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Cultural Influences

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Cultural Influences Powered By Docstoc
					Cultural and Intellectual
      Influences
        1750-1914
         Transformations
Developments in science and the arts
Consumer emphasis
      Advances in Scientific
          Knowledge
Science and intellectual movements
 attempt to explain reality
  Traditions of rationalism
  Darwin’s evolutionary theory
  Einstein’s theory of physical relativity
  Freud’s psychoanalysis
     Advances in Medicine
Concern with the well-being of society
 1877 sewer systems
 Louis Pasteur (1822-1895)
 Joseph Lister (1827-1912)
            Artistic Expression
 Romanticism
    Emotion and
     impressionism keys to
     understanding human
     experience
    Split between
     Romanticism and
     rationalism caused much
     debate
       Science supported the
        industrial order
       Artists followed
        experimental paths
 No synthesis in the 19th
  century
Art and Literature
          Realism
           Reaction to
             Romanticism
           Based on scientific
             and rationalist
             thought
                Charles Dickens
                Mark Twain
            Photography
Art and Literature-Realism
  African and Asian Influence
 Europeans took notice
  of African and Asian
  artistic styles
    admired dramatic, spare
     style of traditional West
     African sculpture, wood,
     and metalwork
    Use of color and stylized
     forms of design in Japan
 Impressionists
    Simple themes in nature
    Free of traditional
     constraints
Cultural Japan
        Heavily influenced by
         the west
           Literature based on
            European models
           Architecture and artists
               create large building of
                steel
               Greek columns
           Western fashion and
            hairstyles
        Japan still preserved it’s
         own values
Cultural Japan
        Heavily influenced by
         the west
           Literature based on
            European models
           Architecture and artists
               create large building of
                steel
               Greek columns
           Western fashion and
            hairstyles
        Japan still preserved it’s
         own values
   Leisure and Consumption
 Higher wages and
  fewer working hours
   New opportunities
      Middle class values
          Pleasure is a
           legitimate part of life
   Consumption had to be
    encouraged
      Field of advertising
       communicated sense of
       “needing things”
      Popular “crazes”
            The bicycle
            Popular newspapers
            Theaters
            Professional sports
The End

				
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posted:6/19/2012
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