McKay ch 18 Sci Rev Enlight SG

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					     Chapter 18 Study Guide: Toward a New World-View                     APEH
     2010-11                                                             Mr. Peri


1. Describe the concept of the universe developed in medieval Europe based on the
    ideas of Aristotle and Ptolemy.
2. Describe the new concept of the universe presented by Nicholas Copernicus in the
    sixteenth-century contrasting it with the medieval view.
3. Discuss the contributions of Tycho Brahe, Johannes Kepler, and Galileo in the
    development of the new astronomy and physics.
4. Describe the contributions and the significance of Isaac Newton to science and
    Europe's understanding of the natural world in the eighteenth century.
5. Discuss the causes of the Scientific Revolution in Europe in the sixteenth and
    seventeenth centuries.
6. Describe and discuss the consequences of the Scientific Revolution.
7. Define "The Enlightenment" and discuss the issues raised by this application of
    scientific thought to the European outlook on life.
8. Identify each of the following major French philosophes of the Enlightenment and
    describe each of their significant beliefs and contributions: Jean le Rond
    d'Alembert, Baron de Montesquieu, Voltaire, Madame du Châtelet, Denis
    Diderot.
9. Identify each of the following major French philosophes of the Enlightenment and
    describe each of their significant beliefs and contributions: Baron Paul d'Holbach,
    David Hume, Marquis de Condorçet, Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
10. Describe the cultural transformation that was intertwined with the developments
    of the Enlightenment.
11. Discuss the concept known as "enlightened absolutism" and the reasons it was
    viewed as enlightened government and favored as a system by many of the
    philosophes.
12. Describe the rule and reforms of Frederick the Great in Prussia as his
    interpretation of enlightened absolutism.
13. Describe the rule and reforms of Catherine the Great in Russia as her
    interpretation of enlightened absolutism.
14. Describe the rule and reforms of Maria Theresa and Joseph II in the Habsburgs'
    Austrian Empire as their interpretation of enlightened absolutism.
15. Describe the practice of absolutism in France in the reign of Louis XV. (How did
    the practice of absolute monarchy change under this monarch who followed Louis
    XIV?)
16. Discuss the influence and consequences of the Enlightenment upon European
    thought and its view of the world.
17. Describe Voltaire's ideas on religion and morality as contained in the selection
    from his Philosophical Dictionary (pp. 626-627).

				
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