biology eoc goal 2

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					Biology EOC Review
Goal 2: Learner will develop an understanding of the physical, chemical and cellular basis of life.

2.01: Compare and contrast the structure and functions of the following organic molecules: carbohydrates, proteins, lipids,
nucleic acids.
Macromolecules       Function                                                          Subunits

Carbohydrates

Proteins

Lipids

Nucleic Acids


Specific Molecule      Function                                                            Subunits

Starch

Cellulose

Insulin

Glycogen

Glucose

Enzymes

Hemoglobin

Fats

DNA

RNA


Nutrient                 Type of Test                     Positive Test                Example of…?

Starch

Lipids

Monosaccharides

Protein


2.02: Investigate and describe the structure and function of cells.
    1. Give the structure and function of each of the following: Nucleus, plasma membrane, cell wall, mitochondria, vacuoles,
         chloroplasts, and ribosomes draw and label a cell with these parts.
    2. Explain how to find the total power magnification on your microscope.
    3. Explain the order of cell organization.
    4. Explain the differences between plant and animal cells.
    5. Explain how a signal may be released by one cell to influence the activity of another cell.
    6. Explain the role of receptor proteins.
    7. What is the function of the cell membrane?
    8.     What are some of the functions of these proteins and other molecules?

2.03: Investigate and analyze the cell as a living system.
    1. What is homeostasis and give at least 5 examples of maintenance
         of homeostasis.
    2. Explain active vs. passive transport and give examples of each.
    3. Explain the semi-permeable plasma membrane.
    4. Explain what will happen if cells are placed in different solutions,
         plant cell in salt water, plant cell in fresh water, saltwater plant
         placed in fresh water, salt water.
    5. Explain ATP and how your body uses it.
    6. Explain how cells store and use energy with ATP and ADP
         molecules.
                                                              7. Why did the large dark molecules NOT move to the left?
                                                              8. How is the semi-permeable membrane like a cell membrane?
                                                              9. If the dark molecule is starch, where is the starch concentration
                                                                  greatest (left or right)?
                                                              10. If the white molecule is water, where is the water concentration
                                                                  greatest at first?
                                                              11. In osmosis, water moves from an area of __________ to an area of
                                                                  _________ concentration. (higher/lower)
                                                              12. If the dark molecules could move, in what direction would they move?
                                                                  Why?
                                                              13. In diffusion, molecules move from an area of ________ to an area of
                                                                  ________ concentration. (higher/lower)

2.04: Investigate and describe the structure and function of enzymes and explain their importance in biological systems
    1. Explain how enzymes speed up chemical reactions.
    2. Are enzymes reusable?
    3. Are they specific ?
    4. Explain how enzymes are affected by factors such as pH and temperature.
    5. How are enzymes important to biochemical reactions?

2.05: Investigate and analyze the bioenergetic reactions
    1.
       Process                               Reactant                             Product                     Example?

         Photosynthesis



         Cellular Respiration (Aerobic)



         Cellular Respiration (Anaerobic)




    2.     Explain how photosynthesis and cellular respiration relate.
    3.     Explain the factors which affect the rate of photosynthesis and cellular respiration.
    4.     Explain the different processes of ATP formation and their efficiency.
    5.     Explain both lactic acid and alcoholic formation as types of anaerobic respiration
    7.     Compare aerobic and anaerobic organisms.

				
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posted:6/19/2012
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