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					THE ATOD DEATH EPIDEMIC

    ALCOHOL, TOBACCO,and
        OTHER DRUGS
                  ATOD
• Children rarely try cocaine, heroin or any of
  the “hard”drugs without first using alcohol,
  tobacco and/or marijuana.
• Today’s marijuana is 300% stronger than
  the marijuana used in the 1960’s and 1970s.
• The drugs teens are most likely to use and
  abuse are tobacco and alcohol.
                  ATOD

• The average age of first use of alcohol is 12
  years.
• The average age of first use of tobacco is 11
  years.
• A leading cause of death among young
  people is alcohol-related accidents.
                 ATOD
• Adolescents can become addicted to alcohol
  in only 6-18 months. For adults,it takes 5-
  15 years.
• Elementary-age children who have
  unresolved learning or behavior problems
  are at greater risk for ATOD problems.
• Children of alcoholics have a 4-10 times
  greater risk of becoming alcoholics than
  children of non-alcoholics.
            Round Robin
            Groups of four
• Divide into groups of four.
• Each person write one reason why young
  people should not use alcohol.
• Go from group to group and the person with
  the most yellow read their answers.
  Reasons Young People Should
        Not Use Alcohol
• Alcohol is linked to the high death rate
  among adolescents.
• Teenagers are still physically developing
• Teenagers are still emotionally developing.
• Adolescents usually drink to get drunk
• There is no known “safe” dose of alcohol
  for young people.
THE BIG THREE

   TOBACCO
   ALCOHOL
  MARIJUANA
“GATEWAY DRUGS”

TOBACCO,ALCOHOL AND
     MARIJUANA
              TOBACCO

• Smoking,chewing and dipping all involve
  the use of nicotine.
• The nicotine in tobacco is one of the most
  addicting of drugs.
• More than 400,000 lives are lost each year
  to cigarette-related diseases.
               TOBACCO

• Long-term use of tobacco results in high
  blood pressure, heart attack, chronic
  bronchitis, pneumonia, emphysema and
  cancer of the lungs, throat and mouth. The
  average age of the onset of disease may be
  25-30 years after initial use of tobacco; it
  may affect other respiratory function long
  before that.
              ALCOHOL

• Like marijuana alcohol is a drug. It can
  alter moods, cause changes in the body and
  become habit forming.
• The most widely-used drug among
  teenagers (and Americans in general) is
  alcohol.
               ALCOHOL
• Drinking is the third leading cause of death
  in the U.S. (after heart disease and cancer).
• Alcohol is responsible for well over half of
  the fire deaths, drowning, injuries, traffic
  fatalities and murders in the U.S.
• Long-term use of alcohol can result in loss
  of memory, high blood pressure, enlarged
  heart, liver ailments, and ulcers.
             MARIJUANA
               (POT)
• The active ingredient in marijuana (THC)
  accumulates in the body.
• It takes 3-6 weeks for the body to get rid of
  the chemicals in just one marijuana joint.
  Those who smoke more continue to build
  up these chemicals.
             MARIJUANA
• Long-term use of marijuana adversely
  affects the lungs, heart, brain, reproductive
  system and the body’s immune response to
  infections and disease. The younger the
  user, the more damaging the effects.
• It is rare for young people ever to use any
  other illegal drug without first using
  marijuana.
             Round Robin
• Write warning signs that would alert you to
  the fact that your child or someone you
  know is using alcohol or drugs.
           WARNING SIGNS
•   Changes in Physical Appearance
•   Changes in Eating and Sleeping Habits
•   Changes in Friends and Interests
•   Physical Evidence of Drug Use
•   Changes in Behavior and Personality
•   Attitudes Toward Drugs and Alcohol
•   Changes in School or Job Performance
Changes in Physical Appearance
Changes in Eating and Sleeping
            Habits
Changes in Friends and Interests
Physical Evidence of Drug Use
Changes in Behavior and
     Personality
Attitudes Toward Drugs and
          Alcohol
Changes in School or Job
     Performance
Changes in Physical Appearance
• Lack of personal cleanliness, messy
  appearance
• red eyes and frequent use of eye drops
• runny nose, congestion, coughing
• wearing dark glasses when not necessary
• pale face, circles under eyes
    Changes in Eating and Sleeping
                Habits
•   Difficulty falling asleep, insomnia
•   inappropriate napping
•   significant wight loss or gain
•   poor appetite
•   a sudden appetite (especially for sweets)
Changes in Friends and Interests
• New or different friends, especially ones
  who use drugs
• friends rarely introduced and seldom come
  to the house
• more time spint in rom or away from home
Changes in Friends and Interests
• Hobbies, sports or extra-curricular activities
  are given up; everything is “boring”
• stays out past curfew
• secrecy about actions and possessions
 Physical Evidence of Drug Use
• Any drugs or drug paraphernalia you find
  on your child or in your house are
  indications of drug use, even if he or she
  insists they belong to a friend.
        Changes in Behavior and
             Personality
•   Abrupt changes in mood
•   hostility, defiance of rules
•   depression,”I don’t care” attitude
•   lack of responsibility; not doing chores,
    homework; forgetting family occasions
     Changes in Behavior and
          Personality
• Blaming, lying, making excuses
• loss of memory, shortened attention span
  disordered thought patterns
• withdrawal from family, isolation,
  secretiveness
   Attitudes Toward Drugs and
             Alcohol
• Pro-drug messages on posters or clothing
• strong defense of the occasional use of
  drugs by peers, thins adults”hassle”kids
• easily angered when confronted about
  chemical use
• concern expressed by others over his/her
  use of alcohol or other drugs
     Attitudes Toward Drugs and
               Alcohol
•   Liquor missing or watered down
•   fake ID
•   mouthwash,breath sprays
•   Visine or other eye drops
•   roach clips, rolling papers
•   bongs, pipes and small screens
    Attitudes Toward Drugs and
              Alcohol
• Baggies containing dried leaves, seeds
• “stashcan,”often disguised as cola or beer
• burning incense, room deodorizers
• prescription medication disapperaring
• unexplained possession of large sums of
  money
• disappearance of money or other valuables
       Changes in School or Job
            Performance
•   Lowered grades, neglected homework
•   falling asleep in class
•   discipline problems
•   quitting or getting fired from job frequent
    tardiness and absenteeism
            Reality Check
• When you have friends over, do you usually
  offer them an alcoholic beverage?
• When you feel sad or nervous do you
  usually take something to get rid of the
  feeling?
• Are you proud of how much you can drink?
• Have your children ever seen you drunk?
             Reality Check

• Do you joke about getting drunk?
• Do you always take medication for minor
  aches and pains?
• Do you try other ways to handle minor
  aches and pains besides taking something?
• Do you often take prescription or non-
  prescription sleeping pills to fall asleep?
             Reality Check
• Is drinking often the focus of conversation
  in your home?
• Do you attend parties that involve a lot of
  drinking?
• Do you drink and drive?
• Do you ride with drivers who have been
  drinking?
             Reality Check

• Do you serve alcohol to minors in your
  home?
• Do you use marijuana?
• Do you use alcohol or any other drug in a
  way that you don’t want your children to
  model?
Based on a family study,children
are more prone to drug abuse if
         their parents:
•   Smoke cigarettes
•   abuse alcohol or are alcoholics
•   take illicit drugs
•   use any substances to help master stress
•   impart an ambivalent or positive attitude
    toward drugs.

				
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posted:6/21/2012
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