• Anthropology is the holistic study of
humankind. Its linguistic roots are the Greek
anthropos, meaning "human being," and ology,
indicating the "science or study of," from the
Greek logos, or "word.“
• Predict what holistic means.
• Anthropology is holistic in that it can
encompass every aspect of human society and
culture in the present, and can trace human
evolution and development over several million
years of our past. It has the greatest
geographical and topical breadth and
chronological depth of any discipline that studies
List other disciplines that study
Lets Contrast Anthropology to a
few of these other disciplines.
How can someone study
everything about Humans?
• Well you can’t!
• When you go to college do you learn
exactly the same thing as everyone else?
• What do go to college to earn?
• You must focus. So there are many
different specialties of Anthropology.
How many are there?
• Too many to list,
• But there are four major fields here in
• Physical (biological)
• Societies and
• Ethnography and
• Field Work
• Lots of theory
• Changing paradigms
• Topical specialization, e.g.:
religions, economics, kinship,
ethnic identity, theory, etc.
• Medical Anthropology- Cultural
aspects of health and illness,
• Applied Anthropology:
education, health, economic
• Advocacy or action
anthropology- Get out and help
on behalf of subjugated groups
• Reconstruction of
• Pre-history and
• Cultural process and
on of human languages
• Physiology of language
• Evolution of language
• Acquisition of language
• Language and culture,
language and thought,
and social use of
• Non-human primates
• Human Variation
– Genetics and many other
• Human evolution
• Medical anthropology
– --physical aspects of
disease, nutrition, etc
• Forensic anthropology.