Geographic Features of the World A Historical look into how Geography influences life and exploration. Bay • An area of water bordered on three sides by land. • Ancient Explorers used bays as loading and unloading places because of their calm waters. Delta • A landform where the mouth of a river flows into an ocean, sea, desert, or lake. • Great tool for navigating an unknown land. Island • Any piece of land that is completely surrounded by water, above high tide. • Places of rest on a journey and provided calmer seas around them. Lake • A body of water on a body of land. A vast majority of lakes on Earth are fresh water, and most lie in the Northern Hemisphere at higher latitudes . • Source of fresh water and habitation. Mountains • A mountain is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. • A mountain is generally steeper than a hill. • Barrier of exploration. – Hard to cross Savannah • Savannas are characterized by grasslands surrounded by trees, • Grazing animals provide a source of food for travelers. Mesa • is an elevated area of land with a flat top and sides that are usually steep cliffs. • Good for surveying the land. Strait • A strait is a narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies of water, and thus lies between two land masses. • Calm waters for explorers. Swamp • A swamp is a wetland that features temporary or permanent pools of rain water • Can be dangerous. Valley • In geology, a valley is a land between two mountains. • Cut by a river or glacier. • River valleys provided avenues of travel. Capes • Land that is surrounded by water on three sides. • Rough waters Rivers • A river is a natural waterway, which moves water across the landscape from higher to lower elevations. • Provided travelers and traders with a highway. for travel.
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