So, what’s going on in Darfur?
Darfur is a region in Sudan that is currently in a
state of war
The Darfur Crisis is being called the greatest
humanitarian crisis since the Holocaust
• 1917- The British make Darfur part of
“Republic of Sudan”
• 1956- Sudan gains independence from Britain
• 1985- Oil is discovered in Sudan. Civil War
between north and south begins
• 1989- General al-Bashir leads a coup and
establishes a dictatorship
Sudan’s Civil War- how come?
• Some paint the conflict as racial, Others also
paint the conflict as religious.
• When the British governed Sudan as a colony
they administered the northern and southern
• When the British moved towards granting
Sudan independence, they failed to consider
Sudan’s Lost Boys
• The Civil War resulted in the displacement of
nearly 27,000 Nuer and Dinka boys in
• These boys were then named “The Lost Boys
• In 2001, 3,800 were brought to the United
States and settled in approximately 38 cities.
• Sudan's Lost Boys- Simon Deng and Peter
A new conflict develops
• 1999- Sudan begins to export oil
• 2002- Civil War between north and south
• 2003- Residents of Darfur get fed up with
years of neglect and lack of resources.
• Sudanese Liberation Army is formed,
representing Fur, Massalit and Zaghawa ethic
groups. The SLA attacks a government air
Crisis in Darfur
• Government supported militias, called
Janjaweed, are formed. In coordination with
Sudanese Armed Forces, the Janjaweed burn
villages, torture civilians, and drive thousands
from their homes
• December 2003- UN calls Sudan “one of the
worst humanitarian crises in the world”
• 2004- UN finds that the Sudanese Military and
Janjaweed have been killing rebels and
• 2005- UN refers situation in Darfur to
International Criminal Court.
• 2006- President al-Bashir refuses to allow UN
peacekeepers into Sudan, death tolls pass
Fighting for Peace in Darfur
• 2007- International Criminal Court issues arrest
warrants for two Sudanese men. Relief workers
are begin targeted for violence in refugee camps
• 2008- UNAMID calls for 20,000 peacekeepers in
Darfur. Over 75,000 additional Darfurians are
displaced by March 2008
• 2009- International Criminal Court issues arrest
warrant for President al-Bashir for war crimes and
Frequently Asked Questions
Two and a half million people are displaced.
What does this really mean?
Sovereignty: What does this mean and how is it
affecting the international communities
response to the crisis in Darfur?
Why doesn’t the US or other countries invade
and do something?
Frequently Asked Questions
Is it Genocide? Does that label matter?
What does oil have to do with it?
How does the Global War on Terror play out in
What about Global Warming?
What is Genocide?
In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts
committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national,
ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to
bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
The confusion in Darfur
The Darfur conflict represents many different
people, all of whom have different issues. These
include: A failed state that is
A civil War between A case of compassion unable to function
North and South Sudan fatigue
A conflict over oil A war between US and
A place where crimes China for economic
against humanity go supremacy
A humanitarian An example of failed
A conflict over scarce UN policy
land and water
A series of attacks by
A war against Islam and An internal conflict the Janjaweed
Islamic states with people who can’t
contribute globally Ethnic Conflicts
A spillover of other
between Arab herders
and non Arab farmers
The World Food Programme
Universe of Obligation
The circle of individuals and groups towards
whom obligations are owed, to whom rules apply,
and whose injuries call for amends.
How we prioritize our obligations to others has
significant implications for the larger society,
and can have life-or-death consequences—
illustrated historically, as during the Armenian
Genocide and the Holocaust, and today, in
places like Darfur.
Who is in your Universe of
As members of the global community we all
have some level of responsibility to affect the
situation in Darfur, and that it is possible for
each of us, in large and small ways, to act on
Do you agree with this? Who is in your
Universe of Obligation?