Forward to the
World of Work
Text: Chapter 1
A Working Attitude
David Agnew and Jim Wendell
Arkansas State University
Define “New Career Terms”
Give reasons why people work
Explain differences between a “Job” and a
State reasons why a positive attitude is
Describe how school courses and school
work can affect a person’s career and life
New Career Terms:
Job - being employed by a person or
company to perform certain tasks and being
paid for the work.
Occupation - the type of work in which a
person is employed.
Career - work done over a period of years.
You will probably have many different jobs
in your career.
New Career Terms (Cont.)
Goal - an objective or target to be reached
by directing your thoughts and energy.
Attitude - a person’s outlook on life - either
positive or negative.
Self Concept - a personal viewpoint of
one’s self-worth and abilities.
Work Ethics - a set of values based on hard
Then There That Four Letter Word,
What is Work…???
Hard to define - over 30 lines one dictionary.
Most definitions state useful, productive activity
and the labor by which a person earns a living.
On average, one will spend 30 or 40 years
working full time during their adult years.
By developing a positive attitude towards work,
you can be someone who has a happy and
fulfilling life .
Productive activity resulting
in something useful.
Why do People Work -
besides to make money
People like to be with people.
People want to be fulfilled.
People need direction and purpose.
Working to Meet a Need
Survey Answers to Main
Reasons to Work
To have money for necessities
To have money for luxuries
To be with other people and make friends
To feel good about myself because I am
accomplishing something worthwhile
To feel good about myself because I expand
my skills and knowledge through my work
To feel good about myself because work
gives me a sense of identity
Job or Career?
Not the same thing
Compare to friendships you have
Job - similar to a casual acquaintance that
you didn’t care to know very well and
won’t spend much time with
Career - like a best friend; a big part of your
life and you want to keep knowing and
learning about all your life
Job - a group of work tasks you
agree to perform for an
employer. Usually an
agreement to be responsible
for work that the employer
agrees to pay you for.
Occupation - group of jobs
involving similar tasks
Job and Occupation
using an example of a grocery store clerk in
two separate stores
Both have the same occupation - grocery
However, these are different jobs because of
the different job duties in each position. In
one the clerk might be responsible for
gathering grocery carts and sweeping the
floors and in the other, the clerk might have
responsibilities of checking customers out.
A Career is:
Work you do over a period of years. Total
of all the jobs you will ever have.
Example - An Education Career can
consist of many jobs such as aide,
teacher, principal, superintendent
Planning a Career
Ralph Waldo Emerson: The reward for a thing well
done is to have done it.
Set a personal goal - something you want to
obtain and will work to achieve.
Has a definite direction
Has a thought-out plan
Contains many steps
Requires hard work
Planning a Career (Cont.)
Comparing Career Planning to Mountain Climbing
Both require planning to advance in the
most productive manner
Decisions need to be made for successful
completion of both
Aimless wandering in either may result in
much activity with little or no gain toward
the desired goal
Possible Career Goals
You might dream of;
Owning a fishing cabin in the mountains
Workshop with tools
Solving mysteries, understanding scientific
problems, or acquiring knowledge about a specific
Inventing new products
Writing a novel
Owning your own business
Going into politics
Advantages of Career Planning
You have more control over your life when you plan ahead
Your income may increase faster because each job will be
higher on your career ladder
You will more likely be working in your area of interest
Each job may give you new skills and experiences for
preparation to the next advancement step
You may be able to focus on reaching your most important
goals that you have established for yourself with the least
amount of distraction
Attitude - Your Basic Outlook on
Your Life’s Work
Perhaps the most important factor in your job success
Usually influenced by parents and other adults
Helps to develop a good work ethic - a set of values based
on hard work using the belief that work is good,
productive, and contains certain joys and benefits.
Could help to avoid a bad work ethic - a set of values
based on the beliefs that work is always negative and a
“necessary evil” where one must do only the minimum
amount of labor to survive.
Self-concept - one’s self image concerning your feelings
about your own worth and value
POSITIVE ATTITUDE: NEGATIVE ATTITUDE:
Smiles constantly Seldom smiles
Seldom complains Complains often
Listens to other’s opinions
They are always right
Willing to change for the
Stubborn - refuses to change
Will admits mistakes Blames others
Seldom makes excuses Always makes excuses
Seldom criticizes others Criticizes others
Considerate of others Thinks only of self
Likes working with people Anti-social behaviors
Your Work Ethic:
Where did it come from?
The protestant reform movements in Great
Came to America with Pilgrims and others.
Part of the religious movements of the late
1700s in the U.S.
Society—TV, Movies, magazines, etc..
Parents, teachers, church, community
Attitudes toward work has
evolved over time
• Industrial revolution first great drain on the traditional
rural and agrarian society and it was a different kind of
• Electricity of the 1880s led to lighted factories.
• Sabbath Schools for children to learn to read in the early
1800s who were being over worked by factories.
• 1872 National Labor Reform Party formed
• 1878 Socialist Labor Party founded
• Child labor laws begin to emerge mid to late 1800s
Attitudes toward work has
evolved over time, Continued….
• Agricultural advancements (Mechanical,
Chemical) released workers from the farms.
• The Great Depression 1930s
• 1938 Congress passes the Fair Labor
Standards Act, which establishes the forty-hour
work week, the minimum wage, and bans child
labor in interstate commerce
• Study done in the 60 and repeated in the 80s
• Generation X
Work has mixed perception in
People seem to want to “Get out of work”
work smarter not harder
Let others work for you
Man’s work is from sun to sun but a woman’s
work is never done
Eat sleep go fish
Work in song…. Take this job and ______,
Working 9 to 5,
Make hay while sun shines
Work your fingers to the bone
What is a Good Work Ethic?
Being one time
Doing your best
Using your resources wisely
Listening and following directions
Thinking through what you are doing
What is work? What is a job? and what is a
What are the reasons people work?
Why is it important to plan a career?
Why is it important for one to have a
positive attitude towards life and work?
What are the attributes of a positive