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Anthropology Holistic Approach • Anthropology is the holistic study of humankind. Its linguistic roots are the Greek anthropos, meaning "human being," and ology, indicating the "science or study of," from the Greek logos, or "word.“ • Predict what holistic means. • Anthropology is holistic in that it can encompass every aspect of human society and culture in the present, and can trace human evolution and development over several million years of our past. It has the greatest geographical and topical breadth and chronological depth of any discipline that studies humans. List other disciplines that study Humans. Lets Contrast Anthropology to a few of these other disciplines. How can someone study everything about Humans? • Well you can’t! • When you go to college do you learn exactly the same thing as everyone else? • What do go to college to earn? • You must focus. So there are many different specialties of Anthropology. How many are there? • Too many to list, • But there are four major fields here in North America. • Cultural • Archaeology • Physical (biological) • Linguistic Cultural anthropology: • Societies and Culture • Ethnography and Ethnology • Field Work • Lots of theory • Kinship • Changing paradigms Sub Disciplines • Topical specialization, e.g.: religions, economics, kinship, psychological anthropology, ethnic identity, theory, etc. • Medical Anthropology- Cultural aspects of health and illness, nutrition, etc. • Applied Anthropology: education, health, economic development • Advocacy or action anthropology- Get out and help on behalf of subjugated groups Archaeology • Reconstruction of past cultures • Pre-history and chronology • Cultural process and change • Paleoclimatology • Technology • Artifacts • Excavation Linguistic Anthroplology • Description/categorizati on of human languages • Physiology of language and speech • Evolution of language and speech • Acquisition of language • Language and culture, language and thought, and social use of language (sociolinguistics). • Non-human primates and communication Physical Anthropology • Oseteology • Human Variation – Genetics and many other characteristics • Human evolution • Primatology • Medical anthropology – --physical aspects of disease, nutrition, etc • Forensic anthropology.
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