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Looking Forward to the World of Work


Forward to the
World of Work
   Text: Chapter 1
A Working Attitude
David Agnew and Jim Wendell
  Arkansas State University
   Define “New Career Terms”
   Give reasons why people work
   Explain differences between a “Job” and a
   State reasons why a positive attitude is
   Describe how school courses and school
    work can affect a person’s career and life
           New Career Terms:
   Job - being employed by a person or
    company to perform certain tasks and being
    paid for the work.
   Occupation - the type of work in which a
    person is employed.
   Career - work done over a period of years.
    You will probably have many different jobs
    in your career.
      New Career Terms (Cont.)
   Goal - an objective or target to be reached
    by directing your thoughts and energy.
   Attitude - a person’s outlook on life - either
    positive or negative.
   Self Concept - a personal viewpoint of
    one’s self-worth and abilities.
   Work Ethics - a set of values based on hard
Then There That Four Letter Word,
Known as:

           What is Work…???
 Hard to define - over 30 lines one dictionary.
 Most definitions state useful, productive activity
  and the labor by which a person earns a living.
 On average, one will spend 30 or 40 years
  working full time during their adult years.
 By developing a positive attitude towards work,
  you can be someone who has a happy and
  fulfilling life .
Work is:
Productive activity resulting
 in something useful.
         Why do People Work -
            besides to make money

   People like to be with people.

   People want to be fulfilled.

   People need direction and purpose.
            Source: Text
Working to Meet a Need
  Economic   $$$
  Social
  Psychological
        Survey Answers to Main
           Reasons to Work
   To have money for necessities
   To have money for luxuries
   To be with other people and make friends
   To feel good about myself because I am
    accomplishing something worthwhile
   To feel good about myself because I expand
    my skills and knowledge through my work
   To feel good about myself because work
    gives me a sense of identity
               Job or Career?
   Not the same thing
   Compare to friendships you have
   Job - similar to a casual acquaintance that
    you didn’t care to know very well and
    won’t spend much time with
   Career - like a best friend; a big part of your
    life and you want to keep knowing and
    learning about all your life
Job - a group of work tasks you
    agree to perform for an
    employer. Usually an
    agreement to be responsible
    for work that the employer
    agrees to pay you for.

Occupation - group of jobs
   involving similar tasks
          Difference Between
          Job and Occupation
using an example of a grocery store clerk in
            two separate stores
   Both have the same occupation - grocery
    store clerk
   However, these are different jobs because of
    the different job duties in each position. In
    one the clerk might be responsible for
    gathering grocery carts and sweeping the
    floors and in the other, the clerk might have
    responsibilities of checking customers out.
          A Career is:
Work you do over a period of years. Total
   of all the jobs you will ever have.

  Example - An Education Career can
  consist of many jobs such as aide,
  teacher, principal, superintendent
              Planning a Career
    Ralph Waldo Emerson: The reward for a thing well
                done is to have done it.

   Set a personal goal - something you want to
    obtain and will work to achieve.
   Has a definite direction
   Has a thought-out plan
   Contains many steps
   Requires hard work
   Takes time
      Planning a Career (Cont.)
Comparing Career Planning to Mountain Climbing

   Both require planning to advance in the
    most productive manner
   Decisions need to be made for successful
    completion of both
   Aimless wandering in either may result in
    much activity with little or no gain toward
    the desired goal
          Possible Career Goals
                 You might dream of;

   Owning a fishing cabin in the mountains
   Workshop with tools
   Solving mysteries, understanding scientific
    problems, or acquiring knowledge about a specific
   Inventing new products
   Writing a novel
   Owning your own business
   Going into politics
    Advantages of Career Planning
 You have more control over your life when you plan ahead
 Your income may increase faster because each job will be
  higher on your career ladder
 You will more likely be working in your area of interest
 Each job may give you new skills and experiences for
  preparation to the next advancement step
 You may be able to focus on reaching your most important
  goals that you have established for yourself with the least
  amount of distraction
Attitude - Your Basic Outlook on
        Your Life’s Work
   Perhaps the most important factor in your job success
   Usually influenced by parents and other adults
   Helps to develop a good work ethic - a set of values based
    on hard work using the belief that work is good,
    productive, and contains certain joys and benefits.
   Could help to avoid a bad work ethic - a set of values
    based on the beliefs that work is always negative and a
    “necessary evil” where one must do only the minimum
    amount of labor to survive.
   Self-concept - one’s self image concerning your feelings
    about your own worth and value
             Attitude Attributes
 Smiles constantly            Seldom smiles
 Seldom complains             Complains often
 Listens to other’s opinions
                               They are always right
 Willing to change for the
                               Stubborn - refuses to change
 Will admits mistakes         Blames others

 Seldom makes excuses         Always makes excuses
 Seldom criticizes others     Criticizes others
 Considerate of others        Thinks only of self
 Likes working with people  Anti-social behaviors
Your Work Ethic:
Where did it come from?
    The protestant reform movements in Great
    Came to America with Pilgrims and others.
    Part of the religious movements of the late
     1700s in the U.S.
    Society—TV, Movies, magazines, etc..
    Parents, teachers, church, community
    NEED
Attitudes toward work has
evolved over time
• Industrial revolution first great drain on the traditional
  rural and agrarian society and it was a different kind of
• Electricity of the 1880s led to lighted factories.
• Sabbath Schools for children to learn to read in the early
  1800s who were being over worked by factories.
• 1872 National Labor Reform Party formed
• 1878 Socialist Labor Party founded
• Child labor laws begin to emerge mid to late 1800s
Attitudes toward work has
evolved over time, Continued….
  • Agricultural advancements (Mechanical,
    Chemical) released workers from the farms.
  • The Great Depression 1930s
  • 1938 Congress passes the Fair Labor
    Standards Act, which establishes the forty-hour
    work week, the minimum wage, and bans child
    labor in interstate commerce
  • Study done in the 60 and repeated in the 80s
  • Generation X
Work has mixed perception in
society today
   People seem to want to “Get out of work”
   work smarter not harder
   Let others work for you
   Man’s work is from sun to sun but a woman’s
    work is never done
   Eat sleep go fish
   Work in song…. Take this job and ______,
    Working 9 to 5,
   Make hay while sun shines
   Work your fingers to the bone
What is a Good Work Ethic?
   Being one time
   Doing your best
   Using your resources wisely
   Listening and following directions
   Thinking through what you are doing
               In Summary:
   What is work? What is a job? and what is a
   What are the reasons people work?
   Why is it important to plan a career?
   Why is it important for one to have a
    positive attitude towards life and work?
   What are the attributes of a positive
The End

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