BACKGROUND by yurtgc548


									Country Coordination
                         A Case Study On
 Local Empowerment and Environmental Management Project (LEEMP)
                            in Nigeria

        Protected Areas & Biodiversity Management Component

                            Presented By:
                      Mr. Ozo Chidindu Eze mni
                  GEF Operational Focal Point, Nigeria

                                at the

 Sub-Regional Workshop for GEF Focal Points in West & Central Africa,
                         Douala, Cameroon,
                          19 – 21 June, 2008

 Nigeria is the most populous Country in Africa
 There are 36 States including the Federal Capital Territory
 GEF projects are scattered almost all over the States of
 There are a number of in-country, regional and global GEF

Steps taken for effective coordination
 Creation of GEF National Steering Committee whose
  membership cuts across Technical Departments and
  Specialized Units of the Ministry as well as relevant line
 Holding regular meetings to ensure effective coordination
 Collating update report on GEF projects with a view to
  having a comprehensive database

Some Key Projects/Status/Challenges
 Local Empowerment and Environmental Management Project
  (LEEMP) - On-going;
 National FADAMA Development Program II: Critical Ecosystem
  Management (On-going);
 National Biodiversity Strategy, Action Plan and Country Report
  to the Conference of Parties (COP) - Completed;
 Enabling Activity Project for the Implementation of the United
  Nation Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC): -
  - Preparation of First National Communication (Completed)
  - Nigeria’s Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (Ongoing)
 National Capacity Needs Self-Assessment (NCSA) for
  Environmental Management (Completed)

Projects Cont.
 Enabling Activities to Facilitate Early Action on the
  Implementation of the Stockholm Convention on
  Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) - completed;
 Ecosystem Integrated Management of Trans-boundary
  Areas between Niger and Nigeria (On-going);
 Capacity building for improving Green House Gas
 Biosafety Clearing House (BCH) Capacity Building
  (On-going); etc

Protected Areas & Biodiversity Management
Component (Case Study)
     This project is implemented in four Protected Areas (PAs) of the
     Federation as follows:
    Yankari Game Reserve;
    Lame Burra Game Reserve;
    Malla-Dumba Lake and Forest Reserve; and
    Kainji Lake National Park.
    GEF grant for the above is US$8.0M.
    In addition, both the Federal, State, Local Governments and
     Communities are also contributing to the Project in the form of
     Counterpart funds.
    The LEEMP-GEF component is for a period of five years, March
     2004 – June, 2009.

Goals of GEF financed component:
 Improving Protected Area infrastructures and
 Promote sound partnerships for effective Protected
  Area management
 Identify and promote incentives for wildlife and
  biodiversity conservation in the Protected Areas and
  in the support zones, by creating alternative means of
  income generation activities to reduce pressure on the
  selected Protected Areas.
 Provide technical assistance and capacity building for
  biodiversity and Protected Areas management in key
  public agencies and NGOs.
 Promote awareness of the benefits of conserving
  biodiversity and habitats.
Case Study Sub-Component

i) Improving protected areas management;
ii) Institutional strengthening;
iii) Sustainable livelihood for communities within support
iv) Conservation outreach;
v) Project management

 Strengthened capacities of Protected Areas (PAs) staff
  and some Support Zone people;
 Improved PAs infrastructures - 7 Ranger Posts, 5
  Watering Points;
 Rehabilitation of three earth-roads (totaling 99.65km) in
  the 3 PAs completed;
 A total of 100 Sustainable Livelihood Plans (SLPs) have
  been formulated for 100 Support Zone Communities and
 Fifty SLPs implemented (508 micro-projects) and in use;

Achievements Contd.
 80 Support zone people from the four PAs trained        on
  Turning Waste to Wealth- the art of converting maize husk to
  craft materials like hand bags, shopping baskets, etc. Skill is
  now being circulated to secondary schools and more people
  are being trained;

 Baseline data of the PAs and support zones established, with a
  monitoring and evaluation framework in place;

 Participatory Management Plans (PMP) for the four PAs have
  been produced;

 Five Outreach or Eco-centres have been constructed. These
  centres are equipped with facilities for training, information
  dissemination and market outlet for arts/crafts etc products
  from the support zone communities of the protected areas
Project Outcomes:
 Heightened awareness of communities on
  conservation issues and improved quality of life due
  to adoption of alternative livelihood activities- a
  total of 308 micro-projects have been implemented
  and in use.
 Increased protection activities and effective
  patrolling due to provision of vehicles,
  rehabilitation of infrastructure and staff training.
 Social positive impacts – women feel empowered
  through ownership of income generation activities;
 Improved cooperation between communities, PAs
  Managements, NGOs and State Agencies on PAs
  management.                                            11
Project Outcomes Contd.
 Sensitization programs have been conducted for
  communities resulting in greater awareness of the
  benefits of biodiversity conservation. Communities
  are now reporting on poaching.
 Rehabilitation of a feeder roads has had positive
  social benefits as well as a better access for tourists.
 Equipment provided to the Colleges of Wildlife and
  Fisheries in New Bussa have improved research
  activities both for students and staff.
 Consultancy reports have provided the PAs
 management with better information for improved
 protection; improved relations with communities
 and other stakeholders.
The Conservator-General, Project staff, rep. of Fed Ministry of Finance, &
community members with the Zimbabwean Minister of Environment, while on
a study tour

 Rangers on Parade during training

 Some of the equipment donated to the Colleges

Completed Ranger Post

Bird Viewing Platform at Malladumba Lake

Completed Focal office at Mainamaji

Water Projects

Community Water project at Ibbi   Water packaging in Yalo

   Skill acquisition for Men and Women

 Training Session   Waste to wealth

Women Skill Acquisition Centre

Women Group – Agro Processing

Wood saving Stove

         Wood saving stove

Computer Business Centre- Youths Micro-

Youths Association – Motor Cycle Transport &
Spare Parts business

Youths – Bee Hives

 Completed Eco-centre

Speed boats allocated to KLNP for patrol &

Second set of vehicles allocated to the four PAs

Motor cycles for PAs protection

Project Implementation Challenges
 The non-release of counterpart funds from the Federal
 Government of Nigeria. This is now a major problem in
 meeting up expenditure contributions as contained in
 the grant agreement.

 There is strong desire for income generating activities
 rather than promoting green alternatives at the
 community level.

 Inadequate support from other arms of the Government
 to compliment GEF support in the Support Zone

Achievements of OFP
 Successfully hosted the GEF Headquarters' Mission for
 the Establishment of SGP Programme in Nigeria;

 Nigeria has sent RAF Allocation on SGP to New York;

 The recruitment of SGP National Coordinator is ongoing

Challenges for OFP
 The non-release of counterpart funds. This is having a
  negative effect on the entire project activities.

 Projects are scattered in different locations and there is
  no logistic provisions for monitoring by the GEF HQ;

 Inadequate monitoring visits to the GEF Projects cetres
  by the OFP;

The Way Forward
 Need for exchange visits of GEF Focal
  Officers in the Region;
 Need for GEF Regional Coordination Unit
  to visit Member Countries regularly;
 The FGN to meet up its Counterpart
  contribution as contained in the Grant
Thank you for your attention


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