Geographic Understandings of Latin America

Document Sample
Geographic Understandings of Latin America Powered By Docstoc
					http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/South_America/SouthAmerica_Travel_GL_double2.html

http://www.adilo.at/images/south_america.gif
Copy and Answer
1.   Which physical feature would be found between the
     Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains?

2. Which country would you find the Amazon River in?
a. Mexico
b. Panama
c. Brazil
d. Bosnia
Amazon River                               Sierra Madre Mountains
Pacific Ocean                              Andes Mountains
Gulf of Mexico                             Atacama Desert
Caribbean Sea




                     3
        2
                         4

  1                            6
                 5
                             7-mountains




Practice: Label these physical
features on your paper.
  Today’s Standard
SS6G4 The student will locate selected features
  of Latin America and the Caribbean.
a. Explain the major environmental concerns of
  Latin America regarding the issues of air
  pollution in Mexico City, Mexico, the
  deforestation of the rain forest in Brazil, and oil-
  related pollution in Venezuela
Our Focus
 Essential Question:
 How do the major environmental concerns such as air
  pollution, deforestation, and oil pollution affect countries
  of Latin America?



 Key Question:
What are the major environmental concerns of Latin
 America in regards to Mexico, Venezuela, and Brazil?
Create the HUGE table on your paper!
Air Pollution in Mexico   Deforestation in Brazil   Oil Pollution in
City                                                Venezuela
Mexico City, Mexico
                      Smog:
                      smoke
                      + fog
 19 million people = 2 times the # of people in GA.
              Air Pollution in Mexico City, Mexico
 Health concerns- Children may develop lung
  disease breathing difficulty. Elderly should stay
  inside.
 Causes: Exhaust from older cars and factories.

 Type of Pollution: Lead, sulfur dioxide, and carbon
  monoxide.
   Air Pollution in Mexico City,
   Mexico
 Location of city traps air pollution.

 The city is built in the bowl of an extinct volcano.
  The high elevation means thinner air. Carbon
  dioxide traps the pollution in the valley.

 Smog = smoke + fog

 Drivers must leave car home once a week, are
  encouraged to carpool or use public transportation.
  Cars are inspected more often and factories close on
  days of high pollution
Deforestation
in Brazil
    Destruction of rainforest in Brazil
 Brazil - 5th largest
 Rainforest- About 40,000 types of plants and
  thousands of types of animals.

 Produces about 20 percent of world’s air

 Natives who maintain their traditional way of life live
  in the rainforest.
   Destruction of rainforest in Brazil
 Deforestation- When humans use saws and
  bulldozers to clear large areas of the forest.

 It provides valuable resources such as timber from
  the wood, and land for cattle ranching and crop
  cultivation.
 How much rainforest has been lost? Nearly 200,000
  sq. miles in the last decade.
   Destruction of rainforest in Brazil
 Solution: The government has created laws to help
  limit deforestation and protect the rainforest.
 No money is spent on enforcing laws.

 Environmental groups and governments around the
  world are getting involved.
Oil pollution in Venezuela
     Oil pollution in Venezuela
 5th largest oil producer in the world.


 Government receives half of all oil profits.


 Oil spills and tanker leaks damage environment – no
  fishing

 Burnt oil produces carbon dioxide.
    Oil pollution in Venezuela
 Burning fossil fuels can cause breathing problems for
  children and older adults.

 Lake Maracaibo is sinking on the eastern shore,
  threatening to flood local towns, homes, and farms.




                                              An oil spill in
                                              Lake Maracaibo
                                              has prevented
                                              fishermen from
                                              doing their jobs.
Copy and Answer
1.  What are the main sources of air pollution in Mexico
    City?
a. Intense sunlight
b. The high altitude
c. Factories and cars
d. Cars that produce little or no air pollution
2. What is the main crop grown in areas of
    deforestation?
a. Cocoa
b. Rubber
c. Soybeans
d. Brazil nuts
 1) How does Mexico City’s geography affect the
 environment as impacted by air pollution?
     Wrap-Up:
 2) What is smog?

 3) What is the environmental problem experienced within
 Brazil’s tropical rainforest?

 4) Create a picture that explains air pollution in Mexico
  City, Mexico. Write at least 1 sentence describing your
  picture.
 5)Deforestation is a major concern in Brazil. Currently, laws
  have been created to protect the rainforest, but funding has
  not been given by the government to enforce the laws.
  Should the United Nations play a role in the preservation of
  the rainforest? Explain your answer.
  Today’s Standard
SS6G3 The student will explain the impact of
   location, climate, distribution of natural
   resources, and population distribution on Latin
   America and the Caribbean.
a. Compare how the location, climate, and natural
   resources of Mexico and Venezuela affect where
   people live and how they trade.
Copy and Fill-In
 1. _____________ __________ pollution is caused by
 emissions from ________________ and automobiles
 that build up over the city. ________________
 surrounding the city are like walls that trap the
 pollutants in a brown haze called __________.



2. Brazil’s major environmental issue is
  ________________.
Our Focus:
 Essential Question:
 How has the impact of location, climate,
 distribution of natural resources, and population
 distribution on Latin America and the Caribbean?

 Key Question:
 How do the location, climate, and natural resources of
 Mexico and Venezuela affect where people live and
 how they trade?
Geographic Understandings of Latin
America and the Caribbean

     What does arable mean?
Venezuela
Mexico
  Wrap-Up
 1) Where do most citizens in Mexico and Venezuela
 live and work?

 2) How are Mexico and Venezuela’s climates similar?


 3) How do the populations of Mexico and Venezuela
 compare?
Warm-UP: Geography Quiz
  Today’s Standard
SS6G3 The student will explain the impact of
  location, climate, distribution of natural
  resources, and population distribution on Latin
  America and the Caribbean.

b. Compare how the location, climate, and natural
   resources of Brazil and Cuba affect where people live
   and how they trade.
Copy and Answer
1.   Mexicans have flocked to the _______________ in
     central Mexico to find jobs in __________________.

2. Venezuela’s economy is supported by the sale of
     _____, its most important natural resource.
   Quiz time!
 Please make sure to write your first and last name on your
  paper.
 Make sure to double-check your answers
 You will have about 10 minutes to complete your quiz.


 When you finish! Turn in quiz and pick up Brazil and
 Cuba handout. Begin filling in data.
Our Focus:
 Essential Question:
 How has the impact of location, climate,
 distribution of natural resources, and population
 distribution on Latin America and the Caribbean?

 Key Question:
 How do the location, climate, and natural resources of
 Cuba and Brazil affect where people live and how they
 trade?
Brazil
CUBA
  Wrap-Up
 1) Where do most citizens in Brazil and Cuba live and
 work?

 2) How are Brazil and Cuba climates similar?


 3) How do the populations of Brazil and Cuba
 compare?
Number 1-7 and
label the
countries.
  Standard:
SS6G4 The student will describe the cultural
   characteristics of people who live in Latin
   America and the Caribbean.
a. Describe the results of blending of ethnic groups in
   Latin America and the Caribbean.
b. Explain why Latin America is a region based on the
   languages of Portuguese and Spanish.
c. Evaluate how the literacy rate affects the standard of
   living.
 Essential Question(s):
 How has a blending of ethnic groups affect language
 and culture of Latin America and the Caribbean?




 Key Question(s):
 What are major ethnic groups of Latin America?
 How does the literacy rate of a country affect the
 standard of living?
    Cultural Blending!
 What are mulattoes? What do you think this term
 means? Write it down!
   Mulattoes are the descendents of Europeans and
    the Africans that they forced to work as slaves.
 Where do these people live today?
  Brazil, Panama, and the West Indies
 Write a sentence about the word to help
  you better understand it’s meaning.
    Cultural Blending!
 What are mestizos? What do you think this term
 means? Write it down!

   Mestizos are the descendents of
    Europeans and the Native Americans.
   Where do these people live today? Venezuela
   Write a sentence about the word to help you
    better understand it’s meaning.
       The Encomienda System


                                      criollos




http://web000.greece.k12.ny.us/SocialStudiesResources/Social_Studies_Resour
ces/GHG_Documents/Encomienda-01.01-Q200.jpg
   Languages:
 Christopher Columbus – discovered ‘New World’ 1492
 Spain explored, conquered and settled parts of
  Central and South America over next 200 years
 Portugal claimed Brazil
 Both Spanish and Portuguese conquered natives and
  tried to use them as slaves before importing Africans
  to work in mines and in plantations
 Central and South American countries fought for
  independence from Portugal and Spain like
  Americans did against Great Britain.
 Spain loses Mexico – early 1800s
 Spain loses last colony in ‘New World’ (Puerto Rico) –
  1898
 Latin America refers to those countries whose
  inhabitants speak mostly languages based on Latin:
  Spanish and Portuguese.
 US is not because English is Germanic.
 French, English, Dutch and hundreds of native
  languages are also spoken in Central and South
 America and the Caribbean.
Literacy Rate and Standard of Living
 A literate person is one who can read and write.
  Literacy is a major factor in whether a person is able to
  get a job and be successful in the workplace.
 The countries of Latin America have improved the
  literacy rate of their people. On average, 89 percent
  of the people are literate. That leaves an illiteracy rate
  of 11 percent.
 The standard of living (the economic level achieved
  by a person, family, or country) is often lower in
  countries where the illiteracy rate is high.
 Some cultures believed it more important for boys to
  have an education than girls. This is shown in the fact
  that 12 percent of girls are illiterate while only 9 percent
  of boys are illiterate. The goal of most governments is 100
  percent.
 Many communities cannot afford to pay for teachers and
  schools. Without the basic skills, workers are stuck in low
  paying jobs.
 The standard of living remains low for these families
  because their education level remains low. If you can’t
  read, you can’t learn. If you can learn you can improve
  your skills and get a better job that pays a better salary.
 Low literacy rate = low standard of living
  Wrap-Up
 What are the major groups of people called that have
 descended from the European explorers?

 What groups have these peoples descended from?


 Who was the first person to reach the ‘New World’ and
 what country did he sail from?
Review and Human Culture of Latin America
     Warm-Up
1. As a result of blending of cultures, descendents of
   Africans and Europeans are known as what
   nationality throughout Latin America and the
   Caribbean?

2. What blended culture today descended from
  Europeans and Native Americans?

3. What empire was the first to claim the ‘New World’
  thus resulting in a heavily influenced culture today?
    Today’s Standard
SS6G4 The student will describe the cultural
   characteristics of people who live in Latin
   America and the Caribbean.
a. Describe the results of blending of ethnic groups in
   Latin America and the Caribbean.
b. Explain why Latin America is a region based on the
   languages of Portuguese and Spanish.
c. Evaluate how the literacy rate affects the standard of
   living.
  Warm-Up! Answer Only!
 In what country is oil pollution an environmental
  concern and why?
 Which country that we have discussed is communist
  and why do they have difficulty supporting the well
  being of their citizens?
 What are the two major ethnic groups we have
  discussed present in Latin America and the Caribbean
  today?
REVIEW FOR TEST!
 Map of Latin America
 Environmental Concerns Notes
 Venezuela and Mexico notes
 Brazil and Cuba notes
 Blending Cultures notes
 Literacy Rate notes


 Let’s practice a few questions!
        Human Culture of Latin
           America Video
 Write at least 10 sentences describing the human
 geography of Latin America.
   Think about
       Language
       Religion
       Food
       Living conditions
       School
       Beliefs
  Review
 What two languages have provided the
 foundations for language in Latin America and
 the Caribbean?

 Who is Mexico’s biggest trading partner?


 What religion is most practiced in this region and
 how has it evolved?
  Wrap-up
 Do you have any questions about the test tomorrow?

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:6
posted:6/22/2012
language:
pages:55