حكم زيارة آثار الصالحين by elgayyar

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									  ‫٥‬                                         ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬

                     ‫ﺑﺴﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ، ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻦ ﻻ ﻧﱯ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ، ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬
                                     ‫ﺁﻟﻪ ﻭﺻﺤﺒﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﲔ.‬
                                                        ‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ:‬
          ‫ﺮ‬       ‫َ ﱠ َ ﹸﺮ ﺸ‬
‫ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﳊﻜﻴﻢ ﺳﺪ ﲨﻴﻊ ﻃ ُﻕ ﺍﻟ ﱢﺮﻙ ﻭﺣـ ﱠﻡ ﻭﺳـﺎﺋﻠﹶﻪ‬
                           ‫ﹰ‬
                    ‫ﻭﺃﻏﻠﻖ ﺃﺑﻮﺍﺑَﻪ؛ ﲢﻘﻴﻘﹰﺎ ﻟﻠﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﻭﲪﺎﻳﺔ ﳉﻨﺎﺑﻪ.‬
       ‫ﻗ ﹺ ْﻋ ﻟ َ َ َ ُْ ْ ِ ْ ﺩ ِ ﻠ ِ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪ ‬ﹸﻞ ﺍﺩ ُﻮﺍ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺯﻋﻤﺘﻢ ﻣﻦ ُﻭﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ ﻟﹶـﺎ‬
   ‫ﹶْ ﹺ َ ُ ْ ﹺ‬                  ‫ِ َ‬      ‫ﺴ‬       ‫ْ ِﻜ ﹶ ِ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶﺭ ٍ‬
‫َﻳﻤﻠ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻣﺜﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﺫ ﱠﺓ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻤَﺎﻭَﺍﺕ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻭﻣَﺎ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻓِﻴﻬﻤَﺎ‬
‫ِ ْ ِ ْ ٍ َ ﻪ ِ ْ ُ ْ ِ ْ ﹶ ﹺ ﹴ َ ْ ﹶﻊ ﺸ َ ﹸ ِ ْ َﻩ ﻟ َ ْ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺷﺮﻙ ﻭﻣَﺎ ﹶﻟ ُ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻇﻬﲑ * ﻭﻟﹶﺎ َﺗﻨﻔ ُ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻔﹶﺎﻋﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ُ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ِﻟﻤﻦ‬
                                                               ‫ِﹶ ﻪ‬
                                           ‫ﹶﺃﺫﻥ ﹶﻟ ُ‪] ‬ﺳﺒﺄ: ٢٢، ٣٢[.‬
                   ‫ﱡ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﺑﻮ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺑﻜﺮ ﺍﻟﺰﺭﻋﻲ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻘﹰﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻫـﺬﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻵﻳﺔ: ﻭﻗﺪ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻷﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﻬﺑﺎ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﻮﻥ ﲨﻴﻌًﺎ ﻗﻄﻌًـﺎ‬
‫َﻳﻌﻠ ُ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺄ ﱠﻠﻪ ﻭﻋﺮﻓﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻣَﻦ ﺍﱠﺨﺬ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻟﻴًﺎ ﻓﻤﺜﻠﻪ ﻛﻤﺜـﻞ‬
                                 ‫ﱠ ﺗ‬            ‫ﻣ‬       ‫ْﹶﻢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻜﺒﻮﺕ ﺍﲣﺬﺕ ﺑﻴﺘًﺎ، ﻭﺇﻥ ﺃﻭﻫﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻮﺕ ﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻜﺒﻮﺕ؛ ﻓﺎﳌﺸﺮﻙ‬
 ‫ﳑ‬
‫ﺇﳕﺎ ﻳﺘﺨﺬ ﻣﻌﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﳌﺎ ﳛﺼﻞ ﻟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻊ، ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﻊ ﻻ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺇﻻ ﱠﻦ‬
                               ‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺧﺼﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﻊ:‬
                                    ‫ﺇﻣﺎ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﳌﺎ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﻋﺎﺑﺪﻩ ﻣﻨﻪ.‬
                        ‫ﻓﺈﻥ ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﹰﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺷﺮﻳﻜﹰﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﺎﻟﻚ.‬
                  ‫ﻓﺈﻥ ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﺷﺮﻳﻜﹰﺎ ﻟﻪ، ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﻴﻨًﺎ ﻟﻪ ﻭﻇﻬﲑًﺍ.‬
                 ‫ﻓﺈﻥ ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﻣﻌﻴﻨًﺎ ﻭﻻ ﻇﻬﲑًﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺷﻔﻴﻌًﺎ ﻋﻨﺪﻩ.‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬                                              ‫٦‬

                ‫ﹰ‬
‫ﻓﻨﻔﻰ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺗﺐ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﻊ ﻧﻔﻴًﺎ ﻣﺮﺗﺒًﺎ، ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻼ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻋﻠـﻰ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﻣﺎ ﺩﻭﻧﻪ؛ ﻓﻨﻔﻰ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ، ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺮﻛﺔ، ﻭﺍﳌﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ، ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻔﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﻄﻠﺒـﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻙ، ﻭﺃﺛﺒﺖ ﺷﻔﺎﻋﺔ ﻻ ﻧﺼﻴﺐ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﳌﺸﺮﻙ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﻔﺎﻋﺔ ﺑﺈﺫﻧﻪ..‬
                                                        ‫ﺍﻫـ.‬
   ‫ْ‬      ‫ﻧ‬                                 ‫ﻴ ﺑ‬
‫ﻛﻤﺎ َﺑﱠﻦ ﺭﱡﻨﺎ - ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ - ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﳝﺔ ﺃﱠﻪ ﻻ ُﻳﺪﻋَﻰ‬
‫ﺇﻻ ﻫﻮ - ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﰲ ﻛﺸﻒ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﺎﺕ، ﻭﺇﻏﺎﺛﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻔﺎﺕ،‬
‫ﻭﺇﺯﺍﻟﺔ ﺍﳌﻠﻤﺎﺕ، ﻭﺇﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﳊﺎﺟﺎﺕ؛ ﻣﻦ ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺕ، ﻭﺍﻹﻋﺎﺫﺓ ﻣﻦ‬
                            ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻭﺷﻔﺎﺀ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ، ﻭﺭﺯﻕ ﺍﻷﻭﻻﺩ.‬
    ‫ْ ﹶﻌ َ َ‬            ‫َ ْﻉ ِ ْ ﺩ ِ ﻠ ِ‬
‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭﻟﹶﺎ َﺗﺪ ُ ﻣﻦ ُﻭﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻣَﺎ ﻟﹶﺎ َﻳﻨﻔ ُـﻚ ﻭﻟﹶـﺎ‬
‫ﻀﺮ َ ﹶ ﹺ ﹾ ﹶ َ ﹾ َ ﹶ ﹺ ﻧ َ ِ َ ﻈ ِ َ َ ﹾ ْ َ ْ َ ﻠ ُ‬
‫َﻳ ُ ﱡﻙ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻓﻌﻠﺖ ﻓﺈﱠﻚ ﹺﺇﺫﹰﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎِﻟﻤﲔ * ﻭﹺﺇﻥ َﻳﻤﺴﺴﻚ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ‬
‫ُ‬      ‫ِ َ ﻪ ﻟ ﻫ َ َ ﹾ ﻳ ﹺ ْ َ َْ ﹴ ﹶ ﺩ ﹶ ِْ ِ‬
‫ﹺﺑﻀ ﱟ ﻓﻠﹶﺎ ﻛﹶﺎﺷﻒ ﹶﻟ ُ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ُﻮ ﻭﹺﺇﻥ ُﺮﺩﻙ ﹺﺑﺨﻴﺮ ﻓﻠﹶﺎ ﺭَﺍ ﱠ ِﻟﻔﻀﻠﻪ ُﻳﺼِﻴﺐ‬
                                                                ‫ُﺮ ﹶ‬
‫ِ َ ْ ُ ِ ْ ِ ِ ِ َﻫ َ َﻔ ُ ﺮ ُ ﹸ ﹾ ﻳ ﻨ ُ ﹶ ْ‬
‫ﹺﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ َﻳﺸَﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒَﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ُﻮ ﺍﹾﻟﻐ ﹸﻮﺭ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺣِﻴﻢ * ﻗﻞ ﻳَﺎ ﹶﺃﱡﻬَﺎ ﺍﻟﱠﺎﺱ ﻗﺪ‬
‫َﻛﻢ َﻖ ِ ْ َﺑ ﹸ ْ ﹶ َ ﹺ َْ ﹶﹺﻧ َْ َ ﹾ ِ َ ْ‬
‫ﺟَﺎﺀ ﹸ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ ﱡ ﻣﻦ ﺭﱢﻜﻢ ﻓﻤﻦ ﺍﻫﺘﺪَﻯ ﻓﺈﱠﻤَﺎ َﻳﻬﺘﺪِﻱ ِﻟﻨﻔﺴِـﻪ ﻭﻣَـﻦ‬
                       ‫َﹶْ ﹸ ْ َ ﹴ‬           ‫ِ ﱡ َﹶْ َ‬
‫ﺿ ﱠ ﻓﺈﱠﻤَﺎ َﻳﻀﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻬَﺎ ﻭﻣَﺎ ﹶﺃﻧَﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﹺﺑﻮﻛِﻴﻞ‪] ‬ﻳـﻮﻧﺲ: ٦٠١-‬ ‫َﻞ ﹶﹺﻧ‬
                                                               ‫٨٠١[.‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭﻻ ﺗﺪﻉ ﻣﻊ ﺍﷲ ﺇﳍﺎ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﻫـﻮ ﻛـﻞ‬
‫ﺷﻲﺀ ﻫﺎﻟﻚ ﺇﻻ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ﻟﻪ ﺍﳊﻜﻢ ﻭﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺗﺮﺟﻌـﻮﻥ‪ ] ‬ﺍﻟﻘﺼـﺺ:‬
                                                ‫٨٨[.‬
‫َ ُ‬        ‫ﻫ َ َﻲ َ ﻟ ﻫ َ ﻓ ْﻋ ﻩ ُ ْ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪ُ ‬ﻮ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ ﱡ ﻟﹶﺎ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻪ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ُﻮ ﹶﺎﺩ ُﻮ ُ ﻣﺨﻠﺼِـﲔ ﻟﹶـﻪ‬
‫ُ ﹾ ْﺒ َ ﻟ َ‬              ‫َِ ﹸﹾ ﻧ‬             ‫ﺪ َ َ ْ ُ ﻠ ِ َﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱢﻳﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻤﺪ ِﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺭ ﱢ ﺍﹾﻟﻌَﺎﹶﻟﻤﲔ * ﻗﻞ ﹺﺇﱢﻲ ُﻧﻬﹺﻴﺖ ﹶﺃﻥ ﹶﺃﻋُﺪ ﺍﱠـﺬِﻳﻦ‬
‫ْﻋ ﹶ ِ ْ ﺩ ِ ﻠ ِ ﻤ َ َ َﻴ ُ ِ ْ َﺑ َﺃ ِ ْﺕ ﹾ ﺃ ْ ِ َ‬
‫َﺗﺪ ُﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ُﻭﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹶﻟ ﱠﺎ ﺟَﺎﺀﹺﻧﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺒﱢﻨَﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺭﱢﻲ ﻭﹸﻣﺮ ُ ﹶﺃﻥ ﹸﺳﻠﻢ‬
  ‫٧‬                                        ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬

                                                 ‫َﺏ ِ َ‬
                                ‫ِﻟﺮ ﱢ ﺍﹾﻟﻌَﺎﹶﻟﻤﲔ‪] ‬ﻏﺎﻓﺮ: ٥٦، ٦٦[.‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﻳﺪﻱ ﺍﳍﺎﴰﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﻐﺪﺍﺩﻱ - ﺭﲪـﻪ‬
                  ‫َْ ﻣ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻪ »ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺪ ﺍﻟﺜﻤﲔ«: )ﻭﻣﻦ ﺗﺄ ﱠﻞ ﺑﻌﲔ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺒﺼﺎﺭ‬
                                                ‫ﹰ‬
‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﺸﻔﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﻔﻴﺔ ﺃﻭﻻ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﻘﺼﻮﺩ ﺑﻨﻔﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﻔﺎﻋﺔ ﻧﻔﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻙ؛‬
‫ﻭﻫﻮ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﻳﻌﺒﺪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻭﺭﺩ، ﻭﻗﺎﻝ - ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ:‬
                                              ‫ﹶ ْﻋ َ َ ﻠ ِ َ‬
‫‪‬ﻓﻠﹶﺎ َﺗﺪ ُﻮﺍ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹶﺃﺣﺪًﺍ‪] ‬ﺍﳉﻦ: ٨١[، ﻭﻻ ﻳﺴـﺄﻝ ﻏـﲑﻩ ﻭﻻ‬
‫ﻳﺘﻮ ﱠﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻻ ﰲ ﺷﻔﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﻻ ﰲ ﻏﲑﻫﺎ؛ ﻓﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﻠﻤـﺆﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ‬         ‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻳﺘﻮ ﱠﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺣﺪ ﰲ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺮﺯﻗﻪ، ﻭﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻳﺄﺗﻴـﻪ ﺑﺮﺯﻗـﻪ‬         ‫ﻛ‬
                                     ‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺑﺄﺳﺒﺎﺏ، ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﻮ ﱠﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻏﲑ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﰲ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻐﻔﺮ ﻟﻪ‬
‫ﻭﻳﺮﲪﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ ﺑﺸﻔﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ ﳑﺎ ﱂ ﻳﺄﺫﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ؛ ﺇﺫ ﻻ‬
‫ﻓﺮﻕ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻤﺎ؛ ﻓﺎﻟﺸﻔﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻧﻔﺎﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻣﻄﻠﻘﹰﺎ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗـﺎﻝ ﺗﻌـﺎﱃ:‬
                ‫ْ َ ُ ْ ِ ْ ﺩ ِ َ ﻲ َ َ ﻊ َﻠﻬ ْ ﺘﻘ ﹶ‬
‫‪‬ﹶﻟﻴﺲ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ُﻭﹺﻧﻪ ﻭِﻟ ﱞ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ﺷﻔِﻴ ٌ ﹶﻟﻌ ﱠ ُﻢ َﻳﱠ ﹸﻮﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﻷﻧﻌﺎﻡ: ١٥[‬
                                   ‫ﹲ‬
‫- ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺷﺮﻙ، ﻭﺗﻠﻚ ﻣﻨﻔﱠﻴﺔ ﻣﻄﻠﻘﹰﺎ، ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻔﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﳌﺜﺒﺘﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ‬
‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻹﺫﻥ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ، ﻭﻻ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﻔﺎﻋﺔ ﺇﻻ ﳌﻦ ﺍﺭﺗﻀﻰ؛ ﻓﻬـﺬﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻔﺎﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ، ﻭﻣﺴﺘﺤﻘﻬﺎ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ؛ ﻓﻤﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺣـﺪًﺍ‬
     ‫ً‬
‫ﳐﻠﺼًﺎ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺭﺟﺎﺀﻩ ﻋﻦ ﻏﲑ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ، ﻭﱂ ﳚﻌﻞ ﻭﻟﻴًﺎ ﻭﻻ ﺷﻔﻴﻌﺎ ﻣﻦ‬
                                                      ‫ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ.‬
                                                   ‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﺗﺒﱠﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻓﺎﳌﺸﺮﻛﻮﻥ ﻗﺪ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻬﺗﻢ ﻵﳍﺘﻬﻢ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻻﻟﺘﺠﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﻷﺟﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﻔﺎﻋﺔ؛ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻳﻦ ﺃﻬﻧﺎ ﺍﳌﻘ ﱢﺑﺔ ﳍﻢ؛ ﻓﺒﺴـﺒﺐ‬
               ‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻭﺍﻻﻟﺘﺠﺎﺀ ﺃﺭﻳﻘﺖ ﺩﻣﺎﺅﻫﻢ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺒﻴﺤﺖ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﳍﻢ، ﻭﻗـﺪ‬
‫ﹸﺭﺳﻞ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ - ﺑﻞ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻞ - ﺑﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴـﺪ‬       ‫ﺃ‬
   ‫َ ﱢ‬                                           ‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻟﻴﻌﺪﳍﻢ ﻋ ﱠﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻀﻼﻻﺕ، ﻭﺃﻭﺟﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺇﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﳊﻖ -‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬                                          ‫٨‬

‫ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ - ﺑﺄﻟﻮﻫﻴﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﺧﻮﺍﺻﻬﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻻﻟﺘﺠﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺟـﺎﺀ،‬
                             ‫ﺒ‬            ‫ﹶ‬             ‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻭﺃﱠﺎ ﳚﻌﻠﻮﺍ ﺍﻷﻟﻮﻫﻴﺔ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ، ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻌﱠﺪﻫﻢ ﺍﷲ - ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﺑﺎﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻫﺬﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﲟﻘﺘﻀﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻤﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﻳﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔﺮﻳـﺪ؛‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻠﺬﺍﻥ ﳘﺎ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ؛ ﻓﻬﺬﺍ ﺍﻻﻟﺘﺠﺎﺀ ﺑﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﺸﻔﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﺭﺟﺎﺋﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﻻ ﺗﺼﻠﺢ ﺇﻻ ﻟﻪ - ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ؛ ﻭﺇﻬﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺻﺮﻑ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻪ ﺗﻌـﺎﱃ‬
                                            ‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻙ ﺍﻫـ.‬
                     ‫ﱡ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺍﻷﻣﲔ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﻳﺪﻱ - ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ﻭﻻ‬
‫ﹶ‬               ‫ﻤ‬               ‫ﺮ‬
‫ﳚﻮﺯ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺇﻻ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﻞ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟ ﱢﺳﺎﻟﺔ، ﻭﳍـﺬﺍ ﻋ ﱠـﺖ ﺍﻻﺳـﺘﻐﺎﺛﺔ‬
                  ‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻷﻣﻮﺍﺕ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻧﺰﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﺎﺕ، ﻳﺴﺄﻟﻮﻬﻧﻢ ﻭﻳﺘﻀ ﱠﻋﻮﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ؛ ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ‬
            ‫ﱢ‬
‫ﻳﻔﻌﻠﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻬﺗﻢ ﻭﺍﻋﺘﻘـﺎﺩﻫﻢ ﰲ ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﺴـﻤﻮﺍﺕ.‬
                                                      ‫ﺍﻫـ.‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ ﳏﻤﻮﺩ ﺃﻓﻨﺪﻱ ﺍﻷﻟﻮﺳﻲ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ "ﺭﻭﺡ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﱐ" ﰲ‬
    ‫َ ﺫ ِ َ ﻠ ُ َ ْ َﻩ ْ َﹶﺯ ْ ﹸﻠ ُ ﻟ َ‬
‫ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﹸﻛﺮ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﺣﺪ ُ ﺍﺷﻤﺄ ﱠﺕ ﻗ ﹸﻮﺏ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﻟﹶﺎ‬
   ‫ْ ِﻨ ﹶ َ ِ َ ِ َ ﺫ ِ َ ﻟ َ ِ ْ ﺩ ِ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ ﺮ ﹶ‬
‫ُﻳﺆﻣُﻮﻥ ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﺂﺧﺮﺓ ﻭﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﹸﻛﺮ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ُﻭﹺﻧﻪ ﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻫﻢ َﻳﺴﺘﺒﺸِـ ُﻭﻥ‪‬‬
           ‫ﺼ‬
‫]ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺮ: ٥٤[: ﻭﻗﺪ ﺭﺃﻳﻨﺎ ﻛﺜﲑًﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﳓﻮ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻔﺔ ﺍﻟـﱵ‬
‫ﻭﺻﻒ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻬﺑﺎ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﲔ ﳝﺸﻮﻥ ﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﺕ ﻳﺴﺘﻐﻴﺜﻮﻥ ﻬﺑـﻢ‬
‫ﻭﻳﻄﻠﺒﻮﻥ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ، ﻭﻳﻄﺮﺑﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﲰﺎﻉ ﺣﻜﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺫﺑﺔ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﺗﻮﺍﻓـﻖ‬
                            ‫َْ‬       ‫ﻈ‬
‫ﻫﻮﺍﻫﻢ ﻭﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩﻫﻢ ﻓﻴﻬﻢ، ﻭﻳﻌ ﱢﻤﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ َﻳﺤْﻜﻲ ﳍﻢ ﺫﻟﻚ، ﻭﻳﻨﻘﺒﻀﻮﻥ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻭﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻘﻼﻝ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺼﺮﻑ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ - ﻋـﺰ‬
‫ﻭﺟﻞ - ﻭﺳﺮْﺩ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺪﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺰﻳﺪ ﻋﻈﻤﺘﻪ ﻭﺟﻼﻟﻪ، ﻭﻳﻨﻔـﺮﻭﻥ ﳑـﻦ‬ ‫َ‬
‫ﻳﻔﻌﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺮﺓ، ﻭﻳﻨﺴﺒﻮﻧﻪ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﺮﻩ، ﻭﻗﺪ ﻗﻠﺖ ﻳﻮﻣًﺎ ﻟﺮﺟﻞ‬
‫ﻳﺴﺘﻐﻴﺚ ﰲ ﺷﺪﺓ ﺑﺒﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﺕ ﻭﻳﻨﺎﺩﻱ: ﻳﺎ ﻓﻼﻥ ﺃﻏﺜﲏ. ﻓﻘﻠﺖ ﻟﻪ:‬
 ‫٩‬                                           ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬

‫َ ﻨ ﹶ ﹺﻧ ﹶ ﺐ‬          ‫َ َﹶ َ ِ‬
‫ﻗﻞ: ﻳﺎ ﷲ. ﻓﻘﺪ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ: ‪‬ﻭﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺳﺄﹶﻟﻚ ﻋﺒَﺎﺩِﻱ ﻋﱢﻲ ﻓﺈﱢﻲ ﻗﺮﹺﻳ ٌ‬
                                     ‫ُ َ ْ َﹶ ﺪ ﹺ َ ِ‬
‫ﹸﺃﺟﹺﻴﺐ ﺩﻋﻮﺓ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺍﻉ ﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺩﻋَﺎﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ: ٦٨١[؛ ﻓﻐﻀﺐ، ﻭﺑﻠﻐـﲏ‬
                                 ‫ﺃﻧﻪ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﻓﻼﻥ ﻣﻨﻜﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴﺎﺀ.‬
            ‫ﹰ‬         ‫ﱄ‬
‫ﻭﲰﻌﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﺍﻟﻮ ﱡ ﺃﺳﺮﻉ ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ - ﻋﺰ‬
‫ﻭﺟﻞ! ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﲟﻜﺎﻥ؛ ﻧﺴﺄﻝ ﺍﷲ – ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﺼﻤﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ‬
                                                 ‫ﱠ ﻄ‬
                                            ‫ﺍﻟﺰﻳْﻎ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱡﻐﻴﺎﻥ.‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ ﻧﻌﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻦ ﳏﻤﻮﺩ ﺍﻷﻟﻮﺳﻲ - ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌـﺎﱃ‬
           ‫- ﰲ "ﺟﻼﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﲔ" )ﺹ ٨٤٤(: ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺎﻧﻌﻮﻥ )١(:‬
     ‫ﳑ‬                                      ‫ﱠ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻞ ﲰﻌﺘﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺣﺪًﺍ ﰲ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻪ - ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ - ﱠـﻦ‬
                ‫ﺼ‬        ‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑﻌﺪﻩ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﺍﳌﺸﻬﻮﺩ ﻷﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﱠﺠﺎﺓ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱢـﺪﻕ - ﻭﻫـﻢ‬
‫ﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﻣﻨﺎ ﻬﺑﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻄﺎﻟﺐ، ﻭﺃﺣﺮﺹ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﻞ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺗﻴـﻚ ﺍﻟﺮﻏﺎﺋـﺐ -‬
                                                 ‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺍﺳﺘﻐﺎﺙ ﲟﻦ ُﺰﻳﻞ ﻛﺮﺑﺘَﻪ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻻ ﻳﻘﺪﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺯﺍﻟﺘﻬﺎ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ - ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ،‬
‫ﺃﻡ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻳﻘﺼﺮﻭﻥ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﺎﺛﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻌﺒﺪﻭﺍ ﺇﻻ ﺇﻳﺎﻩ؛‬
‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺟﺮﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺃﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﻬﻤﺔ ﻭﺷﺪﺍﺋﺪ ﻣﺪﳍﻤﺔ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ ﺻـﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﻭﻓﺎﺗﻪ، ﻓﻬﻞ ﲰﻌﺖ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺃﻧـﻪ ﺍﺳـﺘﻐﺎﺙ‬
‫ﺑﺴﻴﺪ ﺍﳌﺮﺳﻠﲔ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ! ﺃﻭ ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ: ﺇﻧﺎ ﻣﺴﺘﻐﻴﺜﻮﻥ ﺑﻚ ﻳﺎ‬
‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ! ﺃﻡ ﺑﻠﻐﻚ ﺃﻬﻧﻢ ﻻﺫﻭﺍ ﺑﻘﱪﻩ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻒ، ﻭﻫﻮ ﺳﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺒـﻮﺭ،‬
‫ﺣﲔ ﺿﺎﻗﺖ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺼﺪﻭﺭ! ﻛﻼ ﻻ ﳝﻜﻦ ﳍﻢ ﺫﻟﻚ، ﻭﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻛﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺑﻌﻜﺲ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ؛ ﻓﻠﻘﺪ ﺃﺛﲎ ﺍﷲ – ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺭﺿـﻲ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻢ‬
‫ﹾ َْ ﺜ ﹶ َﺑﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻭﺭﺿﻲ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ، ﻓﻘﺎﻝ - ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻞ: ‪‬ﹺﺇﺫ َﺗﺴﺘﻐِﻴﹸﻮﻥ ﺭﱠ ﹸـﻢ‬

            ‫)١( ﺃﻱ ﻣﻦ ﳝﻨﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﺎﺛﺔ ﺑﻐﲑ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻻ ﻳﻘﺪﺭ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ.‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬                                    ‫٠١‬

                                              ‫َْ َ ﹸ ْ‬
‫ﻓﹶﺎﺳﺘﺠَﺎﺏ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ‪] ‬ﺍﻷﻧﻔﺎﻝ: ٩[؛ ﻣﺒﱢﻴﻨًﺎ ﻟﻨﺎ – ﺳـﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ - ﺃﻥ ﻫـﺬﻩ‬
      ‫ﱠ‬
                                          ‫ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﺎﺛﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺃﺧﺺ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﻭﺃﺟﻠﻰ ﺃﺣﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻻﻟﺘﺠﺎﺀ؛ ﻓﻔﻲ ﺍﺳـﺘﻐﺎﺛﺔ‬
                     ‫ﹲ‬                               ‫ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻀﻄﺮ ﺑﻐﲑﻩ – ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﻋﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺑﺘﻪ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﺘﻪ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ‬
                                                   ‫ﺑﻪ. ﺍﻫـ.‬
                                        ‫ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺍﳉﻠﻴﻞ ﳏﻤﻮﺩ ﺷﻜﺮﻱ - ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﺣﻔﻴـﺪ‬
‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ "ﺭﻭﺡ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﱐ" ﰲ "ﻏﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﱐ" )١/٦٥٢(: ﻓﺘﺒﱠﻦ ﳑﺎ ﻧﻘﻠﻨﺎﻩ‬
           ‫ﻴ‬
          ‫ﳑ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﺎﺛﺔ ﲟﺨﻠﻮﻕ ﲟﺎ ﻻ ﻳﻘﺪﺭ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ – ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﱠﺎ ﻻ ﳚﻮﺯ؛‬ ‫ﱠ‬
        ‫ُ‬
‫ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﺎﺛﺔ ﺩﻋﺎﺀ، ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ - ﺑﻞ ﻣﺦ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ - ﻭﻏﲑ ﺍﷲ –‬
                                                 ‫ْ‬
                      ‫ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﻻ ُﻳﻌﺒَﺪ؛ ﺑﻞ ﻫﻮ ﺍﳌﺨﺼﻮﺹ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ.‬
‫ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺃﺻﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺟﺪﺏ ﻭﻗﺤﻂ ﻓﻼ ﻳﻘﺎﻝ: ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺍﺭﻓـﻊ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺤﻂ ﻭﺍﳉﺪﺏ. ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻧﺰﻝ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺑﻼﺀ ﺃﻭ ﻭﺑﺎﺀ ﻓﻼ ﻳﻘﺎﻝ: ﻳـﺎ‬
‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ – ﺃﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ، ﺃﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻴﻜﺎﺋﻴﻞ – ﺍﺭﻓﻊ ﻋﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺑﺎﺀ.‬
‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻣﺮﺽ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻓﻼ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ: ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺷﺎﻓﲏ ﻭﻋـﺎﻓﲏ، ﻭﻻ‬
                                               ‫ﻏﲑﻩ.‬
‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﺍﺣﺘﺎﺝ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺇﱃ ﺭﺯﻕ ﻓﻼ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ: ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺍﺭﺯﻗﲏ. ﻭﻻ‬
‫ﻏﲑﻩ، ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﻷﺣﺪ ﻭﻟﺪ ﻓﻼ ﳚﻮﺯ ﻟﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ: ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬
                         ‫ﱟ‬      ‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺃﻋﻄﲏ ﻭﻟﺪًﺍ، ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺷ ﱠﺓ ﰲ َﺑﺮ ﺃﻭ ﲝﺮ ﻓﻼ ﳚﻮﺯ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ: ﻳﺎ‬
 ‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺃﺩﺭﻛﲏ. ﺃﻭ ﺃﻟﺘﺠﺊ ﺇﻟﻴﻚ. ﺃﻭ ﺃﺳﺘﻐﻴﺚ ﺑﻚ. ﺃﻭ ﳓﻮ ﺫﻟﻚ.‬
‫ﺑﻞ ﻛﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺷﺮﻙ ﳐﺮﺝ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻳﻦ؛ ﻷﻧﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﻟﻐﲑ ﺍﷲ؛ ﻭﳓﻦ‬
               ‫ﹲ‬          ‫ﺪ‬      ‫ٌ ٌ‬
                  ‫ﻴ ﹰ‬                  ‫َﻟ‬              ‫ﺿ‬
‫ﻧﻮ ﱢﺢ ﺍﳌﺴﺄﻟﺔ؛ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺯﱠﺖ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻗﺪﺍﻡ؛ ﻓﻨﺒﱢﻦ ﺃﻭﻻ ﻣﻌـﲎ ﺍﻟﻌﺒـﺎﺩﺓ ﰒ‬
               ‫ﱡ‬
      ‫ﻧﺬﻛﺮ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ ﺍﻷﻟﻮﻫﻴﺔ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ ﻧﺴﺘﻤﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﻓﻴﻖ.‬
‫١١‬                                 ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬

                              ‫ﱡَ ﱡ‬          ‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﱠﺎﻣﺔ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﻳْﺪﻱ - ﻛﻤﺎ ﰲ ﻏﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﱐ )٢/٨١٣(:‬
                      ‫ـ ـ ـ ـ ـ‬
                  ‫ﻭﺍﻋﻠـﻢ ﺑﺄﻧ ـﻚ ﻣـﺎ ﺧﻠﻘ ـﺖ ﺳ ـﺒﻬﻠﻼ‬
   ‫ﻓﺎﻋﺒــﺪ ﺇﻟــﻪ ﺍﻟﻌــﺮﺵ ﺑﺎﻹﻗﺒــﺎﻝ‬
                  ‫ـﺔ‬         ‫ﺩﻋـ‬
                    ‫ـﻞ ـﻼﺣﻚ ـﻮﺓ ﺑﺈﻧﺎﺑـ‬  ‫ﻭﺍﺟﻌـ ﺳـ‬
   ‫ﻭﺍﳉــﺄ ﺇﱃ ﻣــﻮﻻﻙ ﻏــﲑ ﻣﺒــﺎﻝ‬
                     ‫ﺗﺴـ ﻓﺈﻧـ ﻋﺒـ‬
                  ‫ـﺄﻟﻪ ﻻ ـﺄﻡ ـﻚ ـﺪﻩ‬               ‫ﻭﺍﺳـ‬
   ‫ﻓﻬــﻮ ﺍﻟﻜــﺮﱘ ﻭﺭﺏ ﻛــﻞ ﻧــﻮﺍﻝ‬
                  ‫ﻳﺎ ﺭﺏ ﻓﺎﻗﻄﻊ ﻋـﻦ ﻓـﺆﺍﺩﻱ ﻛـﻞ ﻣـﺎ‬
   ‫ﺃﺭﺟــﻮﻩ ﺇﻻ ﻣﻨــﻚ ﻣــﻦ ﺁﻣــﺎﻝ‬
                    ‫ﺍﻟﻈﻨـ ﻓﺈﻧـ‬
                  ‫ـﻠﻪ ـﻦ ﺩﺭﻥ ـﻮﻥ ـﻪ‬     ‫ﻭﺍﻏﺴـ ﻣـ‬
      ‫ـﺮﺽ ـﻮﺏ ﻭﻣﻮﺟـ ﺍﻹﻋـ‬
   ‫ـﺐ ـﻼﻝ‬                 ‫ﻣـ ﺍﻟﻘﻠـ‬
                    ‫ﻭﺃﺭﺣـ ﻣـ ﻧﻈـ ﺍﻟﻌﺒـ ﻓﺈﻧـ‬
                  ‫ـﻪ ـﻦ ـﺮ ـﺎﺩ ـﻪ‬
   ‫ـﻐﺎﻝ‬‫ـﺪ ﺍﻷﺷـ‬‫ـﺎﺩ ﻭﺃﻓﺴـ‬  ‫ـﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﺴـ‬‫ﺃﺻـ‬
                         ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺯﻗـ ﺧﺸـ ﺍﻟـ ﺗﺴـ‬
                  ‫ـﻪ ـﻴﺘﻚ ـﱵ ـﺘﻮﺟﺐ‬
     ‫ـ‬      ‫ـ ـ‬             ‫ـ ـ‬
   ‫ﺍﳊﺴـﲎ ﻟـﺪﻯ ﺍﳌﻘﺒـﻮﻝ ﻣـﻦ ﺃﻋﻤ ـﺎﻝ‬
                  ‫ـﻰ‬         ‫ﻭﻓﻘـ ﳌـ ﻓﻴـ‬
                    ‫ـﺎ ﺭﺏ ـﲏ ـﺎ ـﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﺿـ‬            ‫ﻳـ‬
   ‫ﻓﻠﻘــﺪ ﻭﻋــﺪﺕ ﺇﺟﺎﺑــﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺴــﺂﻝ‬
                     ‫ـ ـ‬             ‫ـ ـ ـ‬
                  ‫ﻭﺍﺧ ـﺘﻢ ﻟﻨ ـﺎ ﺑ ـﺎﳋﲑ ﻋﺎﺟﻠ ـﻪ ﺍﻟ ـﺬﻱ‬
      ‫ـﺪﻭ ـﻼﻭﺓ ﺫﻭﻗــ ﲟــ‬
   ‫ـﻪ ـﺂﻝ‬              ‫ﺗﺒــ ﺣــ‬
                             ‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻔﱵ ﳏﻤﺪ ﻓﻴﻀﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻫﺎﻭﻱ ﺍﻟﺒﻐﺪﺍﺩﻱ - ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ -‬
                         ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﰲ "ﺍﳌﺴﻚ ﺍﻷﺫﻓﺮ" )ﺹ٩٤٢(:‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬                                                ‫٢١‬

                         ‫)١(‬
                   ‫ﻻ ﺗﺪﻉ ﰲ ﺣﺎﺟﺔ ﺑﺎﺯًﺍ ﻭﻻ ﺃﺳـﺪﺍ‬
   ‫ﺍﷲ ﺭﺑــﻚ ﻻ ﺗﺸــﺮﻙ ﺑــﻪ ﺃﺣــﺪًﺍ‬
                                 ‫ﻓﺼﻞ‬
                              ‫ﹶ‬
                   ‫ﰲ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﳋﻠﹾﻘﻪ ﺑﺪﻋﺎﺋﻪ‬
                                       ‫ُﻝ‬         ‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺩﱠﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ َﺗﺪ ﱡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﻪ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﻏﲑ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﻣﺎ‬
                                                                     ‫ﻳﻠﻲ:‬
‫ْ ﹶﻟ ﻠ َ ِ ْ ﹶ ْ ِ ِ ﻥ ﻠ َ ﹶ ﻜ ﻞ‬
‫١- ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭَﺍﺳﺄﹸﻮﺍ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻀﻠﻪ ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﹺﺑ ﹸـ ﱢ‬
                                                            ‫َ ٍْ َ‬
                                        ‫ﺷﻲﺀ ﻋﻠِﻴﻤًﺎ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ٢٣[.‬
‫ﹸ ﹾ َ َ َﺑ ِ ْ ِ َ ﻤ ﻭﺟ َﻜ ْ‬
‫٢- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻗﻞ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺭﱢﻲ ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﻘﺴﻂ ﻭﹶﺃﻗِﻴ ُﻮﺍ ُ ُـﻮﻫ ﹸﻢ‬
  ‫ِ ْ َ ﹸﻞ َ ْ ﹺ ٍ ﻭ ْﻋ ﻩ ْ ِ ِ َ ﻪ ﺪ َ ﹶ َ ْ ﻌ ﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﻛ ﱢ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ َﺍﺩ ُﻮ ُ ﻣُﺨﻠﺼﲔ ﹶﻟ ُ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻳﻦ ﻛﻤَﺎ َﺑﺪﹶﺃﻛﹸﻢ َﺗ ُﻮ ُﻭﻥ‪‬‬
                                                     ‫]ﺍﻷﻋﺮﺍﻑ ٩٢[.‬
‫ﺐ‬           ‫ْﻋ َﺑ ﹸ ْ َﺮ َ ﹾَ ﹰ ﻧﻪ‬
‫٣- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﺍﺩ ُﻮﺍ ﺭﱠﻜﻢ َﺗﻀ ﱡﻋًﺎ ﻭﺧُﻔﻴﺔ ﹺﺇﱠ ُ ﻟﹶﺎ ُﻳﺤِـ ﱡ‬
    ‫ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ َ ْ ِ ﻭ ْﻋ ﻩ َ ْ‬                  ‫ُ َْ َ َ ﺗ ﹾ ِﺪ‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌﺘﺪِﻳﻦ * ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ُﻔﺴ ُﻭﺍ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ َﺑﻌﺪ ﹺﺇﺻﻠﹶﺎﺣﻬَﺎ َﺍﺩ ُﻮ ُ ﺧﻮﻓﹰـﺎ‬
                        ‫َ ﹶ َ ﻥ َ ْ َﹶ ﻠِ ﹶ ﺐ ِ َ ُ ْ ﹺ َ‬
‫ﻭﻃﻤﻌًﺎ ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻗﺮﹺﻳ ٌ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺤﺴِـﻨﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﻷﻋـﺮﺍﻑ: ٥٥،‬
                                                             ‫٦٥[.‬
   ‫َ ﹶﺭ‬       ‫َ ﻠ ِ ﹶ ْ ُ ُ ْ ﻓ ْﻋ ﻩ‬
‫٤- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭِﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺳﻤَﺎﺀ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺴﻨَﻰ ﹶﺎﺩ ُﻮ ُ ﹺﺑﻬَـﺎ ﻭﺫ ُﻭﺍ‬
‫ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ُﻳﻠﺤ ُﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﹶﺃﺳﻤَﺎِﺋﻪ ﺳَـُﺠﺰﻭﻥ ﻣَـﺎ ﻛﹶـﺎُﻮﺍ َﻳﻌﻤﻠﹸـﻮﻥ‪‬‬
  ‫ﻧ َْ ﹶ‬                   ‫ﻟ َ ﹾ ِﺪ ﹶ ِ ْ ِ ﻴ ْ َ ْ ﹶ‬
                                                   ‫]ﺍﻷﻋﺮﺍﻑ: ٠٨١[.‬

‫)١( ﻳﻌﲏ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﳉﻴﻼﱐ ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ، ﻭﺍﻷﺳﺪ ﺃﻣﲑ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻦ‬
                                              ‫ﺃﰊ ﻃﺎﻟﺐ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ.‬
 ‫٣١‬                                          ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬

       ‫ﻗ ﹺ ْﻋ ﻠ َ ﹺ ْﻋ ﺮ ْ َ َ ﻳ‬
‫٥- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪ ‬ﹸﻞ ﺍﺩ ُﻮﺍ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹶﺃﻭ ﺍﺩ ُﻮﺍ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺣﻤﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ـﺎ ﻣَـﺎ‬
                                            ‫ْﻋ ﹶ ﹶﻪ ﹶ ْ ُ ُ ْ‬
                  ‫َﺗﺪ ُﻮﺍ ﻓﻠ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺳﻤَﺎﺀ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺴﻨَﻰ‪] ‬ﺍﻹﺳﺮﺍﺀ: ٠١١[.‬
‫ُ‬      ‫ُ ُ ْ ﹶﺮ َ ُ َ ﹾ‬                    ‫ﻣْ‬
‫٦- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﹶﺃ ﱠﻦ ُﻳﺠﹺﻴﺐ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻀﻄ ﱠ ﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺩﻋَﺎﻩ ﻭَﻳﻜﺸِـﻒ‬
  ‫ﹶﻛﺮ ﹶ‬               ‫ﺴ َ َ ْ َﻠﻜ ْ ُ ﹶ َ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ﹶﻪ َ َ ﻠ ِ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱡﻮﺀ ﻭَﻳﺠﻌ ﹸ ﹸﻢ ﺧﻠﻔﹶﺎﺀ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﹶﺃِﺋﻠ ٌ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻗﻠِﻴﻠﹰﺎ ﻣَﺎ ﺗَـﺬ ﱠ ُﻭﻥ‪‬‬
                                                         ‫]ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻞ: ٢٦[.‬
‫ﹺَ‬    ‫ْﻋ ﻠ َ ْ ِ ِ َ ﻪ ﺪ َ َ ْ‬
‫٧- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻓﹶﺎﺩ ُﻮﺍ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻣُﺨﻠﺼﲔ ﹶﻟ ُ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻳﻦ ﻭﹶﻟﻮ ﻛﹶـﺮﻩ‬
                                                        ‫ِﺮ ﹶ‬
                                           ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻜﹶﺎﻓ ُﻭﻥ‪] ‬ﻏﺎﻓﺮ ٤١[.‬
               ‫ﻧ‬       ‫َ َ ْﺪ ﱡ َ ْ‬                 ‫ََََ ُ‬
‫ﻭﻭﻋﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﻭﻭﻋ ُﻩ ﺍﳊﻖ - ﻣﻦ ﺩﻋﺎﻩ ﺑﺄﱠﻪ َﻳﺴْﺘﺠﻴﺐ ﻟﻪ،‬
     ‫َ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺧﱪ – ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ - ﺃﻧﻪ ﻗﺮﻳﺐ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻩ؛ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌـﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ‬
                                    ‫ٌ‬
‫ُ َ ْ َﹶ ﺪ ﹺ َ ِ‬                   ‫َ ﻨ ﹶ ﹺﻧ ﹶ ﺐ‬          ‫َﹶ َ ِ‬
‫ﺳﺄﹶﻟﻚ ﻋﺒَﺎﺩِﻱ ﻋﱢﻲ ﻓﺈﱢﻲ ﻗﺮﹺﻳ ٌ ﹸﺃﺟﹺﻴﺐ ﺩﻋﻮﺓ ﺍﻟـ ﱠﺍﻉ ﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺩﻋَـﺎﻥ‬
                     ‫َﻠﻬ ْ ْ ُﺪ ﹶ‬          ‫َ ﻴ ْ ِﻨ‬     ‫ﹶ ﹾَ َْ ﺒ‬
‫ﻓﻠﻴﺴﺘﺠﹺﻴُﻮﺍ ﻟِﻲ ﻭﹾﻟُﺆﻣُﻮﺍ ﺑﹺﻲ ﹶﻟﻌ ﱠ ُﻢ َﻳﺮﺷ ُﻭﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺒﻘـﺮﺓ: ٦٨١[،‬
‫َْ ﹺ ْ ﹸ ْ ﻥ ﻟ َ‬             ‫َ ﹶ َﺑﻜﻢ ْﻋ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ – ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ : ‪‬ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭﱡ ﹸ ُ ﺍﺩ ُﻮﻧﹺﻲ ﹶﺃﺳﺘﺠﺐ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﱠـﺬِﻳﻦ‬
                  ‫َْ ﹾﹺﺮ ﹶ َ ْ ِ َ ََ ْ ُﻠ ﹶ َ َﻨ َ ِ َ‬
   ‫َﻳﺴﺘﻜﺒ ُﻭﻥ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒَﺎﺩﺗِﻲ ﺳﻴﺪﺧ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺟﻬﱠﻢ ﺩَﺍﺧﺮﹺﻳﻦ‪] ‬ﻏﺎﻓﺮ: ٠٦[.‬
                                ‫ﻓﺼﻞ‬
                      ‫ﺮﺳ ﺑ‬
        ‫ﰲ ﺩﻋﺎﺀ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱡ ُﻞ ﻟﺮﱢﻬﻢ ﺩﻭﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺳﻮﺍﻩ‬
                    ‫ﱡُ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺃﺧﱪ ﺍﷲ – ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﻋﻦ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺳﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺍﻡ - ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻢ‬
                                          ‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ - ﺃﱠﻬﻢ َﻳﺪْﻋﻮﻥ ﺍﷲ – ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﻭﻳﻠﺠﺆﻭﻥ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ ﰲ‬
            ‫ﹶﺳ‬
     ‫ﲨﻴﻊ ﺃﻣﻮﺭﻫﻢ ﻭﳐﺘﻠﻒ ﺣﺎﺟﺎﻬﺗﻢ، ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺍﺟﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﱠﺘﺄ ﱢﻲ ﻬﺑﻢ:‬
                                          ‫١- ﺁﺩﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ:‬
   ‫َﺑ ﹶ ﹶ ْ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻦ ﺁﺩﻡ - ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ - ﻭﺯﻭْﺟﻪ: ‪‬ﻗﹶﺎﻟﹶﺎ ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﻇﻠﻤﻨَﺎ‬
                          ‫َ‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬                                                 ‫٤١‬

 ‫َ‬             ‫ﻦ َ‬          ‫ﹸ َ َ ﹾ ْ ِْ ْ َ ْ َ ْ َ‬
‫ﹶﺃْﻧﻔﺴﻨَﺎ ﻭﹺﺇﻥ ﹶﻟﻢ َﺗﻐﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻨَﺎ ﻭَﺗﺮﺣﻤﻨَـﺎ ﹶﻟﻨﻜﹸـﻮَﻧ ﱠ ﻣِـﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺨَﺎﺳِـﺮﹺﻳﻦ‪‬‬
                                                  ‫]ﺍﻷﻋﺮﺍﻑ: ٣٢[ .‬
‫ﱠ ﺛ ﻢ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺠﺎﺏ ﺍﷲ – ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﳍﻤﺎ، ﻓﻘﺎﻝ - ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟـﻞ: ‪‬ﹸـ ﱠ‬
            ‫ﱠ‬                        ‫ُ‬
                                 ‫ْ َ ُ َ ﺑﻪ ﹶ َ َ ﹶ ْ ِ َ َ‬
                ‫ﺍﺟﺘﺒَﺎﻩ ﺭﱡ ُ ﻓﺘَﺎﺏ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﻫﺪَﻯ‪] ‬ﻃﻪ: ٢٢١[.‬
‫ﹶَ ﹶﻘ َ َﻡ ِ ْ َﺑ ِ ﹶ ِ ٍ ﹶ َ َ ﹶ ْ ِ ﻧﻪ ﻫ َ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ: ‪‬ﻓﺘﻠ ﱠﻰ ﺁﺩ ُ ﻣﻦ ﺭﱢﻪ ﻛﻠﻤَﺎﺕ ﻓﺘَﺎﺏ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﹺﺇﱠ ُ ُـﻮ‬
                                                 ‫ﺘﻮ ُ ﺮ ُ‬
                                ‫ﺍﻟﱠ ﱠﺍﺏ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺣِﻴﻢ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ: ٧٣[.‬
                                           ‫٢- ﻧﻮﺡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ:‬
            ‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺧﱪ – ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ - ﻋﻦ ﻧﻮﺡ - ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ - ﺑﺄﱠـﻪ ﺩﻋـﺎﻩ‬
‫َﺏ ﹾ ِ ْ َ َﻱ َ َ ْ َ َ ﹶ ْ ِ َ ُ ْ ِ َ ﹾ ْ ِ ﹺ َ‬
‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝ: ‪‬ﺭ ﱢ ﺍﻏﻔﺮ ﻟِﻲ ﻭِﻟﻮَﺍِﻟﺪ ﱠ ﻭِﻟﻤﻦ ﺩﺧﻞ َﺑﻴﺘﻲ ﻣﺆﻣﻨًﺎ ﻭِﻟﻠﻤُﺆﻣﻨﲔ‬
                                    ‫ُ ِْ ِ َ ﹺ ِ ﻈ ِ َ ﻟ‬
            ‫ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨَﺎﺕ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ َﺗﺰﺩ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎِﻟﻤﲔ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ َﺗﺒَﺎﺭًﺍ *‪] ‬ﻧﻮﺡ: ٨٢[.‬
                                        ‫٣- ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ:‬
‫َ ﹾ ﹶ ﺮ ﻢ َﺏ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻦ ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ - ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ: ‪‬ﻭﹺﺇﺫ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹺﺇْﺑ َﺍﻫِﻴ ُ ﺭ ﱢ‬
                 ‫ُْ ْ َ ﹺﻲ ﹾ ْﺒ َ ﹶ ْ َ‬             ‫ْ َ ﹾ َ َﹶ َ َ ِ‬
‫ﺍﺟﻌﻞ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﺒﻠﺪ ﺁﻣﻨًﺎ ﻭَﺍﺟﻨﺒﻨﹺﻲ ﻭَﺑﻨ ﱠ ﹶﺃﻥ َﻧﻌُﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺻﻨَﺎﻡ‪] ‬ﺇﺑـﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ:‬
                                                                   ‫٥٣[.‬
‫َ َ َ ِ‬                    ‫َ ﹾ ْ ﹶﻊ ﺮ ﻢ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ - ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭﹺﺇﺫ َﻳﺮﻓ ُ ﹺﺇْﺑ َﺍﻫِﻴ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻮَﺍﻋِـﺪ ﻣِـﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺒﻴْـﺖ‬
   ‫َْﹾ‬       ‫َ ﺑ ﹶ ﺒ ﹾ ِﻨ ﻧ َ َ ﺴ ُ َ ُ َ ﺑ‬                            ‫َ ْ‬
‫ﻭﹺﺇﺳﻤَﺎﻋِﻴﻞﹸ ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ َﺗﻘﱠﻞ ﻣﱠﺎ ﹺﺇﱠﻚ ﹶﺃْﻧﺖ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻤِﻴﻊ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠِﻴﻢ * ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﻭَﺍﺟﻌﻠﻨَﺎ‬
‫ﹶ َﺗ ْ‬             ‫ْ ِ َ ْ ﹺ َ َ ِ ْ ﹸﺭ ﻳ ِ ﺃ ﻣ ﹰ ْ ِ َ ﹰ َ َ ﹺ َ‬
‫ﻣُﺴﻠﻤﻴﻦ ﹶﻟﻚ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺫ ﱢﱠﺘﻨَﺎ ﹸ ﱠﺔ ﻣُﺴﻠﻤﺔ ﹶﻟﻚ ﻭﹶﺃﺭﻧَﺎ ﻣﻨَﺎﺳِـﻜﻨَﺎ ﻭُـﺐ‬
                                         ‫َ ﹶ ْ ﻧ َ َ ﺘﻮ ُ ﺮ ُ‬
             ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻨَﺎ ﹺﺇﱠﻚ ﹶﺃْﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﱠ ﱠﺍﺏ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺣِﻴﻢ‪]‬ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ: ٧٢١، ٨٢١[.‬
  ‫ﺼ َِ‬             ‫َﺏ َ ْ ُ ﹾ َ ِ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ: ‪‬ﺭ ﱢ ﻫﺐ ﻟِﻲ ﺣﻜﻤًﺎ ﻭﹶﺃﹾﻟﺤﻘﻨﹺـﻲ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠـﺎِﻟﺤﲔ *‬
‫ْ َ ﹾ ِ ْ َ َ ِ َﻨ ِ‬        ‫َِ َ‬        ‫ﹶ ِْ ﹴ‬         ‫َْ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭَﺍﺟﻌﻞ ﻟِﻲ ِﻟﺴَﺎﻥ ﺻﺪﻕ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺂﺧﺮﹺﻳﻦ * ﻭَﺍﺟﻌﻠﻨﹺﻲ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺭﹶﺛﺔ ﺟﱠـﺔ‬
 ‫٥١‬                                         ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬

‫َْ‬      ‫ﹾ ِ ْ ﹶ ﻧﻪ ﹶ ِ َ ﻀ ﻟ َ َ ﺗ ْ ﹺ ﻧ‬                   ‫ﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱠﻌِﻴﻢ * ﻭَﺍﻏﻔﺮ ِﻟﺄﺑﹺﻲ ﹺﺇﱠ ُ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﱢﲔ * ﻭﻟﹶـﺎ ُﺨﺰﹺـﻲ ﻳَـﻮﻡ‬
                              ‫ُﻳﺒﻌﹸﻮﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮﺍﺀ: ٣٨-٧٨[.‬  ‫ْ َﺜ ﹶ‬
                                       ‫٤- ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ:‬
   ‫ﹶ َﺏ ﹾ ِ ْ َ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ - ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ: ‪‬ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ﱢ ﺍﻏﻔﺮ ﻟِﻲ ﻭﻟِـﺄﺧِﻲ‬
                     ‫َ ْ َِ َ َ َ ْ َﻢ ﺮ ِ ِ َ‬       ‫َ ْ ِﹾ‬
 ‫ﻭﹶﺃﺩﺧﻠﻨَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺭﺣﻤﺘﻚ ﻭﹶﺃْﻧﺖ ﹶﺃﺭﺣ ُ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺍﺣﻤﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﻷﻋﺮﺍﻑ: ١٥١[.‬
     ‫َﺴْ ْ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ: ‪‬ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ﱢ ﺍﺷﺮﺡ ﻟِﻲ ﺻﺪﺭﹺﻱ * ﻭَﻳ ﱢﺮ ﻟِﻲ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﹺﻱ *‬
                          ‫َْ‬      ‫ﹶ َﺏ ْ َ ْ‬
‫ْ‬          ‫َْ ﹾ َ‬             ‫ﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹶ ْ‬              ‫ْﹸ ﹾ ﻋ ﹾ َ ﹰ ِ ْ‬
‫ﻭَﺍﺣﻠﻞ ُﻘﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ ِﻟﺴَﺎﻧﹺﻲ * َﻳﻔﻘ ُﻮﺍ ﻗﻮﻟِﻲ * ﻭَﺍﺟﻌﻞ ﻟِﻲ ﻭﺯﹺﻳﺮًﺍ ﻣِـﻦ‬
‫ﹶْ‬         ‫ْ‬       ‫َ ْﹺ ﹾ‬        ‫ُْْ ِ ْ‬               ‫ﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺃﻫﻠِﻲ * ﻫَﺎ ُﻭﻥ ﹶﺃﺧِﻲ * ﺍﺷﺪﺩ ﹺﺑﻪ ﹶﺃﺯﺭﹺﻱ * ﻭﹶﺃﺷﺮﻛﻪُ ﻓِﻲ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﹺﻱ * ﻛﻲ‬  ‫ْ‬
‫ﹶﹶْ‬           ‫ِ‬        ‫ﻧ َ ﻛْ َ‬        ‫َ ﹾ َ َ ﹶِ‬         ‫َﺒ َ َ ﹶ ِ‬
‫ﻧُﺴﱢﺤﻚ ﻛﺜﲑًﺍ * ﻭَﻧﺬﻛﹸﺮﻙ ﻛﺜﲑًﺍ * ﹺﺇﱠﻚ ﹸﻨﺖ ﹺﺑﻨَﺎ َﺑﺼﲑًﺍ * ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﺪ‬
                                                  ‫ﺃ َﺳْ َ ﻣ‬
                         ‫ﹸﻭﺗِﻴﺖ ُﺆﹶﻟﻚ ﻳَﺎ ُﻮﺳَﻰ‪] ‬ﻃﻪ: ٥٢-٦٣[.‬
‫ﹾِ ْ ﹶَﹶ َ ُ‬            ‫ﹶ َﺏ ﻧ ﹶ ﹶ ْﺖ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ: ‪‬ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ﱢ ﹺﺇﱢﻲ ﻇﻠﻤ ُ َﻧﻔﺴِﻲ ﻓﹶﺎﻏﻔﺮ ﻟِﻲ ﻓﻐﻔﺮ ﻟﹶـﻪ‬
                                           ‫ﻧﻪ ﻫ َ َﻔ ُ ﺮ ُ‬
                         ‫ﹺﺇﱠ ُ ُﻮ ﺍﹾﻟﻐ ﹸﻮﺭ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺣِﻴﻢ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺺ: ٦١[.‬
                                       ‫٥- ﺃﻳﻮﺏ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ:‬
‫َﺑ ُ‬        ‫َﻳ َ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺪﻩ ﺃﻳﻮﺏ - ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ: ‪‬ﻭﹶﺃﱡﻮﺏ ﹺﺇﺫ ﻧَﺎﺩَﻯ ﺭﱠـﻪ‬
                          ‫ﻧ َﺴﹺ َ ﻀﺮ َ َ ْ َﻢ ﺮ ِ ِ َ‬
        ‫ﹶﺃﱢﻲ ﻣ ﱠﻨﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱡ ﱡ ﻭﹶﺃْﻧﺖ ﹶﺃﺭﺣ ُ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺍﺣﻤﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ: ٣٨[.‬
                                    ‫٦- ﺫﻭ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ:‬
‫َِ‬      ‫َ ﻨ ِ ﹾ ﹶ َ َ ُ ِ ﹶ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ْ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭﺫﹶﺍ ﺍﻟﱡﻮﻥ ﹺﺇﺫ ﺫﻫﺐ ﻣﻐَﺎﺿﺒًﺎ ﻓﻈ ﱠ ﹶﺃﻥ ﹶﻟﻦ َﻧﻘﹾـﺪﺭ‬
‫ﱡﹸ ِ ﹾ َ ﻟ َ ُْ َ ﻧ ﹸ ُ‬                                         ‫َﹶْ ِ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻓﻨَﺎﺩَﻯ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﻈﻠﻤَﺎﺕ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻟﹶﺎ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻪ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ﹶﺃْﻧﺖ ﺳﺒﺤَﺎَﻧﻚ ﹺﺇﱢﻲ ﻛﻨْـﺖ‬
                                                         ‫َِ ﻈ ِ َ‬
                                        ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎِﻟﻤﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ: ٧٨[.‬
                                       ‫٧- ﺯﻛﺮﻳﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ:‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬                                                ‫٦١‬

    ‫َ ﺑﻪ َﺏ‬         ‫َ َ ﹶ ﹺﻳ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻋﻦ ﺯﻛﺮﻳﺎ - ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ: ‪‬ﻭﺯﻛﺮﱠﺎ ﹺﺇﺫ ﻧَﺎﺩَﻯ ﺭﱠ ُ ﺭ ﱢ ﻟﹶﺎ‬
                                   ‫ﹶ ْ ﹶ ْ َ َ َ ْﺮ ﹺ َ‬
                   ‫َﺗﺬﺭﻧﹺﻲ ﻓﺮﺩًﺍ ﻭﹶﺃْﻧﺖ ﺧﻴ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﻮَﺍﺭِﺛﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ: ٩٨[.‬
                                          ‫٨- ﺩﺍﻭﺩ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ:‬
‫ﹶ َﻨ ﻩ‬         ‫َ ﻦ ﻭ ُ ﻧ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻋﻦ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ - ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ: ‪‬ﻭﻇﹶـ ﱠ ﺩَﺍ ُﻭﺩ ﹶﺃﱠﻤَـﺎ ﻓﺘﱠـﺎ ُ‬
   ‫َْ ْ ﹶ َ َﺑﻪ َ َﺮ ِ َ َ ﹶ َ ﹶ ْ ﻪ ﹶ َ َ ﻥ ﻪ ِ َ‬
‫ﻓﹶﺎﺳﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﺭﱠ ُ ﻭﺧ ﱠ ﺭَﺍﻛﻌًﺎ ﻭﹶﺃﻧَﺎﺏ * ﻓﻐﻔﺮﻧَﺎ ﹶﻟ ُ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻭﹺﺇ ﱠ ﹶﻟ ُ ﻋﻨْـﺪﻧَﺎ‬
                                                      ‫ُ َﺣ ْ َ َ َ ﹴ‬
                                 ‫ﹶﻟﺰﹾﻟﻔﹶﻰ ﻭ ُﺴﻦ ﻣﺂﺏ‪] ‬ﺹ: ٤٢، ٥٢[.‬
                                       ‫٩- ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ:‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ - ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ - ﺣﺎﻛﻴًﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺳـﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ - ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﺍﻟﺴـﻼﻡ:‬
‫ﹶََﺴ َ ِ ِ ْ ﹶ ْ َ ﹶ َﺏ ْ ﹺ ْ ﹾ ْﻜ َ ْ َ َ‬
‫‪‬ﻓﺘﺒ ﱠﻢ ﺿَﺎﺣﻜﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻮِﻟﻬَﺎ ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ﱢ ﹶﺃﻭﺯﻋﻨﹺﻲ ﹶﺃﻥ ﹶﺃﺷ ﹸﺮ ﹺﻧﻌﻤﺘَـﻚ‬
‫ْﺿ ﻩ‬                ‫َﻱ َ ﹾ ْ ﹶ‬                ‫ﻟ َ ْ َ َ ﹶﻲ َ َ‬
‫ﺍﱠﺘِﻲ ﹶﺃْﻧﻌﻤﺖ ﻋﻠ ﱠ ﻭﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻭَﺍِﻟﺪ ﱠ ﻭﹶﺃﻥ ﹶﺃﻋﻤَـﻞ ﺻَـﺎِﻟﺤًﺎ َﺗﺮ َـﺎ ُ‬
                         ‫َ ْ ِ ﹾ َ ْ َِ َ ِ ِ َ ﺼ ِ َ‬
          ‫ﻭﹶﺃﺩﺧﻠﻨﹺﻲ ﹺﺑﺮﺣﻤﺘﻚ ﻓِﻲ ﻋﺒَﺎﺩﻙ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎِﻟﺤﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻞ: ٩١[.‬
                                     ‫٠١- ﻳﻌﻘﻮﺏ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ:‬
‫ﹶ َ ْﺮ َ ﻞ ﻠ ُ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻦ ﻳﻌﻘﻮﺏ - ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ: ‪‬ﻓﺼﺒ ٌ ﺟﻤِﻴ ﹲ ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ‬
                                     ‫ِﻔ ﹶ‬         ‫ُ َْ ﹸ َ‬
                      ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﺘﻌَﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣَﺎ َﺗﺼ ﹸﻮﻥ‪] ‬ﻳﻮﺳﻒ: ٨١[.‬
‫ﻭﺃﺧﱪ ﺍﷲ - ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ - ﻋﻨﻪ ﺑﺄﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺑﻪ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻭﳉـﺄ‬
‫َ‬      ‫ﻠ ِ َ ْﹶ‬             ‫ﹶ ﻧ ْﻜ ﺜ َﺣ ْ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ؛ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ: ‪‬ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹺﺇﱠﻤَﺎ ﹶﺃﺷ ﹸﻮ َﺑﱢﻲ ﻭ ُﺰﻧﹺﻲ ﹺﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢُ ﻣِـﻦ‬
                                                        ‫ْ ﹶﻤ ﹶ‬      ‫ﻠِ‬
                                  ‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻣَﺎ ﻟﹶﺎ َﺗﻌﻠ ُﻮﻥ‪] ‬ﻳﻮﺳﻒ: ٦٨[.‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ – ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﻗﺒﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻋﻨﻪ - ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ: ‪‬ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ‬
   ‫ﻠُ ﹾ ﹾ َ‬             ‫ﹾ َﻮ ْ ﹸ ْ ﻔﺴﻜ ْ ْ ﹶ َ ْﺮ َ ﻞ َ‬
‫َﺑﻞ ﺳ ﱠﹶﻟﺖ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﹶﺃْﻧ ﹸ ُ ﹸﻢ ﹶﺃﻣﺮًﺍ ﻓﺼﺒ ٌ ﺟﻤِﻴ ﹲ ﻋﺴَﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻳَـﺄِﺗﻴﻨﹺﻲ‬
                                    ‫ﻧﻪ ﻫ َ َ ُ َ ُ‬                 ‫ﹺْ َ‬
                  ‫ﹺﺑﻬﻢ ﺟﻤِﻴﻌًﺎ ﹺﺇﱠ ُ ُﻮ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠِﻴﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻜِﻴﻢ‪] ‬ﻳﻮﺳﻒ: ٣٨[.‬
 ‫٧١‬                                           ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬

                                     ‫١١- ﻳﻮﺳﻒ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ:‬
‫ﹶ َﺏ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ - ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ - ﻋﻦ ﻳﻮﺳﻒ - ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ: ‪‬ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ ﺭ ﱢ‬
‫ْ ِ َ ﻟ ْ ﹺ ْ َﻨ ﹶ َ ُ ﻦ‬              ‫ﺴ ْ ُ َﺐ ﻲ ِﻤ ْﻋ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱢﺠﻦ ﹶﺃﺣ ﱡ ﹺﺇﹶﻟ ﱠ ﻣ ﱠﺎ َﻳﺪ ُﻮَﻧﻨﹺﻲ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴﻪ ﻭﹺﺇﱠﺎ َﺗﺼﺮﻑ ﻋﱢﻲ ﻛﻴْـﺪﻫ ﱠ‬
‫ْ َ َ ﻪ َ ﺑ ﻪ ﹶ َ َ َ َ ْﻪ‬      ‫ِِ َ‬        ‫ْﺐ ْ ﹺﻦ َ ﻛ ْ ِ َ‬
‫ﹶﺃﺻ ُ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴﻬ ﱠ ﻭﹶﺃ ﹸﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺠَﺎﻫﻠﲔ * ﻓﹶﺎﺳﺘﺠَﺎﺏ ﹶﻟ ُ ﺭﱡ ُ ﻓﺼﺮﻑ ﻋﻨ ُ‬
                                    ‫ﹶ ْ َﻫ ﻦ ﻧﻪ ﻫ َ ﺴ ُ َ ُ‬
             ‫ﻛﻴﺪ ُ ﱠ ﹺﺇﱠ ُ ُﻮ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻤِﻴﻊ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠِﻴﻢ‪] ‬ﻳﻮﺳﻒ: ٣٣، ٤٣[.‬
‫َ ﺏ ﹶ ْ َ ْ َ ِ َ ُ ﹾ ِ َ َﻠ ْ َ ِ ْ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ: ‪‬ﺭ ﱢ ﻗﺪ ﺁَﺗﻴﺘﻨﹺﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﻭﻋ ﱠﻤﺘﻨﹺﻲ ﻣﻦ َﺗﺄﻭﹺﻳـﻞ‬
‫ﺪ َ َ ِ َِ‬              ‫ِ ﹶْ ﹺ َ َﻴ‬                ‫ِ َِ ﺴ‬            ‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺣَﺎﺩِﻳﺚ ﻓﹶﺎﻃﺮ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻤَﺎﻭَﺍﺕ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﹶﺃْﻧﺖ ﻭِﻟﱢﻲ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱡْﻧﻴﺎ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺂﺧﺮﺓ‬
                                    ‫ﺼ َِ‬           ‫َﻓ ُ ْ ِ َ ِ ﹾ‬
               ‫َﺗﻮ ﱠﻨﹺﻲ ﻣﺴﻠﻤًﺎ ﻭﹶﺃﹾﻟﺤﻘﻨﹺﻲ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﺎِﻟﺤﲔ‪] ‬ﻳﻮﺳﻒ: ١٠١[.‬
                                 ‫ﻓﺼﻞ‬
      ‫ﰲ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺩﻋﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻼﺡ ﷲ‬
                      ‫ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﺩﻭﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺳﻮﺍﻩ‬
                                          ‫ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ:‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ - ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ - ﳐﱪًﺍ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﰲ ﺩﻋﺎﺋﻬﻢ ﻟﺮﻬﺑﻢ ﺗﻌـﺎﱃ:‬
‫ﻟ َ ْ ِﻠ ﹶ َ ْ َ َ َ ْ َ ْ ﻪ ﻳﺴ ﺒﺤ ﹶ َ ِ َﺑ ْ‬
‫‪‬ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ َﻳﺤﻤ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺣﻮﹶﻟ ُ ُ َـﱢ ُﻮﻥ ﹺﺑﺤﻤْـﺪ ﺭﱢﻬﹺـﻢ‬
‫َ ْ ِﻨ ﹶ ِ َ َْ ْ ِﺮ ﹶ ﻠ َ َ َﻨ َﺑ َ ِ ْ َ ﹸﻞ َ ْ ٍ َ ْ َ ﹰ‬
‫ﻭُﻳﺆﻣُﻮﻥ ﹺﺑﻪ ﻭَﻳﺴﺘﻐﻔ ُﻭﻥ ِﻟ ﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﻭﺳﻌﺖ ﻛ ﱠ ﺷﻲﺀ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ‬
    ‫ﹾ ِ ْ ﻠ َ ﺑ ﺗ َﻌ َ ﹶ َ َ ِ ﹺ ْ َ َ َ ﹺ‬                       ‫َ ِﹾ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻠﻤًﺎ ﻓﹶﺎﻏﻔﺮ ِﻟ ﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺗَﺎُﻮﺍ ﻭَﺍﱠﺒ ُﻮﺍ ﺳﺒﹺﻴﻠﻚ ﻭﻗﻬﻢ ﻋﺬﹶﺍﺏ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﺤِﻴﻢ *‬
‫َﺑ َ ْ ِ ﹾ ُ ْ َ ﻨ ِ َ ْ ٍ ﻟ َ َ ْ ْ َ َ ْ َ ﹶ َ ِ ْ َ ﹺ ْ‬
‫ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﻭﹶﺃﺩﺧﻠﻬﻢ ﺟﱠﺎﺕ ﻋﺪﻥ ﺍﱠﺘِﻲ ﻭﻋﺪَﺗﻬُﻢ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺻﻠﺢ ﻣﻦ ﺁﺑَـﺎِﺋﻬﻢ‬
                    ‫َ ْ ﹺ ﹺ ْ َ ﹸﺭ ﻳ ﹺ ْ ﻧ َ َ َ ُ َ ُ‬
    ‫ﻭﹶﺃﺯﻭَﺍﺟﻬﻢ ﻭﺫ ﱢﱠﺎِﺗﻬﻢ ﹺﺇﱠﻚ ﹶﺃْﻧﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺰﹺﻳﺰ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻜِﻴﻢ‪] ‬ﻏﺎﻓﺮ: ٧، ٨[.‬
                                              ‫ﺼ‬
                                           ‫ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻼﺡ:‬
                                     ‫ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻼﺡ ﻳﻠﺠﺆﻭﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻳﺪﻋﻮﻧـﻪ ﰲ‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬                                                       ‫٨١‬

                        ‫ﻏﻔﺮﺍﻥ ﺫﻧﻮﻬﺑﻢ ﻭﺗﻔﺮﻳﺞ ﻛﺮﻭﻬﺑﻢ ﻭﻗﻀﺎﺀ ﺣﺎﺟﺎﻬﺗﻢ:‬
‫َ َ َ ﺮﺳ ﹸ ﺃ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫١- ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ – ﺗﻌﺎﱃ – ﻋﻨﻬﻢ: ‪‬ﺁﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠ ُﻮﻝ ﹺﺑﻤَﺎ ﹸْﻧﺰﻝ‬
      ‫ْ ِ ِ ْ َ ﺑ ِ ُ ْ ِ ﻨ ﹶ ﹸ ﱞ َ َ َ ﻠ ِ َ َ ﹶ ِ ِ َﻛ ﺘ ﹺ ِ َ ﺭ ﺳ ِ ِ‬
‫ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺭﱢﻪ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣُﻮﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺁﻣﻦ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺘﻪ ﻭ ﹸُﺒﻪ ﻭ ُ ُﻠﻪ ﻟﹶﺎ‬
        ‫َ َﺑ‬           ‫ﻧ ﹶﺮﻕ ْ َ َ ٍ ِ ْ ﺭﺳ ِ ِ َ ﻟ َ ِ َْ َ ﹶ ْ ﹸ ﹾ‬
‫ُﻔ ﱢ ُ َﺑﻴﻦ ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ُ ُﻠﻪ ﻭﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﺳﻤﻌﻨﺎ ﻭﹶﺃﻃﻌﻨَﺎ ﻏﻔﺮَﺍﻧَـﻚ ﺭﱠﻨَـﺎ‬
‫ﹶ َ ْ‬                         ‫ﻳ ﹶﻠﻒ ﻠ ُ ﹾ ﻟ ُ ْ َ‬               ‫َ ْ َ َ ِﲑ‬
‫ﻭﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺼ ُ * ﻟﹶﺎ ُﻜ ﱢ ُ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ َﻧﻔﺴًﺎ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ﻭﺳﻌﻬَﺎ ﹶﻟﻬَﺎ ﻣَﺎ ﻛﺴَـﺒﺖ‬
        ‫ْ ْ ﹶ ﹾ َﺑ َ‬                    ‫ِﹾ ﹾ‬            ‫ﹾ َ َ َ ْ َﺑ‬        ‫َ َﹶْ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻬَﺎ ﻣَﺎ ﺍﻛﺘﺴﺒﺖ ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﻟﹶﺎ ُﺗﺆَﺍﺧﺬﻧَﺎ ﹺﺇﻥ َﻧﺴِﻴﻨَﺎ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﺃﺧﻄﺄﻧَﺎ ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﻭﻟﹶـﺎ‬
        ‫ْ ِ ﹾ َ ﹶ ْ ْ ﹶ َ َ َ ﹾ َ َ ﻟ َ ِ ْ ﹶ ْ ِ َﺑ َ‬
‫َﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻨَﺎ ﹺﺇﺻﺮًﺍ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺣﻤﻠﺘﻪُ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻨَـﺎ ﺭﱠﻨَـﺎ ﻭﻟﹶـﺎ‬
      ‫َ َْ‬            ‫َْْ‬          ‫ﹶ ﹶ ِ ْ ُ َﻨ ﹾ ِ ْ‬                      ‫َﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ُﺗﺤ ﱢﻠﻨَﺎ ﻣَﺎ ﻟﹶﺎ ﻃﹶﺎﻗﺔ ﹶﻟﻨَﺎ ﹺﺑﻪ ﻭَﺍﻋﻒ ﻋﱠﺎ ﻭَﺍﻏﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻨَﺎ ﻭَﺍﺭﺣﻤﻨَﺎ ﹶﺃْﻧﺖ ﻣﻮﻟﹶﺎﻧَﺎ‬
                                              ‫ُ ْ َ ﹶ ْﹺ ِ َ‬
                ‫ﻓﹶﺎْﻧﺼﺮﻧَﺎ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﹶﺎﻓﺮﹺﻳﻦ *‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ: ٥٨٢، ٦٨٢[.‬
‫َْ ﹾ َََ ََ ْ‬                ‫ﹺ ﹾ ﹸﻠ‬         ‫َﺑ‬
‫٢- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ - ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﹶﻟﺎ ُﺗﺰﻍ ﻗ ﹸﻮَﺑﻨَﺎ َﺑﻌﺪ ﹺﺇﺫ ﻫﺪْﻳﺘﻨَﺎ ﻭﻫﺐ‬
‫ِ ْ ﺪ َ َ ْ َ ﹰ ﻧ َ َ َﻫ ُ َ ﺑ ﻧ َ ِ ﻊ ﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻟﻨَﺎ ﻣﻦ ﹶﻟ ُْﻧﻚ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﹺﺇﱠﻚ ﹶﺃْﻧﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻮ ﱠﺎﺏ * ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﹺﺇﱠﻚ ﺟَﺎﻣ ُ ﺍﻟﱠـﺎﺱ‬
                           ‫َ‬        ‫َ ْ ﹴ َ َ ِ ﻥ ﻠ َ ﻳ ْ ِﻒ‬
    ‫ِﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻟﹶﺎ ﺭْﻳﺐ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻟﹶﺎ ُﺨﻠ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﻤِﻴﻌَﺎﺩ‪] ‬ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ: ٩[.‬
‫ُ َ ﹶ‬                     ‫ْ َ َ ﻬ ْ َﺑ ُ ْ ﻧ‬
‫٣- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻓﹶﺎﺳﺘﺠَﺎﺏ ﹶﻟ ُﻢ ﺭﱡﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﱢﻲ ﻟﹶﺎ ﹸﺃﺿِﻴﻊ ﻋﻤَـﻞ‬
  ‫ْﻀﻜ ْ ِ ْ ْ ﹴ ﻟ َ ﻫ َﺮ‬
‫ﻋَﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻛﺮ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹸﺃْﻧﺜﹶﻰ َﺑﻌ ُ ﹸﻢ ﻣﻦ َﺑﻌﺾ ﻓﹶﺎﱠﺬِﻳﻦ َـﺎﺟ ُﻭﺍ‬
                                                 ‫ِ ﹴ ِْ ﹸ ْ ِ ْ ﹶ ﹶ ﹴ ْ‬
‫ﹸ ﹶ ﻔ َﻥ‬          ‫َ ﻠ َﻗِﻠ‬           ‫َ‬       ‫َﺃ ْ ﹺﺟ ِ ْ ِ ﹺ ِ ْ َﺃ ﺫ‬
‫ﻭﹸﺧﺮ ُﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻳَﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻭﹸﻭ ﹸﻭﺍ ﻓِﻲ ﺳﺒﹺﻴﻠِﻲ ﻭﻗﹶﺎَﺗ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻭ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻟﹶـﺄﻛ ﱢﺮ ﱠ‬
          ‫َ ْ ُ ْ َﻴ ﹺ ْ َ ْ ِ ﹶﻨ ُ ْ َﻨ ٍ ْ ِ ْ ْ ِ ﹶ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﺳﱢﺌﹶﺎِﺗﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﻟﺄﹸﺩﺧﻠﱠﻬﻢ ﺟﱠﺎﺕ َﺗﺠﺮﹺﻱ ﻣﻦ َﺗﺤﺘﻬَﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﺄْﻧﻬَﺎﺭ ﹶﺛﻮَﺍﺑًـﺎ‬
                                   ‫ِ ْ ِ ْ ِ ﻠ ِ ﻠ ُ ِ ْ َﻩ ُ ْ ُ ﺜ ﹺ‬
      ‫ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻨﺪ ُ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺍﻟﱠﻮَﺍﺏ‪] ‬ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ: ٥٩١[.‬
     ‫ﹶ ْ ِ ﹶ ﻟ َﺑ َ‬               ‫ِ ْ َﺔ‬
‫٤- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﹺﺇﺫ ﹶﺃﻭَﻯ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﺘﻴ ﹸ ﹺﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﻬﻒ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﺁِﺗﻨَﺎ‬
                                                 ‫ﹾ‬
                               ‫ِ ْ ﺪ َ َ ْ َ ﹰ َ َﻴ ﹾ ِ ْ ْ ﹺ َ َ‬
           ‫ﻣﻦ ﹶﻟ ُْﻧﻚ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﻭﻫﱢﺊ ﹶﻟﻨَﺎ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻧَﺎ ﺭﺷﺪًﺍ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻜﻬﻒ ٠١[.‬
 ‫ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ َ ﺑ َ َﻨ‬           ‫ﻧﻪ ﹶ ﹶ ﻖ ِ ْ ِ‬
‫٥- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ‪‬ﹺﺇﱠ ُ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﹺﻳ ٌ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒَﺎﺩِﻱ َﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﺁﻣﱠﺎ‬
                             ‫ْ َ ْ َ َ َ ْﺮ ﺮ ِ ِ َ‬          ‫ﹾِ ْ‬
      ‫ﻓﹶﺎﻏﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻨَﺎ ﻭَﺍﺭﺣﻤﻨَﺎ ﻭﹶﺃْﻧﺖ ﺧﻴ ُ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺍﺣﻤﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﻮﻥ: ٩٠١[.‬
 ‫٩١‬                                                   ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬

‫َ‬        ‫ﻟ َ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ َ ﺑ ْ ﹺ ْ َﻨ‬
‫٦- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭَﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ َﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﺍﺻﺮﻑ ﻋﱠﺎ ﻋَـﺬﹶﺍﺏ‬
                                        ‫ﹶ ﹶ‬           ‫َ َﻨ َ ﻥ َ‬
                 ‫ﺟﻬﱠﻢ ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﻋﺬﹶﺍَﺑﻬَﺎ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻏﺮَﺍﻣًﺎ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻗﺎﻥ: ٥٦[.‬
    ‫ﻟ َ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ َﺑ َ ْ ِ ْ ْ ﹺ‬
‫٧- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭَﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ َﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﻫﺐ ﹶﻟﻨَﺎ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﺯﻭَﺍﺟﻨَـﺎ‬
                                 ‫َ ﹸﺭﻳ ﻗﺮ ﹶ ْﻴ ﹴ ْ َ ﹾ ﹾ ﺘ ِ َ‬
        ‫ﻭﺫ ﱢﱠﺎِﺗﻨَﺎ ﹸ ﱠﺓ ﹶﺃﻋُﻦ ﻭَﺍﺟﻌﻠﻨَﺎ ِﻟﻠﻤُﱠﻘﲔ ﹺﺇﻣَﺎﻣًﺎ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻗﺎﻥ: ٤٧[.‬
‫َ َﹶْ ﻣ ُ‬          ‫َ َﺻ ْ َ ﹺ ﹶ َ ِ ْ‬
‫٨- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭﻭ ﱠﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﺈْﻧﺴَﺎﻥ ﹺﺑﻮَﺍِﻟﺪْﻳﻪ ﹺﺇﺣﺴَﺎﻧًﺎ ﺣﻤﻠﺘﻪُ ﹸﺃ ﱡﻪ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻛﺮﻫًﺎ ﻭﻭﺿﻌﺘﻪُ ﻛﺮﻫًﺎ ﻭﺣﻤ ﹸ ُ ﻭﻓﺼَﺎﹸﻟﻪ ﹶﺛﻠﹶﺎﹸﻮﻥ ﺷﻬﺮًﺍ ﺣﱠﻰ ﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ َﺑﻠﹶـﻎ‬
               ‫ﹸ ْ َ َ َ َ ْ ﹸ ْ َ َ ْﻠﻪ َ ِ ُ ﺛ ﹶ َ ْ َﺘ‬
        ‫ﺷﺪﻩ َ ﹶ ﹶ ْ ِ َ ََ ﹰ ﹶ َﺏ ْ ﹺ ْ ﹾ ْﻜ َ ْ ََ َ ﻟ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ُ ﱠ ُ ﻭَﺑﻠﻎ ﹶﺃﺭَﺑﻌﲔ ﺳﻨﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ﱢ ﹶﺃﻭﺯﻋﻨﹺﻲ ﹶﺃﻥ ﹶﺃﺷ ﹸﺮ ﹺﻧﻌﻤﺘﻚ ﺍﱠﺘِـﻲ‬
      ‫ْ ُ َ ِْ ْ‬                   ‫َﻱ َ ﹾ ْ َ ﹶ‬           ‫َ ْ َ َ ﹶﻲ َ َ‬
‫ﹶﺃْﻧﻌﻤﺖ ﻋﻠ ﱠ ﻭﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻭَﺍِﻟﺪ ﱠ ﻭﹶﺃﻥ ﹶﺃﻋﻤﻞ ﺻَﺎِﻟﺤًﺎ َﺗﺮﺿَﺎﻩ ﻭﹶﺃﺻﻠﺢ ﻟِﻲ‬
                          ‫ﹸﺭ ﻳ ﻧ ْ ُ ْ َ َ ﻧ ِ َ ْ ِ ِ َ‬
  ‫ﻓِﻲ ﺫ ﱢﱠﺘِﻲ ﹺﺇﱢﻲ ُﺗﺒﺖ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴﻚ ﻭﹺﺇﱢﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤُﺴﻠﻤﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﻷﺣﻘﺎﻑ: ٥١[.‬
‫ﻟ َ ﺀ ِ ْ ْ ِ ِ ْ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ َﺑ ﹾ ِ ْ‬
‫٩- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭَﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺟَﺎ ُﻭﺍ ﻣﻦ َﺑﻌﺪﻫﻢ َﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﺍﻏﻔﺮ‬
‫ﹺ ِ َ ْ َ ﹾ ﹸﻠ ِﻠ ﻠ َ‬                                  ‫ﻟ َ َ َﻘ‬            ‫َﹺ ْ‬
‫ﹶﻟﻨَﺎ ﻭِﻟﺈﺧﻮَﺍﹺﻧﻨَﺎ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺳﺒ ﹸﻮﻧَﺎ ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﺈﳝَﺎﻥ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ َﺗﺠﻌﻞ ﻓِﻲ ﻗ ﹸﻮﹺﺑﻨَﺎ ﻏ ًّﺎ ِﻟ ﱠﺬِﻳﻦ‬
                                                ‫َ َﻨ َﺑ ﻧ َ َﺀ ﻑ َ ﻢ‬
                            ‫ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﹺﺇﱠﻚ ﺭ ُﻭ ٌ ﺭﺣِﻴ ٌ‪] ‬ﺍﳊﺸﺮ: ٠١[.‬
‫َ‬                 ‫ْ ﹸ ْ ْ َﺓ َ ََﺔ‬             ‫ﹶْ‬
‫٠١- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻗﺪ ﻛﹶﺎَﻧﺖ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﹸﺃﺳﻮ ﹲ ﺣﺴﻨ ﹲ ﻓِﻲ ﹺﺇﺑْـﺮَﺍﻫِﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻟ َ َ َﻪ ﹾ ﻟ ﹶ ْ ِ ﹺ ْ ﻧ ﺑ َ َﺀ ِ ْ ﹸ ْ َ ِﻤ ُْﺪ ﹶ ِ ْ ﺩ ِ‬
‫ﻭَﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﻣﻌ ُ ﹺﺇﺫ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ِﻟﻘﻮﻣﻬﻢ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ُﺮﺁ ُ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻭﻣ ﱠﺎ َﺗﻌﺒ ُﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ُﻭﻥ‬
     ‫َﺘ‬         ‫ﻠ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ْ ﹸ ْ َ َْ َ َْﻜﻢ َ َ ﹸ َ ْ ُ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻛﻔﺮﻧَﺎ ﹺﺑﻜﻢ ﻭَﺑﺪَﺍ َﺑﻴﻨﻨَﺎ ﻭَﺑﻴﻨ ﹸ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺪَﺍﻭﺓ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺒﻐﻀَﺎﺀ ﹶﺃَﺑﺪًﺍ ﺣﱠـﻰ‬
‫َ ﹶ ِ ﹶ َْ ْ ِ َﻥ َ َ ْ ِﻚ‬                     ‫ﺗ ْ ِﻨ ﻠ ِ َ ْ َﻩ ﻟ ﹶ ْ ﹶ‬
‫ُﺆﻣُﻮﺍ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﺣﺪ ُ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ﻗﻮﻝ ﹺﺇْﺑﺮَﺍﻫِﻴﻢ ِﻟﺄﺑﹺﻴﻪ ﹶﻟﺄﺳﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﱠ ﹶﻟﻚ ﻭﻣَﺎ ﹶﺃﻣﻠ ُ‬
‫َ‬       ‫َ‬        ‫َ ِ َ ﻠ ِ ِ ْ َ ْ ٍ َ ﺑ َ ﹶ ْ َ َﻛ ﹾ َ ْ َ ْ‬
‫ﹶﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻲﺀ ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ َﺗﻮ ﱠﻠﻨَﺎ ﻭﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴﻚ ﹶﺃَﻧﺒﻨَـﺎ ﻭﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴْـﻚ‬
‫ﹾ ِ ْ َﺑ ﻧ َ‬                ‫ْ َ ﹾ ِ َْ ﹰ ﻠ َ ﹶ ﹶﺮ‬             ‫َ ِﲑ َ ﺑ‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺼ ُ * ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﻟﹶﺎ َﺗﺠﻌﻠﻨَﺎ ﻓﺘﻨﺔ ِﻟ ﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﻛﻔ ُﻭﺍ ﻭَﺍﻏﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻨَﺎ ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﹺﺇﱠـﻚ‬
                                                        ‫َ َ ُ َ ُ‬
                              ‫ﹶﺃْﻧﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺰﹺﻳﺰ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻜِﻴﻢ‪] ‬ﺍﳌﻤﺘﺤﻨﺔ: ٤، ٥[.‬
‫ﻠِ ْ ﹰ‬                ‫ﻳ ﻟ َ َ َﻨ ﺗ ﺑ‬
‫١١- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻳَﺎ ﹶﺃﱡﻬَﺎ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ُﻮُﻮﺍ ﹺﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ َﺗﻮﺑَـﺔ‬
‫َ َﺑ ﹸ ْ ﹾ ﻳ ﹶﻔ َ َ ْ ﹸ ْ َﻴ ﹸ ْ َﻳ ْ ِ ﹶﻜ ْ َﻨ ٍ‬
‫َﻧ ُﻮﺣًﺎ ﻋﺴَﻰ ﺭﱡﻜﻢ ﹶﺃﻥ ُﻜ ﱢﺮ ﻋﻨﻜﻢ ﺳﱢﺌﹶﺎِﺗﻜﻢ ﻭُﺪﺧﻠ ﹸﻢ ﺟﱠـﺎﺕ‬        ‫ﺼ‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬                                                   ‫٠٢‬

      ‫ﻠ ُ ﻨﹺﻲ ﻟ َ َ َﻨ‬               ‫ْ‬       ‫ْ ِ ْ ِْ ﹶ ُ ْ َ‬
‫َﺗﺠﺮﹺﻱ ﻣﻦ َﺗﺤﺘﻬَﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﺄْﻧﻬَﺎﺭ َﻳﻮﻡ ﻟﹶﺎ ُﻳﺨﺰﹺﻱ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺍﻟﱠﺒ ﱠ ﻭَﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُـﻮﺍ‬
        ‫ْ‬          ‫َ َﻪ ﻧ ُ ُ ْ ْ ْ َ ﹺ ْ َ ﹶ ﹺ ْ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ َ ﺑ‬
‫ﻣﻌ ُ ُﻮﺭﻫﻢ َﻳﺴﻌَﻰ َﺑﻴﻦ ﹶﺃْﻳﺪِﻳﻬﻢ ﻭﹺﺑﺄْﻳﻤَﺎﹺﻧﻬﻢ َﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﹶﺃْﺗﻤِـﻢ ﹶﻟﻨَـﺎ‬
                              ‫ﻧ َ ﹾ ِ ْ ﻧ َ َ ﹸﻞ َ ْ ٍ ﹶ ﺮ‬
           ‫ُﻮﺭﻧَﺎ ﻭَﺍﻏﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻨَﺎ ﹺﺇﱠﻚ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻛ ﱢ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻗﺪِﻳ ٌ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﱘ: ٨[.‬
                                ‫ﱠ ﻳ ﺑ‬
‫٢١- ﺑﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﺎ ﻋﻠﻤَﻨﺎﻩ ﺇﱠﺎﻩ ﺭﱡﻨﺎ - ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟـﻞ ؛ ﺃﻥ ﻧـﺪﻋﻮﻩ‬
‫ﻭﺣﺪَﻩ ﻻ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﻟﻪ، ﻭَﺑﱠﻴﻦ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺫﻟﻚ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻪ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﰲ ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﰲ‬
                                          ‫َ‬
  ‫َ ِﲔ‬      ‫ﻳ َ ْ ﺒﺪ َ ﻳ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﲢﺔ: ‪‬ﹺﺇﱠﺎﻙ َﻧﻌُ ُ ﻭﹺﺇﱠـﺎﻙ َﻧﺴْـﺘﻌ ُ *‬
‫ْ ِ ﺼ ﹶ ُ َْ َ ِ ﹶ ﻟ َ َ ْ َ َ ْ ﹺ ْ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻫﺪﻧَﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱢﺮَﺍﻁ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘِﻴﻢ * ﺻﺮَﺍﻁ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﹶﺃْﻧﻌﻤﺖ ﻋﻠﹶـﻴﻬﻢ ﻏﻴْـﺮ‬
                                    ‫َ ْﻀ ﹺ َ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ َ ﻀ ﻟ َ‬
             ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻐ ُﻮﺏ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﱢﲔ *‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻔﺎﲢﺔ: ٥-٧[.‬
   ‫َ ﹸ ﹾ َﺏ ْ ِ ﹾ‬
‫٣١- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻟﻨﺒﱢﻪ - ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻼﻡ: ‪‬ﻭﻗﻞ ﺭ ﱢ ﹶﺃﺩﺧﻠﻨﹺﻲ‬
                      ‫ﺴ‬      ‫ﺼ‬            ‫ﻴ‬
‫ْ ﺪ َ‬             ‫ﻣ ْ َ ﹶ ِ ْ ﹴ َ ْ ﹺ ْ ﻣ ْ َ َ ِ ْ ﹴ َْ ﹾ‬
‫ُﺪﺧﻞ ﺻﺪﻕ ﻭﹶﺃﺧﺮﺟﻨﹺﻲ ُﺨﺮﺝ ﺻﺪﻕ ﻭَﺍﺟﻌﻞ ﻟِﻲ ﻣِـﻦ ﻟﹶـ ُْﻧﻚ‬
                                                   ‫ِ‬      ‫ُﹾ‬
                              ‫ﺳﻠﻄﹶﺎﻧًﺎ َﻧﺼﲑًﺍ‪] ‬ﺍﻹﺳﺮﺍﺀ: ٠٨[.‬
‫ْ ﹾ‬         ‫ﻠ ُ َ ِﻚ َﻖ َ‬                ‫ﹶَ‬
‫٤١- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ: ‪‬ﻓﺘﻌَﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ ﱡ ﻭﻟﹶـﺎ َﺗﻌﺠَـﻞ‬
     ‫ِﹾ‬      ‫ْ َ َ ْ ﻴ ﻪ َ ﹸ ﹾ َﺏ ﹺ ْ‬         ‫ﻘ ْ َ ِ ِ ْ ﹶْ ﹺ ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟ ﹸﺮﺁﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﹶﺃﻥ ُﻳﻘﻀَﻰ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴﻚ ﻭﺣُ ُ ﻭﻗﻞ ﺭ ﱢ ﺯﺩﻧﹺـﻲ ﻋﻠﻤًـﺎ‪‬‬
                                                       ‫]ﻃﻪ: ٤١١[.‬
‫ِ‬      ‫َ ْ َ‬       ‫ﹰ َ ﹸ ﹾ َﺏ ﻋ ﹸ‬
‫٥١- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻟﻪ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ: ‪‬ﻭﻗﻞ ﺭ ﱢ ﹶﺃ ُﻮﺫ ﺑﹺـﻚ ﻣِـﻦ ﻫﻤَـﺰَﺍﺕ‬
                  ‫ﺸ ِ ﹺ َ ﻋ ﹸ َ َﺏ ﹾ ْ ُﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻴَﺎﻃﲔ * ﻭﹶﺃ ُﻮﺫ ﹺﺑﻚ ﺭ ﱢ ﹶﺃﻥ َﻳﺤﻀ ُﻭﻥ *‪] ‬ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨـﻮﻥ: ٧٩،‬
                                                   ‫٨٩[.‬
  ‫ﹸ ﹾ ﻋ ﹸ َﺏ ﹶ ﹶ ﹺ ِ ْ َﺮ َ ﹶ َ‬
‫٦١- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻗﻞ ﹶﺃ ُﻮﺫ ﹺﺑﺮ ﱢ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﻠﻖ * ﻣﻦ ﺷ ﱢ ﻣَﺎ ﺧﻠﻖ *‬
‫ﻌﹶ ِ َ ْ‬            ‫َ ِ ْ َﺮ ِ ﹴ َ ﹶ َ َ ِ ْ َﺮ ﻨﻔ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺷ ﱢ ﻏﹶﺎﺳﻖ ﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻭﻗﺐ * ﻭﻣﻦ ﺷ ﱢ ﺍﻟﱠ ﱠﺎﺛﹶﺎﺕ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟ ُﻘﺪ * ﻭﻣِـﻦ‬
                                            ‫َﺮ ِ ٍ َ َ َ‬
                          ‫ﺷ ﱢ ﺣَﺎﺳﺪ ﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺣﺴﺪ *‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻔﻠﻖ: ١-٥[.‬
‫ﹸ ﹾ ﻋ ﹸ َﺏ ﻨ ﹺ َ ِ ِ ﻨ ﹺ ِ‬
‫٧١- ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻗﻞ ﹶﺃ ُﻮﺫ ﹺﺑﺮ ﱢ ﺍﻟﱠﺎﺱ * ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﱠﺎﺱ * ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻪ‬
 ‫١٢‬                                             ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬

‫ﻨ ﹺ ِ ْ َﺮ َ ْ ﹺ َﻨ ﹺ ﻟ ﻳ َ ْ ﹺﺱ ﺻ ﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱠﺎﺱ * ﻣﻦ ﺷ ﱢ ﺍﹾﻟﻮﺳﻮَﺍﺱ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﱠﺎﺱ * ﺍﱠﺬِﻱ ُﻮﺳﻮ ُ ﻓِﻲ ُـ ُﻭﺭ‬
                                  ‫ﻨ ﹺ ِ َ ﹺﻨ ِ ﻨ ﹺ‬
              ‫ﺍﻟﱠﺎﺱ * ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﱠﺔ ﻭَﺍﻟﱠﺎﺱ *‪] .‬ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ: ١-٦[.‬
‫َ ﱠ‬                    ‫ﺪ‬
‫٨١- ﻭﻗﺪ ﺃﻣﺮﻧﺎ ﺍﷲ - ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ - ﺑﺎﻟ ﱡﻋﺎﺀ ﻟﻠﻮﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ، ﻭَﺑﱠﻴﻦ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ِْ ْ ُ َ َ‬
‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﱪ ﻬﺑﻤﺎ ﻭﺍﻹﺣﺴﺎﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻤﺎ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ: ‪‬ﻭَﺍﺧﻔﺾ ﹶﻟﻬﻤَﺎ ﺟﻨَـﺎﺡ‬
                                                      ‫ﱢ‬
    ‫ِ‬              ‫َﺑ‬       ‫ﱡﻝ ِ َ ﺮ ْ َ ِ َ ﹸ ﹾ َﺏ ْ َ ْ ُ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬ ﱢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺣﻤﺔ ﻭﻗﻞ ﺭ ﱢ ﺍﺭﺣﻤﻬﻤَﺎ ﻛﻤَـﺎ ﺭﱠﻴَـﺎﻧﹺﻲ ﺻَـﻐﲑًﺍ‪‬‬
                                                 ‫]ﺍﻹﺳﺮﺍﺀ: ٤٢[.‬
                                  ‫ﻓﺼﻞ‬
            ‫َْ‬
     ‫ﰲ ﻋﺪﻡ ﲰﺎﻉ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺎﺋﺒﲔ ﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺪﻋﻮﻫﻢ‬
‫ﰒ ﻳﻘﺎﻝ ﳍﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺪﻋﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﺨﻠﻮﻗﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌـﺎﱃ: ﺇﻥ‬
   ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺗﺪﻋﻮﻬﻧﻢ ﻻ ﻳﺴﻤﻌﻮﻥ ﺩﻋﺎﺀﻛﻢ ﻭﻟﻮ ﲰﻌﻮﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﻮﺍ ﻟﻜﻢ.‬
   ‫ْﻠﻖ َ ْ َ ُ ْ ْ ﹶﻘ ﹶ َ‬                    ‫ْ ﹺﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﹶﺃُﻳﺸﺮ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻣَﺎ ﻟﹶﺎ َﻳﺨ ﹸ ُ ﺷﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﻭﻫﻢ ُﻳﺨﻠ ﹸﻮﻥ * ﻭﻟﹶﺎ‬
         ‫َْ ﻌ ﹶ ُ ْ ْ َ ﻔ َﻬ ْ ْ ُﺮ ﹶ َ ﹾ ْﻋ ُ ْ‬
‫َﻳﺴﺘﻄِﻴ ُﻮﻥ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ َﻧﺼﺮًﺍ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ﹶﺃْﻧ ﹸﺴ ُﻢ َﻳﻨﺼ ُﻭﻥ * ﻭﹺﺇﻥ َﺗﺪ ُﻮﻫﻢ ﹺﺇﻟﹶـﻰ‬
‫ﺘ ﹺﻌ ﹸ ْ َ ﺀ َ ﹶ ْ ﹸ ْ َ َ ْ ﻤ ُ ْ ْ ُ ْ ِ ﺘ ﹶ ﻥ‬                        ‫ُ‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟﻬﺪَﻯ ﻟﹶﺎ َﻳﱠﺒ ُﻮﻛﻢ ﺳﻮَﺍ ٌ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﹶﺃﺩﻋﻮُﺗ ُﻮﻫﻢ ﹶﺃﻡ ﹶﺃْﻧﺘﻢ ﺻَﺎﻣُﻮﻥ * ﹺﺇ ﱠ‬
    ‫ﻟ َ ْﻋ ﹶ ِ ْ ﺩ ِ ﻠ ِ ِ ﺩ ْ ﹸ ْ ْﻋ ُ ْ ﹶ ﹾَ َ ﺒ‬
‫ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ َﺗﺪ ُﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ُﻭﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﺒَﺎ ٌ ﹶﺃﻣﺜﹶﺎﹸﻟﻜﻢ ﻓﹶﺎﺩ ُﻮﻫﻢ ﻓﻠﻴﺴْـﺘﺠﹺﻴُﻮﺍ‬
‫ٍ‬        ‫ْ ﻬ ْ‬          ‫ﹸ ْ ﹾ ﹸ ُْ ْ ِ ِ َ ﻬ ْ ْ ُﻞ ْﺸ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﹺﺇﻥ ﻛﻨﺘﻢ ﺻَﺎﺩﻗﲔ * ﹶﺃﹶﻟ ُﻢ ﹶﺃﺭﺟ ﹲ َﻳﻤ ُﻮﻥ ﹺﺑﻬَﺎ ﹶﺃﻡ ﹶﻟ ُـﻢ ﹶﺃﻳْـﺪ‬
      ‫ْ ُ ْ َ ﻥ ْ َﻌ ﹶ‬               ‫ْ ُ ْ ُْﻦ ْ ِﺮ ﹶ‬               ‫ْ ِﺸ ﹶ‬
‫َﻳﺒﻄ ُﻮﻥ ﹺﺑﻬَﺎ ﹶﺃﻡ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﻋﻴ ٌ ُﻳﺒﺼ ُﻭﻥ ﹺﺑﻬَﺎ ﹶﺃﻡ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺁﺫﹶﺍ ﹲ َﻳﺴﻤ ُﻮﻥ ﹺﺑﻬَﺎ‬
      ‫ﻗ ﹺ ْﻋ ُ َ َ ﹸ ْ ﻢ ﺪ ِ ﹶ ْ ِﺮ ِ ﻥ َ ﻴ َ ﻠ ُ ﻟ‬
‫ﹸﻞ ﺍﺩ ُﻮﺍ ﺷﺮﻛﹶﺎﺀﻛﻢ ﹸﺛ ﱠ ﻛِﻴ ُﻭﻥ ﻓﻠﹶﺎ ُﺗﻨﻈ ُﻭﻥ * ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﻭِﻟﱢﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺍﱠﺬِﻱ‬
     ‫ﺰ ﹶ ِ َ َﻫ َ َ َﻟ ﺼ ِ َ ﻟ َ ْﻋ ﹶ ِ ْ ﺩ ِ‬
‫َﻧ ﱠﻝ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺘَﺎﺏ ﻭ ُﻮ َﻳﺘﻮﱠﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎِﻟﺤﲔ * ﻭَﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ َﺗﺪ ُﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ُﻭﹺﻧﻪ ﻟﹶﺎ‬
         ‫َْ ﻌ ﹶ ْ َ ﹸ ْ َ ﻔ َﻬ ْ ْ ُﺮ ﹶ َ ﹾ ْﻋ ُ ْ‬
‫َﻳﺴﺘﻄِﻴ ُﻮﻥ َﻧﺼﺮﻛﻢ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ﹶﺃْﻧ ﹸﺴ ُﻢ َﻳﻨﺼ ُﻭﻥ * ﻭﹺﺇﻥ ﺗَـﺪ ُﻮﻫﻢ ﹺﺇﻟﹶـﻰ‬
   ‫ﻳ ْﺼ ﺮ ﹶ‬          ‫ْ َ ﻌ َ ُ ْ ْ ﹸﺮ ﹶ ْ َ َ ﻫ ْ‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟﻬﺪَﻯ ﻟﹶﺎ َﻳﺴﻤ ُﻮﺍ ﻭَﺗﺮَﺍﻫﻢ َﻳﻨﻈ ُﻭﻥ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴﻚ ﻭ ُـﻢ ﻟﹶـﺎ ُﺒ ِـ ُﻭﻥ‪‬‬     ‫ُ‬
                                              ‫]ﺍﻷﻋﺮﺍﻑ: ١٩١-٨٩١[.‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬                                ‫٢٢‬

         ‫ﻴ‬                   ‫ﱡ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ ﻧﻌﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﻟﻮﺳﻲ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻪ "ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﱢﻨﺎﺕ ﰲ ﻋﺪﻡ‬
                              ‫ﲰﺎﻉ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﺕ" )ﺹ٩٤، ٠٥(:‬
                    ‫ﺮ‬
‫"ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ ﳏﻴﻲ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﺕ، ﻭﻣﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻓﺎﺕ، ﻭ ﳎـﺎﺯﻳﻬﻢ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺻﻲ، ﻭﻣﺜﻴﺒﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻋﺎﺕ، ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺎﻣﻊ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟـﺪﺍﻋﲔ ﺧﻔـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺻﻮﺍﺕ، ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻ ﳜﻔﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺷﻲﺀ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺿـﲔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴـﻤﻮﺍﺕ،‬
                                 ‫َْ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﳉﻤﺎﺩ ﻟﻪ ﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﺍﳌﻌﺠﺰﺍﺕ،‬
                                           ‫ﺴ‬      ‫ﺼ‬
              ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺁﻟﻪ ﻭﺻﺤﺒﻪ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻫﺮﺍﺕ.‬
‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ: ﻓﺈﱐ ﰲ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ﻋﺎﻡ ﲬﺲ ﻭﺛﻼﺙ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﻭﺃﻟﻒ ﻣﻦ‬
   ‫ُ‬                     ‫ﹰ‬
‫ﻫﺠﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻧﺰﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺗﻔﺼﻴﻼ ﻟﻜﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻭﺗﺒﻴﺎﻧًﺎ ﺫﻛـﺮﺕ ﰲ‬
‫ﳎﻠﺲ ﺩﺭﺳﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ، ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﺘﻪ ﺍﻷﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻷﺣﻨﺎﻑ ﺍﻷﻋـﻼﻡ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺒـﻬﻢ‬
        ‫َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻬﻴﺔ، ﻭﺃﺣﻜﺎﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ؛ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺪﻡ ﲰﺎﻉ ﺍﳌﻮﺗﻰ ﻛﻼﻡ ﺍﻷﺣﻴﺎﺀ،‬
                           ‫ﻠ‬         ‫ﻠ‬         ‫ﱠَْ َ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻠﹶﻒ ﻻ ﻳﻜﱢﻢ ﺯﻳﺪًﺍ ﻓﻜﱠﻤﻪ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﻴﺖ ﻻ ﳛﻨـﺚ؛ ﻭﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬
                                            ‫ﻓﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ.‬
      ‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓﺄﺷﺎﻉ ﺑﻌﺾ ﻣَﻦ ﺍﻧﺘﺴﺐ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻏﲑ ﺇﺩﺭﺍﻙ ﳌﺎ ﺣ ﱠﺭﻭﻩ ﻭﻻ‬
    ‫ٌ ﺸ‬
‫ﻓﻬﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻭ ﻏﲑ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ، ﻭﺃﻧﻪ ﻗﻮﻝ ﻣﻨﻜـﺮ ﻣﻐـﺎﻳﺮ ﻟﻠ ﱠـﺮﻉ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻴﺢ، ﻭﺃﻧﻪ ﱂ ﻳﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺍﻹﻣـﺎﻡ ﺃﰊ ﺣﻨﻴﻔـﺔ‬
                                    ‫ﻭﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺎﻓﻌﻲ ﻭﺃﲪﺪ!‬
                                              ‫ﺗ ﻞ‬
‫ﻓﺎﱠﺒﻌﻪ ﻛ ﱡ ﻧﺎﻋﻖ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﳉﻬﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻡ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺟﻔﻮﻥ ﰲ ﻣﺪﻳﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ، ﻓﺄﺣﺒﺒﺖ ﻟﻠﻨﺼﻴﺤﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ، ﻭﻟﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺗـﻰ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻜﺘـﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺒﲔ، ﻭﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﺇﺧﻮﺍﱐ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ، ﺃﻥ ﺃﲨﻊ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﺳـﺎﻟﺔ ﺃﻗـﻮﺍﻝ‬
‫ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻨﺎ ﺍﻷﺣﻨﺎﻑ، ﻭﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﻪ ﻏﲑﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺋﻤﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻘﻬﺎﺀ ﺍﻷﺷـﺮﺍﻑ،‬
 ‫٣٢‬                                             ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬

       ‫ﺼ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻥ ﺃﺣﺮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﻮﻩ ﻭﺃﻧﻘﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺘﺒﻬﻢ ﻣﺎ ﺳﻄﺮﻭﻩ ﺑﻌﺒﺎﺭﺍﻬﺗﻢ ﺍﳌﻔ ﱠـﻠﺔ،‬
    ‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻭﻧﺼﻮﺻﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﻄﻮﻟﺔ، ﻭﺃﺩﻟﺘﻬﻢ ﺍﶈﱪﺓ، ﻭﺃﺟﻮﺑﺘﻬﻢ ﺍﶈﺮﺭﺓ؛ ﻟﻴﺘﻀﺢ ﻟﻠﻌﺎ ﱠﺔ ﻣﺎ‬
‫ﺟﻬﻠﻮﻩ، ﻭﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﺎﻧﺪﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺍﺏ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺧﻄﺆﻭﻩ، ﻭﺭﺗﺒﺘﻬﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺛﻼﺛـﺔ‬
‫ﻓﺼﻮﻝ ﻭﺧﺎﲤﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺇﻥ ﺷﺎﺀ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻘﻮﻝ، ﻭﺍﳌﻨﻘﻮﻝ، ﻭﻟﻠﻨـﺰﺍﻉ‬
                                                     ‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺣﺎﲰﺔ، ﻭﲰﻴُﻬﺎ: "ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﰲ ﻋﺪﻡ ﲰﺎﻉ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﺕ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﳊﻨﻔﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﺩﺍﺕ"، ﻭﺍﷲ – ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ - ﺍﳌﺴﺆﻭﻝ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻮﱢﻘﻨﺎ ﻟﻠﺼـﻮﺍﺏ ﻭﻳﺮﺯﻗﻨـﺎ‬
                        ‫ﻓ‬                                   ‫ﺴ‬
                    ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺎﻉ ﺍﳊﻖ ﻭﺍﺗﺒﺎﻋﻪ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺒﺪﺃ ﻭﺍﳌﺂﺏ، ﺁﻣﲔ. ﺍﻫـ.‬
‫ﰒ ﺇﻥ ﺍﳌﺪﻋﻮﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﰲ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ ﻳﺘﱪﺅﻭﻥ ﳑـﻦ‬
    ‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺩﻋﺎﻫﻢ: ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻄﻴﻒ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺑﻦ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺍﻟﱠﻤﻴﻤﻲ‬
‫ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻪ "ﲢﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ" )١(: )ﻭﺍﻋﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺩﻋﺎﺀ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻐـﺎﺋﺒﲔ‬

‫)١( ﻭﻗﺪ ﻗﺮﻅ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﲨﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻓﺎﺿﻞ ﺍﻷﺩﺑﺎﺀ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ ﺃﻓﻨﺪﻱ ﺍﻟﺒﻐﺪﺍﺩﻱ‬
                                                       ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭﻱ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﻘﻮﻟﻪ:‬
   ‫ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﳉـﺰﺍﺀ ﺑـﺄﺟﺮ ﻏـﲑ ﳑﻨـﻮﻥ‬             ‫ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻄﻴـﻒ ﺟـﺰﺍﻩ ﺍﷲ ﺧﺎﻟﻘﻨـﺎ‬
   ‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﳒﺪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺼـﲔ‬          ‫ﻫﻮ ﺍﳍﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺷـﺎﻋﺖ ﻓﻀـﺎﺋﻠﻪ‬
   ‫ﺑﺪﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺰﻳـﺰ ﺍﻟﻘـﺪﺭ ﻣﻜﻨـﻮﻥ‬            ‫ﲝﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻳﺒﺪﻱ ﻣـﻦ ﻣﻌﺎﺭﻓـﻪ‬
        ‫ـ ـ ـ‬
   ‫ﻣﻨﺴ ـﻮﺑﺔ ﳉﻬ ـﻮﻝ ﻏ ـﲑ ﻣ ـﺄﻣﻮﻥ‬‫ـ‬          ‫ﲪﻰ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻋـﻦ ﺷـﺒﻪ‬
   ‫ﻛﺄﻬﻧـﺎ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺃﻗــﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﺠﻤﻟـﺎﻧﲔ‬             ‫ﻭﺳـﺎﻭﺱ ﻭﺃﻗــﺎﻭﻳﻞ ﻣﻠﻔﻘــﺔ‬
                                           ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺃﻓﻨﺪﻱ ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺱ ﲟﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﺮﺓ:‬
          ‫ـﻰ ـﺮﻙ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺘـ‬
   ‫ـﺎﺩ ﺯﻭﺍﻝ‬           ‫ﻭﺩﻫـ ﺍﻟﺸـ‬               ‫ـ‬               ‫ـ ـ‬
                                          ‫ﻻﺡ ﻧـﻮﺭ ﺍﳍـﺪﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻀـﻼﻝ‬
       ‫ﺑﻌـ ﻛـ ﺩﻭﻬﻧـ ﺃﻇـ‬
   ‫ـﺪﻣﺎ ـﺎﻥ ـﺎ ـﻼﻝ‬                        ‫ﻭﲡﻠﺖ ﺍﻟﺸـﻤﺲ ﺍﻟﻜﻤـﺎﻝ ﻋﻴﺎﻧًـﺎ‬
   ‫ﻣﻦ ﲰـﺎ ﺍﳊـﻖ ﻋـﺎﺭﺽ ﻫﻄـﺎﻝ‬                 ‫ـ‬        ‫ـ ـ‬
                                          ‫ﻭﺭﻳـﺎﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴـﺪ ﺟـﺎﺩ ﺭﺑﺎﻫـﺎ‬
   ‫ﺍﻹﻣــﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﻬــﺬﺏ ﺍﳌﻔﻀــﺎﻝ‬                  ‫ـﺪ ﺍﳉﻬﺒـ ﺍﶈﻘـ ﻟﻠﺤـ‬
                                          ‫ـﺬ ـﻖ ـﻖ‬                    ‫ﻭﻳـ‬
    ‫ﻫــﻮ ﲝـﺮ ﻟﻠﻌـﻠﻢ ﲝـﺮ ﺯﻻﻝ‬               ‫ﺫﺍﻙ ﻋﺒـﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻄﻴـﻒ ﻛﻨـﺰ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﱄ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﺃﻓﻨﺪﻱ ﻣﻔﱵ ﺍﳊﻨﻔﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺍﳊﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﲑ ﺑﻮﺍﻋﻆ ﺯﺍﺩﻩ: ﺃﺩﻳﻦ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﲜﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﺎ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ، ﺍﳊﺎﻭﻱ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﻌﲎ ﻣﻨﻴﻒ، ﻭﺃﺑﺮﺃ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻣﻦ‬
‫=‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬                                                    ‫٤٢‬

‫ﻟﻴﺲ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﳌﺎ ﻳﻘﺼﺪﻩ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻙ ﻭﻳﺮﻳﺪﻩ؛ ﺑﻞ ﻫﻮ ﺳﺒﺐ ﻟﻨﻘﻴﺾ ﻗﺼﺪﻩ‬
                        ‫ﻭﺣﺮﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﻫﻼﻛﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ.‬
‫ْ ﹶﻌ ُ‬           ‫ﻀﺮﻩ َ‬              ‫ْﻋ ِ ْ ﺩ ِ ﻠ ِ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪َ‬ﻳﺪ ُﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ُﻭﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻣَﺎ ﻟﹶﺎ َﻳ ُ ﱡ ُ ﻭﻣَﺎ ﻟﹶـﺎ َﻳﻨﻔ ُـﻪ‬
‫ﹶ َ ﻫ َ ﻀ ﹸ َ ُ ْﻋ َ ْ َﺮﻩ ﹾ َﺏ ِ ْ ﹾ ِ ِ ﹺ ﹾ َ‬
‫ﺫِﻟﻚ ُﻮ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﹾﻟﺒﻌِﻴﺪ * َﻳﺪ ُﻮ ﹶﻟﻤﻦ ﺿ ﱡ ُ ﹶﺃﻗﺮ ُ ﻣﻦ َﻧﻔﻌﻪ ﹶﻟﺒﺌﺲ‬
                                                  ‫َ ْ َ ﹺ ﹾ َ َ ِﲑ‬
                           ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻮﻟﹶﻰ ﻭﹶﻟﺒﺌﺲ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺸ ُ‪] ‬ﺍﳊﺞ: ٢١، ٣١[.‬
‫ﻷﻧﻪ ﰲ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺇﳕﺎ ﻋَﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻄﺎﻥ ﻭﺩﻋﺎﻩ ﻭﺃﻃﺎﻋﻪ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺑـﻪ،‬
                                   ‫ََ‬
                                           ‫ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﺗﺘﱪﺃ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﻮﻥ ﳑﻦ ﺩﻋﺎﻫﻢ ﻭﺻﺮﻑ ﳍﻢ ﺷﻴﹰﺌﺎ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﱠٌ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ، ﻭﺃﻳﻀًﺎ ﻓﻠﻴﺲ ﻛﻞ ﺳﺒﺐ ﻳﺒﺎﺡ؛ ﺑﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﳏﺮﻡ‬
                                ‫ﹶﻬ‬          ‫ﺴ‬
                              ‫ﻭﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻛﻔﺮ، ﻛﺎﻟ ﱢﺤﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﱠﺘﻜ ﱡﻦ.‬




                                      ‫=‬
                                          ‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺳﺪﺓ، ﻭﺍﻷﻗﺎﻭﻳﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺍﺋﻔﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳊﻖ، ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻛﻞ ﻓﺎﺋﺪﺓ، ﻭﺃﻧﺰﻫﻪ -‬
                               ‫ﻠ‬                  ‫ﻤ ﻟ‬
‫ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﻋ ﱠﺎ ﺗﻘﻮﹸﻪ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻷﺑﺎﻃﻴﻞ، ﻭﻋﱠﻠﻮﺍ ﺑﺘﻌﻠﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻞ، ﻭﺃﺷﻜﺮ ﻓﻀﻞ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺃﻧﺸﺄ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺍﺋﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ، ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، ﻓﺠﺰﻯ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ ﻋﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻭﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺧﲑًﺍ ﻭﺭﺯﻗﻬﻢ ﺍﻷﻣﻦ ﻭﺍﻷﻣﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﻯ ﰲ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ،‬
                                                             ‫ﹰ‬
                                 ‫ﻭﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ ﺃﻭﻻ ﻭﺁﺧﺮًﺍ ﻭﺑﺎﻃﻨﺎ ﻭﻇﺎﻫﺮًﺍ. ﺍﻫـ.‬
 ‫٥٢‬                                             ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬

                                  ‫ﻓﺼﻞ‬
                       ‫ﺼ‬          ‫ﺒ‬
                    ‫ﰲ ﺣﻜﻢ ﺗﺘﱡﻊ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﳊﲔ‬
‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﻭﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱢﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺳ ﱠﻫﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﺭﻉ ﺗﺘﱡﻊ )١( ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼـﺎﳊﲔ‬
                     ‫ﺒ‬      ‫َﺪ ﺸ‬            ‫ﺸ‬
‫ﺬَ‬                ‫ﺴ‬                             ‫ﺼ‬
‫ﻭﺗﻘﺪﻳﺴﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻟ ﱠﻼﺓ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ، ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﺎ، ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻤ ﱡﺢ ﻬﺑﺎ؛ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺣَـ ﱠﺭ‬
           ‫ﹶ‬                                     ‫ُ‬      ‫ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﻏﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺤـﺬﻳﺮ،‬
        ‫ﱡ‬                          ‫ﱠ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻧﻜﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻌﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺃﺷﺪ ﺍﻹﻧﻜﺎﺭ؛ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )٧٢٤(‬
‫ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ )٨٢٥( ﻛﻼﳘﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﻫﺸﺎﻡ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺮﻭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺑﻴﻪ ﻋـﻦ‬
                        ‫ﹰ‬
‫ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻡ ﺣﺒﻴﺒﺔ ﻭﺃﻡ ﺳﻠﻤﺔ ﺫﻛﺮﺗﺎ ﻛﻨﻴﺴﺔ ﺭﺃﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﳊﺒﺸـﺔ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ‬
                                          ‫ﱠ‬        ‫ﱠ ﱠ‬
‫ﺗﺼﺎﻭﻳﺮ، ﻓﺬﻛﺮﺗﺎ ﻟﻠﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ: »ﺃﻭﻟﺌﻚ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ‬
       ‫َﻮ‬                 ‫ﹶ‬                 ‫ﹸ‬      ‫ﹸ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﱀ ﻓﻤﺎﺕ ﺑﻨﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺒْﺮﻩ ﻣﺴﺠﺪًﺍ، ﻭﺻ ﱠﺭﻭﺍ ﻓﻴﻪ‬
                                     ‫ُ‬                 ‫ﺼ‬
          ‫ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻮَﺭ؛ ﻓﺄﻭﻟﺌﻚ ﺷﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﳋﻠﻖ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ«.‬
                                      ‫ﱡ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )٧٣٤( ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ )٠٣٥( ﻛﻼﳘﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻳـﻖ‬
‫ﺍﺑﻦ ﺷﻬﺎﺏ ﻋﻦ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﱠﻴﺐ ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳـﺮﺓ ﺃﻥ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬
‫َ‬        ‫ﱠ‬
      ‫ﺗ‬      ‫َ ﻨ‬        ‫ُ‬
‫ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺎﻝ : »ﻗﺎﺗﻞ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﱠﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﱠﺨـﺬﻭﺍ‬

‫)١( ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻗﺼﺪﻫﺎ - ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ - ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﻭﺩﻋﺎ ﺃﻣﺘَﻪ ﺇﱃ ﻗﺼﺪﻫﺎ‬
                              ‫ٌ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﻼ ﺷﻚ ﺃﻥ ﻗﺼﺪَﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ، ﻭﺍﻹﺗﻴﺎﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻣﺮ‬
                                 ‫ﱢ‬
‫ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ؛ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺇﻣﺎ ﻭﺍﺟﺐ ﺃﻭ ﻣﺴﺘﺤﺐ ﻣﻊ ﺷﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻞ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺟﺪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﺩﻭﻥ ﻏﲑﻫﺎ؛ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﳌﺴﺠﺪ ﺍﳊﺮﺍﻡ ﻭﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬
                                           ‫ُ‬
‫ﻭﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﺑﻴﺖ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺱ، ﺃﻭ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷﺪ ﺭﺣﻞ؛ ﻛﺎﻹﺗﻴﺎﻥ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﻗﺒﺎﺀ؛ ﻓﻠﻴﺲ‬
‫ﺣﺪﻳﺜﻲ ﻋﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ؛ ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻹﺗﻴﺎﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺍﻟﱵ ﱂ ﻳﻘﺼﺪﻫﺎ - ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
                                                  ‫ْﻉ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ - ﻭﱂ َﻳﺪ ُ ﺃﻣﺘَﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺬﻫﺎﺏ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ؛ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺳﻴﺄﰐ - ﺇﻥ ﺷﺎﺀ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‬
                                            ‫- ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ؛ ﻭﺑﺎﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺍﻟﱠﻮﻓﻴﻖ.‬
                                                 ‫ﺘ‬                  ‫ﹸ‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬                                   ‫٦٢‬

                                                       ‫َ‬
                                      ‫ﻗﺒﻮﺭ ﺃﻧﺒﻴﺎﺋﻬﻢ ﻣﺴﺎﺟﺪ«.‬
                              ‫ﺼ‬                  ‫ﺗ ﺫ‬
‫ﻭﺍﱢﺨﺎ ﹸﻫﺎ ﻣﺴﺎﺟﺪ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻟ ﱠﻼﺓ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺟﺪ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ؛‬
‫ﻓﻬﺬﺍ ﻓﻴﻤﻦ ﻓﻌﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺑﻘﺒﻮﺭ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ - ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺼـﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴـﻼﻡ -‬
‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﳋﻠﻖ ﻭﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﳑﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻴﺎﺫ ﺑﺎﷲ؛ ﻓﻘﺒـﻮﺭ‬
                                         ‫ﻏﲑﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺃﻭﱃ.‬
                  ‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ )٢٣٥( ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻋﻤﺮﻭ ﺑﻦ ﻣ ﱠﺓ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ‬
                                  ‫ﱠ‬       ‫ﹼ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺎﺭﺙ ﺍﻟﻨﺠﺮﺍﱐ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﺣﺪﺛﹶﲏ ﺟﻨﺪﺏ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﲰﻌﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻـﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬
          ‫َﺃ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﳝﻮﺕ ﲞﻤﺲ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ: »ﺇﻧﲏ ﹶﺃْﺑﺮﹸ ﺇﱃ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻥ‬
      ‫ﹰ‬            ‫ﺗَ‬              ‫ﻞ ﻥ‬
‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﱄ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﺧﻠﻴ ﹲ ﻓﺈ ﱠ ﺍﷲ – ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﻗﺪ ﺍﱠﺨﺬﹶﱐ ﺧﻠﻴﻼ ﻛﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺗ ﹾ ُ‬                        ‫ُ ﺘ‬                       ‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺍﱠﺨَﺬ ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺧﻠﻴﻼﹰ، ﻭﻟﻮ ﻛﻨﺖ ﻣﱠﺨﺬﹰﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﱵ ﺧﻠﻴﻠﹰﺎ ﻻﱠﺨَـﺬﺕ‬
                                 ‫ﻥَْ‬
‫ﺃﺑﺎ ﺑﻜﺮ ﺧﻠﻴﻼ، ﺃﻻ ﻭﺇ ﱠ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺒﻠﻜﻢ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻳﺘﺨـﺬﻭﻥ ﻗﺒـﻮﺭ‬
                ‫َ‬         ‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺃﻧﺒﻴﺎﺋﻬﻢ ﻭﺻﺎﳊﻴﻬﻢ ﻣﺴﺎﺟﺪ، ﺃﻻ ﻓﻼ َﺗﱠﺨﺬﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻮﺭ ﻣﺴـﺎﺟﺪ، ﺇﱐ‬
                                        ‫ﺃﻬﻧﺎﻛﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ«.‬
                                        ‫ﺬ‬
‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺣ ﱠﺭ - ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ - ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻞ‬
                                  ‫َﺬ‬
‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﻣﻮﺗﻪ ﲞﻤﺲ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ؛ ﺑﻞ ﻭﺣ ﱠﺭ ﻣﻨﻪ - ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ - ﻭﻫﻮ‬
                          ‫ﱡ‬
‫ﰲ ﺳﻴﺎﻕ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ؛ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﺒﺨـﺎﺭﻱ )٥٣٤( )٦٣٤( ﻭﻣﺴـﻠﻢ‬
                             ‫ﱡ ﱢ‬
‫)١٣٥( ﻛﻼﳘﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﺰﻫْﺮﻱ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﻴﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑـﻦ‬
                        ‫ﳌ‬       ‫ﺒ‬         ‫ﹶ َ‬        ‫ﱠ‬
‫ﻋﺘﺒﺔ، ﺃﻥ ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ ﻭﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﻋﱠﺎﺱ ﻗﺎﻻ: ﱠﺎ ﻧﺰﻝ ﺑﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻـﻠﻰ‬
     ‫ﱠ‬                ‫َ‬       ‫ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻃﻔﻖ َﻳﻄﹾﺮﺡ ﲬﻴﺼﺔ ﻟﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺟْﻬﻪ، ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺍﻏـﺘﻢ ﻬﺑـﺎ‬
‫ﻛﺸﻔﻬﺎ ﻋﻦ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ: »ﻟﻌﻨـﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﻴﻬـﻮﺩ‬
       ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﲣﺬﻭﺍ ﻗﺒﻮﺭ ﺃﻧﺒﻴﺎﺋﻬﻢ ﻣﺴﺎﺟﺪ«. َﻳﺤﺬﹶﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﻮﺍ.‬
                    ‫ْ‬
 ‫٧٢‬                                      ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬

‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺳﺎﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﱠﻨﻬْﺞ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﱘ ﻭﺍﳌﺴﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺧﻠﻔﺎﺅﻩ ﻣﻦ‬
                   ‫ُ ﺿ‬
‫ﺑﻌﺪﻩ - ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ؛ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻭ ﱠﺎﺡ ﰲ "ﺍﻟﺒـﺪﻉ" )ﺹ‬
‫١٤( ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺶ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﺭ ﺑﻦ ﺳـﻮﻳﺪ ﻗـﺎﻝ: ﺧﺮﺟﻨـﺎ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ﺣ ﱠﺎﺟًﺎ ﻣﻊ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ ﻓﻌﺮﺽ ﻟﻨﺎ ﰲ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﺴـﺠﺪ‬     ‫ُﺠ‬
‫ﻓﺎﺑﺘﺪﺭﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻳﺼﻠﻮﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ، ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ: ﻣﺎ ﺷـﺄﻬﻧﻢ؟ ﻓﻘـﺎﻟﻮﺍ: ﻫـﺬﺍ‬
  ‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﺻﻠﻰ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ. ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ: ﺃﱡﻬﺎ‬
                            ‫ﺗ‬                         ‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺇﱠﻤﺎ ﻫﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺒﻠﻜﻢ ﺑﺎﱢﺒﺎﻋﻬﻢ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺣـﱴ ﹶﺃﺣْـﺪﺛﻮﺍ‬
‫ﹲ‬                         ‫ﹲ ﻞ‬
‫ﺑﻴﻌًﺎ؛ ﻓﻤﻦ ﻋﺮﺿﺖ ﻟﻪ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺻﻼﺓ ﻓﻠﻴﺼ ﱢ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﱂ ﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﻟﻪ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺻﻼﺓ‬
                                                ‫ﻓﻠَﻴﻤْﺾ )١( .‬
                                                           ‫ﹶﹾ‬
             ‫ﻧ‬            ‫ُ ﺿ‬
‫ﻭﰲ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻬﺎ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻭ ﱠﺎﺡ )ﺹ ١٤( ﺃﱠﻪ - ﺭﺿـﻲ‬
                                   ‫ﹶ‬       ‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ - ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺻﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﻐﺪﺍﺓ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻳﺬﻫﺒﻮﻥ ﻣﺬﻫﺒًﺎ، ﻓﻘﺎﻝ: ﺃﻳﻦ‬
                  ‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳﺬﻫﺐ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ؟ ﻗﻴﻞ: ﻳﺎ ﺃﻣﲑ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ، ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﺻﱠﻰ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬
            ‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ، ﻫﻢ ﻳﺄﺗﻮﻥ ﻳﺼﻠﻮﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ. ﻓﻘﺎﻝ: »ﺇﱠﻤﺎ ﻫﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺒﻠﻜﻢ ﲟﺜﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ، ﻳﱠﺒﻌﻮﻥ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺃﻧﺒﻴﺎﺋﻬﻢ ﻓﻴﺘﺨـﺬﻭﻬﻧﺎ ﻛﻨـﺎﺋﺲ‬
                              ‫َ‬        ‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻭﺑﻴﻌًﺎ؛ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺩﺭﻛﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﺴـﺠﺪ ﻓﻠﻴﺼـﻞ، ﻭﻣـﻦ ﻻ‬
                                         ‫ﻓﻠﻴﻤﺾ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺘﻌﻤﺪﻫﺎ«.‬
                                       ‫ُ‬
‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﻧﻜﺮ ﺃﻣﲑ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻋﻤﺮ - ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ - ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﻌـﻞﹶ؛‬
                              ‫َﻠ‬             ‫ﱡُ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﱠﺘَﺒﺮﻙ ﺑﺎﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺻﱠﻰ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻـﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬

‫)١( ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺯﺍﻕ )٤٣٧٢( ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺷﻴﺒﺔ )٢/٦٧٣( ﻭﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺭ ﰲ‬
‫"ﺳﻨﻨﻪ" ﻛﻤﺎ ﰲ "ﺍﻗﺘﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺮﺍﻁ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ" )٢/٤٤٧( ﻛﻠﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺶ‬
‫ﺑﻪ، ﻭﻫﻮ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ، ﻭﺣﻜﻢ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﻞ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺠﺮ ﺑﺜﺒﻮﺕ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﺛﺮ ﻛﻤﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ‬
                                                      ‫)١/٩٦٥(.‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬                                         ‫٨٢‬

                            ‫َﹶ‬                 ‫َ ﻧ‬
           ‫ﻭﺳﻠﻢ، ﻭَﺑﱠﻴﻦ ﺃﱠﻪ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﻫﻠﻜﹶﺖ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ.‬
       ‫ﺯ‬          ‫ﺸ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻋﻤﺮ - ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ - ﺑﻘﻄﻊ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺠﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﱵ ُﻋـﻢ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﻊ ﲢﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ )١( ﻣﻊ ﺃﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‬
     ‫ﱠ َ‬
      ‫ﺸ‬       ‫ﹶ‬                                  ‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺃﻧﺴﻰ ﺻﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﺠﺮﺓ‬
            ‫ﹰ‬                           ‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱵ ﺑﺎﻳﻌﻮﺍ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺭﲪﺔ ﻬﺑﻢ ﻭﲟﻦ ﺃﺗﻰ‬
                               ‫ﱡ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺪﻫﻢ؛ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )٨٥٩٢( ﰲ "ﺻـﺤﻴﺤﻪ" ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﻧﺎﻓﻊ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﺭﺟﻌﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﻘﺒﻞ، ﻓﻤﺎ ﺍﺟﺘﻤـﻊ‬
              ‫ﹰ‬                                          ‫ﻨ‬
      ‫ﻣﱠﺎ ﺍﺛﻨﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﺠﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺑﺎﻳﻌﻨﺎ ﲢﺘﻬﺎ؛ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺭﲪﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ.‬
                                             ‫ﱡ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )٣٦١٤( ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ )٩٥٨١( ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ‬
                                              ‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺑﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﱠﺐ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﺣ ﱠﺛﲏ ﺃﰊ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻓﻴﻤﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﻊ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬  ‫ﻴ‬
                                              ‫ﺸ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﲢﺖ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺠﺮﺓ، ﻗﺎﻝ: ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺧﺮﺟﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﻘﺒﻞ ﻧﺴﻴﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻠﻢ ﻧﻘﺪﺭ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ، ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ: ﺇﻥ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺻـﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬
                         ‫َ‬         ‫ﱠ‬
                   ‫ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﱂ ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻮﻫﺎ ﻭﻋﻠﻤﺘﻤﻮﻫﺎ ﺃﻧﺘﻢ!! ﻓﺄﻧﺘﻢ ﺃﻋﻠﻢ!!‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﻞ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺠﺮ ﰲ "ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ" )٦/٨١١( ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻘﹰﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﹲ‬                                         ‫ﹸ‬
‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ: "ﻭﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﳊﻜﻤﺔ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ؛ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﳛﺼﻞ ﻬﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﻥ‬
       ‫ﻬ‬
‫ﳌﺎ ﻭﻗﻊ ﲢﺘﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﲑ؛ ﻓﻠﻮ ﺑﻘﻴﺖ ﹶﻟﻤَﺎ ﺃﻣﻦ ﺗﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﳉ ﱠﺎﻝ ﳍﺎ،‬
‫ﺣﱴ ﺭﱠﻤﺎ ﺃﻓﻀﻰ ﻬﺑﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺃﻥ ﳍﺎ ﻗﻮﺓ ﻧﻔﻊ ﺃﻭ ﺿﺮ، ﻛﻤﺎ ﻧـﺮﺍﻩ‬
                     ‫ﹶ‬        ‫ﱠ‬                      ‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺍﻵﻥ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪًﺍ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺩﻭﻬﻧﺎ، ﻭﺇﱃ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﺷﺎﺭ ﺍﺑـﻦ ﻋﻤـﺮ ﺑﻘﻮﻟـﻪ:‬
‫ﹰ‬                                              ‫ﹰ‬
‫»ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺭﲪﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ«. ﺃﻱ: ﻛﺎﻥ ﺧﻔﺎﺅﻫﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺭﲪـﺔ‬

‫)١( ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺳﻌﺪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻘﺎﺕ )٢/٠٠١( ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﻭﺿﺎﺡ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻉ )٢٤( ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ‬
                                        ‫ﺷﻴﺒﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻒ )٢/٥٧٣(.‬
 ‫٩٢‬                                   ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬

                                           ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ.ﺍﻫـ.‬
                            ‫ﹶ ﺼ‬           ‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻗﻠﺖ: ﻭﻣﻊ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻘ ﱠﻡ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻮْﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﺃﻧﺴـﻮﺍ ﻣﻜﺎﻬﻧـﺎ ﻭﱂ‬
                         ‫َ ْ َََ ﻧ‬
‫ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻮﻩ، ﺣﱴ ﺟﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺪﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺯﻋﻢ ﺃﱠﻪ َﻳﻌْﺮﻑ ﻣﻜﺎﻧَﻬﺎ؛ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻭﻗﻊ‬
                ‫ََ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﰲ ﻋﻬﺪ ﻋﻤﺮ - ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ؛ ﻓﻌﻨﺪﺋﺬ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﻋﻤﺮ - ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻪ - ﺑﻘﻄﻊ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺸﺠﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﺰﻋﻢ ﺃﻬﻧﺎ ﺑﻮﻳﻊ ﲢﺘﻬﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ‬
                        ‫َْ‬              ‫َْ َ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ، ﰒ َﺑﻌﺪ ﻋﻬْﺪ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺟﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻳَـﺰْﻋﻢ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺘَـﻪ ﻬﺑـﺬﻩ‬
                                   ‫ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺠﺮﺓ؛ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )٣٦١٤( ﰲ ﺻﺤﻴﺤﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺣـﺪﻳﺚ‬          ‫ﺸ‬
   ‫ﻠ‬                    ‫ﺟ‬
‫ﻃﺎﺭﻕ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﺍﻧﻄﻠﻘﺖ ﺣﺎ ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻤﺮﺭﺕ ﺑﻘﻮﻡ ُﻳﺼَـﱡﻮﻥ،‬
‫ﻗﻠﺖ: ﻣﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﺴﺠﺪ؟ ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ: ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺸﺠﺮﺓ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺑﺎﻳﻊ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬
                                     ‫ﹶ ﺮ‬
                              ‫ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺑﻴﻌﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱡﺿﻮﺍﻥ.‬
‫ﻗﻠﺖ: ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻋﻬﺪ ﻋﻤﺮ؛ ﻷﻥ ﻃﺎﺭﻕ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟـﺮﲪﻦ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺻﻐﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﲔ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﺜﻠﻪ ﱂ ﻳﺪﺭﻙ ﻋﻬﺪ ﻋﻤﺮ - ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ،‬
                    ‫ﻭﺇﻣﺎ ﻭﻟﺪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻋﻬﺪ ﻋﻤﺮ - ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ.‬
                                      ‫ﺴ ُ ﺼ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺳﺎﺭ ﺍﻟ ﱠﹶﻠﻒ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﱀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﱠﻨﻬْﺞ؛ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻻ ﻳـﺄﺗﻮﻥ‬
                   ‫َ ْ ﹶَ‬
               ‫ﺇﱃ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ؛ ﺑﻞ ﻭﻳﻨﻜﺮﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻌﻠﹶﻪ.‬
                   ‫ﱡ‬             ‫ﺿ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﺑﻮ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻭ ﱠـﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﻘـﺮﻃﱯ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺑـﻪ" ﺍﻟﺒـﺪﻉ"‬
‫)ﺹ٣٤(: ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﺑﻦ ﺃﻧﺲ ﻭﻏﲑﻩ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻳﻜﺮﻫـﻮﻥ‬
‫ﺇﺗﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺟﺪ ﻭﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻵﺛﺎﺭ ﻟﻠﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻋـﺪﺍ‬
                                              ‫ﻗﺒﺎﺀ ﻭﺃﺣﺪًﺍ.‬
       ‫ﹶ ﺜ ﻱ‬        ‫ﱠ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻭ ﱠﺎﺡ: ﻭﲰﻌُﻬﻢ ﻳﺬﻛﺮﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺳﻔﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﱠﻮﺭ ﱠ ﺩﺧـﻞ‬
                                 ‫ﺘ‬      ‫ﺿ‬
                                   ‫ﻠ‬             ‫َ‬
‫ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﺑﻴﺖ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺱ ﻓﺼﱠﻰ ﻭﱂ ﻳﺘﺒﻊ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻵﺛﺎﺭ ﻭﻻ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ،‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬                                     ‫٠٣‬

                               ‫ﹾ‬             ‫ﲑ‬
‫ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻓﻌﻞ ﻏ ُﻩ ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ ﳑﻦ ُﻳﻘَﺘﺪَﻯ ﺑﻪ، ﻭﻗﺪﻡ ﻭﻛﻴﻊ ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ ﻣﺴـﺠﺪ‬
                           ‫ﺑﻴﺖ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺱ ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﻌﺪ ﻓﻌﻞ ﺳﻔﻴﺎﻥ.‬
                               ‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻭﺿﺎﺡ: ﻓﻌﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﺑﺎﻻﱢﺒﺎﻉ ﻷﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﳍﺪﻯ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻓﲔ؛ ﻓﻘـﺪ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺑﻌﺾ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻀﻰ: ﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﻜﺮًﺍ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻀﻰ؟! ﻭﻣﺘﺤﺒﺐ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﲟﺎ ﻳﺒﻐﻀﻪ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ؟!‬
   ‫ﻭﻣﺘﻘﺮﺏ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﲟﺎ ﻳﺒﻌﺪﻩ ﻣﻨﻪ؟! ﻭﻛﻞ ﺑﺪﻋﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺯﻳﻨﺔ ﻭﻬﺑﺠﺔ. ﺍﻫـ.‬
               ‫ﺮ‬     ‫ٌ ٌ‬         ‫ُ ﺿ‬
‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺫﻛﺮﻩ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻭ ﱠﺎﺡ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﻭﻇﺎﻫ ٌ، ﻭﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻗـﺎﻝ‬
             ‫ﺘ ﺗ‬        ‫ﳑ‬
‫ﺃﺑﻮ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺱ ﺃﲪﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﳊﻠﻴﻢ: )ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﱠﺎ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﱠﻮﺍُﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻀـﺮﻭﺭﺓ‬
                       ‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ؛ ﻓﺈﱠﻪ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺑﻌﻤـﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﳌﺴـﺎﺟﺪ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻼﺓ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ، ﻭﱂ ﻳﺄﻣﺮ ﺑﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﻣﺸﻬﺪ؛ ﻻ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﱪ ﻧ ﱟ، ﻭﻻ ﻏﲑ ﻗـﱪ‬
               ‫ﱯ‬                                      ‫ﺼ‬
                                        ‫ﱯ‬
‫ﻧ ﱟ، ﻭﻻ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻧ ﱟ، ﻭﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﺼـﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﺎﺑﻌﲔ‬  ‫ﱯ‬
                   ‫ﺸ‬
‫ﻭﺗﺎﺑﻌﻴﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ؛ ﻻ ﺍﳊﺠﺎﺯ، ﻭﻻ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﻡ، ﻭﻻ ﺍﻟـﻴﻤﻦ، ﻭﻻ‬
       ‫ٌ ﲏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ، ﻭﻻ ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ، ﻭﻻ ﻣﺼﺮ، ﻭﻻ ﺍﳌﻐﺮﺏ - ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﻣﺒ ﱞ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
        ‫ﱠ‬       ‫ٌ‬
‫ﻗﱪ، ﻭﻻ ﻣﺸﻬﺪ ُﻳﻘﹾﺼﺪ ﻟﻠﺰﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺃﺻﻼ، ﻭﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﹶﻒ ﻳﺄﰐ‬
       ‫ﺼ‬
‫ﺇﱃ ﻗﱪ ﻧﱯ ﺃﻭ ﻏﲑ ﻧﱯ ﻷﺟﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﻋﻨـﺪﻩ، ﻭﻻ ﻛـﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﺤﺎﺑﺔ‬
‫ﻳﻘﺼﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻗﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻭﻻ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻗﱪ ﻏﲑﻩ‬
              ‫ﱢ‬            ‫ﻠ‬       ‫َﻠ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ؛ ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ُﻳﺼﱡﻮﻥ ﻭﻳﺴﱢﻤﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
      ‫ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﻴﻪ. ﺍﻫـ ﻣﻦ "ﺍﻗﺘﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺮﺍﻁ )ﺹ ٣٥٧(.‬
‫ﻓﺘﺒﱠﻦ ﳑﺎ ﺗﻘ ﱠﻡ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺘﱡﺒﻊ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﳊﲔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻧﱠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻉ‬
          ‫ﻴ‬         ‫ﺼ‬                  ‫ﺪ ﱠ َ‬              ‫ﻴ‬
                                ‫ﻨ‬                         ‫ﱠ ﻴ‬
 ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻴْﻄﺎﻧﱠﺔ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﱠﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﳉﺎﻫﻠﻴﺔ.‬
‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﻣﻌﻤﺮ ﰲ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﳌﻄﺒﻮﻉ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺼﻨﻒ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟـﺮﺯﺍﻕ‬
 ‫١٣‬                                        ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬

                                                      ‫ﺰ‬
‫)٣٦٧٠٢( ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻫﺮﻱ ﻋﻦ ﺳﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺳﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻠﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻭﺍﻗﺪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﻴْﺜﻲ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﺧﺮﺟﻨﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺣـﻨﲔ‬         ‫ﱠ ﱢ‬
‫ﻓﻤﺮﺭﻧﺎ ﺑﺴﺪﺭﺓ ﻓﻘﻠﻨﺎ: ﺃﻱ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ، ﺍﺟﻌﻞ ﻟﻨﺎ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻁ ﻛﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻜﻔﺎﺭ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻁ. ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺭ ﻳﻨﻮﻃـﻮﻥ ﺳـﻼﺣﻬﻢ ﺑﺴـﺪﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻭﻳﻌﻜﻔﻮﻥ ﺣﻮﳍﺎ، ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ: »ﺍﷲ ﺃﻛﱪ، ﻫﺬﻩ‬
   ‫ﹶ ُ ْ َ َﺔ‬                    ‫َْ ﹾ‬
‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺑﻨﻮ ﺇﺳﺮﺍﺋﻴﻞ ﳌﻮﺳﻰ«. ‪‬ﺍﺟﻌﻞ ﹶﻟﻨَﺎ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻬًﺎ ﻛﻤَﺎ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺁِﻟﻬ ﹲ‪‬؛‬
                                                                   ‫ﻧ‬
                                      ‫ﺇﱠﻜﻢ ﺗﺮﻛﺒﻮﻥ ﺳﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻜﻢ.‬
‫ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺇﺳﺤﺎﻕ ﰲ "ﺍﻟﺴﲑﺓ" ﻛﻤﺎ ﰲ "ﺳﲑﺓ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻫﺸـﺎﻡ"‬
                             ‫ﻄ ﱡ‬
‫)٤/٠٧( ﻭﺃﺑﻮ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻴﺎﻟﺴﻲ )٦٤٣١( ﻭﺍﳊﻤﻴﺪﻱ )٨٤٨( ﻭﺃﲪﺪ‬
‫)٥/٨١٢( ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ )٠٨١٢( ﻭﻏﲑﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﺰﻫـﺮﻱ ﺑـﻪ،‬
                                         ‫ﺘ ﱡ‬
                            ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﱢﺮﻣﺬﻱ: ﺣﺴﻦ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ.‬
                                    ‫ﱡ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻴﺤﻪ )٩٥٨٤( ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺃﰊ ﺍﻷﺷﻬﺐ‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺍﳉﻮﺯﺍﺀ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ - ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ - ﰲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬
                                           ‫ﻠ َ ُﺰ‬
     ‫‪‬ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﺕ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﻌ ﱠﻯ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ: ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﱠﺎﺕ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻳﻠﺖ ﺳﻮﻳﻖ ﺍﳊﺎﺝ.‬
                 ‫ﻠ ُ ﹰ ﱡ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺣﺎﰎ ﻛﻤﺎ ﰲ "ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ" )٨/٢١٦( ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻳـﻖ‬
       ‫ﱡ ﺴ‬
‫ﻋﻤﺮﻭ ﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺍﳉﻮﺯﺍﺀ ﺑﻪ، ﻭﻟﻔﻈﻪ: "ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻠﺖ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻮﻳﻖ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
                  ‫ﺍﳊﺠﺮ، ﻓﻤﺎ ﻳﺸﺮﺏ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺇﻻ ﲰﻦ، ﻓﻌﺒﺪﻭﻩ".‬
‫ﻓﻬﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻞ - ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻌﻜﻮﻑ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻗﺒﻮﺭ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴـﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺼـﺎﳊﲔ،‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﱪﻙ ﺑﺎﻷﺣﺠﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻷﺷﺠﺎﺭ - ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﳉﺎﻫﻠﻴﺔ، ﻭﻣـﻦ َﺗﺸَـﱠﺒﻪ‬
                                            ‫ﺑﻘﻮﻡ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ.‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺑﻜﺮ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻃﻮﺷﻲ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻪ "ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻭﺍﻟﺒـﺪﻉ" )٨٣(‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬                                            ‫٢٣‬

                           ‫ﻠ ﱢ‬
‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺃﰊ ﻭﺍﻗﺪ ﺍﻟﱠﻴﺜﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ: "ﻓﺎﻧﻈﺮﻭﺍ - ﺭﲪﻜﻢ ﺍﷲ‬
      ‫ﻈ‬
‫- ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺃﻳﻨﻤﺎ ﻭﺟﺪﰎ ﺳﺪﺭﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺷﺠﺮﺓ ﻳﻘﺼﺪﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻭﻳﻌ ﱢﻤﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺷﺄﻬﻧﺎ ﻭﻳﺮﺟﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﱪﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻔﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻬﺎ ﻭﻳﻨﻮﻃـﻮﻥ ﻬﺑـﺎ ﺍﳌﺴـﺎﻣﲑ‬
                                          ‫ُ‬
                     ‫ﻭﺍﳋﺮﻕ، ﻓﻬﻲ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻁ ﻓﺎﻗﻄﻌﻮﻫﺎ. ﺍﻫـ.‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺑﻦ ﺇﲰﺎﻋﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺑﺄﰊ ﺷـﺎﻣﺔ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺑـﻪ‬
‫"ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻋﺚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻉ ﻭﺍﳊﻮﺍﺩﺙ" )٤٢(: "ﻭﻟﻘﺪ ﺃﻋﺠﺒﲏ ﻣـﺎ‬
‫ﺻﻨﻌﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺇﺳﺤﺎﻕ ﺍﳉﺒﻴﻨﺎﱐ - ﺭﲪـﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌـﺎﱃ - ﺃﺣـﺪ‬      ‫ُ‬
         ‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ ﺑﺒﻼﺩ ﺇﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺎﺋﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻌﺔ؛ ﺣﻜﻰ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺻﺎﺣُﻪ ﺍﻟﺼـﺎﱀ‬
‫ٌ‬                         ‫ﺩ ﻧ‬
‫ﺃﺑﻮ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺱ ﺍﳌﺆ ّﺏ ﺃﱠﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺟﺎﻧﺒـﻪ ﻋـﲔ‬
                           ‫ﻣﹸ ﺘ‬                                 ‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺗﺴ ﱠﻰ )ﻋﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻓﻴﺔ(، ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻌﺎ ﱠﺔ ﻗﺪ ﺍﻓُﺘﻨﻮﺍ ﻬﺑﺎ، ﻳﺄﺗﻮﻬﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻵﻓﺎﻕ؛‬
‫ﻣﻦ َﺗﻌ ﱠﺭ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻧﻜﺎﺡ ﺃﻭ ﻭﻟﺪ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ: ﺍﻣﻀﻮﺍ ﰊ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻓﻴﺔ. ﻓﺘﻌـﺮﻑ‬ ‫َ ْ َﺬ‬
                                                           ‫ﻬﺑﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ.‬
        ‫ُ‬                            ‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﺑﻮ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ: ﻓﺈﱠﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﺮ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﺇﺫ ﲰﻌـﺖ ﺃﺫﺍﻥ ﺃﰊ‬
                               ‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺇﺳﺤﺎﻕ ﳓﻮﻫﺎ، ﻓﺨﺮﺟﺖ ﻓﻮﺟﺪُﻪ ﻗﺪ ﻫﺪﻣﻬﺎ ﻭﺃﺫﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺢ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ، ﰒ‬
                                         ‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ: ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺇﱐ ﻫﺪﻣُﻬﺎ ﻟﻚ ﻓﻼ ﺗﺮﻓﻊ ﳍﺎ ﺭﺃﺳًﺎ. ﻗﺎﻝ: ﻓﻤﺎ ﺭﻓـﻊ ﳍـﺎ‬
                                        ‫ﺭﺃﺳًﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻵﻥ. ﺍﻫـ.‬
                                          ‫ﺴ ﱡ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻮﻳﺪﻱ - ﻛﻤﺎ ﰲ ﻏﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﱐ )١/٨٦٣-٠٧٣(: ﻭﻣﻦ‬
                    ‫ﺗ‬                        ‫ُﹸﻮ‬
‫ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻉ ﺍﻟﻐﻠ ﱡ ﰲ ﺗﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻮﺭ، ﻓﻠﻘﺪ ﺍﱠﺨﺬﻭﻫﺎ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺰﻣـﺎﻥ‬
                ‫ﺼ‬      ‫ﹸ‬            ‫ﹶ‬      ‫ﱠ‬
‫ﻣﻌﺎﺑﺪ ﻳﻌﺘﻘﺪﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﺎ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻼﺓ ﰲ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺑﻴﻮﺕ‬
                                        ‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺍﷲ، ﻭﻫﻢ ﻭﺇﻥ ﱂ ﻳﺼ ﱢﺣﻮﺍ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻃﺒﻌﺖ ﻗﻠﻮﻬﺑﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﺘـﺮﺍﻫﻢ‬
‫ﻳﻘﺼﺪﻭﻬﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﻴﺪﺓ، ﻭﺭﲟﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﲝـﺬﺍﺋﻬﻢ ﻣﺴـﺎﺟﺪ‬
 ‫٣٣‬                                    ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬

                                                  ‫ﻄ‬
‫ﻣﻬﺠﻮﺭﺓ ﻓﻴﻌ ﱢﻠﻮﻬﻧﺎ، ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﳊﻘﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ - ﻭﻟﻮ ﰲ ﺃﻭﻗـﺎﺕ‬
                        ‫ﺼ‬              ‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺍﻫﺔ - ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻼﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻷﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﻴﻠﺔ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺟﺪ، ﻭﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺟﺪ ﺍﻟﱵ ﲝﺬﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻮﺭ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﻣﻘﺼﻮﺩﺓ ﻟﻜﻮﻬﻧـﺎ‬
‫ﺑﻴﻮﺗًﺎ ﷲ؛ ﺑﻞ ﻟﻜﻮﻬﻧﺎ ﺣﻀﺮﺍﺕ ﳌﻦ ﺍﻧﺘﺴﺒﺖ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻮﺭ؛‬
                              ‫َﻤ‬        ‫ﻠ ﻧ‬
‫ﻳﺪﱡﻚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻛﱢﻪ ﺃﱠﻬﻢ ﻻ ُﻳﺴ ﱡﻮﻬﻧﺎ ﺇﻻ ﺣﻀﺮﺍﺕ؛ ﻓـﺈﺫﺍ ﻗﻠـﺖ‬    ‫ﻟ‬
                         ‫َﻠ ﺖ‬                  ‫َﻠ‬
‫ﻷﺣﺪﻫﻢ: ﺃﻳﻦ ﺻﱠْﻴﺖَ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻟﻚ: ﺻﱠْﻴ ُ ﰲ ﺣﻀﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻓـﻼﻥ.‬
                                  ‫ﻟ ﹶﺮ‬            ‫ﺩ‬
                     ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻘﺼﻮ ُﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺇﱠﺎ ﺍﻟﱠﺘﻘ ﱡﺏ ﺑﻪ ﻭﲝﻀﺮﺗﻪ.‬
                                   ‫ﹸ ﺘ‬
‫ﻭﻛﻠﻤﺎ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺍﻟّﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻮﺭ - ﻭﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﺸـﺘﻤﻠﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﳌﻨﻜﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺍﳊﺮﻳﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﺒﺎﺝ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﺻﻴﻊ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻀـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺎﻥ ﻓﻀﻼ ﻋﻦ ﻏﲑﻫﺎ - ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﺸﻬﻮﺭًﺍ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﱠـﺎﺱ ﺑﺎﻟـ ﱢﻳﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬
     ‫ﺪ‬         ‫ﻨ‬                             ‫ﹰ‬
                                        ‫ﱠ‬        ‫َ ﱠﻟ‬
              ‫ﻣﻐﻔﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺰﱠﺎﺕ، ﻣﻘﺮﺑًﺎ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳊﻀﺮﺍﺕ.‬
                               ‫ُ ﱢ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺪ ﺍﻣﺘﻸﺕ ﻗﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺟﺎﺋﻬﻢ ﻭﳐﺎﻓﺘﻬﻢ؛ ﻓﺘـﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺇﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻋﻀﻠﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﺃﻭﺻﻰ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ ﺑﻌﻀًﺎ ﺑﻘﺼﺪ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻮﺭ،‬
       ‫َ‬
‫ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻭﻗﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺣﺪ ﳝﲔ ﺑﺎﷲ ﺣﻠﻒ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻏﲑ ﺃﺩﱏ ﻭﺟَﻞ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺣﺬﹶﺭ، ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﻴﻞ ﻟﻪ: ﺍﺣﻠﻒ ﺑﻔﻼﻥ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻗﱪﻩ. ﺧﺼﻮﺻًـﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﻣـﺮﻩ‬‫َ‬
                        ‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﻐﺴﻞ ﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﲔ؛ ﻟﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻗﻮَﻯ ﺍﻟﻌﺒـﺎﺩﺍﺕ - ﺧـﺎﻑ‬
                              ‫ﺧﻮﻓﹰﺎ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺟﻮﺍﺭﺣﻪ.‬
          ‫ﻠ‬                                     ‫َﱠ ﻧ‬
‫ﻓﻠﻮ ﺳﻠﻤْﻨﺎ ﺃﱠﻪ ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ﺇﱃ ﻗﱪﻩ ﺍﺭﺗﻌﺪﺕ ﻓﺮﺍﺋﺼﻪ ﻭﺍﳓﱠﺖ ﻗـﻮﺍﻩ،‬
          ‫ﻄﻞ ﺳ‬                 ‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻭﺭﲟﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺣﺪﻫﻢ ﻟﻜﺜﺮﺓ ﺃﻭﻫﺎﻣﻪ ﻭﺷ ﱠﺓ ﺧﻮﻓﻪ َﺗْﺒ ﹸ ﹸ ﺣﻮﺍ ﱡﻪ ﻓﻴﺰﺩﺍﺩﻭﻥ‬
    ‫َﻠ‬
‫ﻛﻔﺮًﺍ، ﻭﺗﻀﺤﻚ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺎﻃﲔ ﺟﻬﺮًﺍ، ﻭﺗﺮﻯ ﻛﺜﲑًﺍ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ُﻳﻌﱢﻘﻮﻥ‬
              ‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻣﺮﺿﺎﻫﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ؛ ﻓﻴﺄﺧﺬﻭﻥ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﻭﻫﻮ ﰲ ﻏﺎﻳﺔ ﺷ ﱠﺗﻪ ﻓﻴﺪﺧﻠﻮﻧـﻪ‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬                                      ‫٤٣‬

                                  ‫َْ‬            ‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﱪﻩ، ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻌﻴﺪ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ُﻳﺪْﺧﻠﻮﻧﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺷﺒﺎﻛﻪ، ﻭﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ‬
                ‫ﱠﺮ‬     ‫ﱠﺮ‬               ‫ﻧ‬         ‫ﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﻗﱪﻩ، ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﺯﱠﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻤﻰ ﺃﱠﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺣﺎﻟﱵ ﺍﻟﺴ ﱠﺍﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻀ ﱠﺍﺀ ﻳﺘﻼﻋﺐ ﺇﺑﻠﻴﺲ‬
                                          ‫ﻀ‬
‫ﻬﺑﻢ؛ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﻳ ُﻬﻢ ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ: ﻣﺎ ﻗﹶﺒﻠﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻓﻼﻥ - ﻳﻌﻨـﻮﻥ ﺑـﻪ‬
‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﱪ - ﻭﺇﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﻑ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭ ﻓﻌﻮﰲ - ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻭﺍﻓﻖ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﻬﺑﻢ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ - ﻓﺮﺣﻮﺍ ﲟﺎ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ، ﻓﺄﺭﺳـﻠﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻘـﺮﺍﺑﲔ،‬
‫ﻭﻣﻌﻬﺎ ﴰﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻞ ﻣﻮﻗﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻴﻮﻬﺗﻢ؛ ﺇﻇﻬﺎﺭًﺍ ﻟﻘﺪﺭ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﻘـﱪ‬
                                           ‫ﻭﺗﻨﺒﻴﻬًﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻀﻴﻠﺘﻪ.‬
                                      ‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻭﻛﺜﲑًﺍ ﻣﺎ َﻳﻨْﺸﺮﻭﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺍﻳﺎﺕ ﻟﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﳉﻬـﻞ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻋﺮﺍﺏ؛ ﺃﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻌﻞ ﺷﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﻋﻈﻴﻤًﺎ ﻧﺸﺮﺕ ﻟﻪ ﺭﺍﻳﺔ ﺑﻴﻀﺎﺀ، ﻭﻗﺪ ﺭﺃﻳﺖ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﱂ ﻳﻔﻌﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ، ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻳﻨﺼﺐ ﺭﺍﻳﺔ ﺑﻴﻀﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﻳﺼﻴﺢ ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮﻡ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﳌﻐﺮﺏ ﺑﺄﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﻮﺗﻪ: ﺍﻟﺮﺍﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﺒﻨﻴﺔ‬
                                                 ‫َ‬
                                        ‫ﻟﻔﻼﻥ - ﺑﱠﻴﺾ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ.‬
                                          ‫ﹶﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ: )ﻭﺑﺎﳉﻤﻠﺔ ﻓﺄﻛﹶﺜﺮُ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻉ ﺍﳋﺒﻴﺜﺔ ﻧﺸﺄﺕ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻨﺎﻟﻚ، ﺣـﱴ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﺃﱢﻲ ﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﺑﺪﻣﺸﻖ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻡ ﺃﻧﺎﺳًﺎ ﻳﻨﺬﺭﻭﻥ ﻟﻠﺸﻴﺦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﳉﻴﻠـﻲ‬   ‫ﻧ‬
                ‫ﹶ‬             ‫ْ‬                      ‫ﹰ َﻠ‬
‫ﻗﻨﺪﻳﻼ ُﻳﻌﱢﻘﻮﻧﻪ ﰲ ﺭﺅﻭﺱ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺑﺮ، ﻭَﻳﺴَﺘﻘﹾﺒﻠﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻬﺔ ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ، ﻭﻳﺒﻘـﻰ‬
          ‫ﱢ ﹸﺮ‬
‫ﻣﻮﻗﺪًﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺎﺡ؛ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻳﻌﺘﻘﺪﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃَﺗﻢ ﺍﻟﻘ ُﺑﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ؛‬
                             ‫ﱠ‬
                       ‫ﹶﱠ‬
        ‫ﻛﺄﻬﻧﻢ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﺑﻠﺴﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﳍﻢ: ﺃﻳﻨﻤﺎ ﺗﻮﻗﺪﻭﺍ ﻓﹶﺜﻢ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ.‬
‫ﻓﻴﺎ ﷲ ﺍﻟﻌﺠﺐ! ﻣﺎ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳋﺮﺍﻓﺎﺕ؟! ﻭﺃﻳﻦ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻗﺪ ﻣﺎﺕ‬
                               ‫ﻠ‬                   ‫ﹸ ﱠ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻴْﻄﺎﻥ ﰲ ﻋﻘﻮﳍﻢ ﻭﺃﺿﱠﻬﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺳﺒﻴﻠﻬﻢ، ﻭﻻ ﺗﺮﻯ ﺃﺣﺪًﺍ ﻳﻨﻬﻰ‬
                                          ‫ﻭﻳﻨﻜﺮ ﺃﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺫﻟﻚ.‬
‫ﻭﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﺎﻟﻚ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺃﻗﺒﺢ ﺍﳌﻨﻜﺮﺍﺕ: ﻣﺎ ﻳﺴﺘﻌﻤﻠﻬﺎ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬
 ‫٥٣‬                                      ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬

‫ﱢ‬            ‫ﻧ ﱠ‬       ‫ﺪ ﱠ‬            ‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﻹﻧﺎﺙ؛ ﻭﻻ ﺳﱠﻤﺎ ﰲ ﺷ ﱠﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﹾﻖ؛ ﻓﺈﱠﻬﻦ ﻳﺴﺘﻐﺜﻦ ﺑﻌﻠـﻲ‬
                  ‫ﻨ‬            ‫ﱠ ﻄ ُ‬
‫ﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻃﺎﻟﺐ، ﻭﻛﻠﻤﺎ ﺍﺷﺘﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠﻖ ﺻﺎﺣﺖ ﺍﻟﱢﺴﺎﺀ ﺑﺄﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺻـﻮﺍﻬﺗﻦ‬
‫ﱠ‬             ‫ﻦ‬             ‫ﱢَ ﱠ‬
‫ﺩﺍﻋﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﺴﺘﻐﻴﺜﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻴﻔﺮﺝ ﻋﻨﻬﻦ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺪ ﻛﺮﻬﺑ ﱠ؛ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺴـﻤﻌﻬﻦ‬
                              ‫ﻦ ﹶﻠ ْﹶﻢ ﹲ‬                ‫ﱠُ‬
‫ﻳﺘﻴﻘﻦ ﺇﺷﺮﺍﻛﹶﻬ ﱠ، ﻭﻗﱠﻤﺎ َﺗﺴﻠ ُ ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺓ ﻣﻨﻬﻦ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳊـﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻈـﻴﻢ‬
          ‫ﻛ ﹸ‬           ‫َ ﻧ‬       ‫ٌ ﱠ‬
‫ﻭﺍﳋﻄﺐ ﺍﳉﺴﻴﻢ، ﻭﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻨﻬﻦ ﻳﺰﻋﻤﻦ ﺃﱠـﻪ ﺍﳌﻮ ﱠـﻞ ﺑﺎﻷﺭﺣـﺎﻡ،‬
                            ‫ﻭﺍﳌﻮ ﱠﻞ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺣﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﺎﻡ.‬
                                                       ‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻉ ﺍﳌﻨﻜﺮﺓ ﺃﻥ ﻛﺜﲑًﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﳍﻨﺪ ﻭﺃﻫـﻞ ﺍﻷﻣـﺎﻛﻦ‬
                          ‫ﹶ‬      ‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺻﻴﺔ ﻳﺮﺳﻠﻮﻥ ﺍﳍﺪﺍﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻜـﺜﲑﺓﹶ؛ ﺇﻣـﺎ ﻹﺟـﺮﺍﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﻷﺟﻞ ﺍﺠﻤﻟﺎﻭﺭﻳﻦ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻗﺒﻮﺭﻫﻢ؛ ﻓﺈﻬﻧﻢ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﻢ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﷲ،‬
                       ‫ﹰ‬               ‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺟﺎﻭﺭ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﻢ ﻓﻜﺄﱠﻤﺎ ﺍﺑﺘﺎﻉ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻗﻄﻌﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﻥ، ﻭﺇﻣﺎ ﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬
‫ﹰ‬                ‫ﹸ‬          ‫ﻀ‬
‫ﻗﺒﺎﻬﺑﻢ ﺑﺼﻔﺎﺋﺢ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻫﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺎﻥ، ﻭﺑﻌ ُﻬﻢ ﻳﺮﺳﻞ ﻫـﺪﺍﻳﺎ ﻋﻈﻴﻤـﺔ‬
                                               ‫ﺬ‬
    ‫ﺪ‬                                            ‫ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻟﲑﺳَﻞ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﺪَﻧﺔ ﺃﻋﻼﻣًﺎ ﻳﻨﺸﺮﻭﻬﻧﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻠﻜﻬﻢ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻭﻗﻌﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺷ ﱠﻬﺗﻢ،‬
            ‫ﺸ‬                              ‫ُ‬         ‫ﲰ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺍ ُﻪ ﺍﳌﻜﺘﻮﺏ ﰲ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻷﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﳌﺮﺳﻠﺔ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻛ ﱠﺎﻓﹰﺎ ﻟﻜﺮﺑﺘﻬﻢ‬
                                             ‫ْ‬                ‫ﻔ‬
                                       ‫ﻧ ﱠﺎﻋًﺎ ﳍﻢ ﺑﺈﳒﺎﺡ ُﺑﻐﻴَﺘﻬﻢ.‬
‫ﱠ‬     ‫َ‬                   ‫ﻗَْ‬                 ‫ُ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ: )ﻭﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻧﺴﺎﺀ ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ ﺇﺫﺍ ﹸﻤﻦ ﺻﺤﻴﺤﺎﺕ ﻣـﻦ ﻭﺿْـﻌﻬﻦ‬
‫ّ‬    ‫َ َ‬       ‫ﱠ‬                       ‫ﺒ‬           ‫ﹶ ُ‬
‫َﻳﺨْﺒﺰﻥ ﺧْﺒﺰًﺍ ﻳﺴﻤﻴﻨﻪ "ﻋﱠﺎﺱ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻌﺠﻞ" ﻳﺰﻋﻤﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺱ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻠـﻲ‬
                   ‫ﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻃﺎﻟﺐ ﻫﻮ ﺍﳌﺘﻜ ﱢﻞ ﻬﺑﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﺎﻡ.‬
                                         ‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺣﺠﺎﺭ ﻭﺁﺑﺎﺭ ﻭﺻـﺨﻮﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺷﺠﺎﺭ ﻳﺰﻋﻤﻮﻥ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺷﻔﺎﺀ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﻭﻗﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﳊﺎﺟـﺎﺕ ﻭﺗﻔـﺮﻳﺞ‬
     ‫ﻨ‬                                      ‫َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜ ُﺑﺎﺕ، ﻭﻟﻮ ﺑﺴﻄﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﳑﺎ َﻳﺴْﺘﻌﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﱢﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﹸﺮ‬
            ‫ﺻ‬      ‫ﻦ ﻴ‬            ‫ﻳ َﱢ ﹾﻨ‬           ‫ﱡ ﻨ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﳜﺘﺺ ﺑﺎﻟﱢﺴﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺷﻴﺎﺀ ُﻌﻠﻘَﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻬ ﱠ، ﻭﻳﺒّﻦ ﺧﻮﺍ ﱠﻬﺎ ﻭﺗﺄﺛﲑﺍﻬﺗﺎ‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬                                     ‫٦٣‬

                                      ‫ﻤ‬      ‫ﻦ‬
‫ﰲ ﺃﺯﻭﺍﺟﻬ ﱠ، ﻭﻳﺴ ﱢﻴﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺄﲰﺎﺀ ﻟﻮ ﺭﺟﻌﺖ ﺍﳉﺎﻫﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ ﻟﻌﺠـﺰﺕ‬
                                                 ‫ﱢ‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﻗﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳉﻬﺎﻻﺕ ﻭﺳﻮﺀ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩﺍﺕ - ﻻﺣﺘﻤـﻞ‬
            ‫ﻠ‬
‫ﳎﻠﺪﺍﺕ، ﻭﺍﻟﻮﻳﻞ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﻞ ﳌﻦ ﺃﻧﻜﺮ ﺫﻟﻚ، ﺃﻭ ﻛﱠﻢ ﺑـﺄﺩﱏ ﺷـﻲﺀ‬
                        ‫ﻳﻨﺠﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻠﻜﻢ ﺍﳌﻬﺎﻟﻚ. )ﺍﻫـ(.‬
                     ‫ﹸ ﺴ ﱡ‬                   ‫ُ ﻳ‬
‫ﻗﻠﺖ: ﻭﻳﺆﱢﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻮﻳﺪﻱ - ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﻣـﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﻷﺩﻳﺐ ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﺍﳌﻨﻔﻠﻮﻃﻲ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺑـﻪ "ﺍﻟﱠﻨﻈﹶـﺮﺍﺕ" )٢/٥٦(‬
                             ‫ﱡ‬
                                                    ‫ﺑﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ:‬
                     ‫ﺩﻣﻌﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‬
  ‫ﻟ‬        ‫ﻧ ﻃﹶ َ‬                             ‫ﱠ ُ‬
‫ﻛﺘﺐ ﺇﱄ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻋﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﳍﻨﺪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑًﺎ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺃﱠﻪ ﺍ ﱠﻠﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺆﱠﻒ‬
‫ﻇﻬﺮ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﹰﺎ ﺑﻠﻐﺔ "ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻣﻴﻞ" ﻭﻫﻲ ﻟﻐـﺔ ﺍﳍﻨـﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺴـﺎﻛﻨﲔ ﺑﻨـﺎﻗﻮﺭ‬
            ‫ﱠﻴ‬
‫ﻭﻣﻠﺤﻘﺎﻬﺗﺎ ﲜﻨﻮﺏ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺱ، ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻪ "ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﱢﺪ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ‬
                ‫ﺼ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻴﻼﱐ" ﻭﺫﻛﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺒَﻪ ﻭﻛﺮﺍﻣﺎﺗﻪ، ﻓﺮﺃﻯ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻔﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﻟﻘـﺎﺏ‬
                      ‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱵ ﻭﺻﻒ ﻬﺑﺎ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ ﻭﻟ ﱠﺒﻪ ﻬﺑﺎ ﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﻭﺃﻟﻘﺎﺑًـﺎ‬
                    ‫ﹰ‬       ‫ﻨﻮ‬
‫ﻫﻲ ﲟﻘﺎﻡ ﺍﻷﻟﻮﻫﻴﺔ ﺃﻟﻴﻖ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﲟﻘﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﱡﺒ ﱠﺓ؛ ﻓﻀﻼ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳـﺔ؛‬
  ‫ﺮ‬              ‫ﱠﺮ‬       ‫ﻔ‬                           ‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻛﻘﻮﻟﻪ "ﺳﱢﺪ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻮﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺽ" ﻭ" ﺍﻟﱠﻨ ﱠﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻀ ﱠﺍﺭ" ﻭ" ﺍﳌﺘﺼـ ﱢﻑ‬
                                              ‫ﻄ‬
‫ﰲ ﺍﻷﻛﻮﺍﻥ" ﻭ"ﺍﳌ ﱠﻠﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺳﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﻘﺔ" ﻭ" ﳏﻴﻲ ﺍﳌﻮﺗﻰ" ﻭ"ﻣﱪﺉ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﻰ ﻭﺍﻷﺑﺮﺹ ﻭ ﺍﻷﻛﻤﻪ" ﻭ"ﺃﻣﺮﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﷲ" ﻭ"ﻣﺎﺣﻲ ﺍﻟﺬﻧﻮﺏ"‬
‫ﻭ"ﺩﺍﻓﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺀ" ﻭ"ﺍﻟﺮﺍﻓﻊ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺿﻊ" ﻭ"ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻌﺔ" ﻭ "ﺻـﺎﺣﺐ‬
                          ‫ﻨ‬                             ‫ﺘ‬
          ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﱠﺎﻡ"، ﺇﱃ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﱡﻌﻮﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﻟﻘﺎﺏ!‬
               ‫ﹰ‬                          ‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ ﺃﱠﻪ ﺭﺃﻯ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻓﺼﻼ ﻳﺸـﺮﺡ ﻓﻴـﻪ‬
            ‫ﱠﻴ‬       ‫ُ‬          ‫َ‬               ‫ﹶ‬       ‫ُ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺆﱢﻟﻒ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﻜﻴﻒ ﻬﺑﺎ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﺋﺮ ﻟﻘﱪ ﺍﻟﺴﱢﺪ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ‬
 ‫٧٣‬                                    ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬

                         ‫ﺰ‬              ‫ﻭﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻴﻼﱐ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻓﻴﻪ: »ﹶﺃ ﱠﻝ ﻣﺎ ﳚﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺍﺋﺮ: ﻳﺘﻮﺿﺄ ﻭﺿﻮﺀًﺍ ﺳﺎﺑﻐًﺎ،‬
                    ‫ﺟ‬
‫ﰒ ﻳﺼﻠﻲ ﺭﻛﻌﺘﲔ ﲞﺸﻮﻉ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺤﻀﺎﺭ، ﰒ ﻳﺘﻮ ﱠﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻜﻌﺒـﺔ‬
                                                          ‫ﺮ‬
            ‫ﺍﳌﺸ ﱠﻓﺔ، ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﻀﺮﻳﺢ ﺍﳌﻌﻈﻢ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ:‬
                                            ‫ﹶﹶ‬
‫»ﻳﺎ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﱠﺜﻘﻠﻴْﻦ.. ﺃﻏﺜﲏ ﻭﺃﻣﺪﱐ ﺑﻘﻀﺎﺀ ﺣﺎﺟﱵ.. ﻭﺗﻔـﺮﻳﺞ‬
‫ﻛﺮﺑﱵ.. ﺃﻏﺜﲏ ﻳﺎ ﳏﻴﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ.. ﺃﻏﺜﲏ ﻳﺎ ﻭﱄ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ..‬
‫ﺃﻏﺜﲏ ﻳﺎ ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ.. ﺃﻏﺜﲏ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺎﺩ ﺷﺎﻩ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ.. ﺃﻏﺜﲏ ﻳﺎ‬
                                              ‫ﺧﻮﺟﺔ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ«.‬
‫»ﻳﺎ ﺣﻀﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻐﻮﺙ ﺍﻟﺼﻤﺪﺍﱐ، ﻳﺎ ﺳﻴﺪﻱ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﳉـﻴﻼﱐ،‬
  ‫ﺪ‬                        ‫ٌ ٌ ٌ‬            ‫ﺪ‬        ‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻋﺒ ُﻙ ﻭﻣﺮﻳ ُﻙ ﻣﻈﻠﻮﻡ ﻋﺎﺟﺰ ﳏﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﻟﻴﻚ ﰲ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﰲ ﺍﻟـ ﱢﻳﻦ‬
                                                    ‫ﺪ‬
                                        ‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﱡﻧﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ«.‬
  ‫ﻳ ﻤ‬                                 ‫ﱠ‬
‫ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ: ﺇﻥ ﰲ ﺑﻠﺪﺓ "ﻧﺎﻗﻮﺭ" ﰲ ﺍﳍﻨﺪ ﻗﱪًﺍ ُﺴـ ﱠﻰ‬
‫ﱠ‬                               ‫ﱠﻴ‬
‫"ﺷﺎﻩ ﺍﳊﻤﻴﺪ" ﻭﻫﻮ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺃﻭﻻﺩ ﺍﻟﺴﱢﺪ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺰﻋﻤﻮﻥ، ﻭﺃﻥ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﳍﻨﻮﺩ ﻳﺴﺠﺪﻭﻥ ﺑﲔ ﻳﺪﻱ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻘﱪ ﺳﺠﻮﺩَﻫﻢ ﺑﲔ ﻳﺪﻱ ﺍﷲ.. ﻭﺃﻥ‬      ‫َ‬
       ‫َ ﺜ ﹸ َ ﱠﻴ‬                  ‫ﻗ‬                    ‫ﱢ‬
‫ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﺑﻠﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻠﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﳍﻨﻮﺩ ﻭﹸﺮﺍﻫﺎ ﻣﺰﺍﺭًﺍ ُﻳﻤﱢﻞ ﻣﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﱢﺪ ﻋﺒـﺪ‬
                                   ‫ﺟُ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ.. ﻓﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﺘﻮ ﱠﻪ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺗﻠـﻚ ﺍﻟـﺒﻼﺩ‬
‫ﻭﺍﳌﻠﺠﺄ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻠﺠﺆﻭﻥ ﰲ ﺣﺎﺟﺎﻬﺗﻢ ﻭﺷﺪﺍﺋﺪﻫﻢ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ، ﻭﻳﻨﻔﻘﻮﻥ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﺪﻣﺘﻪ ﻭﺳﺪﻧﺘﻪ.. ﻭﰲ ﻣﻮﺍﻟﺪﻩ ﻭﺣﻀﺮﺍﺗﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻟﻮ ﺃﻧﻔـﻖ‬
                           ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻘﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﲨﻴﻌًﺎ ﻟﺼﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﺃﻏﻨﻴﺎﺀ.‬
‫َْ ُ ﹶ‬            ‫ُ ﻧ‬           ‫ُ‬          ‫ﱠ‬
‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺘﺒﻪ ﺇﱄ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ.. ﻭﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺃﱢﻲ ﻣﺎ ﹶﺃْﺗﻤﻤﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺀﺓ‬
‫ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺘﻪ ﺣﱴ ﺩﺍﺭﺕ ﰊ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺀ، ﻭﺃﻇﻠﻤﺖ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﰲ ﻋﻴـﻨﲔ..‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﻓﻤﺎ ﹸﺃﺑْﺼﺮ ﱠﺎ ﺣﻮﱄ ﺷﻴﺌﹰﺎ؛ ﺣﺰﻧًﺎ ﻭﺃﺳﻔﹰﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺁﻟـﺖ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ ﺣﺎﻟـﺔ‬
                                                   ‫ﳑ‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬                                      ‫٨٣‬

‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺑﲔ ﺃﻗﻮﺍﻡ ﺃﻧﻜﺮﻭﻩ ﺑﻌﺪﻣﺎ ﻋﺮﻓﻮﻩ، ﻭﻭﺿﻌﻮﻩ ﺑﻌـﺪﻣﺎ ﺭﻓﻌـﻮﻩ،‬
                  ‫ﻭﺫﻫﺒﻮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺬﺍﻫﺐ ﻻ ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻬﺎ، ﻭﻻ ﺷﺄﻥ ﻟﻪ ﻬﺑﺎ.‬
    ‫ﹰ‬        ‫ﹰ‬
‫ﺃﻱ ﻋﲔ ﳚﻤﻞ ﻬﺑﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﺘﺒﻘﻲ ﰲ ﳏﺎﺟﺮﻫﺎ ﻗﻄﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﺣـﺪﺓ ﻣـﻦ‬     ‫ﱡ‬
                         ‫ﺛ‬                                ‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻣْﻊ ﻓﻼ ﺗﺮﻳﻘﻬﺎ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﺮ ﺍﳌﺆﱢﺮ ﺍﶈﺰﻥ؛ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ ﺃﻭﻟﺌﻚ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ‬
    ‫ٌ‬      ‫َْ‬              ‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻢ ﺭﻛﻊ ﺳﺠﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻋﺘﺎﺏ ﻗﱪ ﺭﱠﻤﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻮ ﺧﲑ ﻣـﻦ‬
                                             ‫ُ ﱠٌ ُ ﱠٌ‬
            ‫ﺳﺎﻛﻨﻪ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ؛ ﻓﺄﺣﺮﻯ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺑﻌﺪ ﳑﺎﺗﻪ!‬
   ‫ﹰ‬     ‫ﹰ‬                   ‫ﱠ‬                   ‫ﱡ‬
‫ﺃﻱ ﻗﻠﺐ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺃﻥ َﻳﺴْﺘﻘﺮ ﺑﲔ ﺟﻨﱯ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﻪ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻓﻼ‬
‫ﻳﻄﲑ ﺟﺰﻋًﺎ ﺣﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣـﻦ‬
                ‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﲔ ﺇﺷﺮﺍﻛﹰﺎ ﺑﺎﷲ، ﻭﺃﻭﺳﻌﻬﻢ ﺩﺍﺋﺮﺓ ﰲ ﺗﻌ ﱡﺩ ﺍﻵﳍـﺔ ﻭﻛﺜـﺮﺓ‬
                                               ‫ﺍﳌﻌﺒﻮﺩﺍﺕ!‬
‫ﻭﱂ ﻳﻨﻘﻢ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﱠﺜﻠﻴﺚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺤﻴﲔ؟! ﱂ ﳛﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﳍـﻢ ﰲ‬
               ‫ﹶ‬                ‫ﺘ ﹶ‬                    ‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺻﺪﻭﺭﻫﻢ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﻮﺟﺪﺓ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻦ؟! ﻭﻋﻼﻡ ﳛﺎﺭﺑﻮﻬﻧﻢ؟! ﻭﻓـﻴﻢ‬
                      ‫ﹶ‬        ‫ﺸ‬
‫ﻳﻘﺎﺗﻠﻮﻬﻧﻢ ﻭﻫﻢ ﱂ َﻳﺒْﻠﻐﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱢﺮﻙ ﻣَـْﺒﻠﻐَﻬﻢ؟! ﻭﱂ ﻳﻐﺮﻗـﻮﺍ ﻓﻴـﻪ‬
                                                     ‫ﺇﻏﺮﺍﻗﻬﻢ؟!‬
 ‫َﺪ‬                          ‫ﻨ‬                ‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻳﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺤﱡﻮﻥ ﺑﺂﳍﺔ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻭﻟﻜﱠﻬﻢ ﻳﺸﻌﺮﻭﻥ ﺑﻐﺮﺍﺑﺔ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﱠﺘﻌ ﱡﺩ‬
                    ‫ﹶ‬    ‫ﱠ‬                ‫ﻭ‬
‫ﻭُﺑﻌْﺪﻩ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻞ؛ ﻓﻴﺘﺄ ﱠﻟﻮﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ؛ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﰲ ﺣﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ،‬
‫ﺃ ﱠﺎ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻓﻴﺪﻳﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺂﻻﻑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻵﳍﺔ ﺃﻛﺜﺮﻫﺎ ﺟـﺬﻭﻉ ﺃﺷـﺠﺎﺭ‬        ‫ﻣ‬
                ‫ﻭﺟﺜﺚ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﺕ، ﻭﻗﻄﻊ ﺃﺣﺠﺎﺭ، ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻻ ﻳﺸﻌﺮﻭﻥ!‬
                                   ‫ﹸ‬
‫ﻛﺜﲑًﺍ ﻣﺎ ُﻳﻀْﻤﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﰲ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﺃﻣﺮًﺍ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻻ ﻳﺸﻌﺮ ﺑﻪ، ﻭﻛﺜﲑًﺍ‬
                     ‫ﱡ‬         ‫ﻴ‬              ‫ﺴ‬         ‫ْ‬
‫ﻣﺎ َﺗﺸﺘَﻤﻞ ﻧﻔ ُﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﺓ ﺧﻔﱠﺔ ﻻ ﳛﺲ ﺑﺎﺷﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ؛‬
                                     ‫ُ‬
‫ﻭﻻ ﺃﺭﻯ ﻣﺜﻠﹰﺎ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻠﺘﺠﺌﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺣﺎﺟﺎﻬﺗﻢ‬
 ‫٩٣‬                                    ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬

            ‫ﱡ‬                   ‫ﺮ‬           ‫ُﻜ‬
‫ﻭﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﻬﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺳ ﱠﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻮﺭ، ﻭﻳﺘﻀ ﱠﻋﻮﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﺗﻀـﺮﻋَﻬﻢ ﻟﻺﻟـﻪ‬
  ‫ﻧ‬      ‫ﺪ‬        ‫ﻧ‬         ‫ٌ‬                ‫َ َ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻌﺒﻮﺩ، ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻋَﺘﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻋﺎﺗﺐ ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ: ﺇﱠﺎ ﻻ ﻧﻌﺒ ُﻫﻢ؛ ﻭﺇﱠﻤﺎ‬
‫ﱠ َ‬                  ‫ﹶ‬        ‫ﱠ‬         ‫ﻧ‬                ‫ﺳ‬
‫ﻧﺘﻮ ﱠﻞ ﻬﺑﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﷲ. ﻛﺄﱠﻬﻢ ﻳﺸﻌﺮﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻓﻴﻪ، ﻭﺃﻥ ﺃﻛﱪ‬
                           ‫ﺩ‬
‫ﻣﻈﻬَﺮ ﻷﻟﻮﻫﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺍﳌﻌﺒﻮﺩ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻒ ﻋﺒﺎ ُﻩ ﺑـﲔ ﻳﺪﻳـﻪ ﺿـﺎﺭﻋﲔ‬    ‫َﹾ‬
              ‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺧﺎﺷﻌﲔ ﻳﻠﺘﻤﺴﻮﻥ ﺇﻣﺪﺍﺩﻩ ﻭﻣﻌﻮﻧﺘﻪ؛ ﻓﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﻋﱠﺎﺩﻭﻥ ﻷﻭﻟﺌﻚ‬
                                  ‫ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻻ ﻳﺸﻌﺮﻭﻥ.‬
                    ‫َ‬    ‫َ‬                     ‫ُ‬
‫ﺟﺎﺀ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺑﻌﻘﻴﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﱠﺘﻮْﺣﻴﺪ ﻟﲑﻓﻊ ﻧﻔﻮﺱ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﻳﻐـﺮﺱ ﰲ‬
‫ﱢ‬                                  ‫ﱠ َ َ ﱠﹶ َ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﻗﻠﻮﻬﺑﻢ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺰﺓ ﻭﺍﻷَﻧﻔﺔ ﻭﺍﳊﹶﻤﱠﻴﺔﹶ، ﻭﻟﻴﻌﺘﻖ ﺭﻗـﺎﺑَﻬﻢ ﻣـﻦ ﺭﻕ‬
   ‫ﻳ‬      ‫ﻔ‬                              ‫ﲑ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﻮﺩﻳﺔ؛ ﻓﻼ ﻳﺬﻝ ﺻﻐ ُﻫﻢ ﻟﻜﺒﲑﻫﻢ، ﻭﻻ ﻳﻬﺎﺏ ﺿﻌﻴ ﹸﻬﻢ ﻗـﻮﱠﻬﻢ،‬
                  ‫ﱢ‬        ‫ﹲ‬
‫ﻭﻻ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻟﺬﻱ ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﺇﻻ ﺑﺎﳊﻖ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺪﻝ، ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗـﺮﻙ‬
                ‫ﹶ‬      ‫َ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺑﻔﻀﻞ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﱠﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻷﺛﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﱀ ﰲ ﻧﻔﻮﺱ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ‬
                                        ‫ﺘ‬
                      ‫ﺰ‬
‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﻮﺭ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ، ﻓﻜﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﺫﻭﻱ ﹶﺃَﻧﻔﹶﺔ ﻭﻋ ﱠﺓ ﻭﺇﺑﺎﺀ ﻭﻏﲑﺓ؛ ﻳﻀـﺮﺑﻮﻥ‬
       ‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﱂ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻇﻠﻢ، ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﻟﻠﺴﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺟﺎﻭﺯ ﺣَـ ﱠﻩ: ﻗـﻒ‬
        ‫ٌ‬
‫ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻚ، ﻭﻻ ﺗﻐﻞ ﰲ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺴﻚ؛ ﻓﺈﳕﺎ ﺃﻧﺖ ﻋﺒﺪ ﳐﻠﻮﻕ ﻻ‬
                                                    ‫ﺏ ﺩ‬
                             ‫ﺭ ﱞ ﻣﻌﺒﻮ ٌ، ﻭﺍﻋﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ.‬
             ‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻮﺭ ﻧﻔﻮﺱ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﰲ ﻋﺼﺮ ﺍﻟﱠﻮﺣﻴﺪ؛ ﺃﻣـﺎ‬
        ‫ﹰ‬               ‫ﺸ‬                                ‫َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﻬﺗﻢ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱢﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻃﻦ ﺗﺎﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮ‬
                         ‫ﺳ‬                 ‫ﺑ‬     ‫ﹶﻟ‬
‫ﺃﺧﺮﻯ، ﻓﻘﺪ ﺫﱠﺖ ﺭﻗﺎُﻬﻢ، ﻭﺧﻔﻘﺖ ﺭﺅﻭ ُﻬﻢ ﻭﺿﺮﻋﺖ ﻧﻔﻮﺳـﻬﻢ،‬
                                     ‫ﻄ‬              ‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻭﻓﺘﺮﺕ ﲪﱠﻴُﻬﻢ؛ ﻓﺮﺿﻮﺍ ﲞ ﱠﺔ ﺍﳋﺴﻒ، ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﻣﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟـﺪﻧﻴﺎ؛‬
                                          ‫ﹶ‬             ‫ﹶَ ََ‬
‫ﻓﻮﺟﺪ ﺃﻋﺪﺍﺅﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻴﻞ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻓﻐﻠﺒﻮﻫﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ، ﻭﻣﻠﻜﻮﺍ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻢ‬
     ‫ﻧﻔﻮﺳﻬﻢ ﻭﺃﻣﻮﺍﳍﻢ ﻭﻣﻮﺍﻃﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺩﻳﺎﺭﻫﻢ، ﻓﺄﺻﺒﺤﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﺎﺳﺮﻳﻦ.‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬                                            ‫٠٤‬

                         ‫ََ‬
‫ﻭﺍﷲ؛ ﻟﻦ ﻳﺴﺘﺮﺟﻊ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺳﺎﻟﻒ ﻣﺠْﺪﻫﻢ ﻭﻟﻦ َﻳﺒْﻠﻐـﻮﺍ ﻣـﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺮﻳﺪﻭﻥ ﻷﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﻭﻫﻨﺎﺀﻬﺗﺎ ﺇﻻ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺍﺳـﺘﺮﺟﻌﻮﺍ ﻣـﺎ‬
                 ‫َ‬     ‫ﱠ‬        ‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺃﺿﺎﻋﻮﻩ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﱠﻮﺣﻴﺪ، ﻭﺇﻥ ﻃﻠﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﺸـﻤﺲ ﻣـﻦ‬
                         ‫ُ‬                   ‫َ‬
‫ﻣﻐﺮﻬﺑﺎ ﻭﺍﻧﺼﺒﺎﺏ ﻣﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﱠﻨﻬْﺮ ﰲ ﻣﻨﺒﻌﻪ ﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﺇﱃ ﺭﺟﻮﻉ ﺍﻹﺳـﻼﻡ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺳﺎﻟﻒ ﳎﺪﻩ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻳﻘﻔﻮﻥ ﺑﲔ ﻳﺪﻱ ﺍﳉﻴﻼﱐ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﻔـﻮﻥ‬
‫ُ‬                   ‫ﺜ‬              ‫َﻭ‬
‫ﺑﲔ ﻳﺪﻱ ﺍﷲ، ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﻟﻸ ﱠﻝ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﻟﻠﱠﺎﱐ: »ﺃﻧﺖ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﺮﻑ‬
                                       ‫ﻴُ‬
                   ‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺋﻨﺎﺕ، ﻭﺃﻧﺖ ﺳﱢﺪ ﺍﻷﺭﺿﲔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭﺍﺕ«.‬
                           ‫َ‬                     ‫َ ُ‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻏﲑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ُﻳﺴْﻌﺪ ﺃﻗﻮﺍﻣًﺎ َﻳﺰْﺩﺭﻭﻧﻪ ﻭﳛﺘﻘﺮﻭﻧﻪ‬
‫ﱠ ْ ﻣ ﱠﹲ‬                         ‫َ ْ‬                        ‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻭﻳﱠﺨﺬﻭﻧﻪ ﻭﺭﺍﺀﻫﻢ ﻇﻬﺮﻳًﺎ؛ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺯﱠﻟﺖ ﻬﺑﻢ ﺟﺎﺋﺤﺔ، ﺃﻭ ﹶﺃﹶﻟﻤﺖ ﻬﺑﻢ ُﻠﻤﺔ‬
                                                           ‫ﹶ ﹶﺮ‬
      ‫ﺫﻛ ُﻭﺍ ﺍﳊﺠﺮ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺬﻛﺮﻭﻩ، ﻭﻧﺎﺩﻭﺍ ﺍﳉﺬﻉ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﺎﺩﻭﻩ..‬
                                     ‫َ‬
‫ﻳﺎ ﻗﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﻭﺭﺅﺳﺎﺀﻫﺎ، ﻋﺬﹶﺭﻧﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﰲ ﺇﺷـﺮﺍﻛﻬﺎ ﻭﻓﺴـﺎﺩ‬    ‫ﹶ‬
                ‫ﹰ‬       ‫ُ‬             ‫ﱢﱠ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻘﺎﺋﺪﻫﺎ، ﻭﻗﻠﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻲ ﺃﻗﺼﺮ ﻧﻈﺮًﺍ ﻭﺃﺿﻌﻒ ﺑﺼﲑﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﺼﻮﺭ‬
                                   ‫ﺼ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻟﻮﻫﻴﺔ ﺇﻻ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺭﺁﻫﺎ ﻣﺎﺛﻠﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﱡﻨ ُﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﺛﻴﻞ ﻭﺍﻷﺿﺮﺣﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺒﻮﺭ؛‬
‫ﻓﻤﺎ ﻋﺬﺭﻛﻢ ﺃﻧﺘﻢ ﻭﺃﻧﺘﻢ ﺗﺘﻠﻮﻥ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﷲ، ﻭﺗﻘﺮﺅﻭﻥ ﺻﻔﺎﺗﻪ ﻭﻧﻌﻮﺗﻪ،‬
‫ِ‬         ‫ﺴ‬           ‫ْ‬      ‫ﹸ ﹾ ْ ﹶﻢ‬
‫ﻭﺗﻔﻬﻤﻮﻥ ﻣﻌﲎ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻗﻞ ﻟﹶﺎ َﻳﻌﻠ ُ ﻣَـﻦ ﻓِـﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻤَﺎﻭَﺍﺕ‬
    ‫ﻴ ﹸ ﹾ ْ ِﻚ َ ﹾ‬                          ‫ﹶ ْ ﹺ َْ َ ﻟ ﻠ ُ‬
‫ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﺍﹾﻟﻐﻴﺐ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﳐﺎﻃﺒًﺎ ﻧﺒ‪‬ﺎ: ‪‬ﻗﻞ ﻟﹶﺎ ﹶﺃﻣﻠ ُ ِﻟﻨﻔﺴِﻲ‬
        ‫َ َ َ ْ َ ﹾ َ َ ْ َ َ ِﻦ ﻠ َ َ‬                  ‫ﹾ َ َﺮ‬
 ‫َﻧﻔﻌًﺎ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ﺿ ‪‬ﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﻮﻟﻪ: ‪‬ﻭﻣَﺎ ﺭﻣﻴﺖ ﹺﺇﺫ ﺭﻣﻴﺖ ﻭﹶﻟﻜ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺭﻣَﻰ‪‬؟!‬
         ‫َ‬       ‫ﻏ ُﻭ‬
‫ﺇﻧﻜﻢ ﺗﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﻜﻢ ﻭﻣﺴﺎﺋﻜﻢ ﻭ ﹸـﺪ ﱢﻛﻢ ﻭﺭﻭَﺍﺣﻜـﻢ:‬
                      ‫ﱟ‬                     ‫ﺗ‬
‫»ﻛ ﱡ ﺧﲑ ﰲ ﺍﱢﺒﺎﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻠﻒ، ﻭﻛﻞ ﺷﺮ ﰲ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻠـﻒ«،‬    ‫ﹸﻞ‬
‫ﻓﻬﻞ ﺗﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﱀ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ُﻳﺠ ﱢﺼﻮﻥ ﻗﱪًﺍ، ﺃﻭ ﻳﺘﻮﺳﻠﻮﻥ‬
                    ‫َﺼ‬          ‫ﹶ‬     ‫ﱠ ﱠﹶ َ‬
                                   ‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺑﻀﺮﻳﺢ؟! ﻭﻫﻞ ﺗﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻭﺍﺣﺪًﺍ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﻗﻒ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻗﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬
 ‫١٤‬                                      ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬

‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺃﻭ ﻗﱪ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﻭﺁﻝ ﺑﻴﺘﻪ ﻳﺴﺄﻟﻪ ﻗﻀﺎﺀ ﺣﺎﺟﺔ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﱠ‬                 ‫ﱠ ﺮ ﱠ ﺪ ﱠ‬                             ‫َﻢ‬
‫ﺗﻔﺮﻳﺞ ﻫ ﱟ؟! ﻭﻫﻞ ﺗﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻓﺎﻋﻲ ﻭﺍﻟ ﱡﺳﻮﻗﻲ ﻭﺍﳉﻴﻼﱐ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺪﻭﻱ‬
                                              ‫ﹰ‬
‫ﺃﻛﺮﻡ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﺔ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺳﻠﲔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﲔ؟!‬‫ُ‬
                                             ‫ﱠ ﱠ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻞ ﺗﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺣﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻬﻧﻰ ﻋـﻦ ﺇﻗﺎﻣـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻮَﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﱠﻤﺎﺛﻴﻞ ﻬﻧﻰ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻋَﺒﺜﹰﺎ ﻭﻟﻌﺒًﺎ؟! ﺃﻡ ﳐﺎﻓﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻌﻴﺪ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﻠﻤﲔ‬
                   ‫ﹶ‬                  ‫َ‬               ‫ﺘ‬        ‫ﱡ‬
                     ‫ﺘ‬    ‫ﺼ‬                ‫ﱡ‬
‫ﺟﺎﻫﻠﱠﻴﺘَﻬﻢ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ؟! ﻭﺃﻱ ﻓﺮﻕ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﱠﻤﺎﺛﻴﻞ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺍﻷﺿـﺮﺣﺔ‬
             ‫ﹶ‬         ‫ﺸ ﻳ‬             ‫ُﺮ‬       ‫ﱞ‬
    ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺒﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺍﻡ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ َﻳﺠ ﱡ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟ ﱢﺮﻙ ﻭُﻔﺴﺪ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ؟‬
       ‫ﹶ ﱡ‬        ‫ﺗ‬      ‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻭﺍﷲ ﻣﺎ ﺟﻬﻠﺘﻢ ﺷﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ؛ ﻭﻟﻜﱠﻜﻢ ﺁﺛﺮُﻢ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ ﻓﻌﺎﻗﺒﻜﻢ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﺴﻠﺐ ﻧﻌﻤﺘﻜﻢ ﻭﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺽ ﺃﻣـﺮﻛﻢ،‬
‫ﻭﺳﱠﻂ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﺃﻋﺪﺍﺀَﻛﻢ َﻳﺴْﻠﺒﻮﻥ ﺃﻭﻃﺎﻧَﻜﻢ ﻭَﻳﺴْـﺘﻌﺒﺪﻭﻥ ﺭﻗـﺎﺑَﻜﻢ‬
                                                       ‫َﻠ ﹶ‬
                                                        ‫َﺮ‬
                     ‫ﻭُﻳﺨ ﱢﺑﻮﻥ ﺩﻳﺎﺭَﻛﻢ، ﻭﺍﷲ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺏ. ﺍﻫـ.‬
‫َﺬ َ‬                              ‫ٌﳑ‬
‫ﻭﻣﻊ ﺍﻷﺳﻒ ﻭﻗﻊ ﻛﺜﲑ ﱠﻦ َﻳﻨْﺘﺴﺐ ﺇﱃ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺣ ﱠﺭ‬
    ‫َ‬
‫ﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ؛ ﻓﺘﺮﺍﻫﻢ َﻳﻘﹾﺼﺪﻭﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﺛـﺎﺭ -‬
                      ‫ﹶ‬       ‫ﱠ‬
‫ﻛﺎﻟ ﹼﻫﺎﺏ ﺇﱃ ﻏﺎﺭ ﺣﺮﺍﺀ - ﻣﻊ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳـﻠﻢ‬     ‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺇﱠﻤﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺘﻌﱠﺪ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺜﺔ؛ ﻭﺃ ﱠﺎ ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺄﺕ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻭﻻ ﺩﻋـﻰ‬
                                ‫ﻣ‬                 ‫ﺒ‬           ‫ﻧ‬
                                                     ‫ﺬ‬       ‫ﱠ‬
  ‫ﺃﻣﺘَﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟ ﹼﻫﺎﺏ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ، ﻭﻣﻊ ﺫﻟﻚ ﲡﺪ ﻛﺜﲑًﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻬﺎﻝ ﻳﺬﻫﺒﻮﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ.‬
                          ‫ﱠ‬      ‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ُﺰﻋﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬
                                             ‫ﱠ‬
‫ُﻟﺪ ﻓﻴﻪ؛ ﻣﻊ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﱂ َﻳﺜﹾﺒﺖ؛ ﻓﻬﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳـﻠﻢ‬  ‫ﻭ‬
    ‫ﺼ‬       ‫ٌ‬
‫ﹶﺃﺭﺷﺪ ﺃﻣﺘَﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻹﺗﻴﺎﻥ ﺇﱃ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﻭ ﻓﻌﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺤﺎﺑﺔ‬
                                                     ‫ْ ََ ﱠ‬
‫َ ْ َﻞ‬                      ‫ﺼ‬      ‫ﱠ‬
‫- ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ - ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﹶﻒ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﱀ؟! ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﺃﺣﺪﺙ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺿ ﱠ‬
                                     ‫ﱠ‬             ‫َ ﺴ‬
                              ‫ﺳﻮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺒﻴﻞ ﻭﺧﺎﻟﻒ ﺍﳊﻖ ﺍﳌﺒﲔ.‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬                                          ‫٢٤‬

                           ‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺑﻞ ﻭﺻﻞ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻹﺗﻴﺎﻥ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ُﺰﻋﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺁﻣﻨﺔ ﺑﻨﺖ ﻭﻫﺐ‬
‫ﺃﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺩﻓﻨﺖ ﻓﻴﻪ، ﻓﻴﻔﻌﻞ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮْﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺒﺎﺋﺢ ﻣﺎ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻢ؛ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻋﺎﺀ ﺁﻣﻨﺔ ﺑﻨﺖ ﻭﻫﺐ ﻣـﻦ‬       ‫ﱢ‬
                             ‫ﱢ ﻄ‬
‫ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ، ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﺎﺛﺔ ﻬﺑﺎ، ﻭﺻﺐ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻴﺐ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﺰﻋﻮﻡ‬
‫ﹶ‬         ‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺃﻧﻪ ﻗﱪ ﺁﻣﻨﺔ ﺑﻨﺖ ﻭﻫﺐ؛ ﻣﻊ ﺃﱠﻬﺎ ﻣﺎﺗﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱢﺮﻙ؛ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺳـﻮﻝ‬
                     ‫ﺸ‬                 ‫ﻧ‬
                                 ‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺄﺫﻥ ﺭﱠﻪ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻳﺴﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﳍﺎ ﱂ ﻳﺄﺫﻥ ﻟﻪ،‬
‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻴﺤﻪ )٦٧٩( ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺃﰊ ﺣﺎﺯﻡ ﻋـﻦ‬   ‫ٌ‬
‫ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ.. ﻓﺬﻛﺮﻩ، ﻭﻗﺪ‬
  ‫َ ْ ِﺮ‬     ‫ﹾ‬         ‫ﹶ ﻨﹺﻲ ﻟ َ َ َﻨ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻣَﺎ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻟِﻠﱠﺒ ﱢ ﻭَﺍﱠـﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُـﻮﺍ ﹶﺃﻥ َﻳﺴْـﺘﻐﻔ ُﻭﺍ‬
‫ﻴ َ ﻬ ْ ﻧﻬ ْ‬                 ‫ﹾ ْﹺ ِ َ َ ْ ﻧ ﺃ ﹸْ ِ ْ ْ ِ‬
‫ِﻟﻠﻤُﺸﺮﻛﲔ ﻭﹶﻟﻮ ﻛﹶﺎُﻮﺍ ﹸﻭﻟِﻲ ﻗﺮﺑَﻰ ﻣﻦ َﺑﻌﺪ ﻣَﺎ َﺗﺒَـﱠﻦ ﹶﻟ ُـﻢ ﹶﺃﱠ ُـﻢ‬
                                                    ‫ْ ُ َ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺃﺻﺤَﺎﺏ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﺤِﻴﻢ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٣١١[. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻭﻱ ﰲ ﺷﺮﺡ ﻣﺴـﻠﻢ‬
                   ‫ﱡ‬
                     ‫ُ‬
‫)٧/٥٤( ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ: )ﻭﻓﻴـﻪ ﺍﻟﱠﻨﻬْـﻲ ﻋـﻦ ﺍﻻﺳـﺘﻐﻔﺎﺭ‬
                                                               ‫ﻔ‬
                                                       ‫ﻟﻠﻜ ﱠﺎﺭ(.ﺍﻫـ.‬
    ‫َﻤ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺣ ﱠـﺎﺩ‬
‫ﺑﻦ ﺳﻠﻤﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻧﺲ: ﺃﻥ ﺭﺟﻠﹰﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ، ﺃﻳﻦ ﺃﰊ؟‬
                                ‫ﱠ‬
                     ‫ﻥ‬
  ‫ﻗﺎﻝ: »ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ«. ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻗ ﱠﻰ ﺩﻋﺎﻩ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ: »ﺇ ﱠ ﺃﰊ ﻭﺃﺑﺎﻙ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ«.‬
                                      ‫ﻔ‬
           ‫ﱠ َْ‬                              ‫ﱡ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﱠﻨﻮَﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ )٣/٩٧(: )ﺇﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
          ‫ﱠ ْ‬            ‫ﹸ ﺮ‬                   ‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﻫﻮ ﰲ ﺍﻟﱠﺎﺭ ﻭﻻ ﺗﻨﻔﻌﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺑﺔ ﺍﳌﻘ ﱠﺑﲔ، ﻭﻓﻴﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻣَـﻦ ﻣـﺎﺕ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻷﻭﺛﺎﻥ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫـﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ، ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﺆﺍﺧﺬﺓ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ؛ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻗﺪ ﺑﻠﻐﺘﻬﻢ‬
                                                       ‫ﹸ‬
‫ﺩﻋﻮﺓ ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻭﻏﲑﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﺻﻠﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻭﺳﻼﻣﻪ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻢ.‬
             ‫َ‬                        ‫ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻫـ. ﻭﻗﺪ ﺣﻜﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍ ﱡ ﰲ "ﺷﺮﺡ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘﻴﺢ" ﺍﻹﲨﺎﻉ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻌـﺬﻳﺐ‬
 ‫٣٤‬                                 ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬

                                        ‫ﻨ‬      ‫ﻴ‬
                           ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻰ ﺍﳉﺎﻫﻠﱠﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﱠﺎﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻔﺮﻫﻢ.‬
‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻭﺷﻴﻮﻉ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﻴﺔ ﺑﲔ‬
                     ‫ﺮ‬       ‫ُ‬                          ‫َْ‬
‫ﻣﻦ َﻳْﻨﺘَﺴﺐ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺟﺮﻯ ﲢﺮﻳﺮ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟ ﱢﺳﺎﻟﺔ، ﻭﺑﺎﷲ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﻓﻴـﻖ،‬
                ‫ﺘ‬                    ‫ﻴ‬
          ‫ﻭﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺒﱢﻨﺎ ﳏﻤﺪ ﻭﺁﻟﻪ ﻭﺻﺤﺒﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﱠﺎﺑﻌﲔ.‬



                ‫ﻭﻛﺘﺒﻪ‬
      ‫ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺪ‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬                                   ‫٤٤‬

                    ‫ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬
   ‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ....................... ﺧﻄﺄ! ﺍﻹﺷﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻌﻴﺔ ﻏﲑ ﻣﻌ ّﻓﺔ.‬
                                       ‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻓﺼﻞ: ﰲ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﳋﻠﹾﻘﻪ ﺑﺪﻋﺎﺋﻪ..........................٢١‬
                              ‫ﱡﺳ ﺑ‬
‫ﻓﺼﻞ: ﰲ ﺩﻋﺎﺀ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺮ ُﻞ ﻟﺮﱢﻬﻢ ﺩﻭﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺳﻮﺍﻩ ............٣١‬
  ‫ﻓﺼﻞ: ﰲ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺩﻋﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻼﺡ ﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ‬
‫ﺩﻭﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺳﻮﺍﻩ...............................................٧١‬
‫ﻓﺼﻞ: ﰲ ﻋﺪﻡ ﲰﺎﻉ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺎﺋﺒﲔ ﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺪﻋﻮﻫﻢ .....١٢‬
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                                  ‫ﺼ‬          ‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻓﺼﻞ: ﰲ ﺣﻜﻢ ﺗﺘﱡﻊ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﳊﲔ ...........................٥٢‬
‫ﺩﻣﻌﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ..........................................٦٣‬
‫ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ..........................................٤٤‬

								
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