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Ancient Greece Athens to Alexander

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					Ancient Greece and
      Rome
        Mr. Ornstein
 Willow Canyon High School
       World History
         Greece and Rome
 1. Ancient Greece
 2. Alexander the Great/Hellenistic
  Age
 3. Roman Empire
 4. Dark/Middle Ages
       Classical Civilization
 Ancient   Greek and Roman
  Civilization is Known as Classical
  Civilization
 Western Civilization (US, Western
  Europe) is based on Classical
  Greek and Roman Civilization.
  Geography and Greece and
           Rome
 Geography  Helped Rome Become
  a Strong united Empire.
 Geography kept the Greek City-
  states separate from each other.
    Main Geographic Features of
             Greece

Aegean, Mediterranean, and Ionian
  Seas
 Mountains
 Islands
            Answer:
 Howdid mountains, seas, and
 many island affect ancient
 Greece?
Affects of Geography on Greece
 Development   of Separate City-
  States (Polis)
 Greeks become traders,
  shipbuilders, and sailors
 Different Forms of Government
           Unity in Greece
 The   Ancient Greeks did have unity
  in:
 Religion
 Language
            Greek Polis
 AncientGreece was not a unified
 Empire but was made up of
 independent city-states which
 were like mini-countries
            Answer:
 How did Geography hurt the
 Ancient Greeks?
         Italian Peninsula
 Rome   is
 Located on the
 Italian
 Peninsula
 Advantages of Rome’s Geography

 Italian Peninsula has few
  mountains.
 Fertile Land
 7 Hills Protect Rome
 Easy to Unify
 Central Location
 Advantages of Roman Geography

 Access to the Sea
 Access to trade routes.
 Very near Mediterranean Sea
 Advantages of Roman Geography

 AlpsMountains
 Protect Rome
 in the North
           Answer:
 Howwas Rome helped by its
 Geography?
   Romans Help Themselves
 The Romans Built an extensive
  system of road.
 Trade
 Communication
 Unite Lands
 Move Troops
    Romans Help Themselves
 Roman aqueducts
  were built in all
  parts of the Roman
  Empire.
 The aqueducts
  were important for
  supplying water to
  large cities across
  the empire.
        Forms of Government
 The Ancient         Rome was initially
  Greek Polis Had      a Republic where
  Many Different       landowners Elected
                       Representation
  Forms of
                      Rome After Julius
  Government
                       Caesar Became an
 Athens               Empire with one
  Developed Direct     Emperor ruling
  Democracy            large amounts of
                       land.
  Achievement of Greece and
           Rome
 Both Civilizations Had Many
  Achievements.
 The Romans Copied Many Greek
  Achievements
 Athens Has a Golden Age
 Pax Romana- Golden Age of Rome
 Legacy of Greece: Democracy
 From  Athens
 Democracy-Government by the
  People comes from the Greeks.
 Athens had Direct Democracy for
  its male land owning citizens.
    Legacy of Ancient Greece:
           Philosophy
 Socrates
 Aristotle
 Plato
         Method: teach through
 Socratic
 questions
   Legacy of Greece: The Arts
 Achievements   in Art and Literature
 Sculpture
 Drama
 Comedy
 Tragedy
Achievements of Ancient Rome
             and Copying of
 Preservation
 Greek Learning
Achievements of Ancient Rome
 Engineering
 Aqueducts
 Roads
Achievements of Ancient Rome


 Achievements   in Government-
  Republic
 Achievements in Law
              Answer:
 What  are 3
  achievements of
  Ancient Greece?
 What are 3
  achievements of
  Ancient Rome?
   The Fall of Ancient Greece
 The  Ancient Greeks Fought
  Themselves and weakened each
  Polis.
 Philip of Macedonia, Father of
  Alexander the Great, Conquerors
  all of Greece.
    The Fall of the Roman Empire
 The Roman Empire ultimately split into the
  Western Roman Empire and the Eastern
  or Byzantine Empire.
 The Western Roman Empire fell from
  many immediate and underlying reasons.
 Byzantine Empire lasts 1,000 years longer
  than the Western Roman Empire.
       Ticket Out the Door:
 How did geography hurt ancient Greece?
 How did geography help ancient Rome?
 What was the most important
  achievement of ancient Greece?
 What was the most important
  achievement of ancient Rome?
 What is the other name for the Eastern
  Roman Empire?

				
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