Genocide in Rwanda

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					         Genocide-definition
 roots genos (Greek for family, tribe or
  race) and -cide (Latin - occidere or cideo -
  to massacre).
 "any of the following acts committed with
  intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a
  national, ethnic, racial or religious group.
 Definition we will use: a mass killing of an
  ethnic, racial, or religious group
Genocide in Rwanda




     A Case Study
   Background
 Ethnic groups Hutu’s
  and Tutsi’s

 1950’s Hutu’s overthrow
  the Belgium and Tutsi
  leaders

 1962 Rwanda and
  Burundi are formed
Background, continued
         Hutu’s gain control of Rwanda in
          1973 and persecute the Tutsi’s
          forcing many to flee

         1990 Tutsi Rwandan Patriotic
          Front invade Rwanda sending
          the country into chaos in an
          attempt to take back control

         Thousands leave the country as
          refugees and go to Zaire
          (modern day D. R. Congo)

         Peace plan for sharing power
          between Tutsi’s and Hutu’s is
          set in 1993
                    The Beginning
 April 6, 1994

 Rwandan President Habyarimana is
  killed after a still-mysterious missile
  shoots down his plane. Hutu extremists
  quickly seize control of the government.

 Over the next 100 days, on average,
  8,000 Rwandans a day will be
  butchered. It is the fastest rate of mass
  killings in the twentieth century. Some
  800,000 people - roughly 10% of the
  population - are murdered. Ninety
  percent of the victims are Tutsis.
                April 9, 10, 11
 Evidence mounts of massacres
  targeting ordinary Tutsis. Front
  page newspaper stories cite
  reports of "tens of thousands"
  dead and "a pile of corpses six
  feet high" outside a main
  hospital.
 Day 4
  Estimated Death Toll: 32,000
                    April 16
 The New York Times reports the shooting and
  hacking to death of some 1000 men, women and
  children in a church where they sought refuge.
 Day 9
  Estimated Death Toll: 72,000
               April 21, 22
 The U.S. and the entire U.N. Security Council
  vote to withdraw 90% of the peacekeepers in
  Rwanda.
 At the urging of Human Rights Watch, the White
  House issues a statement calling on four
  Rwandan military leaders to "end the violence."

 Day 14
  Estimated Death Toll: 112,000
 April 27
 Pope John Paul II uses the word
  "genocide" for the first time in
  describing the situation in Rwanda.
  This same day, Czechoslovakia and
  Argentina introduce a draft resolution to
  the U.N. Security Council that includes
  the word "genocide.”

 In the United States: the term
  “genocide” would force American
  military involvement in Rwanda

 Day 20
  Estimated Death Toll: 160,000
                       May 5
 A Pentagon memo rejects a proposal from Gen.
  Dallaire and State Department officials to diminish
  the killings by using Pentagon technology to jam the
  extremists' hate radio transmissions.
 "We have … concluded jamming is an ineffective
  and expensive mechanism.… International legal
  conventions complicate airborne or ground based
  jamming and the mountainous terrain reduces the
  effectiveness of either option. … It costs
  approximately $8500 per flight hour … it would be
  wiser to use air to assist in the [food] relief effort."
 Day 29
  Estimated Death Toll: 232,000
                         June 22
 Eleven weeks into the genocide, with still no sign of a
  U.N. deployment to Rwanda, the U.N. Security Council
  authorizes France to unilaterally intervene in southwest
  Rwanda.
 French forces create a safe area in territory controlled by
  the Rwanda Hutu government. But killings of Tutsis
  continue in the safe area.
 Day 77
  Estimated Death Toll: 616,000
                           July 17
 By this date, Tutsi RPF (Rwandan
  Patriotic Front) forces have captured
  Kigali (The Rwandan capital). The
  Hutu government flees to Zaire,
  followed by a tide of refugees. The
  French end their mission in Rwanda
  and are replaced by Ethiopian U.N.
  troops. The RPF sets up an interim
  government in Kigali.

 Although disease and more killings
  claim additional lives in the refugee
  camps, the genocide is over.
          US Involvement
 US never gets involved because the US
 takes a stance that it will only personally
 get involved in any situation if it effects
 their country’s interest
    100 days of killing

An estimated 800,000
Rwandans would be killed
during the genocide.
         Review Questions
 What does genocide mean?

 What were the names of the two ethnic
 groups fighting in Rwanda? Which group
 was killing the other?

 What was U.S. response in Rwanda?

				
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posted:6/22/2012
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