Ancient Greece and Rome Mr. Ornstein Willow Canyon High School World History Greece and Rome 1. Ancient Greece 2. Alexander the Great/Hellenistic Age 3. Roman Empire 4. Dark/Middle Ages Classical Civilization Ancient Greek and Roman Civilization is Known as Classical Civilization Western Civilization (US, Western Europe) is based on Classical Greek and Roman Civilization. Geography and Greece and Rome Geography Helped Rome Become a Strong united Empire. Geography kept the Greek City- states separate from each other. Main Geographic Features of Greece Aegean, Mediterranean, and Ionian Seas Mountains Islands Answer: Howdid mountains, seas, and many island affect ancient Greece? Affects of Geography on Greece Development of Separate City- States (Polis) Greeks become traders, shipbuilders, and sailors Different Forms of Government Unity in Greece The Ancient Greeks did have unity in: Religion Language Greek Polis AncientGreece was not a unified Empire but was made up of independent city-states which were like mini-countries Answer: How did Geography hurt the Ancient Greeks? Italian Peninsula Rome is Located on the Italian Peninsula Advantages of Rome’s Geography Italian Peninsula has few mountains. Fertile Land 7 Hills Protect Rome Easy to Unify Central Location Advantages of Roman Geography Access to the Sea Access to trade routes. Very near Mediterranean Sea Advantages of Roman Geography AlpsMountains Protect Rome in the North Answer: Howwas Rome helped by its Geography? Romans Help Themselves The Romans Built an extensive system of road. Trade Communication Unite Lands Move Troops Romans Help Themselves Roman aqueducts were built in all parts of the Roman Empire. The aqueducts were important for supplying water to large cities across the empire. Forms of Government The Ancient Rome was initially Greek Polis Had a Republic where Many Different landowners Elected Representation Forms of Rome After Julius Government Caesar Became an Athens Empire with one Developed Direct Emperor ruling Democracy large amounts of land. Achievement of Greece and Rome Both Civilizations Had Many Achievements. The Romans Copied Many Greek Achievements Athens Has a Golden Age Pax Romana- Golden Age of Rome Legacy of Greece: Democracy From Athens Democracy-Government by the People comes from the Greeks. Athens had Direct Democracy for its male land owning citizens. Legacy of Ancient Greece: Philosophy Socrates Aristotle Plato Method: teach through Socratic questions Legacy of Greece: The Arts Achievements in Art and Literature Sculpture Drama Comedy Tragedy Achievements of Ancient Rome and Copying of Preservation Greek Learning Achievements of Ancient Rome Engineering Aqueducts Roads Achievements of Ancient Rome Achievements in Government- Republic Achievements in Law Answer: What are 3 achievements of Ancient Greece? What are 3 achievements of Ancient Rome? The Fall of Ancient Greece The Ancient Greeks Fought Themselves and weakened each Polis. Philip of Macedonia, Father of Alexander the Great, Conquerors all of Greece. The Fall of the Roman Empire The Roman Empire ultimately split into the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern or Byzantine Empire. The Western Roman Empire fell from many immediate and underlying reasons. Byzantine Empire lasts 1,000 years longer than the Western Roman Empire. Ticket Out the Door: How did geography hurt ancient Greece? How did geography help ancient Rome? What was the most important achievement of ancient Greece? What was the most important achievement of ancient Rome? What is the other name for the Eastern Roman Empire?
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