You have sleep apnea- better opt for sleep apnea treatment
Sleep apnea – What is it?
Sleep apnea in simple terms is a sleeping disorder that occurs in the form of one or more
pauses in breathing or shallow breath while the concerned person is asleep. This condition is
a chronic one that interrupts or disturbs the sleeping pattern of that person in about five to
thirty times or more in an hour. Each pause in breathing is called apnea that can last from a
few seconds to a minute. In majority of cases, sleep apnea can be diagnosed with an
overnight sleep test called a polysomnogram or sleep study. Sleep Apnea consists of three
different forms and these are Central Sleep Apnea (CAN), Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA),
and complex or mixed sleep apnea – which is a combination of CNA and OSA.
Symptoms of sleep apnea-
The following symptoms can be observed in case of a person who is suffering from sleep
apnea and these are:
Excessive day time sleeping or hypersomnia,
Dry mouth or sore throat upon awakening from sleep,
Severe headache in the morning,
Difficulty in staying asleep or insomnia especially during night time,
Loud snoring that is more prominent in case of obstructive sleep apnea or OSA,
Episodes of breathing cessation during sleep are one of the symptoms of sleep
Treatment of sleep apnea-
The sleep apnea treatment in case of mild cases on the recommendation of the
physician may involve lifestyle changes such as losing weight by changing food habits.
In case where the sleep apnea is moderate or severe then sleep apnea treatment
involves some major treatments that may also involve surgery. However, the physicians
usually recommend the following treatments and these are:
Continuous positive airway pressure or CPAP – This treatment is for those
persons who are suffering from moderate to severe sleep apnea. In this
treatment, a machine known asCPAP or Automatic Positive Airway Pressure
(APAP) device is used that delivers the air pressure through a mask placed over
the nose, while the person is asleep. The air pressure in the CPAP is greater than
that of the surrounding air and this air is just enough to keep the upper airway
passages open that prevents apnea or snoring.
Oral Appliances-Another method used for sleep apnea treatment is wearing
an oral appliance that is designed to keep the throat of the patient open. These
oral appliances are designed to open the throat by bringing the jaw forward that
can sometimes relive snoring and mild obstructive sleep apnea.
Surgery -Surgery is done only when above methods do not prove effective and
surgery usually involves removing of excess tissue from the nose or throat of the
concerned person/patient that may be vibrating and causing snore or are
responsible for blocking the upper airway passage thereby causing sleep apnea.
The various surgical options available are – Tracheostomy, Maxillomandibular
advancement procedure, Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) or UP3 are available
to address pharyngeal obstruction. Thus, these are some of the available
treatments for sleep apnea.