GEOLOGY QUIZ by yurtgc548

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									       GEOLOGY QUIZ

  Test your knowledge of some of the rocks
and minerals you learned about during your
 field trip to the Outdoor Learning Center.

                                Click to begin
           Question 1:
     Which mineral can we eat?
Copper             Quartz




Halite             Graphite
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VERY GOOD!
     HALITE FACTS
     • Also known as edible salt
     • Hardness: 2
     • Color: White, orange, red,
       purple, blue, black
     • Streak: White
     • Luster: Glassy


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          Question 2:
Which mineral has a metallic luster?
 Pyrite            Quartz




 Talc              Barite rose
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PERFECT!
    PYRITE FACTS
    • Also known as fool’s gold
    • Hardness: 6 - 6.5
    • Color: Brassy to pale
      yellow
    • Streak: Black
    • Luster: Metallic


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         Question 3:
Which mineral has a glassy luster?
Graphite            Quartz




Pyrite              Copper
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TERRIFIC!
     QUARTZ FACTS
     • Crystals with six sides
     • Hardness: 7
     • Color: colorless or white;
       can be many other colors
     • Streak: White
     • Luster: Glassy


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         Question 4?:
  Which mineral can we wear?
Barite           Gold




Graphite         Halite
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YOU GOT IT!
      GOLD FACTS
      • Rare and highly valuable;
          used in making jewelry
      •   Hardness: 2.5 - 3
      •   Color: bright yellow on
          fresh surfaces
      •   Streak: Golden-yellow
      •   Luster: Metallic


                   Next Question
Question 5: Which igneous rock is made
 of large crystals that lock together?




   Granite            Basalt




   Obsidian           Pumice
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GREAT!
   GRANITE FACTS
   • Large crystals formed as
     magma cooled slowly
   • Usually consists of the
     minerals quartz, mica,
     and feldspar
   • Commonly used for
     building stones


              Next Question
Question 6: Which igneous rock was
   used to make hunting tools?




 Granite            Basalt




 Obsidian           Pumice
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AWESOME!
    OBSIDIAN FACTS
    • Magma cooled quickly at
      the earth’s surface
    • Also known as “volcanic
      glass”
    • Fractures with hard,
      razor-sharp edges which
      made it very useful in
      making early tools


              Next Question
Question 7: Which type of sedimentary
   rock is made of sand particles?
   Coal              Conglomerate




   Limestone         Sandstone
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SUPER!

   SANDSTONE FACTS
   • Made of grains of sand
   • Most common mineral in
     sandstone is quartz
   • Valuable building stone
     since it carves easily and
     resists weathering



               Next Question
Question 8: Which type of sedimentary
       rock is made of pebbles?
   Coal              Conglomerate




   Limestone         Sandstone
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CONGRATULATIONS!

        CONGLOMERATE
        FACTS
        • Made of pebbles
          cemented together
        • Usually a very hard-
          wearing rock




                   Next Question
Question 9: Which type of sedimentary
      rock is made up of fossils?
   Coal              Conglomerate




   Limestone         Sandstone
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WONDERFUL!
     LIMESTONE FACTS
     • Many are made up of the
       fossilized remains of
       ancient creatures
     • Form where water is
       present and consist of
       calcite
     • Commonly used to make
       cement, building stone,
       and fertilizers

               Next Question
Question 10: Which type of sedimentary
rock can be burned to produce energy?
    Coal             Conglomerate




    Limestone        Sandstone
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FANTASTIC!
     COAL FACTS
     • Made from compressed
       prehistoric plants
     • Carbon gives coal its dark
       color
     • A fossil fuel burned to
       produce heat and energy



                   FINISH

								
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