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CAHSEE-Writing Strategies.ppt

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					CAHSEE Writing Strategies

      LAW, BUSINESS &
   GOVERNMENT ACADEMY
    CAHSEE PREPARATION
 Writing Strategies: Revisions
• 12 Question Points
• GRAMMAR RULES (Verbs, Pronouns,
  Adjectives) = 5+ Questions
• STRUCTURE RULES (Commas, Colons,
  Semi-colons, Quotations, etc) = 5+
  Questions
• DICTION, MODIFIERS, PASSIVE VOICE
  – (LESS THAN 5 QUESTIONS)
       Writing Strategies
• ESSAY REVISIONS
 – MAIN IDEA QUESTIONS
 – DETAILS
 – CONNOTATIONS
 – PASSIVE VOICE, MODIFIERS
             Writing Strategies
•   Closing Sentences
•   Supporting Evidence (62-63, 81, 98, 152)
•   Open Sentences
•   Cutting (145)
•   Specificity (144, 148 -49, 151)
•   Pronouns (105-108)
•   Contractions 117-118
•   Combining Sentences
•   Active Voice (142-143)
•   Main Idea
  WRITING STRATEGIES
   YOU KNOW WHAT TO DO ON
          9 + POINTS

 Remember: Total Points on the ELA
          CAHSEE = 90
NUMBER OF POINTS YOU NEED TO
            PASS = 59
 ESSAY REVISION QUESTIONS
1. Based on Student Rough Drafts
2. Two types of Questions
  1. SENTENCE REVISION – What’s the best way to
     say it?
     1. Grammar and Structure Rules – we worked on these and
        you know them
     2. You don’t need to read the entire passage
  2. READING PASSAGE – What does a specific part
     of the passage say?
     1. What is the passage saying?
     2. You need to read only the part of the passage the question
        is asking about
  Writing Strategies: Sentence
       Revision Questions
• Question asks you to revise a sentence
  from the passage
• QUESTION: What is the BEST way to
  state the action in Sentence 2?
  – TIP: Only read that sentence!!!
  – These questions deal with revising a part of
    the passage based on GRAMMAR &
    STRUCTURE rules
     Writing Strategies: Sentence
           Revision Example
What is the BEST way to state the action in sentence 2?
A. Only the gentle chirps of crickets and the rhythm of the
   cicadas broke the silence of the night.
B. Breaking the silence of the night was only the gentle
   chirps of crickets and the rhythm of the cicadas.
C. Broken only by the gentle chirps of cricks and the rhythm
   of the cicadas was the silence of the night.
D. The silence broken in the night was by only the gentle
   chirps of crickets and the rhythm of the cicadas.
    Writing Strategies: Sentence
     Revision – Passive VOICE
• Uses verbs with “to be” forms (like “is” or
  “was”) to make it sound like the thing doing the
  action is having the action done to it
  – WRONG WAY (PASSIVE): The fool was pitied by me
  – RIGHT WAY (ACTIVE VOICE): I pity the fool.
  – TIP: Look for the answers that express actions with
    “to be” verbs – and eliminate them (sometimes the
    shortest)
  – TIP: If three (3) answers are the same, it’s unlikely
    they are correct.
      Writing Strategies: Reading
          Passage Questions
• Question asks you to figure out what a specific part of
  the passage says.
• QUESTION: Which sentence is NOT related to the
  main idea of paragraph 2?
   – TIP: Read the passage – get a sense of what it is about
   – Look at the answers – is any one of the sentences weird or really
     different? Do any of the choices clearly not go with the main
     idea of the passage?
   – If you’re unsure, find 2 answer choices that definitely go together
     – then look at the other two sentences. Which one of those is
     more like the first two sentences?
   – What is the MAIN IDEA? (What is the title? What is the 1st
     sentence in each paragraph about?)
     Writing Strategies: Reading
         Passage Questions
Which sentence is NOT related to the main idea of
   paragraph 2?

•   Sentence 9 - Meteor showers usually appear only at
    certain times of the year.
•   Sentence 10 – They flew by so rapidly that she almost
    doubted she had seen them at all.
•   Sentence 11 – These so-called shooting stars lit up the
    darkness with their shower of light and then quickly
    disappeared, but for Mika, they made the moment
    memorable.
•   Sentence 12 – Mika would hold the memory of these
    unique showers in her mind for many years.
          Writing Strategies:
          CONNOTATION
      SENTENCE REVISION QUESTION (Pg. 144, 148)
• Question asks you to figure out the meaning of
  the underlined words and choose the best
  answer.
• QUESTION: What revision would IMPROVE
  the underlined part of the sentence?

• TIP: Only read that sentence– but use the part
  of the passage surrounding the underlined
  words to help you answer the question!
• TIP: Choose a word that better expresses a
  certain meaning based on the meanings of the
  words in the passage = CONNOTATION
Writing Strategies: Connotation
• The question asks you to pick a word that
  better expresses a certain meaning, based
  on the meanings of words in the passage
• Reading the part of the passage that
  surrounds the underlined words can help
  you to answer the question.
Writing Strategies: Connotaiton
•  Read the sentence from the passage.
  While Mika looked at one, more would appear in a
   different area of the sky,m and her head moved
   double-time as she tried to make sure she didn’t miss
   one.
QUESTION: Which of the following revisions would
   improve the underlined part of the sentence?
A. Repeatedly
B. Rapidly
C. Continuously
D. forcefully
     CONNOTATION - #2                (Pg. 148-151)




• To MORE ACCURATELY DESCRIBE… the
  underlined word labeled (2) should be changed
  to… (The underlined word is inaccurate in some
  way … eliminate the answer choices that don’t
  work!)
• Question asks you to pick a word that better
  expresses a certain meaning based on the
  meanings in the passage
• TIP: Reading the part of the passage
  surrounding the underlined words is important
 WORDINESS/REDUNDANCY
         SENTENCE REVISION QUESTION (Pg. 143)

• Question asks you to revise an underlined part of a
  sentence from the passage based on rules of grammar
  or structure (What is the MOST EFFECTIVE way to write
  the underlined part of the Sentence ( they underline?)
• TIP: Only read that sentence!!!
• WORDINESS: Uses more words than necessary to say
  something (“really, really good”)
• REDUNDANCY: Is a wordiness problem in which
  unnecessary words say the exact same thing as other
  words in the sentence (“They disappeared and they
  went away”
               PARALLELISM
          SENTENCE REVISION QUESTION (Pg. 147)

• Question asks you to revise an underlined part of a
  sentence from the passage based on rules of grammar
  or structure (Which phrse would BEST REPLACE THE
  UNDERLINED PHRASE?

• PARALLELISM = Rule says that words in a sentence
  that go together must be in the same form.

• TIP: Read the sentence – use the surrounding words to
  help you answer the question! (Look for verbs in the
  wrong tense – and listen to the answer as you “read” it!)
                   DETAILS
         SENTENCE REVISION QUESTION (Pg. 152)

• Question asks ABOUT: “ideas,” “details,” AND
  “evidence” contained -- (Which of the following
  ideas is supported by details or evidence in the
  essay?)
• Finding specific information in the passage is
  important to answer the question
  TIP: The passages are short, so ask “What does it
    say?”
    Then look at the answers: 1 will be true statement, 3
    will be false statements – Look in the passage and
    ask, Where does the passage talk about A? B?
    C? D?
      WRITING STRATEGIES
         ESSAY REVISION QUESTIONS

• 12 QUESTIONS
• 3 QUESTIONS - MAIN IDEA
• 3 QUESTIONS – DETAILS
• 3 QUESTIONS – CONNOTATION
• You know what to do on 9+ Points for
  Essay Revision Questions
• Possible problems: Passive Voice,
  Modifiers may only show up on 3
  questions
 READING PASSAGE QUESTION
       MAIN IDEA (P. 145)
• Question asks you about the MAIN IDEA of a
  part of the passage (Which sentence is NOT
  RELATED to the MAIN IDEA of Paragraph 2?)
• You can’t answer the question without reading
  THAT PART of the passage

• TIP: Read the Paragraph and keep an eye out
  for any sentences that seem weird or unrelated
• If you’re unsure, try to find 2 answer choices that
  definitely seem to go together, then look at the
  other two choices. Which one of those is more
  like the first two you picked?
   To Pass You Need
         66%
Out of every three questions you
   only need to get two right
                  Tactics
• Each multiple choice question has 4
  choices.
• Eliminate 2 = a 50% chance of getting it
  right
• [1 out of 3 right] + [ a 50/50 guess at the
  other 2] = [ 2 out of 3] = PASS
               Remember
• Take your TIME… Ask for The Extra Time!
  (Even if you think you don’t need it!)
• Stay Calm … Stay Focused!
• Answer Every Multiple Choice Question –
  – If you’re not sure about the Question/Answers
    first decide what the question is asking you
    about
  STRATEGY TO PASS Multiple
        Choice Questions:
  Eliminate the Wrong Answers &
     Make an Educated Guess!
• Answer EVERY Question
• Eliminate at least 2 wrong answers - You
  do not lose points for guessing
• TRUST YOUR EARS! If it doesn’t sound
  right – it probably isn’t! Eliminate it!

				
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