Pakistan Pakistan (i/ˈpækɨstæn/ or i/pɑːkiˈstɑːn/; Urdu: ( )پاکستانUrdu pronunciation: [paːkɪˈ aːn] ( listen)), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Urdu: ,)اسالمی جمہوریۂ پاکستانis a sovereign country in South Asia. It sits at the crossroads of the strategically important regions of South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. It has a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west and north, Iran to the southwest and China in the far northeast. It is separated from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's narrow Wakhan Corridor in the north, and it shares a marine border with Oman.
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