Document Sample
Darfur Powered By Docstoc
    So, what’s going on in Darfur?
Darfur is a region in Sudan that is currently in a
  state of war
The Darfur Crisis is being called the greatest
  humanitarian crisis since the Holocaust
               Early Sudan
• 1917- The British make Darfur part of
  “Republic of Sudan”
• 1956- Sudan gains independence from Britain
  and Egypt
• 1985- Oil is discovered in Sudan. Civil War
  between north and south begins
• 1989- General al-Bashir leads a coup and
  establishes a dictatorship
   Sudan’s Civil War- how come?
• Some paint the conflict as racial, Others also
  paint the conflict as religious.
• When the British governed Sudan as a colony
  they administered the northern and southern
  provinces separately.
• When the British moved towards granting
  Sudan independence, they failed to consider
  southern needs.
            Sudan’s Lost Boys
• The Civil War resulted in the displacement of
  nearly 27,000 Nuer and Dinka boys in
  Southern Sudan
• These boys were then named “The Lost Boys
  of Sudan.”
• In 2001, 3,800 were brought to the United
  States and settled in approximately 38 cities.
• Sudan's Lost Boys- Simon Deng and Peter
        A new conflict develops
• 1999- Sudan begins to export oil
• 2002- Civil War between north and south
  officially ends
• 2003- Residents of Darfur get fed up with
  years of neglect and lack of resources.
• Sudanese Liberation Army is formed,
  representing Fur, Massalit and Zaghawa ethic
  groups. The SLA attacks a government air
  force base
              Crisis in Darfur
• Government supported militias, called
  Janjaweed, are formed. In coordination with
  Sudanese Armed Forces, the Janjaweed burn
  villages, torture civilians, and drive thousands
  from their homes
• December 2003- UN calls Sudan “one of the
  worst humanitarian crises in the world”
• 2004- UN finds that the Sudanese Military and
  Janjaweed have been killing rebels and
  innocent civilians
• 2005- UN refers situation in Darfur to
  International Criminal Court.
• 2006- President al-Bashir refuses to allow UN
  peacekeepers into Sudan, death tolls pass
     Fighting for Peace in Darfur
• 2007- International Criminal Court issues arrest
  warrants for two Sudanese men. Relief workers
  are begin targeted for violence in refugee camps
• 2008- UNAMID calls for 20,000 peacekeepers in
  Darfur. Over 75,000 additional Darfurians are
  displaced by March 2008
• 2009- International Criminal Court issues arrest
  warrant for President al-Bashir for war crimes and
     Frequently Asked Questions
Two and a half million people are displaced.
  What does this really mean?

Sovereignty: What does this mean and how is it
  affecting the international communities
  response to the crisis in Darfur?

Why doesn’t the US or other countries invade
 and do something?
     Frequently Asked Questions
Is it Genocide? Does that label matter?

What does oil have to do with it?

How does the Global War on Terror play out in

What about Global Warming?
                 What is Genocide?
In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts
    committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national,
    ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to
    bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
             The confusion in Darfur
The Darfur conflict represents many different
  people, all of whom have different issues. These
  include:                         A failed state that is
A civil War between        A case of compassion     unable to function
North and South Sudan      fatigue
                           A conflict over oil      A war between US and
 A place where crimes                               China for economic
 against humanity go                                supremacy
                           A humanitarian           An example of failed
A conflict over scarce                              UN policy
land and water
                                                    A series of attacks by
 A war against Islam and    An internal conflict    the Janjaweed
 Islamic states             with people who can’t
                            contribute globally      Ethnic Conflicts
 A spillover of other
                                                     between Arab herders
 regional conflicts
                                                     and non Arab farmers
The World Food Programme
      Universe of Obligation
The circle of individuals and groups towards
whom obligations are owed, to whom rules apply,
      and whose injuries call for amends.

How we prioritize our obligations to others has
  significant implications for the larger society,
    and can have life-or-death consequences—
 illustrated historically, as during the Armenian
   Genocide and the Holocaust, and today, in
                places like Darfur.
    Who is in your Universe of
As members of the global community we all
have some level of responsibility to affect the
situation in Darfur, and that it is possible for
 each of us, in large and small ways, to act on
               this responsibility

 Do you agree with this? Who is in your
       Universe of Obligation?

Shared By: