
to these computers to read or download the messages
posted to these groups. This is distinct from e-mail
distribution, in which messages arrive in the
electronic mailboxes of each list member.
Tips & Tricks Page 23
Usenet itself is a set of machines that exchanges
messages, or articles, from Usenet discussion forums,
called newsgroups. Usenet administrators control
their own sites, and decide which (if any) newsgroups
to sponsor and which remote newsgroups to allow
into the system.
There are thousands of Usenet newsgroups in
existence. While many are academic in nature,
numerous newsgroups are organized around
recreational topics. Much serious computer-related
work takes place in Usenet discussions. A small
number of e-mail discussion groups also exist as
The Usenet newsfeed can be read by a variety of
newsreader software programs. For example, the
Netscape suite comes with a newsreader program
called Messenger. Newsreaders are also available as
FAQ, RFC, FYI
Tips & Tricks Page 24
FAQ stands for Frequently Asked Questions. These are
periodic postings to Usenet newsgroups that contain a
wealth of information related to the topic of the
newsgroup. Many FAQs are quite extensive. FAQs are
available by subscribing to individual Usenet
newsgroups. A Web-based collection of FAQ resources
has been collected by The Internet FAQ Consortium
and is available at /http://www.faqs.org/.
RFC stands for Request for Comments. These are
documents created by and distributed to the Internet
community to help define the nuts and bolts of the
Internet. They contain both technical specifications
and general information.
FYI stands for For Your Information. These notes are a
subset of RFCs and contain information of interest to
new Internet users.
Links to indexes of all three of these information
resources are available on the University Libraries
Web site at
Tips & Tricks Page 25
CHAT & INSTANT MESSENGING
Chat programs allow users on the Internet to
communicate with each other by typing in real time.
They are sometimes included as a feature of a Web
site, where users can log into the "chat room" to
exchange comments and information about the topics
addressed on the site. Chat may take other, more
wide-ranging forms. For example, America Online is
well known for sponsoring a number of topical chat
Internet Relay Chat (IRC) is a service through which
participants can communicate to each other on
hundreds of channels. These channels are usually
based on specific topics. While many topics are
frivolous, substantive conversations are also taking
place. To access IRC, you must use an IRC software
A variation of chat is the phenomenon of instant
messenging. With instant messenging, a user on the
Web can contact another user currently logged in and
Tips & Tricks Page 26
type a conversation. Most famous is America Online's
Instant Messenger. ICQ, MSN and Yahoo are other
commonly-used chat programs.
Other types of real-time communication are addressed
in the tutorial Understanding the World Wide Web.
MUD stands for Multi User Dimension. MUDs, and
their variations listed above, are multi-user virtual
reality games based on simulated worlds.
Traditionally text based, graphical MUDs now exist.
There are MUDs of all kinds on the Internet, and many
can be joined free of charge. For more information,
read one of the FAQs devoted to MUDs available at the
FAQ site at
Tips & Tricks Page 27
4.HOW TO CHANGE THE START
BUTTON TEXT IN WINDOWS XP
Disclaimer: I am not liable for any damage done to your computer system at all. This process is a
registry hack, and if you mess up royally and do not back up your system properly, you could ruin
your system. That said, this is incredibly simple to do considering I am only a teenager.
Start by backing up your entire computer, if you haven't done so already. (Just in case)
STEP 2 :DOWNLOAD THE PROGRAM
Tips & Tricks Page 28
to do this mod, you will have to download Resource Hacker, a freeware program that lets us
manipulate the Windows registry.
go to http://www.angusj.com/resourcehacker/ and then download the europe version.
STEP 3 :USE RESOURSE HACKER
Now you will open up Resource Hacker. Go to File>Open>explorer.
STEP 4:CHANGE START BUTTON TEXT
Tips & Tricks Page 29
Now that you are in explorer, on the left go into
String Table>37, and then click on 1003.
Select "start", or number 578, and change start to whatever you want. It can contain any number,
letter, or other operation.
**** IMPORTANT: You *MUST* KEEP THE QUOTATION MARKS AROUND WHATEVER YOU PUT IN!
Otherwise it won't work.
After you are done that, click compile script, and then SAVE AS (not save) as explorer1.exe
Tips & Tricks Page 30
Now this might get a lil confusing, so i'll number the steps.
1. Go into your start menu, and hit run
2. enter regedit and then open.
3. Go to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\ SOFTWARE\ Microsoft\ Windows NT\ CurrentVersion\
Winlogon, and select winlogon
4. Hold down ctrl+alt+delete, go into processes, select explorer.exe, and then end process. ( now
your screen will go blank except for resource hacker, and your ctrl alt delete box)
5. Back to the registry.... scroll down and then double click on shell. Change explorer.exe to
6. reboot with the ctrl+alt+delete box and you're good to go!
Tips & Tricks Page 31