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News Release Media Contact: John Devitt Tel: +353 86 173 50 40 Email firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.transparency.ie Irish political parties are the least trusted sector according to TI Global Corruption Barometer 2005 Dublin, 9 December 2005 - The Irish public believe that political parties are the most corrupt institutions in the state, according to a worldwide public survey published today by Transparency International (TI) to mark International Anti-Corruption Day. The Global Corruption Barometer rated political parties as the least trusted sector with a score of 3.7 out of 5. A score of 1 denotes a sector or institution which is seen as very clean compared to a score of 5 which indicates a sector or institution as highly corrupt. Political parties were followed in order by the Judiciary/Legal System, Dáil Éireann, and the private sector as most prone to corruption. Conversely trust in An Garda Síochána and the medical services has increased over the past twelve months. Irish respondents also appear to be amongst the most optimistic that levels of corruption will decrease in the next three years. They also were amongst the least likely to pay or be solicited for a bribe. Only 1 per cent of respondents claim to have paid a bribe in the past year, while 28 per cent of respondents believing that corruption will decrease a little or a lot compared to a worldwide average of 19 per cent. However the latter figure is down 10 per cent from last year, when 38 per cent of the Irish public believed that levels of corruption would improve. The Global Corruption Barometer was carried out by Gallup International among more than 55,000 people worldwide to assess public perceptions and experiences of corruption. It is used widely to gauge the effectiveness and public awareness of efforts to combat corruption. The Global Corruption Barometer is distinct from the Corruption Perceptions Index which is also conducted by Transparency International and used to evaluate expert and business attitudes to corruption. The Irish chapter of TI was launched in December 2004. Its board includes people from the world of business, civil society and politics. The NGO will not investigate corruption but plans to undertake anti-corruption research and lobby government on legal and institutional reform. TI Ireland is currently funded by membership and the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust, a UK based philanthropic group which donated €60,000 for the set up of the Irish chapter of TI in 2004. Ends Tables and Questions follow – International Press Release and complete tables are also available For further details, please contact John Devitt at 086 173 5040 Tables and Sector Rankings 2005 Results 2004 Results Rankings Ireland Rankings Ireland from Sector Average from Sector Average 2005 2005 2004 2004 1 Political parties 3.7 1 Political parties 3.9 Legal system / Legal system / 2 3.2 2 3.3 Judiciary Judiciary Parliament/ Parliament/ 4 3.1 3 3.2 Legislature Legislature Business/ private 4 3.1 5 Police 3.1 sector Business/ private 6 Media 2.8 5 3.1 sector 6 Tax revenue 2.8 6 Tax revenue 3 8 Police 2.7 9 Medical services 2.8 8 Religious bodies 2.7 9 Religious bodies 2.8 9 Medical services 2.4 9 Media 2.8 Utilities (telephone, 12 Customs 2.2 11 electricity, water, 2.3 etc.) Utilities (telephone, 12 2.2 11 Customs 2.3 electricity, water, etc.) NGOs (non 12 governmental 2.2 13 Education system 2.2 organisations) NGOs (non 14 The military 2.0 13 governmental 2.2 organizations) 14 Education system 2.0 14 The military 2.1 Registry and Registry and permit permit services services (civil 15 (civil registry for 1.8 15 registry for birth, 2 birth, marriage, marriage, licenses, licenses, permits) permits) Summary of Questions Some people believe that corruption affects different spheres of life in this country. In your view: Does corruption affect your personal and family life not at all, to a small extent, to a moderate extent or to a large extent? Not at all + small extent 79% To a moderate + large extent 20% In the past 3 years, how has the level of corruption in this country changed? Increased a lot + Increased a little 49% Stayed the same 26% Decreased a little + Decreased a lot 23% DK/NA 2% Do you expect the level of corruption in the next 3 years to change? Increase a lot + increase a little 32% Stay the same 37% Decrease a little + decrease a lot 28% In the past 12 months, have you or anyone living in your household paid a bribe in any form? Yes 1% No 98% DK 1% What was the approximate amount of money paid overall in bribes by your household in the past 12 months? 100-149 USD/ 80-119 Euro 51% 200-299 USD/ 160-239 Euro 29% 1000 USD or more/ 800 Euro or more 19% What was the approximate amount of money paid overall in bribes by your household in the past 12 months? U$S Mean 387.7 Which of the following applied to the bribes paid in the last 12 months: A bribe was directly asked for? Yes 25% No 75% Which of the following applied to the bribes paid in the last 12 months: A bribe was offered to avoid a problem with the authorities? Yes 55% No 45% Which of the following applied to the bribes paid in the last 12 months: A bribe was offered to receive a service entitled to? Yes 45% No 55%
"Irish political parties viewed as the most corrupt sector"