CONS AM tax compromise by jolinmilioncherie

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									                   EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT
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                                                                2004
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                        Committee on Regional Policy, Transport and Tourism




     8 June 2000                                                     PE 230.768/Comp. AM 1-11


     COMPROMISE AMENDMENTS 1-11

            DRAFT REPORT by Caroline Lucas                  (PE 230.768)
            AIR TRANSPORT AND THE ENVIRONMENT: TOWARDS MEETING THE
            CHALLENGES OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

            Motion for a resolution



     COMPROMISE AMENDMENT 1

     Recital K

     Having regard to the current work of ICAO/CAEP to reduce the impact of aircraft
     noise and gaseous emissions, and having regard to the 33rd ICAO Assembly to be held in
     2001, which will aim to introduce stricter worldwide aircraft noise standards


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     COMPROMISE AMENDMENT 2

     Paragraph 4

     Hopes that the ICAO process of revising noise stringency levels may lead to the desired
     consensus in view of the particular needs of the densely populated, industrialised EU;
     considers that the council should also give the commission a mandate for cooperation on
     environmental matters in the context of a Transatlantic Common Aviation Area
     (TCAA); considers that it is important that the EU should play a pioneering role in

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     international negotiations and that the Commission should prepare complementary
     measures to be implemented if no satisfactory conclusion can be reached within a
     reasonable time (eg 3 years) either by the ICAO or in the context of the TCAA.


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     COMPROMISE AMENDMENT 3

     Paragraph 6

     Recommends that the Commission set a new and ambitious timeframe for phasing out
     aircraft within a 5dBA margin of the Chapter 3 threshold, and for other Chapter 3
     aircraft when new standards have been formulated; asks the Commission to base their
     work on the most ambitious targets and deadlines currently under discussion at ICAO –
     ie that aircraft which are within a 5 dBA margin of the Chapter 3 threshold be phased
     out within 4 years; all other Chapter 3 aircraft which do not meet future standards
     should be phased out within a further 7 years (allowing 11 years in total); the EU should
     work to achieve these targets within ICAO. If agreement is not reached within a
     reasonable timeframe either at ICAO or in the framework of the TCAA, these targets
     should be introduced at EU level.


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     COMPROMISE AMENDMENT 4

     Paragraph 7

     Recommends that, to safeguard the health of citizens living near airports, the EU should adopt
     Community-wide noise exposure targets that prevent any increase in the number of people
     exposed to unacceptable noise levels during the day, while taking into account the
     interests of protecting transport services to thinly populated areas and remote localities.
     These levels should be based on the WHO Guidelines for Community Noise, and the
     targets should come into force by 2002.


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COMPROMISE AMENDMENT 5

Paragraph 8

Further recommends that the EU adopt Community-wide noise exposure targets that ensure
that nobody is exposed to unacceptable noise levels at night. These noise levels should be
based on the WHO Guidelines, and the targets should come into force by 2002.


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COMPROMISE AMENDMENT 6

Paragraph 9

Asks the Commission to create a Community-wide framework in order to provide
member states with the necessary guidelines in order to achieve the targets referred to in
paragraphs 7 and 8; considers that a reduction in the noise pollution around airports
can best be achieved by a combination of measures:
-      measures at source (eg discouraging noisy aircraft by imposing higher landing
       fees, encouraging the production and use of hushkitted aircraft, introducing rest
       periods at night);
-      technical and operational measures (eg the adjustment of flight paths and
       procedures, soundproofing in surrounding residential areas);
-      the introduction of land-use planning guidelines, recommending best practice in
       regional development in order to prevent further urbanisation in the vicinity of
       airports, and to safeguard citizens' health;
-      other planning measures (eg support for individual investment in insulation)
-      monitoring and complaints centres (eg classification of companies on the basis of
       their benefit to the environment, complaints office for local residents);


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COMPROMISE AMENDMENT 7

Paragraph 10

Asks the Commission to develop targets to define the concept of "noise sensitive airports" in
order to allow for further refinement of the framework set out above.


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     COMPROMISE AMENDMENT 8

     Paragraph 12

     Considers that there should be a level playing field between the demands made on
     international aviation and the demands made of other industrial and transport sectors,
     and therefore considers that an ambitious but feasible target for Annex 1 (developed)
     countries would be the same target as that set out for other sectors under the Kyoto
     Protocol: ie a 5% reduction of all international greenhouse gas emissions from aviation
     on 1992 levels, by 2008-2012 (the first budget period according to the Kyoto Protocol).


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     COMPROMISE AMENDMENT 9

     Paragraph 14

     Considers it necessary, for reasons of environmental policy and to encourage a level
     playing field between different transport modes, to introduce a kerosene tax on all
     routes departing from the EU if international and/or bilateral rules permit this


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     COMPROMISE AMENDMENT 10

     Paragraph 15

     Considers that if international agreement is not reached on a kerosene tax, or on other
     economic instruments to ensure sufficient environmental improvements, a Community-wide
     environmental charge should be introduced, based on the polluter pays principle, and
     therefore supports the Commission's proposed actions in this field. Such a charge should
     ensure a fair competition between modes of transport. While the charge would be
     introduced at EU level, the revenue should be returned to member countries to be
     invested in further reducing the environmental damage caused by aviation.


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COMPROMISE AMENDMENT 11

Paragraph 16

Calls on the Commission urgently to examine the economic impact of the zero-rating of
VAT on air tickets, kerosene, and the purchase of new aircraft, as well as the exemption of
kerosene from excise duty, and direct subsidies to airports and airlines, in the context of
ensuring fair competition between modes, and to bring forward a report by the end of 2000.


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