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					Anthropology
            Holistic Approach
• Anthropology is the holistic study of
  humankind. Its linguistic roots are the Greek
  anthropos, meaning "human being," and ology,
  indicating the "science or study of," from the
  Greek logos, or "word.“
• Predict what holistic means.
• Anthropology is holistic in that it can
  encompass every aspect of human society and
  culture in the present, and can trace human
  evolution and development over several million
  years of our past. It has the greatest
  geographical and topical breadth and
  chronological depth of any discipline that studies
  humans.
List other disciplines that study
            Humans.
Lets Contrast Anthropology to a
 few of these other disciplines.
      How can someone study
     everything about Humans?
• Well you can’t!
• When you go to college do you learn
  exactly the same thing as everyone else?
• What do go to college to earn?

• You must focus. So there are many
  different specialties of Anthropology.
       How many are there?
• Too many to list,
• But there are four major fields here in
  North America.
• Cultural
• Archaeology
• Physical (biological)
• Linguistic
    Cultural anthropology:
• Societies and
  Culture
• Ethnography and
  Ethnology
• Field Work
• Lots of theory
• Kinship
• Changing paradigms
              Sub Disciplines
• Topical specialization, e.g.:
  religions, economics, kinship,
  psychological anthropology,
  ethnic identity, theory, etc.
• Medical Anthropology- Cultural
  aspects of health and illness,
  nutrition, etc.
• Applied Anthropology:
  education, health, economic
  development
• Advocacy or action
  anthropology- Get out and help
  on behalf of subjugated groups
          Archaeology
• Reconstruction of
  past cultures
• Pre-history and
  chronology
• Cultural process and
  change
• Paleoclimatology
• Technology
• Artifacts
• Excavation
      Linguistic Anthroplology
• Description/categorizati
  on of human languages
• Physiology of language
  and speech
• Evolution of language
  and speech
• Acquisition of language
• Language and culture,
  language and thought,
  and social use of
  language
  (sociolinguistics).
• Non-human primates
  and communication
        Physical Anthropology
• Oseteology
• Human Variation
  – Genetics and many other
    characteristics
• Human evolution
• Primatology
• Medical anthropology
  – --physical aspects of
    disease, nutrition, etc
• Forensic anthropology.

				
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posted:6/20/2012
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