What is a compromise? Have you ever had to compromise? Creating the Constitution The Constitutional Convention The Convention Philadelphia Fear America will collapse 55 delegates from all states except Rhode Island Most were “middle” class Many were well educated James Madison Strong political past Helped draft the Articles of Confederation Member of Va. Legislature Wouldlater become President (1809-1817) James Madison Believedpeople are selfish, driven by emotion and personal interests He Wants to bring out best, restrain worst To Amend or Abandon? People argued over trying to amend (revise) or remove Articles of Confederation Madison presented the Virginia Plan Virginia Plan Bi-cameral national legislature Means two houses # of Representatives based on state population Virginia Plan #1 Added powers, such as taxing, regulate commerce #2 Legislature could veto state acts, this scared people- too much power! #3 Included executive, legislative, and Judicial branches -Why would large states like this plan? Branches of Government Executive- President carries out the laws Judicial- Supreme Court interprets the laws Legislative- Congress (Senate & House or Reps.) make the laws New Jersey Plan Small states came up with their own plan #1 Congress has power to tax and regulate trade #2 Legislative, Executive and Judicial branches #3 Each state same voting power in unicameral Congress -means one house New Jersey Plan Keeps state governments strong Limits power of large states Shouldstates with more people have more power in Congress? End Part 1 Please get your assigned Neo. 1. Anti-Federalists 9. Land Ordinance 1785 2. Articles of Confederation 10. Legislative Branch 3. Critical Period 11. Newburgh Conspiracy 4. Electoral College 12. Philadelphia Convention 5. Executive branch 13. Popular Sovereignty 6. Great Compromise 14. Shay's Rebellion 7. James Madison 15. The Federalist Papers 8. Judiciary branch 16. Thomas Jefferson Should slaves count as part of a census that is used to determine the number of representatives, for the House of Representatives? The Great Compromise! Aka the Connecticut Compromise Ben Franklin chairs a committee to bring the two sides together Roger Sherman of Connecticut presents his idea Brings the two plans together The Great Compromise! Aka the Connecticut Compromise Senate will have same number of Representatives regardless of population House will have representatives based on population Hooray!, right?....nope Do slaves count? Thiscould give the south great power Another compromise, Three-fifths Compromise Three-fifths Compromise Five slaves actually = three slaves, or each slaves counts as 3/5 a person But no voting rights and excluded from government Conclusion Most of Virginia Plan passes But, Congress cannot veto state acts Also No taxes on exports Cannot end slave TRADE until 1808 Framework for Limited Government Popular Sovereignty- Rule by the people through VOTING Federalism Divided government up National/Federal State Local Separation of Powers Three branches of government Legislative with two houses (bicameral) Executive Judicial No person could serve in more than one branch Checks and Balances A system to prevent one branch from becoming more powerful than the others President (Executive) Veto, but overridden with 2/3 vote Congress (Legislative) Impeach Supreme Court (Judicial) Can remove laws passed by Legislative branch Click me!
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