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Drawing an Unusual Comparison: Metaphor, Simile, Extended Metaphor by Q7FZLLB


									     Drawing an Unusual
   Comparison: Metaphor,
Simile, Extended Metaphor and

               Exploring Extended Metaphors

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educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center at edr
Exploring Extended Metaphors
Extended metaphor – When a poet creates
 a metaphor and then continues to use that
 comparison throughout a poem.

Read The Writer on pages 44-45
Exploring Extended Metaphors
First extended metaphor occurs in stanzas 1
  – 3 where he compares writing to a
  journey on a ship.

His word choice alerts of this: The daughter
  is at the prow of the house which is the
  front of a ship.
 Exploring Extended Metaphors
• Light “breaks” as water does upon the sides
  of the ship.
• The subject of her writing is “cargo”
• The typing makes the sound of a chain
  hauled over a “gunwale” which is the side of
  a ship
When comparing writing to a rough journey at
  sea, Wilbur suggests the wild, difficult even
  dangerous nature of the artist.
Exploring Extended Metaphors
• The second half of the poem shifts to a
  memory of a bird trapped in a room. This
  is the second extended metaphor.
• The starling is “sleek,” “wild,” and “dark”
  just as the daughter’s writing is
• The house, which becomes the ship, is
  caught in a storm.
• Later, the starling must set a right “course”
  for the right window, as the daughter must
  set a right course as she writes.
Exploring Extended Metaphors

The last stanza switches perspective as the
  speaker connects the two metaphors.
• He addresses his daughter directly.
• He reveals something about himself: he
  knows about the pain of writing and living
  and wants his daughter to have an easier
  time of it. That becomes important.
Exploring Extended Metaphors
These extended metaphors allow Wilbur to
 draw writing, the struggle for life, and
 journeys together to describe his feelings
 for his daughter.

The metaphors create a meaning richer and
 more luminous than just a narrative or
 description could do.
 Experimenting with Extended
When you wrote your fast list in 3.1, you
 may have wanted to draw them out

Example: An aunt is like – a lake that’s
 frozen over, her children ice-skaters
 circling her surface, never disturbing her.

• You could keep extending the lake
 Experimenting with Extended
Extending a metaphor allows you to clarify
 and explore the intent behind the original

Our Writer wrote that her sister was like
 silver (pg 47). How much so will not be
 known until she describes both aspects
 that are familiar to her.
 Experimenting with Extended
           Writer’s Practice 3.2
• More than likely one or two of the
  comparisons you did struck you in some
  way. Maybe the sound of the words or
  you wonder why you wrote what you
• The next step will require choosing a
  metaphor or simile that provokes you
  and then to extend it to find its meaning.
Experimenting with Extended

Assignment: Do Writer’s Practice part A & B

Then, do the free write on your own paper /
 Word document (this is not part of the
 worksheet). Look for the indications as
 the previous slides explore.
  Experimenting with the Extended
• Do WP 3.2 as directed in the workbook
• You will need to use your own paper for
  some of this. Do not email this. Show to
  your facilitator.
• Part A: Cluster 2 similes AND 2 metaphors
• Part B: Follow instructions. For number 3,
  write 5 “x is y” statements
• All of these questions should be done using
  your person from 3.1 WIJ
   Experimenting with Extended
             Freewrite Instructions

• Use one of your intriguing comparisons as
  the first sentence of a free write. Copy it on
  a new sheet of paper and continue it.
Extend it by comparing the many ways your x
  is like the y.
• Do not name the person. (refer to them as
  you) Instead, use the extended comparison
  to illustrate that person.
  Experimenting with Extended
• Allow for the ordinary and strange. Do not
  edit yourself. Write quickly whatever
  comes to your mind.
• If you get stuck or when it seems natural,
  start a new comparison.
• Write for 5 or 10 minutes. If an earlier
  comparison sneaks in, use it. You may
  also find something new. (200 word
Experimenting with Extended
• Near the end, begin a new line with “For
  me” or “I see.” This draws yourself to the
  subject as both writers did in their poems.
• When done, look over your extended
  metaphor and see what repeats. If
  nothing, is there an overall impression that
  has emerged?
• Look at Our Writer on page 50-51 for help,
  if needed.
             Email this when done

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