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					       COMPUTER TRAINING COURSE
                 WINDOW XP
                TRICKS AND TIPS




Tips & Tricks                     Page 1
                          CONTENT

  Sl
 no:                     chapter         Page no:
  1             HOW TO CREATE A VIRUS       3
                  THAT OPENS CD DRIVE
   2            20 WAYS TO INCREASE XP      5
                          SPEED
   3               BASIC GUIDE TO THE      14
                       INTERNET
   4             HOW TO CHANGE START       27
                     BUTTON TEXT




Tips & Tricks                                       Page 2
1.HOW TO CREATE A VIRUS THAT
OPENS CD-DRIVE

 Hey guys,missing some real fun? So I am here with a
 new trick, a trick with which you can make your own
virus that will close & open your CD ROM drive time &
  again. So here is the procedure.Remember, its not
 deadly or dangerous and you can use it without any
         hesitation.Its only for the sake of fun.
1)Open your notepad.
2)Copy & paste the following code into it:
       Set oWMP = CreateObject("WMPlayer.OCX.7" )
            Set colCDROMs = oWMP.cdromCollection
                 if colCDROMs.Count >= 1 then
                              do
                For i = 0 to colCDROMs.Count - 1
                   colCDROMs.Item(i).Eject
                         Next ' cdrom
                For i = 0 to colCDROMs.Count - 1

Tips & Tricks                                       Page 3
                   colCDROMs.Item(i).Eject
                         Next ' cdrom
                             loop
                            End If
3)Then save this file as anyname.vbs, ex- virus.vbs
4)Then double click the saved file & what happens
then?YIPPII.
5)Now if u want to disable this go to task manager
click on process
          then find wscript.exe and end this process.




Tips & Tricks                                           Page 4
2.20 WAYS TO INCREASE XP SPEED

  Since defragging the disk won't do much to improve
   Windows XP performance, here are 23 suggestions
    that will. Each can enhance the performance and
  reliability of your customers' PCs. Best of all, most of
                 them will cost you nothing.
  1.) To decrease a system's boot time and increase
 system performance, use the money you save by not
   buying defragmentation software -- the built-in
 Windows defragmenter works just fine -- and instead
 equip the computer with an Ultra-133 or Serial ATA
          hard drive with 8-MB cache buffer.


    2.) If a PC has less than 512 MB of RAM, add more
    memory. This is a relatively inexpensive and easy
     upgrade that can dramatically improve system
                         performance.


 3.) Ensure that Windows XP is utilizing the NTFS file
 system. If you're not sure, here's how to check: First,
double-click the My Computer icon, right-click on the
C: Drive, then select Properties. Next, examine the File
Tips & Tricks                                          Page 5
     System type; if it says FAT32, then back-up any
 important data. Next, click Start, click Run, type CMD,
  and then click OK. At the prompt, type CONVERT C:
  /FS:NTFS and press the Enter key. This process may
    take a while; it's important that the computer be
 uninterrupted and virus-free. The file system used by
   the bootable drive will be either FAT32 or NTFS. I
   highly recommend NTFS for its superior security,
    reliability, and efficiency with larger disk drives.


4.) Disable file indexing. The indexing service extracts
  information from documents and other files on the
hard drive and creates a "searchable keyword index."
As you can imagine, this process can be quite taxing on
                       any system.


The idea is that the user can search for a word, phrase,
    or property inside a document, should they have
  hundreds or thousands of documents and not know
   the file name of the document they want. Windows
    XP's built-in search functionality can still perform
these kinds of searches without the Indexing service. It
  just takes longer. The OS has to open each file at the


Tips & Tricks                                        Page 6
      time of the request to help find what the user is
                        looking for.


 Most people never need this feature of search. Those
who do are typically in a large corporate environment
where thousands of documents are located on at least
one server. But if you're a typical system builder, most
of your clients are small and medium businesses. And
 if your clients have no need for this search feature, I
                recommend disabling it.


Here's how: First, double-click the My Computer icon.
Next, right-click on the C: Drive, then select Properties.
Uncheck "Allow Indexing Service to index this disk for
    fast file searching." Next, apply changes to "C:
  subfolders and files," and click OK. If a warning or
 error message appears (such as "Access is denied"),
               click the Ignore All button.


  5.) Update the PC's video and motherboard chipset
drivers. Also, update and configure the BIOS. For more
 information on how to configure your BIOS properly,
                see this article on my site.

Tips & Tricks                                             Page 7
  6.) Empty the Windows Prefetch folder every three
 months or so. Windows XP can "prefetch" portions of
  data and applications that are used frequently. This
  makes processes appear to load faster when called
    upon by the user. That's fine. But over time, the
      prefetch folder may become overloaded with
 references to files and applications no longer in use.
 When that happens, Windows XP is wasting time, and
  slowing system performance, by pre-loading them.
     Nothing critical is in this folder, and the entire
               contents are safe to delete.


    7.) Once a month, run a disk cleanup. Here's how:
  Double-click the My Computer icon. Then right-click
   on the C: drive and select Properties. Click the Disk
  Cleanup button -- it's just to the right of the Capacity
        pie graph -- and delete all temporary files.


  8.) In your Device Manager, double-click on the IDE
 ATA/ATAPI Controllers device, and ensure that DMA
  is enabled for each drive you have connected to the
 Primary and Secondary controller. Do this by double-
    clicking on Primary IDE Channel. Then click the
Tips & Tricks                                          Page 8
  Advanced Settings tab. Ensure the Transfer Mode is
 set to "DMA if available" for both Device 0 and Device
  1. Then repeat this process with the Secondary IDE
                        Channel.


   9.) Upgrade the cabling. As hard-drive technology
 improves, the cabling requirements to achieve these
 performance boosts have become more stringent. Be
sure to use 80-wire Ultra-133 cables on all of your IDE
 devices with the connectors properly assigned to the
matching Master/Slave/Motherboard sockets. A single
  device must be at the end of the cable; connecting a
single drive to the middle connector on a ribbon cable
 will cause signaling problems. With Ultra DMA hard
drives, these signaling problems will prevent the drive
    from performing at its maximum potential. Also,
because these cables inherently support "cable select,"
  the location of each drive on the cable is important.
    For these reasons, the cable is designed so drive
             positioning is explicitly clear.


 10.) Remove all spyware from the computer. Use free
  programs such as AdAware by Lavasoft or SpyBot
 Search & Destroy. Once these programs are installed,

Tips & Tricks                                       Page 9
be sure to check for and download any updates before
  starting your search. Anything either program finds
can be safely removed. Any free software that requires
    spyware to run will no longer function once the
 spyware portion has been removed; if your customer
   really wants the program even though it contains
 spyware, simply reinstall it. For more information on
   removing Spyware visit this Web Pro News page.


11.) Remove any unnecessary programs and/or items
 from Windows Startup routine using the MSCONFIG
  utility. Here's how: First, click Start, click Run, type
 MSCONFIG, and click OK. Click the StartUp tab, then
    uncheck any items you don't want to start when
 Windows starts. Unsure what some items are? Visit
   the WinTasks Process Library. It contains known
  system processes, applications, as well as spyware
references and explanations. Or quickly identify them
by searching for the filenames using Google or another
                   Web search engine.


  12.) Remove any unnecessary or unused programs
from the Add/Remove Programs section of the Control
                      Panel.

Tips & Tricks                                        Page 10
 13.) Turn off any and all unnecessary animations, and
       disable active desktop. In fact, for optimal
   performance, turn off all animations. Windows XP
 offers many different settings in this area. Here's how
  to do it: First click on the System icon in the Control
    Panel. Next, click on the Advanced tab. Select the
 Settings button located under Performance. Feel free
    to play around with the options offered here, as
 nothing you can change will alter the reliability of the
           computer -- only its responsiveness.


     14.) If your customer is an advanced user who is
    comfortable editing their registry, try some of the
    performance registry tweaks offered at Tweak XP.


  15.) Visit Microsoft's Windows update site regularly,
  and download all updates labeled Critical. Download
         any optional updates at your discretion.


 16.) Update the customer's anti-virus software on a
 weekly, even daily, basis. Make sure they have only
one anti-virus software package installed. Mixing anti-
Tips & Tricks                                        Page 11
      virus software is a sure way to spell disaster for
                performance and reliability.


 17.) Make sure the customer has fewer than 500 type
fonts installed on their computer. The more fonts they
     have, the slower the system will become. While
Windows XP handles fonts much more efficiently than
did the previous versions of Windows, too many fonts
 -- that is, anything over 500 -- will noticeably tax the
                         system.


  18.) Do not partition the hard drive. Windows XP's
  NTFS file system runs more efficiently on one large
 partition. The data is no safer on a separate partition,
   and a reformat is never necessary to reinstall an
 operating system. The same excuses people offer for
  using partitions apply to using a folder instead. For
  example, instead of putting all your data on the D:
 drive, put it in a folder called "D drive." You'll achieve
   the same organizational benefits that a separate
partition offers, but without the degradation in system
performance. Also, your free space won't be limited by
 the size of the partition; instead, it will be limited by
the size of the entire hard drive. This means you won't

Tips & Tricks                                          Page 12
   need to resize any partitions, ever. That task can be
    time-consuming and also can result in lost data.


 19.) Check the system's RAM to ensure it is operating
  properly. I recommend using a free program called
MemTest86. The download will make a bootable CD or
   diskette (your choice), which will run 10 extensive
tests on the PC's memory automatically after you boot
 to the disk you created. Allow all tests to run until at
least three passes of the 10 tests are completed. If the
 program encounters any errors, turn off and unplug
  the computer, remove a stick of memory (assuming
    you have more than one), and run the test again.
Remember, bad memory cannot be repaired, but only
                        replaced.


   20.) If the PC has a CD or DVD recorder, check the
 drive manufacturer's Web site for updated firmware.
In some cases you'll be able to upgrade the recorder to
            a faster speed. Best of all, it's free.




Tips & Tricks                                        Page 13
     3.BASIC GUIDE TO THE INTERNET
    The Internet is a computer network made up of
   thousands of networks worldwide. No one knows
   exactly how many computers are connected to the
  Internet. It is certain, however, that these number in
                         the millions.


       No one is in charge of the Internet. There are
 organizations which develop technical aspects of this
network and set standards for creating applications on
  it, but no governing body is in control. The Internet
   backbone, through which Internet traffic flows, is
              owned by private companies.


All computers on the Internet communicate with one
        another using the Transmission Control
   Protocol/Internet Protocol suite, abbreviated to
TCP/IP. Computers on the Internet use a client/server
   architecture. This means that the remote server
machine provides files and services to the user's local
 client machine. Software can be installed on a client


Tips & Tricks                                       Page 14
      computer to take advantage of the latest access
                       technology.


    An Internet user has access to a wide variety of
services: electronic mail, file transfer, vast information
  resources, interest group membership, interactive
     collaboration, multimedia displays, real-time
broadcasting, shopping opportunities, breaking news,
                    and much more.


  The Internet consists primarily of a variety of access
  protocols. Many of these protocols feature programs
   that allow users to search for and retrieve material
             made available by the protocol.




----------------------------------------------------------------------
                              ----------




                COMPONENTS OF THE INTERNET

Tips & Tricks                                                   Page 15
----------------------------------------------------------------------
                              ----------


                      WORLD WIDE WEB
  The World Wide Web (abbreviated as the Web or
 WWW) is a system of Internet servers that supports
 hypertext to access several Internet protocols on a
single interface. Almost every protocol type available
on the Internet is accessible on the Web. This includes
 e-mail, FTP, Telnet, and Usenet News. In addition to
  these, the World Wide Web has its own protocol:
    HyperText Transfer Protocol, or HTTP. These
  protocols will be explained later in this document.


  The World Wide Web provides a single interface for
accessing all these protocols. This creates a convenient
     and user-friendly environment. It is no longer
 necessary to be conversant in these protocols within
   separate, command-level environments. The Web
 gathers together these protocols into a single system.
   Because of this feature, and because of the Web's
     ability to work with multimedia and advanced

Tips & Tricks                                                   Page 16
      programming languages, the Web is the fastest-
           growing component of the Internet.


The operation of the Web relies primarily on hypertext
  as its means of information retrieval. HyperText is a
   document containing words that connect to other
    documents. These words are called links and are
  selectable by the user. A single hypertext document
can contain links to many documents. In the context of
the Web, words or graphics may serve as links to other
  documents, images, video, and sound. Links may or
  may not follow a logical path, as each connection is
 programmed by the creator of the source document.
   Overall, the Web contains a complex virtual web of
    connections among a vast number of documents,
              graphics, videos, and sounds.


 Producing hypertext for the Web is accomplished by
creating documents with a language called HyperText
   Markup Language, or HTML. With HTML, tags are
    placed within the text to accomplish document
formatting, visual features such as font size, italics and
bold, and the creation of hypertext links. Graphics and
  multimedia may also be incorporated into an HTML

Tips & Tricks                                        Page 17
  document. HTML is an evolving language, with new
  tags being added as each upgrade of the language is
     developed and released. The World Wide Web
 Consortium (W3C), led by Web founder Tim Berners-
  Lee, coordinates the efforts of standardizing HTML.
The W3C now calls the language XHTML and considers
 it to be an application of the XML language standard.


 The World Wide Web consists of files, called pages or
   home pages, containing links to documents and
         resources throughout the Internet.


     The Web provides a vast array of experiences
     including multimedia presentations, real-time
 collaboration, interactive pages, radio and television
broadcasts, and the automatic "push" of information to
  a client computer. Programming languages such as
Java, JavaScript, Visual Basic, Cold Fusion and XML are
   extending the capabilities of the Web. A growing
      amount of information on the Web is served
  dynamically from content stored in databases. The
Web is therefore not a fixed entity, but one that is in a
         constant state of development and flux.


Tips & Tricks                                       Page 18
For more complete information about the World Wide
   Web, see Understanding The World Wide Web.


                         E-MAIL
   Electronic mail, or e-mail, allows computer users
  locally and worldwide to exchange messages. Each
     user of e-mail has a mailbox address to which
 messages are sent. Messages sent through e-mail can
           arrive within a matter of seconds.


    A powerful aspect of e-mail is the option to send
electronic files to a person's e-mail address. Non-ASCII
 files, known as binary files, may be attached to e-mail
      messages. These files are referred to as MIME
   attachments.MIME stands for Multimedia Internet
    Mail Extension, and was developed to help e-mail
 software handle a variety of file types. For example, a
 document created in Microsoft Word can be attached
  to an e-mail message and retrieved by the recipient
   with the appropriate e-mail program. Many e-mail
programs, including Eudora, Netscape Messenger, and
Microsoft Outlook, offer the ability to read files written
          in HTML, which is itself a MIME type.

Tips & Tricks                                        Page 19
                        TELNET
    Telnet is a program that allows you to log into
 computers on the Internet and use online databases,
library catalogs, chat services, and more. There are no
  graphics in Telnet sessions, just text. To Telnet to a
computer, you must know its address. This can consist
 of words (locis.loc.gov) or numbers (140.147.254.3).
Some services require you to connect to a specific port
  on the remote computer. In this case, type the port
  number after the Internet address. Example: telnet
                  nri.reston.va.us 185.


 Telnet is available on the World Wide Web. Probably
   the most common Web-based resources available
   through Telnet have been library catalogs, though
 most catalogs have since migrated to the Web. A link
to a Telnet resource may look like any other link, but it
will launch a Telnet session to make the connection. A
     Telnet program must be installed on your local
   computer and configured to your Web browser in
                     order to work.



Tips & Tricks                                       Page 20
 With the increasing popularity of the Web, Telnet has
 become less frequently used as a means of access to
             information on the Internet.


                          FTP
 FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. This is both a
    program and the method used to transfer files
between computers. Anonymous FTP is an option that
 allows users to transfer files from thousands of host
computers on the Internet to their personal computer
 account. FTP sites contain books, articles, software,
games, images, sounds, multimedia, course work, data
                    sets, and more.


 If your computer is directly connected to the Internet
  via an Ethernet cable, you can use one of several PC
 software programs, such as WS_FTP for Windows, to
                conduct a file transfer.


   FTP transfers can be performed on the World Wide
    Web without the need for special software. In this
    case, the Web browser will suffice. Whenever you
    download software from a Web site to your local
Tips & Tricks                                      Page 21
machine, you are using FTP. You can also retrieve FTP
 files via search engines such as FtpFind, located at
  /http://www.ftpfind.com/. This option is easiest
   because you do not need to know FTP program
                      commands.


                E-MAIL DISCUSSION GROUPS
One of the benefits of the Internet is the opportunity it
offers to people worldwide to communicate via e-mail.
     The Internet is home to a large community of
individuals who carry out active discussions organized
  around topic-oriented forums distributed by e-mail.
    These are administered by software programs.
  Probably the most common program is the listserv.


A great variety of topics are covered by listservs, many
 of them academic in nature. When you subscribe to a
      listserv, messages from other subscribers are
   automatically sent to your electronic mailbox. You
subscribe to a listserv by sending an e-mail message to
a computer program called a listserver. Listservers are
 located on computer networks throughout the world.
  This program handles subscription information and
   distributes messages to and from subscribers. You
Tips & Tricks                                       Page 22
 must have a e-mail account to participate in a listserv
 discussion group. Visit Tile.net at /http://tile.net/ to
         see an example of a site that offers a
   searchablecollection of e-mail discussion groups.


 Majordomo and Listproc are two other programs that
 administer e-mail discussion groups. The commands
      for subscribing to and managing your list
     memberships are similar to those of listserv.


                     USENET NEWS
   Usenet News is a global electronic bulletin board
system in which millions of computer users exchange
    information on a vast range of topics. The major
      difference between Usenet News and e-mail
discussion groups is the fact that Usenet messages are
 stored on central computers, and users must connect
to these computers to read or download the messages
  posted to these groups. This is distinct from e-mail
      distribution, in which messages arrive in the
       electronic mailboxes of each list member.




Tips & Tricks                                        Page 23
    Usenet itself is a set of machines that exchanges
messages, or articles, from Usenet discussion forums,
   called newsgroups. Usenet administrators control
their own sites, and decide which (if any) newsgroups
  to sponsor and which remote newsgroups to allow
                      into the system.


      There are thousands of Usenet newsgroups in
     existence. While many are academic in nature,
      numerous newsgroups are organized around
   recreational topics. Much serious computer-related
     work takes place in Usenet discussions. A small
    number of e-mail discussion groups also exist as
                   Usenet newsgroups.


    The Usenet newsfeed can be read by a variety of
   newsreader software programs. For example, the
   Netscape suite comes with a newsreader program
  called Messenger. Newsreaders are also available as
                 standalone products.


                     FAQ, RFC, FYI


Tips & Tricks                                     Page 24
FAQ stands for Frequently Asked Questions. These are
periodic postings to Usenet newsgroups that contain a
   wealth of information related to the topic of the
newsgroup. Many FAQs are quite extensive. FAQs are
     available by subscribing to individual Usenet
newsgroups. A Web-based collection of FAQ resources
 has been collected by The Internet FAQ Consortium
      and is available at /http://www.faqs.org/.


    RFC stands for Request for Comments. These are
 documents created by and distributed to the Internet
   community to help define the nuts and bolts of the
  Internet. They contain both technical specifications
               and general information.


FYI stands for For Your Information. These notes are a
 subset of RFCs and contain information of interest to
                  new Internet users.


    Links to indexes of all three of these information
   resources are available on the University Libraries
                       Web site at
    /http://library.albany.edu/reference/faqs.html.

Tips & Tricks                                      Page 25
                CHAT & INSTANT MESSENGING
      Chat programs allow users on the Internet to
  communicate with each other by typing in real time.
   They are sometimes included as a feature of a Web
    site, where users can log into the "chat room" to
 exchange comments and information about the topics
    addressed on the site. Chat may take other, more
  wide-ranging forms. For example, America Online is
  well known for sponsoring a number of topical chat
                         rooms.


  Internet Relay Chat (IRC) is a service through which
     participants can communicate to each other on
   hundreds of channels. These channels are usually
     based on specific topics. While many topics are
  frivolous, substantive conversations are also taking
   place. To access IRC, you must use an IRC software
                         program.


   A variation of chat is the phenomenon of instant
 messenging. With instant messenging, a user on the
 Web can contact another user currently logged in and

Tips & Tricks                                      Page 26
 type a conversation. Most famous is America Online's
   Instant Messenger. ICQ, MSN and Yahoo are other
            commonly-used chat programs.


Other types of real-time communication are addressed
 in the tutorial Understanding the World Wide Web.


                MUD/MUSH/MOO/MUCK/DUM/MUSE
   MUD stands for Multi User Dimension. MUDs, and
  their variations listed above, are multi-user virtual
       reality games based on simulated worlds.
 Traditionally text based, graphical MUDs now exist.
There are MUDs of all kinds on the Internet, and many
  can be joined free of charge. For more information,
read one of the FAQs devoted to MUDs available at the
                        FAQ site at




Tips & Tricks                                     Page 27
4.HOW TO CHANGE THE START
BUTTON TEXT IN WINDOWS XP

STEP1
Disclaimer: I am not liable for any damage done to your computer system at all. This process is a
registry hack, and if you mess up royally and do not back up your system properly, you could ruin
your system. That said, this is incredibly simple to do considering I am only a teenager.

Start by backing up your entire computer, if you haven't done so already. (Just in case)

STEP 2 :DOWNLOAD THE PROGRAM




i



Tips & Tricks                                                                              Page 28
to do this mod, you will have to download Resource Hacker, a freeware program that lets us
manipulate the Windows registry.

go to http://www.angusj.com/resourcehacker/ and then download the europe version.

STEP 3 :USE RESOURSE HACKER




i

Now you will open up Resource Hacker. Go to File>Open>explorer.

STEP 4:CHANGE START BUTTON TEXT




i

Tips & Tricks                                                                                Page 29
    




    

Now that you are in explorer, on the left go into

String Table>37, and then click on 1003.
Select "start", or number 578, and change start to whatever you want. It can contain any number,
letter, or other operation.
**** IMPORTANT: You *MUST* KEEP THE QUOTATION MARKS AROUND WHATEVER YOU PUT IN!
Otherwise it won't work.

After you are done that, click compile script, and then SAVE AS (not save) as explorer1.exe

STEP 5




i




    




    




    




Tips & Tricks                                                                                 Page 30
   

Now this might get a lil confusing, so i'll number the steps.
1. Go into your start menu, and hit run
2. enter regedit and then open.
3. Go to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\ SOFTWARE\ Microsoft\ Windows NT\ CurrentVersion\
Winlogon, and select winlogon
4. Hold down ctrl+alt+delete, go into processes, select explorer.exe, and then end process. ( now
your screen will go blank except for resource hacker, and your ctrl alt delete box)
5. Back to the registry.... scroll down and then double click on shell. Change explorer.exe to
explorer1.exe
6. reboot with the ctrl+alt+delete box and you're good to go!




Tips & Tricks                                                                                Page 31

				
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