DISTINCTION BETWEEN PHYSICAL AND MORAL COURAGE Physical courage and moral courage have their own significances. These two differ widely. To compare spiritualists like Swami Vevekananda and Mahatma Gandhi with wrestlers and racers is like comparing moral courage with physical courage. Gandhiji and Vivekananda were men of thin lean figures, yet their deeds, utterances and speeches reflected the courage of a high order, which is quite different from physical courage. Physical courage is the courage based on physical strength, which depends upon physical exercise and training while the courage of the heart and the mind is either a born one or a created one. Physical courage comes through the exercise of the body while mental courage can be cultivated through mental exercise or by remaining in touch with great spiritualists. For the cultivation of moral courage, we shall have to shun the sensual desires of the materialistic world. By hating sensual desires, we shall rise in spirit. By foregoing the petty temptations of wealth, power and position, we shall have the strength of spiritualism and morality in ourselves. But this gigantic strength should not be used for selfish ends but should be used the most civilized and humanitarian way. Moral courage is more effective than physical courage. Mahathma Gandhi adopted the path of non-violence in our domestic and international relationships. Physical courage must be supported by moral courage otherwise the usage of physical courage is beastly and barbarous. It is most uncivilized and uncultured. All the great social reformers, religious divines, scientists, statesmen, saints and sages cultivated the spirit of moral and mental courage. Many people have been successful in impressing humanity and this is a rich tribute to the principle of moral courage. Those people, who use physical courage, have been labeled as tyrants and despots, blood-suckers and marauders of humanity. Persons must develop moral courage. It is more powerful than physical courage. Will-power is the key word for moral courage. It was the will of Kennedy, which made him President of America. It was the will of Napoleon Bonaparte, which made him an Emperor. And Gandhiji with his will-power, uprooted the mighty British Empire from India. Therefore, moral courage is more appealing and forceful than physical courage. Moral courage wins at the cost of physical courage.
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