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Ethnic Cleansing
 Genocide: An attempt to eliminate, in whole or in large part,
  a particular group of people (such as national, ethnic, racial,
  religious, social, or political groups).

 Mass Murder: The intentional killing of
  a large number of people who are
  either unwilling or unable to defend

 Ethnic Cleansing: The attempt to
  remove a particular group of people
  from a particular geographic area
  through the use of terror.                                        2
 Eight Major ethnic groups: Serbs, Croats,
  Muslims, Slovenes, Macedonians,
  Albanians, Hungarians and Montenegrins.
 Ethnic and religious differences for centuries
 After WWII: Yugoslavia became a federation
  of six republics
 Ruled with an Iron hand by Josef Tito
 Communist and nonaligned
       Changing of Leadership
 1980 Tito dies
 Slobodan Milosevic
  takes over
 Serb Leader
           Ethnic Cleansing
 1991 Slovenia and Croatia declare their
 Serbian led Yugoslav army invades both
 Bosnia and Herzegovina joined Slovenia
  and Croatia in declaring independence
 During the War Serbians used ethnic
  cleansing against Bosnian Muslims
  The places where the
atrocities were committed
      Violated sections of the Declaration of Human Rights,
                         International law

   Article 1: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.They are
    endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a
    spirit of brotherhood.

   Article 2: Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this
    Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language,
    religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other
    status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political,
    jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person
    belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other
    limitation of sovereignty.

   Article 3: Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.

   Article 7: All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to
    equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any
    discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such
           Ethnic Cleansing
 Forced migration of Muslims
 Violence, rape, killing
 The Srebrenica Massacre, also known as
  the Srebrenica Genocide refers to the July
  1995 killing of more than 8,000[6] Bosnian
  men and boys, as well as the ethnic
  cleansing of 25,000–30,000 refugees in the
  area of Srebrenica in Bosnia and
                Bosnian Genocide
- Bosnian Muslims outgunned
- forced to flee homes
- rape used as weapon of terror
- mass shootings
- makeshift concentration
 1998 Kosovo violence
  again erupts
 Southern Serbia
 Ethnic Albanians were
  killed, raped and
  forced to leave their
  homes by the Serbs
 NATO intervened on
  the side of the
 Peace 1999
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                   Bosnian Genocide
                    Radovan Karadzic named President of
                    “Bosnian Serb Republic”
                    - carries out genocide with immunity
                    - no world response 1992-94
                    - Feb., 1994 – Serbian shell explodes in
                    marketplace in Sarajevo killing 68 &
                    wounding 200 civilians  outrages
- UN declares citiesworld
as safe havens –
ignored by
- Bill Clinton
demands cessation
of hostilities thru
                 Bosnian Genocide
- Human shields
- worst mass slaughter in
Europe since Holocaust &
continuing mass rape -
- General Ratko Mladic

                            - NATO begins bombing of
                            Serb positions in Aug.,
                            1995 in response to
                            - organized Bosnian
                            Muslim-Croat army puts
           Slobodan Milosevic
 Extradited to stand trial
  at the Hague in the
 War crimes
 Died March 11, 2006
  without a verdict being
  handed down.
                 Bosnian Genocide
- Nov., 1995 Serbs begin
negotiating peace treaty
- Dayton Accords reached
in Dec., 1995 ending
- International force (NATO)
oversees compliance            - “the greatest failure of
- Bosnian independence         the West since the 1930s”
recognized                     - Milosevic died while on
- war criminals charged        trial at the Hague in 2006
- 200,000 Muslims              - Mladic is still at large
murdered in Bosnia, 20,000     - Karadzic is currently on
missing, and 1,000,000         trial at the Hague

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