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EMILY DICKINSON

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					The Soul selects her own
        Society
    EMILY DICKINSON
     高育麟老師補充教材
   靈魂選擇她自己的伴侶

The Soul selects her own Society

      EMILY DICKINSON
The Soul selects her own Society
Then shuts the Door
To her divine Majority
Present no more
Unmoved, she notes the Chariots--pausing
At her low Gate
Unmoved, an Emperor be kneeling
Upon her Mat
I've known her, from an ample nation
Choose One
Then, close the Valves of her attention
Like Stone.
The Soul selects her own Society
Then shuts the Door
To her divine Majority
 Present no more
靈魂選擇她自己的伴侶
然後緊閉心扉
在她那神聖的決擇
再也毋容打擾
Unmoved, she notes the Chariots--pausing
At her low Gate
Unmoved, an Emperor be kneeling
Upon her Mat
心志不動,即使她注意到有香車恭迎
在她蓬門之前
心志不動,即使是一位皇帝親跪
在她門墊之上
I've known her, from an ample
nation
Choose One
Then, close the Valves of her
attention
Like Stone.
我已經知道她從云云眾生廣大國度
擇一
然後緊閉心扉,再不動容
磐定如石
• In this particular poem, Dickinson is
  commenting on how selective humans tend
  to be with the people and situations they
  associate themselves with. In the first
  quatrain, Dickinson makes note on how
  once the soul "selects her own society"
  (line 1), the rest of the world is shut out
  and the soul refuses to dance with any
  other groups.
• In the second quatrain, Dickinson writes on
  how even when incredible circumstances
  come upon one, the soul remains "unmoved"
  (line 7). Dickinson concludes the poem by
  reiterating the theme that the soul has
  the ability to choose whatever domain or
  friends they want; it's getting the soul to
  allow change that's difficult.
• Poem 303 is a strong statement
  about the power of the self alone.
  The soul is shown living within a space
  defined by door, gate, and mat. The
  external world, with its nations and
  their rulers, is kept outside.
• While associating power with the
  enclosed space of the mind, the poem
  also implies how isolation is
  confinement, too. When the soul
  turns in upon her own concerns, she
  closes "the Valves of her attention--
  /Like Stone--."
           recurring image
• Throughout the poem, there is a recurring image
  of the opening and closing of doors and pathways.
  These images appear in line two ("…shuts the
  door;"), line six ("…her low gate;"), and line eleven
  ("…close the valves of her attention…"). The
  closing off of a walkway parallels how Emily
  Dickinson feels about people closing themselves
  off to the window of opportunity that exists
  around us every single day. This particular image
  is ironic in that Dickinson rarely left her home
  and was something of a hermit in her later life.
Emily
Dickinson
      Emily Dickinson
• Born in 1830
• Died in 1886
• Grew up in Amherst, Massachusetts
• Considered the first great modern
  American poet
• Was very eccentric
   The Best, The BEST!
• Emily Dickinson is considered by most
  critics to be one of the greatest, if
  THE greatest American poet.
• BUT, she has a very strange story …
 Little House in Amherst
• She spent most of her life in a house in
  Amherst, Mass.
• She had an active, fun-loving childhood.
• In her 20’s, something happened that
  made her very reclusive and introverted.
  No one really knows what it was. But she
  changed.
• This behavior worsened when her parents
  died.
          All in what?
• As she got older, she dressed all white.
• She refused to meet visitors.
• She didn’t even do household chores.
• For the last ten years of her life, she
  never even left the house.
• In fact, when she was about to die, she
  wouldn’t let the doctors come to see her,
  even though her sister tried to get them
  to come.
 What’s in this drawer?
• While alive, Dickinson published only
  seven poems.
• After her death at age 55, her sister
  discovered 1,775 poems hidden in her
  house.
• In the year 1862 alone, she wrote
  366 poems.
• Wow!
What makes her so great?
• Dickinson’s poetry is considered great for two
   reasons.
1. She made excellent use of technique.
• She used the following tools to create beauty:
• Alliteration – the repetition of consonant
   sounds
• Assonance – the repetition of vowel sounds
• Slant Rhyme – rhyme created by words that
   have similar sounds, but do not really rhyme
     • Example: tuition/pollution
2. Her Themes were emotionally powerful.
• What is theme?


• She was able to use only a few words to
  create messages that captured true
  emotions.

• Many people could relate to these
  poems.

				
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posted:6/20/2012
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