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STRATEGI KOGNITIF

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									STRATEGI KOGNITIF

    Dr. Meini Sondang S.
• Mampu menata pengetahuan dalam
  jaringan kognitif
• Mampu memproses informasi pada
  struktur kognitif yang telah ada
• Mampu mengimplementasikan strategi
  kognitif dalam pembelajaran
                DEFINISI

• Kemampuan internal yang terorganisasi
  yang dapat membantu seseorang dalam
  proses belajar, proses berpikir,
  memecahkan masalah dan mengambil
  keputusan (Gagne 1985)
• Strategi kognitif merupakan proses
  berpikir induktif (generalisasi berdasarkan
  fakta-fakta) (Bell Gredler 1986)
                   EXCECUTIVE CONTROL PROCESSES
     (ATTENTION, STRATEGY SELECTION, MONITORING, EXPECTATION, ETC)


O
u
t
s
i                                               Elaboration
d                 Initial                       &
e
    SENSORY       Processing SHORT TERM         organization
                                                                    LONG
                             MEMORY
S                                                                   TERM
    REGISTER                 (WORKING           Retrieval &
t                                                                  MEMORY
                              MEMORY)           Reconstruction
i   Decay
                         Decay & Interference                       Forgetting
m
u
l   Permanently
i                          Permanently Lost                    Lost & unavailable
    lost
                                                               but possibly
                                                               recoverable
 Tabel 1. Short Term and Long Term Memory

TYPE OF       INPUT       CAPACITY      MAINTENANCE     RETRIEVAL
MEMORY




Short Term   Very Fast     Limited        Very brief    Immediate



Long Term    Relatively   Practically     Practically   Depends on
               Slow       Unlimited       Unlimited     organization
    JENIS STRATEGI KOGNITIF
•   Cognitive strategies in attending
•   Cognitive strategies in encoding
•   Cognitive strategies of retrieval
•   Cognitive strategies in problem solving
•   Cognitive strategies in thinking
    (Gagne, 1985)
      STRATEGI KOGNITIF
• CHUNKING: strategi mengorganisasikan
  secara sistematis
• SPATIAL: strategi yang menunjukkan
  adanya hubungan
• BRIDGING: strategi untuk menjembatani
  pemahaman
• MULTIPURPOSE: strategi yang dapat
  digunakan untuk berbagai tujuan (Panen
  Paulina, 1997)
                 STRATEGI KOGNITIF



 CHUNKING        SPATIAL      BRIDGING    MULTIPUR
                                          POSE



                  FRAME        ADVANCE    REHEARSAL
SPACE & TIME
                              ORGANIZER



CLASSIFICATION    CONCEPT      METAPHOR   IMAGERY
                  MAPPING

                                          MNEMONICS
                    How do Student Learn & transfer concept




Learning & Teaching Concept                            Teaching for transfer




     Observations                                             Real Life Learning




                                                              Context Learning
     Definitions




    Examples                                                    Transfer Verbal
                        How do cognitive teaching strategies
                                help students learn




Activation of prior knowledge                          Organizing information



 Advance organizer                                               Questioning




      Analogies                                                Concept Models



     Elaboration
     What study strategies help students learn?



 Note taking                           PQ4R Method


Underlining
                            Preview                  Reflect

summarizing
                            Question                 Recite
 outlining

                             Read                    Review
 Mapping
         What causes people to remember
                  or to forget?



  Forgetting                     Remembering



                                Types of practice

Interference
                                    Mases & distribution


                                        Part & whole
 Inhibition

                                         Automaticity


                                        Overlearning
         TUGAS INDIVIDU
• Membuat makalah tentang implementasi
  strategi kognitif yang mengacu pada jurnal
  penelitian atau e-book

								
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