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					                                                News of Polonia Pasadena, California January 2009                                                                       Page 5
                                                                                           Our Polish Comrades                             Elżbieta Zawacka 
                                                                                           By: Terry Copp                                  Messenger for Poland’s resistance
                                                                                           <http://www.legionmagazine.com/en/              forces during World War II dies at 99
                                                                                           index.php/author/terry_copp/>
                                               Michigan-based Thomas More Law                Canadians have a particularly close
It’s all about kicking                         Center.                                     relationship with the Polish Armoured
Christ out of Christmas                          The idea of substituting one symbol for   Division that fought as part of the 1st
                                                                                           Canadian Army throughout much of WW
Contact: Frank Milewski –                      another is nothing new, according to
                                               Milewski.                                   II. Many Polish veterans, unwilling to
(718) 263-2700 – ext. 105                                                                  return to their country while it was under
                                                 His Polish American Congress has
                                               many members who grew up in Poland          Soviet control, settled in Canada and this
                                               after the Russian Soviets and the           strengthened the connection.
                                               Communists took over the country in           The Polish Armed Div. was formed out
                                               World War II.                               of elements of the army that escaped from
                                                 “They tell me how the Catholic bishop,    Poland and reassembled in France during
                                               St. Nicholas, was to them what Santa        the winter of 1939-40. Polish troops,
                                               Claus is to American kids. But because      serving under French command, fought in
                                               St. Nicholas was too much of a Catholic     Norway and in the Battle of France.
                                               symbol for the Communists to swallow,         When Paris was declared an open city
                                               they created a Marxist character they       and rumours of an imminent surrender
                                                                                                                                           Warsaw, Poland - Elżbieta Zawacka, who
                                               decided to name “Grandpa Frost” as a        reached the Polish commander, General
                                                                                                                                           crisscrossed Nazi-occupied Europe to
                                               substitute.                                 Władysław Sikorski, all units were
                                                                                                                                           carry messages between Poland’s exiled
                                                 “That’s why they like what Tony           ordered to try to escape to Britain. Gen.
                                                                                                                                           government and its resistance forces
                                               Avella’s doing,” said Milewski.             Stanisław Maczek’s 10th Mechanical
                                                                                                                                           during World War II, died Saturday. She
                                                 With last year a presidential election    Cavalry Brigade, which became the core
           L. - Frank and Tony                                                                                                             was 99.
                                               year, his organization conducted an         of the Polish Armed Div., lost three
  “Tony Avella’s a politician with                                                                                                           Zawacka died in her hometown of
                                               intensive voter registration drive and      quarters of its tanks in battle with the
courage, determination and perseverance.                                                                                                   Toruñ after a long illness, her assistant
                                               thought 2009 would be an off-year for any   Germans before disengaging and
Too bad there’s so few like him around.”                                                                                                   Izabela Kuczyńska told the PAP agency.
                                               repeat. “But this Christmas issue has       withdrawing toward the coast. Maczek
  Those are the sentiments of Frank                                                                                                          During the war, Zawacka was member
                                               attracted so much attention in our          donned a disguise and reached Scotland
Milewski (left), who heads the Downstate                                                                                                   of the resistance Home Army and
                                               community, we’ll do another drive so we     via North Africa.
N.Y. Division of the Polish American                                                                                                       repeatedly risked her life crossing the
                                               can get as many of our people registered      Polish soldiers arriving in England in
Congress and its Anti-Bigotry Committee,                                                                                                   borders of Nazi-occupied Poland on false
                                               by the time the City Council primary        the aftermath of the Dunkirk evacuation in
as he congratulates Council Member Tony                                                                                                    documents to carry reports about the Nazi
                                               comes up,” he said. ❒                       1940 were quickly dispatched to Scotland
Avella outside the Council Chambers in                                                                                                     atrocities and the resistance to Poland’s
                                                                                           where they became a colourful and
New York’s City Hall.                                                                                                                      government-in-exile in London.
                                                                                           welcome part of the wartime scene. A
  Both had just stepped out of the                                                                                                           On one such trip, in early 1943, she
                                                                                           large number of officers, but relatively
                                                                                                                                           traveled though Germany, France and
Chambers after testifying at a committee
hearing where Mr. Avella presented a
                                                  Joseph L. Drociak,                       few other ranks, made it to Britain so
                                                                                           plans to recruit Poles from North America
                                                                                                                                           Spain to Gibraltar, where she was airlifted
resolution that requests New York City                        Attorney                     were implemented. Units remained under
                                                                                                                                           to London.
public schools use Nativity Scenes to                                                                                                        In September of the same year, she was
                                                   Over 44 years experience                strength until Poles released from Soviet
                                                                                                                                           the first and only woman to be dropped by
properly depict the Christian aspects of                                                   prisoner of war camps were allowed to
the Christmas season.                             Personal Injury, Wrongful Death,                                                         parachute into Poland, bringing orders and
                                                   Workers Compensation, Medical           form a Polish corps to fight in Italy or join
  Although the City’s Department of                                                                                                        instructions for the Home Army. She also
                                                 Malpractice, Wrongful Termination,        their comrades in Scotland.
Education lets the schools display                                                                                                         fought in the ill-fated Warsaw Uprising
                                               Sexual Harassment, Nursing Home abuse         While the Polish army regrouped and
symbols like the Jewish Menorah and                                                                                                        against the Germans.
                                                                                           trained, veterans of the Polish air force
Islam’s Star and Crescent during the           7627 S. Western Ave. (323) 971-3981         and navy who reached Britain were
                                                                                                                                             In 1951, the newly-imposed communist
holiday season, it prohibits the Nativity      12400 Wilshire Blvd. (213) 384-7900                                                         authorities falsely accused Zawacka of
                                                                                           plunged into the conflict. Polish
Scene for Christians.                                                                                                                      espionage and treason. Tortured by the
  The Department currently limits                        Los Angeles                       squadrons played a distinguished role in
                                                                                           the Battle of Britain and Poles made up 12
                                                                                                                                           secret security forces, she was given a 10-
Christians to the use of a Christmas tree as                                                                                               year prison term, but was released in
                                                                                           per cent of the effective strength of
their religious symbol. Avella insists                                                                                                     1955.
                                                                                           Fighter Command during the critical
Christians should be allowed to decide                                                                                                       For her bravery, President Lech

                                                   Polka Deli
                                                                                           month of September 1940. Polish
what kind of symbol is the appropriate                                                                                                     Kaczyński promoted Zawacka to the rank
                                                                                           destroyers, sent to join the British fleet at
one for them rather than the Department                                                                                                    of General in 2006.
                                                                                           the outbreak of the war, assisted in the
deciding for them.                                    The Best Polish Deli                                                                   She had a degree in mathematics and
                                                                                           Dunkirk evacuation and carried out escort
                                                                                                                                           was a professor at the Institute of
For Avella, the issues are                       in Orange County California               work as part of the Royal Navy’s 5th
                                                                                                                                           Pedagogy at the Nicolaus Copernicus
“fairness” and “discrimination.”                                                           Destroyer Flotilla.
  Mr. Avella has been asking his
                                               Polish Traditional Deli Products              The Polish Armed Div. reached its
                                                                                                                                           University in Toruñ.
                                                     Sausage, meat cuts, pierogi                                                             Zawacka was single and had no
colleagues in the City Council to vote in                                                  authorized strength in 1944, but it was
                                                          Stuffed cabbage                                                                  children. Funeral arrangements were not
favor of his resolution as far back as 2007.                                               evident it would enter battle without
                                                       Polish bread and cakes                                                              immediately available. 
From his initial introduction of the matter,                                               enough reinforcements available to
he continues to receive the support of Bill       Imported from Poland                     replace casualties.                                            ___________
Donohue’s Catholic League for Religious           Candies, cookies and chocolate             The division was organized along
and Civil Rights, the Ancient Order of                                                     standard British lines with armoured and        command in time for Operation Totalize,
                                                 Great Polish beer, wine and spirits
Hibernians and the Polish American                                                         infantry brigades, each of three battalions,    set for Aug. 8, 1944. The Poles had just
                                               Cosmetics, Newspapers and magazines
Congress, among others.                                                                    together with reconnaissance, artillery and     arrived in Normandy and so there was
  All three organizations testified at the      1710 Tustin Ave - Orange, CA               anti-tank regiments, plus a motorized           little time to get acquainted. Lieutenant-
City Council on behalf of New York                 Tel/Fax (714) 974-8276                  infantry battalion; 14,000 men and 240          General Guy Simonds met Maczek and
City’s Catholic community. The                                                             tanks.                                          his staff officers for the first time on Aug.
committee also heard testimony from the        Mon to Fri - 10 – 6, Sat 10 - 4               The Polish Armed Div. arrived in              4 and had one more brief discussion with
                                                                                           France on the last day of July, which was       them before Totalize began. The Poles
                                                                                           also the first day of the 1944 Warsaw           used British liaison officers to improve
                                                                                           uprising. The Polish Home Army seized           communications, but Simonds quickly

   Polish American Congress                                                                control of the city on the assumption that
                                                                                           the Soviet Army, whose spearheads were
                                                                                           just a few miles away, would maintain
                                                                                                                                           learned that the Poles could not be
                                                                                                                                           controlled in the same way a British or
                                                                                                                                           Canadian division could be.
                      Of Southern California                                               pressure and force a general German
                                                                                           retreat. It quickly became evident that
                                                                                                                                              There was more than a language barrier
                                                                                                                                           at work. The Canadian historian and
           Invites you to attend our monthly meeting                                       Stalin was quite prepared to let the
                                                                                           Germans destroy Warsaw and the anti-
                                                                                                                                           armoured theorist Roman Jaramowcyz
                                                                                                                                           argues that Maczek was “a modern tank
    Sunday, February 22, 1009                             -     12:30 P.M.                 communist home army. On Aug. 3, the             officer” who found Simonds’ operational
                                                                                           guns of the Red Army fell silent. Appeals       plans too restrictive. On the eve of
                          Pope John Paul Center                                            from Churchill to intervene or at least         Totalize, Maczek protested that the
                                                                                           allow Allied aircraft to deliver supplies to
                             3999 Rose Drive                                               the besieged city-using Soviet controlled
                                                                                                                                           frontage of less than a 1,000 yards
                                                                                                                                           allowed no room for manoeuvre and
                            Yorba Linda, CA                                                airfields-were denied with Stalin insisting
                                                                                           that “the Soviet government does not wish
                                                                                                                                           would give German anti-tank guns
                                                                                                                                           concentrated fields of fire. Simonds
                          Non-members of the                                               to associate itself either directly or          refused to alter his plans, insisting that the
                                                                                           indirectly with the adventure in Warsaw.”
                       Polish American Congress                                              The British press and the BBC carried
                                                                                                                                           armour could only function in the open
                                                                                                                                           country south of Caen in a set-piece battle
                  are welcome to attend our meetings                                       regular bulletins from Warsaw as well as        with full air and artillery support.
              to see the many projects we have achieved                                    commentary on the situation. For the men           Maczek’s fears were realized on the
                                                                                           of the Polish Armed Div. The constant
                    and are working on for Polonia.                                        question was: “What news of Warsaw?”
                                                                                                                                           afternoon of Aug. 8 when his leading
                                                                                                                                           armoured regiment lost 26 tanks in a few
                                                                                             First Canaduan Army was told that the
                      Information: (626) 577-9797                                          Polish Armd. Div. would come under                         Polish Comrades to page 11

				
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