What is compromise Have you ever had to compromise

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What is compromise Have you ever had to compromise Powered By Docstoc
					What is a compromise?

Have you ever had to
   compromise?
Creating the Constitution
   The Constitutional Convention
           The Convention
 Philadelphia

   Fear America will collapse
   55 delegates from all states except
    Rhode Island
   Most were “middle” class

   Many were well educated
             James Madison
 Strong   political past
   Helped draft the Articles of
    Confederation
   Member of Va. Legislature

 Wouldlater become President
 (1809-1817)
             James Madison
 Believedpeople are selfish, driven
  by emotion and personal interests
 He Wants to bring out best, restrain
  worst
    To Amend or Abandon?

 People argued over trying to
  amend (revise) or remove Articles
  of Confederation
 Madison presented the Virginia
  Plan
             Virginia Plan
 Bi-cameral   national legislature
   Means   two houses
# of Representatives based on
 state population
            Virginia Plan
#1 Added powers, such as taxing,
 regulate commerce
#2 Legislature could veto state acts,
 this scared people- too much power!
#3 Included executive, legislative, and
 Judicial branches
-Why would large states like this plan?
    Branches of Government
 Executive-   President carries out
  the laws
 Judicial- Supreme Court interprets
  the laws
 Legislative- Congress (Senate &
  House or Reps.) make the laws
           New Jersey Plan
   Small states came up with their own
    plan
#1 Congress has power to tax and
 regulate trade
#2 Legislative, Executive and Judicial
 branches
#3 Each state same voting power in
 unicameral Congress
    -means one house
           New Jersey Plan
 Keeps  state governments strong
 Limits power of large states



 Shouldstates with
 more people have more
 power in Congress?
End Part 1
Please get your
assigned Neo.
1. Anti-Federalists         9. Land Ordinance 1785

2. Articles of Confederation 10. Legislative Branch

3. Critical Period          11. Newburgh Conspiracy

4. Electoral College        12. Philadelphia Convention

5. Executive branch         13. Popular Sovereignty

6. Great Compromise         14. Shay's Rebellion

7. James Madison            15. The Federalist Papers

8. Judiciary branch         16. Thomas Jefferson
Should slaves count as part
of a census that is used to
 determine the number of
  representatives, for the
House of Representatives?
         The Great Compromise!
        Aka the Connecticut Compromise

 Ben Franklin chairs a committee to
  bring the two sides together
 Roger Sherman of Connecticut
  presents his idea
       Brings the two plans together
    The Great Compromise!
   Aka the Connecticut Compromise

 Senate will have same number of
  Representatives regardless of
  population
 House will have representatives
  based on population
 Hooray!, right?....nope
         Do slaves count?
 Thiscould give the south great
  power
 Another compromise, Three-fifths
  Compromise
    Three-fifths Compromise

 Five slaves actually = three slaves,
  or each slaves counts as 3/5 a
  person
 But no voting rights and excluded
  from government
                Conclusion
 Most     of Virginia Plan passes
   But,   Congress cannot veto state acts
 Also

   No taxes on exports
   Cannot end slave TRADE until 1808
Framework for Limited Government

   Popular Sovereignty-
       Rule by the people through VOTING
   Federalism
       Divided government up
         National/Federal

         State

         Local
           Separation of Powers
   Three branches of government
       Legislative with two houses (bicameral)
       Executive
       Judicial
   No person could serve in more than one
    branch
           Checks and Balances
   A system to prevent one branch from
    becoming more powerful than the others
      President (Executive)
         Veto,   but overridden with 2/3 vote
       Congress (Legislative)
         Impeach

       Supreme Court (Judicial)
         Can remove laws passed by Legislative
          branch
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