GEO-DATA BROWSER by 586HB40

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									                    GEO-DATA BROWSER



Title:        Geo-spatial Resources and Audit


Synopsis:     The objective of this document is to:

               Identify geo-spatial resources within UK Higher Education
                and their accompanying metadata (where it exists)
               Assess their suitability for inclusion in the HE Geo-data
                Browser.


Authors:      Chris O'Hanlon, Anne Etheridge, History Data Service.



Date:         12 July 2001



Version:      1.0



Status:       Final



Authorised:




                                    1
Table of Contents
1   Introduction ............................................................................................................ 5
 1.1     Purpose of Document ..................................................................................... 5
 1.2     Target Audience ............................................................................................. 5
 1.3     Status .............................................................................................................. 5
 1.4     Change Summary ........................................................................................... 5
 1.5     Related Documents ........................................................................................ 5
 1.6     Distribution .................................................................................................... 6
 4.1     Contact details ................................................................................................ 6
2 Summary ................................................................................................................ 7
3 Scope and Suitability of Geo-spatial Resources created within UK Academia .... 8
4 Potential resource providers ................................................................................. 10
 4.1     Institutions with data sets ............................................................................. 10
 4.1.1     Cranfield University................................................................................. 10
 4.1.2     Durham University................................................................................... 10
 4.1.3     University of East Anglia......................................................................... 11
 4.1.4     University of Essex .................................................................................. 11
 4.1.5     University of Exeter ................................................................................. 15
 4.1.6     University of Greenwich .......................................................................... 16
 4.1.7     University of Loughborough.................................................................... 16
 4.1.8     University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne ........................................................ 16
 4.1.9     University of Portsmouth ......................................................................... 16
 4.1.10 University of Sheffield ............................................................................. 17
 4.1.11 University of Southampton ...................................................................... 17
 4.1.12 University of the West of England........................................................... 20
 4.1.13 University of York ................................................................................... 20
 4.2     Institutions with no data sets ........................................................................ 22
 4.2.1     Bath University ........................................................................................ 22
 4.2.2     Brunel University ..................................................................................... 22
 4.2.3     University of Cambridge.......................................................................... 22
 4.2.4     University of Dundee ............................................................................... 22
 4.2.5     Durham University................................................................................... 22
 4.2.6     University of Edinburgh .......................................................................... 22
 4.2.7     University of Loughborough.................................................................... 23
 4.2.8     University of Manchester ......................................................................... 23
 4.2.9     University of Portsmouth ......................................................................... 23
 4.2.10 South Bank University ............................................................................. 23
 4.2.11 University of St Andrews......................................................................... 23


                                                               2
4.2.12     University of Warwick ............................................................................. 23
4.2.13     University of the West of England........................................................... 24
4.3      Institutions that may have data sets ............................................................. 25
4.3.1      Aberdeen University ................................................................................ 25
4.3.2      Anglia Polytechnic University ................................................................. 25
4.3.3      Bath Spa University College .................................................................... 25
4.3.4      Bath University ........................................................................................ 25
4.3.5      University of Birmingham ....................................................................... 25
4.3.6      University of Bradford ............................................................................. 25
4.3.7      University of Brighton ............................................................................. 26
4.3.8      University of Bristol ................................................................................ 26
4.3.9      Brunel University ..................................................................................... 26
4.3.10     University of Cambridge.......................................................................... 26
4.3.11     College of Ripon & York St John ............................................................ 27
4.3.12     Coventry University ................................................................................. 27
4.3.13     University of Derby ................................................................................. 27
4.3.14     University of Dundee ............................................................................... 27
4.3.15   Durham University....................................................................................... 28
4.3.16   University of East Anglia............................................................................. 28
4.3.17   University of Edinburgh .............................................................................. 28
4.3.18   University of Essex ...................................................................................... 29
4.3.19   University of Exeter ..................................................................................... 29
4.3.20   University of Glamorgan ............................................................................. 29
4.3.21   Glasgow Caledonian University .................................................................. 29
4.3.22   University of Glasgow ................................................................................. 29
4.3.23   University of Greenwich .............................................................................. 30
4.3.24   University of Hertfordshire .......................................................................... 30
4.3.25   Huddersfield University ............................................................................... 30
4.3.26   Hull University............................................................................................. 30
4.3.27   Keele University .......................................................................................... 31
4.3.28   Kingston University ..................................................................................... 31
4.3.29   Lancaster University .................................................................................... 31
4.3.30   University of Loughborough........................................................................ 31
4.3.31   Manchester Metropolitan University ........................................................... 32
4.3.32   University of Manchester ............................................................................. 32
4.3.33   Middlesex University ................................................................................... 32
4.3.34   University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne ............................................................ 32
4.3.35   University of Portsmouth ............................................................................. 33
4.3.36   University of Reading .................................................................................. 33


                                                        3
  4.3.15 University of Salford................................................................................ 34
  4.3.37 Sheffield Hallam University ........................................................................ 34
  4.3.38 University of Sheffield ................................................................................. 34
  4.3.39 South Bank University ................................................................................. 35
  4.3.40 University of St Andrews............................................................................. 35
  4.3.41 University of the West of England............................................................... 35
  4.3.42 University of Westminster ........................................................................... 35
  4.3.44 Other Resources ........................................................................................... 35
Appendix A - E-mail Survey ....................................................................................... 36




                                                          4
1      Introduction

1.1      Purpose of Document
The purpose of this document is to define an initial list of geo-spatial resources within
UK academia. Existing resources within UK academia are identified and their
suitability for inclusion in the Geo-data Browser established. The existence of any
metadata describing the resource, its format, content, quality and level of granularity
is documented.

1.2      Target Audience
This document is intended for those interested in the Geo-data Browser project
including:

 JISC Geo-spatial Working Group
 JCEI Committee
 DNER Office
 JISC Secretariat
 JISC data centres and services, in particular, project associated partners, MIMAS
  and Archaeology Data Service
 National Geospatial Data Framework
 Development teams working on the Geo-data Browser project at EDINA within
  the Edinburgh University Data Library and at the History Data Service and UK
  Data Archive at the University of Essex

1.3      Status
This document is the final version.

1.4      Change Summary
 Version        Date         Author       Notes

 0.1            21/05/01     C.O’H.       Draft copy of document – submitted to the project team

 0.2            24/05/01     C.O’H.       Draft copy of document – submitted to the project team

 0.3            11/06/01     AE           Updated with responses

 1.0            12/07/01     DJMS         Final corrections


1.5      Related Documents

           Title                    Author                      Date                   Version
 A geo-spatial data        David Medyckyj-Scott,              12/07/01                   1.1
 resource discovery tool   Cressida Chappell, Anup
 for UK Further and        Pradhan, Chris O’Hanlon


                                              5
 Higher Education -
 Project Overview and
 Recommendations
 Geo-data Browser –       Anup Pradhan and David           12/07/01                1.0
 Requirements             Medyckyj-Scott
 Specification and
 Solution Strategy
 Geo-data Browser –       Chris O’Hanlon,                  12/07/01                1.0
 Review of Controlled
 Vocabularies
 Geo-data Browser –       Anup Pradhan and David           12/07/01                1.0
 Architecture             Medyckyj-Scott
 Geo-data Browser –       Chris O’Hanlon                   12/07/01                1.0
 Review of Metadata
 Standards
 Geo-spatial Projects –   Anup Pradhan, Anne               16/05/01                1.0
 Glossary                 Etheridge and Nat Evans



These documents are available on-line at:

Follow link to EDINA Projects Activity, http://edina.ed.ac.uk

Follow link to HDS Projects Activity, http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/home/projects.asp



1.6     Distribution
Open.

4.1   Contact details

Dr David Medyckyj-Scott                             Cressida Chappell

EDINA                                               Head of History Data Service
Data Library                                        History Data Service,
Main Library Building                               The Data Archive,
University of Edinburgh                             University of Essex,
George Square                                       Wivenhoe Park,
Edinburgh EH8 9LJ                                   Colchester CO4 3SQ
E-mail: d.medyckyj-scott@ed.ac.uk                   E-mail: cress@essex.ac.uk
Tel: +44 (0)131 651 1308                            Tel: +44 (0)1206 873984




                                             6
2   Summary
This document lists the institutions and their research groups that have geo-spatial
data sets suitable for inclusion in the Geo-data Browser. They have been divided into
three groups based on the response to an e-mail survey conducted in May and June of
2001 requesting information about geographic data sets:
   those who gave details of their data sets
   those who said they did have suitable data sets
   those who (at the time of writing) have not replied
A more comprehensive study should be carried out if a demonstrator project is
funded.




                                            7
3   Scope and Suitability of Geo-spatial Resources created within UK Academia
The range and quality of resources created within UK academia is huge. Almost all
universities have some research centres that are involved in pushing forward the
boundaries of their particular subject interests. Research councils such as the ESRC
and the NERC fund a large proportion of research centres and groups based within
UK academia. Working alongside these research centres and groups are literally
thousands of PhD students and research fellows who are all producing data as part of
their research. The types of data that are produced are as wide as the subjects studied,
but for the purposes of the Geo-data Browser we are interested in data sets that have
some form of geographical reference with direct e.g. grid co-ordinates or indirect, e.g.
postcodes or place names. This means that there are potentially a vast range of
subject areas covered including, history, geography, social studies, biology and
archaeology.

A tour of UK university webpages found over 200 research centres and groups that
are likely to be producing suitable data sets as part of their research. These research
centres and groups are commonly made up of lecturers, PhD students and researchers
and research fellows. Some are small and may contain only four or five members,
whilst others may be large centres of excellence in a particular field of interest and are
the home for up to a hundred researchers. Whatever the size of the research centre or
group, the fact that they are producing data sets of a consistent high quality is of
paramount importance.

The next stage in the building of a Geo-data Browser would be to inform the members
of these research centres and groups of what is being proposed and more importantly
how it can benefit them and their peers within UK academia. Responses obtained
from various members of UK academia have consistently mentioned the importance
of showing how a system like the Geo-data Browser can be beneficial to members of
UK academia. If these benefits are not pointed out, then it may be very difficult to
encourage support in the system from researchers in UK academia.

The purpose of this short study was to find out whether research centres and groups
within UK academia are indeed producing data suitable for inclusion in the Geo-data
Browser. For data sets to be suitable they need to have certain characteristics. Firstly
the data producers or custodians must be willing to make the data available to others.
Second, ideally they must have some metadata record attached to them that describes
the content and nature of the data set. The metadata record does not have to be in the
recommended FE/HE Application Profile of the NGDF Metadata Guidelines, but it
should contain the minimum amount of information needed to describe a data set
adequately. This information is proposed by the ISO Working Committees in the
standard 15046-15 Geographic Information.

Third, the data sets must also be of a certain quality; there is no point in populating a
search tool for use within a research environment with resources that are of poor
quality or are incomplete. This will only frustrate users of the service and could
possibly discourage further use of it by themselves and peers. Therefore much work
has to be done to ensure that any resources that are used to populate the Geo-data
Browser are of a good quality when they are first added, and that they remain of a
good quality whilst they are within the reach of the Geo-data Browser.


                                            8
For data sets to be included in the Geo-data Browser they must also have some
geographical reference attached to them. This actually accounts for a large amount of
data sets produced in UK academia; it has been estimated that some 80 per cent of all
data sets are geographically referenced.

In order to ascertain the suitability of data sets being produced by the various research
centres and groups identified an e-mail survey was undertaken. The survey was
conducted in May and June of 2001 and asked for details of the types of data that
were being produced or held, the numbers of data sets in the group or centre, and
whether any metadata records existed in association with these data sets. If metadata
existed, they were asked to provide details of the types of information that were being
recorded.




                                           9
4     Potential resource providers
There are three types of resource providers that the proposed Geo-data Browser needs
to target in order to be a success. These are large national data centres, departmental
research centres and groups and individuals working in UK academia. This document
concentrates in particular on the other research centres and groups that have been
identified as possible resource providers to the proposed Geo-data Browser.

There are three groups described below - those research centres and groups that have
geographic data sets, those with no data sets and those that may have data sets. These
are grouped based on the replies to the email survey sent to the various institutions.
See Appendix A for the e-mail survey. These is an Excel spreadsheet (Contacts01.xls)
which contains details of who was contacted.

4.1    Institutions with data sets
These research centres and groups have sent details of the data sets they hold.

4.1.1 Cranfield University
         Soil Survey and Land Research Centre

        http://www.silsoe.cranfield.ac.uk/sslrc/

The SSLRC (Soil Survey and Land Research Centre) is the acknowledged authority
on the characterisation of English and Welsh soils, especially in terms of their spatial
distribution and variability. The Centre also manages the computer-based Land
Information System, LandIS, which contains a range of digital data for soil and other
environmental parameters. LandIS is sponsored by the Ministry of Agriculture
Fisheries and Food (MAFF) and by the Department of Environment, Transport and
the Regions (DETR).

SSLRC is fully committed to the importance of international metadata standards and
is working to represent its data holdings using standards embraced by the NGDF.
This means that all of their data holdings will be accessible via the askGIraffe
browser, and will be fully interoperable with the proposed Geo-data Browser. This
makes the SSLRC a very suitable resource for the Geo-data Browser.

4.1.2 Durham University
         Environmental Research Centre

        http://www.dur.ac.uk/ERC/

The data sets relate to Robert J. Allison and his research group, rather than the
Department of Geography as a whole.

A range of data sets are held for different countries around the world, mostly to do
with geomorphological aspects of the natural environment. All of the data is about the
physical environment/geomorphology, although some is a consequence of laboratory


                                           10
tests completed on samples collected in the field. They have an extensive soft
sediment geo-technical data set for example.

A number of the data sets could be made available for the project. The only real
constraint would be time - for someone to get the relevant information extracted and
in user-friendly format for those who have not been involved in the data
collection/generation.

There are a range of published papers that use the data but none that specifically
reproduce the information in its originally collected structure. It is all reported in
analysed format.

4.1.3 University of East Anglia
        Centre of East Anglian Studies

      http://www.uea.ac.uk/menu/acad_depts/ceas/

The English Heritage National Mapping Programme, is capturing archaeological,
aerial photographic and historic map data into a GIS system. Currently, in Norfolk
and Suffolk, the focus is on the coast, to support the EH Rapid Coastal Zone
Assessment Survey, for which Tom Loader and Peter Murphy have written project
designs. The RCZAS is starting as a GIS 'desk-based' study, moving on to field
survey in, it is hoped, April 2002. For further information about all this work, contact:
mark.brennand.mus@norfolk.gov.uk and tom.loader@et.suffolkcc.gov.uk

4.1.4 University of Essex
        UK Data Archive

       http://www.data-archive.ac.uk

The UK Data Archive (UKDA) holds Social science and economic and humanities
data. There are over 4,000 data sets that are made available for research and teaching.
Data are acquired from many different sources including central government,
academic researchers, opinion poll organisations and other data archives world-wide.
Although the UKDA do not produce data themselves they are the largest holder of
social science data in the UK and therefore a very valuable resource.

Many of the data sets held by the UKDA are geo-referenced. This is done most
commonly by administrative areas and postcodes, although Census tracts, countries,
counties and wards are among many other methods of geo-referencing. Metadata for
every data set is geo-referenced using placenames from HASSET. The UKDA uses
the Standard Study Description (SSD) metadata standard developed by the Council of
European Science Data Archives in the 1970s, and is moving over to the Data
Documentation Initiative Codebook (DDI) metadata standard, which has grown out of
the SSD and OSIRIS Codebook. These both map fairly well to the NGDF Discovery
Metadata standard, and this in turn will map to the proposed FE/HE Application
Profile of the NGDF Metadata Guidelines, which is detailed in the document entitled
Review of Standards.



                                           11
The UKDA have already expressed an interest to be part of the proposed Geo-data
Browser project and their wide range of resources would be a great asset to the
Browser.

              History Data Service

             http://hds.essex.ac.uk

Like the UKDA, the HDS is funded to collect data created by others and not to
produce. It holds around 500 data sets that cover a wide temporal period from the late
tenth century to the twentieth century. The HDS uses the Standard Study Description
(SSD) metadata standard developed by the Council of European Science Data
Archives in the 1970s, and is moving over to the Data Documentation Initiative
Codebook (DDI) metadata standard, which has grown out of the SSD and OSIRIS
Codebook. SSD and DDI map fairly well to the NGDF.

              Qualidata

             http://www.essex.ac.uk/qualidata/

The ESRC Qualitative Data Archival Resource Centre (Qualidata) was set up to
facilitate and document the archiving of qualitative data arising from research, whilst
also drawing the research communities' attention to its existence and potential.
Through its online catalogue, Qualicat, which can be found at
http://www.essex.ac.uk/qualidata/data/catinput.html, Qualidata provide access to
about 400 data sets from a wide range of subjects including education, geography and
social and economic history.

Qualidata use an in-house standard that is based on the Standard Study Description
(SSD) metadata standard developed by the Council of European Science Data
Archives in the 1970s. The standard looks like this:


Identifier                  Name                            Data Type          Domain
1                           Title of research               Character String   Free Text
2                           Reference Number                Character String   Free Text
3                           Principal Investigator(s)       Character String   Free Text
4                           Funding                         Character String   Free Text
5                           Other Investigators             Character String   Free Text
6                           Other responsibilities for      Character String   Free Text
                            collecting research material
7                           Copyright                       Character String   Free Text
8                           Purpose of Study                Character String   Free Text
9                           Key Topics Covered              Character String   Free Text
10                          Method(s) of Data Collection    Character String   Free Text
11                          Measurement Techniques/         Character String   Free Text
                            Scales
12                          Covering dates of fieldwork     Date               Date
                            or extraction of research
                            materials




                                                           12
13   Persons, groups or                 Character String   Free Text
     institutions (units) studied or
     recorded


14   Selection of cases for the         Enumerative List   Purposive selection or case
     project                                               sample
                                                           Quota sample
                                                           Convenience sample
                                                           Snowball sample
                                                           Volunteer sample
                                                           Stratified or systematic
                                                           random sample
                                                           Cluster sample
                                                           Other
15   Number of cases                    Real               Number
16   Geographical coverage              Character String   Free Text
17   Spatial units                      Enumerated List    No spatial units
                                                           Country
                                                           County
                                                           Standard region
                                                           District
                                                           Local Authority area
                                                           Ward
                                                           Parish
                                                           Enumeration district
                                                           Postcode sector
                                                           Postcode unit
                                                           Health Authority Area/
                                                           District
                                                           Parliamentary Constituency
                                                           Other
18   Interview/research setting         Character String   Free Text
19   Informed consent and               Character String   Free Text
     promises of preservation of
     confidentiality
20   Control and verification           Enumerated List    None
     operations on research
     materials                                             Re-interview
                                                           Confirmation of informants
                                                           personal details
                                                           Other


21   Type of study                      Enumerated List    One-off study
                                                           Regular cross-sectional study
                                                           Regularly updated follow-up
                                                           Answer Q. 22
                                                           Ad-hoc follow-up Answer Q.
                                                           22
                                                           Panel study Answer Q. 22
                                                           Other




                                       13
22   Follow-up study                 Character String   Free Text
23   Use of other archived           Character String   Free text
     materials
24   Details of research material    Enumerated List    Interviews
                                                        In-depth/unstructured
                                                        interview transcripts
                                                        Semi-structured interview
                                                        transcripts
                                                        Structured interview
                                                        questionnaires (indicate % of
                                                        open ended questions)
                                                        Group discussion transcripts
                                                        Written verbatim recorded
                                                        interviews
                                                        Interview notes
                                                        Interview summaries
                                                        Thematically organised
                                                        transcripts
                                                        Diaries
                                                        Unstructured, semi-structured
                                                        diaries
                                                        Structured/time budget
                                                        diaries
                                                        Field Notes
                                                        Participant observation field
                                                        notes
                                                        Other field notes
                                                        Observational recordings
                                                        Psychological test data
                                                        Kinship diagrams / other
                                                        anthropological materials
                                                        Other
                                                        Personal documents
                                                        Press clippings
                                                        Photographs
                                                        Other
                                                        Audio tape-recordings
                                                        In-depth/unstructured
                                                        interviews
                                                        Semi-structured interviews
                                                        Structured interview (open
                                                        ended questions)
                                                        Group discussions
                                                        Other
                                                        Audio-visual
                                                        Video tape
25   Contextual documentation        Enumerated List    Original grant application
                                                        End of award report
                                                        Published description of
                                                        methodology
                                                        Interview schedule(s)/ topic



                                    14
                                                                       guide(s)
                                                                       Diary format
                                                                       Questionnaire
                                                                       Observation checklist
                                                                       Interviewer instructions
                                                                       Prompt cards
                                                                       Coding schemes
                                                                       Matrices
                                                                       Tree diagrams
                                                                       Coding instructions
                                                                       Interview summaries
                                                                       Summaries of observations
                                                                       Details of investigation
                                                                       and/or interviewers
                                                                       Reflections on fieldwork
                                                                       Communication with
                                                                       informants relating to
                                                                       confidentiality
                                                                       Consent forms
                                                                       Details of missing
                                                                       information
                                                                       Other
26                   Completeness of research       Character String   Free Text
                     material
27                   Completeness of                Character String   Free Text
                     transcription
28                   Registration under the Data    Character String   Free Text
                     Protection Act
29                   Resulting publications         Character String   Free Text
30                   Associated publications        Character String   Free Text
31                   Related projects               Character String   Free Text
32                   Names and addresses of         Character String   Free Text
                     contacts
33                   Name                           Character String   Free Text
34                   Address                        Character String   Free Text
35                   Telephone Number               Character String   Free Text
36                   Facsimile Number               Character String   Free Text
37                   Email                          Character String   Free Text




4.1.5 University of Exeter
        History of Cartography Research Group

       http://www.ex.ac.uk/geography/research/maphist.html

Three data sets have been deposited with the HDS and another is being created on a
current AHRB funded project due to end in 2004. They are all in the public domain.
The data sets cover Historical data including Agricultural and Landscape History


                                                   15
Statistics, lists of early maps and local boundaries of England and Wales. There are a
number of books about the data sets which are listed and described with sample
illustrations at the URL above.

4.1.6 University of Greenwich
        Centre for GIS and Remote Sensing

       http://www.gre.ac.uk/directory/earthsci/gis-html/gis1.html

There is a geographical database called NODE - Nonmarine Ostracod Distribution in
Europe - using ArcInfo, Oracle, and more recently ArcvIew software. It was
developed originally for an EU funded research project and is currently being
expanded as part of the Fauna Europaea programme. For more information see:

http://www.gre.ac.uk/directory/earthsci/ostracod/Index.htm

4.1.7 University of Loughborough
        Climate and Weather Group

       http://www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/gy/climate/index.html

There are data sets on hourly climate variables (temperature, solar radiation etc) for a
number of 'key' stations in SE Asia and South America. Most data is quality
controlled from regional meteorological centres.

Some data is partly 'synthetic' and derived from graphical interpretation of real data
sets.

4.1.8 University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
        Social, Cultural and International Development Studies Research Group

       http://www.ncl.ac.uk/geography/scids/index.htm

Over the years a data set of mortgage transaction data provided by Nationwide
Building Society, has been built up, which is used mainly for house price analysis.
Basically, there are full records of all NBS mortgage approvals 1980-2000 with full
postcode (where available - district code is the lowest common denominator).

However this data set is not available as NBS is extremely sensitive about releasing to
this degree of detail, especially geographic. The research group has been hoping to
convince the NBS that they could act as their distributors to other academics for
solely academic (i.e. not consultancy) work, and maybe save them some of their
expensive time. Even getting hold of the data has not been easy, and the research
group do not want to confuse things for the future.

4.1.9 University of Portsmouth
        Environment Research Group


                                          16
       http://www.envf.port.ac.uk/geo/research/environment/webenvt.htm

The Dept. of Geography has a substantial number of geo-spatial data sets since GIS is
a main area of their work. The data sets are concentrated in the historical and
environmental GIS areas. The GB Historical GIS (Humphrey Southall and Ian
Gregory) is the largest and already collaborates with EDINA and the Data Archive.
Most of the rest of the departments’ work is not, some might be accessible to others,
some will be covered by contractual restrictions.

4.1.10 University of Sheffield
        Sheffield Centre for Geographic Information and Spatial Analysis

       http://www.shef.ac.uk/uni/academic/R-Z/scgisa/

There are a significant number of data sets which are in the process of
inventory/metadata documentation. Data sets are not created for teaching, but only for
research projects.

The data sets are largely socio-economic in the areas of crime, housing and property
markets, health, and urban management including needs assessment and service
delivery in areas such as children and young people. Some environmental data has
also been created in the context of a project on cardiovascular diseases and outdoor
pollution, plus another project on contaminated land for Chesterfield District Council
(these are examples only, not an exhaustive list)

Almost all of the data is in the context of specific research projects for clients. Hence
the data has restricted access as it is the client's data. Only data sets and methods
created as a result of research council's or charities work would be/is available for re-
use. See for example the SAGE project from the web site.

ftp://ftp.shef.ac.uk/pub/uni/academic/D-H/g/sage/sagehtm/sage.htm

The data sets that are created are currently being documented and use the forthcoming
standard ISO 19115, cross-mapped to the Dublin Core to facilitate discovery across
domains. For textual reports Dublin Core is used.

Information about the data sets has not been published anywhere previously.

4.1.11 University of Southampton
        Southampton Oceanography Centre

       http://www.soc.soton.ac.uk/

The Southampton Oceanography Centre (SOC) opened in 1996 and is a £49 million
development creating a centre for some 450 research scientists, lecturing and support
staff as well as 600 undergraduate and postgraduate students. Dave Gunn of the
centre is charged with cataloguing the vast numbers of data sets that are created by the
researchers at the centre. The main database held at the centre is the BOSCOR



                                           17
(British Ocean Sediment Core Repository) which holds over 1,200 deep sea sediment
core samples data. The entire catalogue is available online at www.boscor.org.

The metadata standard used by the BOSCOR project is an in-house standard that has
been developed by Dave Gunn. Due to very specific nature of the data that were
being collected it was felt that a new standard should be used as none of the existing
standards contained some of the necessary elements to describe the deep sea core
sediment samples data.

The standard used by BOSCOR is very simple containing just 17 elements and looks
like this:


      Identifier        Name                 Data Type         Domain
      1                 Location             Metadata Entity   Lines 2 -5
      2                 West Bounding Co-    Real              Grid Value / Longitude
                        ordinate
      3                 East Bounding Co-    Real              Grid Value / Longitude
                        ordinate
      4                 North Bounding Co-   Real              Grid Value / Latitude
                        ordinate
      5                 South Bounding Co-   Real              Grid Value / Latitude
                        ordinate
      6                 Sampling Device      Enumerated List   Gravity Core
                                                               Piston Core
                                                               Box Core
                                                               Kastenlot Core
                                                               Multiple Core
                                                               Long Piston Core
                                                               Dredge
                                                               Grab
                                                               Day Grab
                                                               Pore Water Sampler
                                                               Trigger Core
                                                               Other
      7                 Ocean/Sea Area       Enumerated List   Atlantic
                                                               Mediterranean
                                                               Indian Ocean
                                                               Arabian Gulf
                                                               Red Sea
                                                               Pacific
                                                               North East Atlantic
                                                               North Atlantic
                                                               East Atlantic
                                                               West Atlantic
                                                               South West Atlantic
                                                               Equatorial Atlantic
                                                               East Mediterranean



                                             18
                                                                   Central Mediterranean
                                                                   West Mediterranean
                                                                   Other
      8                 Physiographic Region    Enumerated List    Abyssal Plain
                                                                   Basin
                                                                   Channel
                                                                   Sea Mount
                                                                   Canyon
                                                                   Trough
                                                                   Flow
                                                                   Debris Flow
                                                                   Mud Dome
                                                                   Ridge
                                                                   Shelf
                                                                   Rise
                                                                   Slope
                                                                   Fracture
                                                                   Hill
                                                                   Manganese
                                                                   Margin
                                                                   Levee
                                                                   Other
      9                 Depth of Water          Real               Depth (m)
      10                Data Capture Period     Metadata Entity    Lines 11-12
      11                Start Date of Capture   Date               Date
      12                End Date of Capture     Date               Date
      13                Sample Number           Character String   Free Text
      14                Cruise Number           Character String   Free Text
      15                Ship                    Character String   Free Text
      16                Geographic Locality     Character String   Free Text
      17                Core Length             Real               Length (m)




Many of the elements in this standard do not map to the NGDF or the proposed
FE/HE Application Profile of the NGDF Metadata Guidelines, but the most important
piece of information as far as the Geo-data Browser is concerned is the spatial
footprint of the resource. The resources in the BOSCOR database are all given spatial
footprints in the form of latitude and longitude co-ordinates. This would mean that
the Browser would be able to perform spatial searches on the resources in the
BOSCOR database.

The FE/HE Application Profile of the NGDF Metadata Guidelines propose that
certain elements are mandatory and searchable, meaning that these elements are
essential as the proposed Geo-data Browser will be searching these element fields
most often. There are four of these elements and they are Title, Originator, Abstract
and Keywords. The BOSCOR standard does not include any of the mandatory and


                                                19
searchable element fields, and so it may therefore be difficult to perform any other
searches, such as keyword searches on this database. If a user of the system chose to
search just this catalogue in particular the option of performing these types of search
would have to be taken away from them in some way.

Therefore the Geo-data Browser could search the BOSCOR database, but at present it
would only be possible to perform spatial and temporal searches.

4.1.12 University of the West of England
        Air Quality Management Resource Centre

       http://www.uwe.ac.uk/aqm/

This centre is the focal point for people working in the field of air quality
management. It undertakes projects on a local and national scale and has recently
compiled a database of 4 years worth of questionnaire data from various local
authority departments (environmental health, transport planning, land use planning,
economic development, LA21 plus county planners and county land use planners)
from all the urban local authorities in England. In addition there is also data from the
Environment Agency, health authorities and the Highways Agency. The data is in the
form of a large SPSS spreadsheet but at present has no metadata files attached to it.

4.1.13 University of York
        Archaeology Data Service

http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/

The ADS holds a wide range of data sets, including
   RCHME Excavation Index for England
   National Monuments Record of Scotland
   Newham Museum Archaeology Project Archives
   Gardens Archaeology Project (Leverhulme)
   West of Scotland Sites and Monuments Record
   Museum of London Archaeological Archive
   York Archive Gazetteer
   Greater London Sites and Monuments Record
   Shetland Sites and Monuments Record
   MOLAS: Royal Opera House 1996 Excavations
   Northern Ireland Sites and Monuments Record
   OAU: Excavations at Eynsham Abbey
   NERC Ancient Biomolecules Initiative
   Lemba Archaeological Project
   Internet Archaeology
   CBA Research Reports
   VAG: Dendrochronology database
   Spatial and Chronological Patterns in the Neolithisation of Europe Project
   CBA Occasional Papers


                                          20
   Sussex Archaeological Collections
   English Heritage NMR Excavation Index for England
   Soil erosion, agricultural terracing and site formation processes at Markiani,
    Amorgos, Greece
   Spanish Medieval Ceramics in Spain and the British Isles
   The Bioarchaeology of the Culverwell Shell Midden
   Heirnet
   Northumberland Sites and Monuments Record
   Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust Sites and Monuments Record
   Conwy Sites and Monuments Record
   Denbighshire Sites and Monuments Record
   Flintshire Sites and Monuments Record
   Powys Sites and Monuments Record
   Wrexham Sites and Monuments Record
   Powys / Brecon Beacons National Park Sites and Monuments Record
   English Heritage National Monuments Record Index to Microfilmed
    Archaeological Archives
   The Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust Aerial Photograph Index
   ARCHway
   Fyfield and Overton Landscape Project
   Ave Valley Survey Project, Porto, Portugal
   English Heritage NMR Excavation Index for England
   Armitt Museum Ambleside Roman Fort
   HEIRNET (EH)
   HEIRNET (RCAHMS)
   HEIRNET (RCAHMW)
   HEIRNET (CBA)
   Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports
   Tell Brak / Kilise Tepe archive
   Burrow House Farm, Cottam (British Academy).
   Dunadd: an Early Dalriadic Capital.
   Archaeological Site Index to Radiocarbon Dates from Great Britain and Ireland
   CBA: Database of Implement Petrology for Britain
   Prehistoric and Romano-British Kimmeridge Shale

These data sets all pertain to the Historic Environment - ie more than just
archaeological deposits. Further details of these data sets are available at

http://minerva.york.ac.uk/cgi-bin/adsxcgi.cgi?infile=current_collections.html

They are all available for FE/HE and beyond. All are presented in DC with NGDF
and all are stored electronically. They come from a variety of sources from a variety
of places. None of them are ADS property - ADS simply has a license to distribute
them.




                                         21
4.2   Institutions with no data sets
These research centres and groups either have no geographic data sets or wish to be
removed from the contact list.

4.2.1 Bath University
        European Research Institute

       http://www.bath.ac.uk/Departments/SocPol/Centres/eurinst.htm

4.2.2 Brunel University
        Centre for Environmental Research

       http://www.brunel.ac.uk/research/cer/

        Centre for Comparative Social Work Studies

       http://www.brunel.ac.uk/depts/social/ccsws1.html

       They have data on the social services of various European countries which are
       not geographic data sets.

4.2.3 University of Cambridge
        Cambridge Coastal Research Unit

       http://www.geog.cam.ac.uk/ccru/ccru.html

        Environment, Society and Development Group

       http://www.geog.cam.ac.uk/RESEARCH/ESDgroup/ESD.htm

4.2.4 University of Dundee
        Centre for Applied Population Research

       http://www.dundee.ac.uk/geography/capr/

4.2.5 Durham University
        Earth Surface Systems Research Group

       http://www.geography.dur.ac.uk/research/ess/index.html

4.2.6 University of Edinburgh
        Research Centre for Social Sciences

       http://www.rcss.ed.ac.uk/


                                        22
4.2.7 University of Loughborough
       River Dynamics Research Group

      http://lboro.ac.uk/departments/gy/research/rdrg/index.html

4.2.8 University of Manchester
       The Cathie Marsh Centre for Census and Survey Research

      http://les.man.ac.uk/ccsr/

      They do not have anything relevant.

4.2.9 University of Portsmouth
       The Centre for Coastal Zone Management

      http://www.envf.port.ac.uk/lcm/cczm/intro.htm

       Social Services Research and Information Unit

      http://www.port.ac.uk/departments/ssriu/

      These departments hold no geographic data sets.

4.2.10 South Bank University
       Race and Ethnicity Research Unit

      http://www.sbu.ac.uk/fhss/race/index.shtml

       Social Science Research Centre

      http://www.sbu.ac.uk/fhss/ssrc/index.shtml

4.2.11 University of St Andrews
       Institute for Environmental History

      http://www.st-and.ac.uk/institutes/envhist/

4.2.12 University of Warwick
       The Eighteenth Century Centre

      http://www.warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/ECC/

       Centre for the Study of Social History

      http://www.warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/Soc_Hist/

       Humanities Research Centre

                                        23
      http://www.warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/HRC/


4.2.13 University of the West of England
       Centre for Environment and Planning

      http://www.uwe.ac.uk/fbe/cep/

     They have no data sets but are interested in using geographic data sets.




                                         24
4.3   Institutions that may have data sets
These research centres and groups may have data sets but at the close of project had
not replied to the survey.

4.3.1 Aberdeen University
        Geography Research Clusters

       http://www.abdn.ac.uk/geography/research.hti

4.3.2 Anglia Polytechnic University
        Environmental Sciences Research Centre

       http://www.anglia.ac.uk/envsci/

4.3.3 Bath Spa University College
        Quaternary Research Unit

       http://www.bathspa.ac.uk/applied-science/research/quaternary-research.htm

4.3.4 Bath University
        Centre for the Analysis of Social Policy (CASP)

       http://www.bath.ac.uk/Departments/SocPol/Centres/casp.htm

4.3.5 University of Birmingham
        Centre for Environmental Research and Training

       http://www.bham.ac.uk/CERT/

        School of Earth Sciences Research Groups

       http://www.bham.ac.uk/EarthSciences/research/

4.3.6 University of Bradford
        Ancient Metallurgy Research Group

       http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/archsci/depart/resgrp/amrg/amrginfo.html

        Archaeological Prospection Research Group

       http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/archsci/depart/resgrp/archpros/archpros.htm

        Bioarchaeology Research Group



                                         25
      http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/archsci/depart/resgrp/bioarch/

       Biological Anthropology Research Group

      http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/archsci/research.htm

       Gender, Ethnicity and Identity Research Group

      http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/socsci/re/rg-gei.htm

       Social Policy and Social Work Research Group

      http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/socsci/re/rg-spsw.htm

4.3.7 University of Brighton
       Biogeography and Ecology Research Group

      http://www.bton.ac.uk/environment/RESEARCH/BERG/index.htm

       Earth and Environmental Science Research Unit

      http://www.bton.ac.uk/environment/RESEARCH/EESRU.html

       Environment and Public Health Research Unit

      http://www.bton.ac.uk/environment/RESEARCH/EPHRU.html

4.3.8 University of Bristol
       Centre for Environmental and Geophysical Flows

      http://www.maths.bris.ac.uk/%7Eamnag/cegf/

4.3.9 Brunel University
       Environmental Change Research Group

      http://www.brunel.ac.uk/depts/geo/ecrg/ecrg.html

       State & Society Research Group

      http://www.brunel.ac.uk/depts/geo/ssrg/ssrg_home.html

       The Centre for the Study of Sickness, Health and Disablement

      http://www.brunel.ac.uk/research/cshsd/home.htm

4.3.10 University of Cambridge
       Social & Political Sciences Research Group

      http://www.sps.cam.ac.uk/research.html

                                       26
       Cambridge Research for the Environment

      http://www.landecon.cam.ac.uk/resenv.html

       The Cambridge Centre for Urban and Regional Studies

      http://www.landecon.cam.ac.uk/CCURS/Start.html

       The Property Research Group

      http://www.landecon.cam.ac.uk/PRG/Property_MAIN.htm

4.3.11 College of Ripon & York St John
       PLACE Research Centre

      http://www.ucrysj.ac.uk/centres/research/place/default.htm

4.3.12 Coventry University
       Centre for Local Economic Development

      http://www.stile.coventry.ac.uk/cled/index.html

       Research Centre for Quaternary Science

      http://www.nes.coventry.ac.uk/newnesweb/research/quaternary_science/cqs_h
      ome.html

       Criminal Justice Research Centre

      http://www.coventry.ac.uk/research/schools/isl3.htm

4.3.13 University of Derby
       Centre for Earth, Environmental & Applied Science Research

      http://www.derby.ac.uk/seas/biol/research/researc.html

       Centre for Social Research

      http://www.derby.ac.uk/ess/social-science/research/csr.html

4.3.14 University of Dundee
       Centre for Remote Sensing and Environmental Monitoring

      http://www.dundee.ac.uk/crsem/

       Space, Society and Politics Research Group

      http://www.dundee.ac.uk/geography/ssp.htm


                                       27
4.3.15 Durham University
       Centre for Applied Social Sciences

      http://www.dur.ac.uk/CASS/

       International Centre for Regional Regeneration and Development Studies

      http://www.geography.dur.ac.uk/research/icrrds/index.html

       Cultural and Social Geography Research Group

      http://www.geography.dur.ac.uk/research/csg/index.html

       Development Studies Research Group

      http://www.geography.dur.ac.uk/research/dev/index.html

       Political Economies of Geographical Change Research Group

      http://www.geography.dur.ac.uk/research/pegc/index.html

       Quaternary Environmental Change Research Group

      http://www.geography.dur.ac.uk/research/qec/index.html

       Sea Level Research Unit

      http://www.geography.dur.ac.uk/research/sealevel/index.html

       North-East England History Institute

      http://www.dur.ac.uk/~dcm0www/nehist.htm

4.3.16 University of East Anglia
       Climatic Research Centre

      http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/

4.3.17 University of Edinburgh
       Environmental Modelling and Monitoring

      http://www.geo.ed.ac.uk/home/research/EMMGIS.html

       Palaeoenvironmental Reconstruction and Modelling

      http://www.geo.ed.ac.uk/home/research/GPRM.html

       Cultural Politics of Identity

      http://www.geo.ed.ac.uk/home/research/GICP.html


                                        28
       Geography and Public Policy

      http://www.geo.ed.ac.uk/home/research.html#G1

       Centre for the Study of Environmental Change and Sustainability

      http://www.cecs.ed.ac.uk/

4.3.18 University of Essex
       Institute for Social and Economic Research

      http://www.iser.essex.ac.uk/

4.3.19 University of Exeter
       Service, Development and Society Research Group

      http://www.ex.ac.uk/geography/research/DSS.html

       Hydrology and Earth Surface Processes Research Group

      http://www.ex.ac.uk/geography/research/hydrology.html

       Late Quaternary Paleoenvironments Research Group

      http://www.ex.ac.uk/geography/research/palaegroup.html

4.3.20 University of Glamorgan
       GIS Research Centre

      http://www.glam.ac.uk/research/

       Coastal and Riverine Research Unit

      http://www2.glam.ac.uk/saps/

4.3.21 Glasgow Caledonian University
       Scottish Poverty Information Unit

      http://spiu.gcal.ac.uk/

       School of Social Sciences Research Groups

      http://socialsciences.gcal.ac.uk/research/index.html

4.3.22 University of Glasgow
       CHCC Project



                                        29
      http://www.chcc.ac.uk/

4.3.23 University of Greenwich
       Social and Economic Research Unit

      http://www.gre.ac.uk/directory/earthsci/resear1.htm

      (NB no home page…this link is to earth sciences home page)

       Centre for Contaminated Land Remediation

      http://www.gre.ac.uk/directory/earthsci/newcclr/newcclr.htm

       Social Sciences Research Report

      http://www.gre.ac.uk/directory/socialscience/sd04/research.html

       National Resources Institute

      http://www.nri.org/

4.3.24 University of Hertfordshire
       The Centre for Regional and Local History

      http://www.herts.ac.uk/fhle/research/

       Atmospheric Science Research Group

      http://www.herts.ac.uk/natsci/Env/Research/ASRG/

       Landscape & Ecology Research Group

      http://www.herts.ac.uk/natsci/Env/Research/LERG/

4.3.25 Huddersfield University
       Centre for Applied Childhood Studies

      http://www.hud.ac.uk/hhs/research/acs/index.htm

4.3.26 Hull University
       Institute of Estuarine and Coastal Studies

      http://www.hull.ac.uk/iecs/

       Wetlands Archaeology and Environments Research Centre

      http://www.hull.ac.uk/wetlands/



                                        30
4.3.27 Keele University
       Centre for Research in Environmental Sustainability

      http://www.keele.ac.uk/depts/spire/Research/cres/creshome.htm

4.3.28 Kingston University
       Centre for Earth and Environmental Science Research

      http://www.king.ac.uk/esg/ceesr/index.htm

       The Centre for the Understanding of Society and Politics

      http://www.king.ac.uk/cusp/Contents.htm

       Centre for Local History Studies

      http://humansciences.king.ac.uk/humanities/history/local/index.htm

4.3.29 Lancaster University
       York Doomsday Project

      http://www.lancs.ac.uk/depts/yorkdoom/welcome.htm

       North West Regional Research Laboratory

      http://www.lancs.ac.uk/depts/nwrrl/default.htm

       Health, Migration and Social Change Research Group

      http://geog-main.lancs.ac.uk/hmsc/hmschome.htm

       Environment and Development Research Group

      http://geog-main.lancs.ac.uk/eandd/eandd.htm

       GIS and Remote Sensing Research Group

      http://geog-main.lancs.ac.uk/gres/greshome.htm

       Centre for the Study of Environmental Change

      http://www.lancs.ac.uk/users/csec/default

       Institute for Cultural Research

      http://www.lancs.ac.uk/users/cultres/default

4.3.30 University of Loughborough
       Geographical Information Systems Interest Group


                                          31
       http://www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/gy/gis/index.html

4.3.31 Manchester Metropolitan University
       Environmental Sedimentology Research Group

      http://www.egs.mmu.ac.uk/users/cperry/esrg/espg_home.htm

       Spatial Information Technology Research group

      http://www.egs.mmu.ac.uk/research/spatial/sit_home.html

4.3.32 University of Manchester
       Social Policy Applied Research Centre

      http://les.man.ac.uk/sparc/

       Centre for Urban Policy Studies

       http://www.art.man.ac.uk/geog/cups/index.htm

       CHCC Project

      http://www.chcc.ac.uk/

4.3.33 Middlesex University
       Urban Pollution Research Centre

      http://www.mdx.ac.uk/www/uprc/uprc.htm

       Centre for Criminology

      http://www.mdx.ac.uk/www/issr/research/cen4crim.htm

       Flood Hazard Research Centre

      http://www.fhrc.mdx.ac.uk/contents.html

       Social Policy Research Centre

      http://www.mdx.ac.uk/www/issr/research/socpol.htm

4.3.34 University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
       Archaeology Research Groups

      http://archaeology.ncl.ac.uk/index.htm

       Spatial Analysis Research Group

      http://www.ncl.ac.uk/sarg/

                                        32
       Centre for Urban and Regional Development Studies

      http://www.ncl.ac.uk/curds/

       Centre for Land Use and Water Resources Research

      http://www.cluwrr.ncl.ac.uk/

       Centre for Research in Knowledge Science and Society

      http://www.phil.ncl.ac.uk/

4.3.35 University of Portsmouth
       The Institute for the Geography of Health

      http://www.envf.port.ac.uk/geo/research/health/index.htm

       Historical Geography Research Group

      http://www.geog.port.ac.uk/geo/research/html/historicalgeography.htm

       Great Britain Historical GIS Project

      http://www.geog.port.ac.uk/gbhgis/

       Historical and Social Research Centres

      http://www.port.ac.uk/departments/sshs/Research.htm

4.3.36 University of Reading
       Agricultural Research Centres

      http://www.agric.rdg.ac.uk/Research/Research_frameset.htm

       The Rural History Centre

      http://www.rdg.ac.uk/Instits/im/index.html

       Environmental Systems Science Centre

      http://www.nerc-essc.ac.uk/

       The Political and Cultural Geography Research Group

      http://www.fp.rdg.ac.uk/Geog/Research/PCGG.htm

       Geographies of Development Research Group

      http://www.fp.rdg.ac.uk/Geog/Research/GD.htm

       The Aquatic Environments Research Centre


                                        33
       http://www.fp.rdg.ac.uk/Geog/Research/AERC.htm

        The Landscape and Landform Research Group

       http://www.fp.rdg.ac.uk/Geog/Research/LLRG.htm

4.3.15 University of Salford
        Institute for Social Research

       http://www.isr.salford.ac.uk//home.htm

        Telford Institute for Environmental Studies

       http://www.risee.salford.ac.uk/ties/

        Institute for Health and Social Care Research

       http://www.ihr.salford.ac.uk//home.htm

4.3.37 Sheffield Hallam University
        Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research

       http://www.shu.ac.uk/schools/urs/cresr/

4.3.38 University of Sheffield
        The Centre for Environmental and Engineering Geosciences

       http://www.shef.ac.uk/uni/academic/A-C/ceeg/

        Migration and Ethnicity Research Centre

       http://www.shef.ac.uk/merc/

        Sheffield Centre for Earth Observation Science

       http://www.shef.ac.uk/~sceos/

        The Urban and Regional Policy Research Institute

       http://www.shef.ac.uk/~urpri/

        Humanities Research Institute

       http://www.shef.ac.uk/uni/academic/D-H/hri/

        Centre for Nineteenth Century Studies

       http://www.shef.ac.uk/english/literature/c19/index.html




                                          34
4.3.39 South Bank University
       History Research Group

      http://www.sbu.ac.uk/fhss/history/history_research.shtml

       Centre for Local Environmental Policies and Strategies

      http://pisces.sbu.ac.uk/BE/UES/pages/RandCframe.html

       Water Development Research Unit

      http://www.sbu.ac.uk/wdru

4.3.40 University of St Andrews
       Centre for Environmental History and Policy (website under re-
        development)

      http://www.st-and.ac.uk/institutes/cehp/

       Joint Centre for Scottish Housing Research

      http://www.st-and.ac.uk/academic/gg/housing.html

4.3.41 University of the West of England
       Centre for Research in Environmental Systems, Pollution and Remediation

      http://www.uwe.ac.uk/research/centres/crespar.shtml

       Regional History Centre

      http://humanities.uwe.ac.uk/Regionhistory/rhc.htm

4.3.42 University of Westminster
       History Research Group

      http://www.wmin.ac.uk/history/research.html

       Environment and Resource Information Centre

      http://www.wmin.ac.uk/eric/

4.3.44 Other Resources
       Online History Resources

      http://www.ihrinfo.ac.uk/ihr/uksource.html




                                        35
Appendix A Email Survey
Dear Colleague,

ATTENTION USERS OF GEO-SPATIAL DATA

* Please READ the rest of this message if you are the creator or custodian of any
geographic data sets.

Please DELETE it if you do not have such responsibilities and accept our apologies
for contacting you. However, we would be very grateful if you could use whatever
internal networks you have to send on the appended message to relevant colleagues. *

The JISC (Joint Information Systems Committee) is funding an investigation into the
demand within UK academia for an on-line geographic data resource discovery tool.
This is an on-line mechanism which allows users to find out about geographic data
that they may find useful for projects and teaching. We, EDINA and the History Data
Service, are tasked with assessing the need for such a tool within UK tertiary
education and then outlining a technical solution.

Resource discovery tools are only successful if a sizeable amount of information is
available to users to search. Through this e-mail we seek to establish

1) what geographic data sets already exist or are being created within UK academia

2) whether they are documented in any way (i.e. metadata (or data about data) has
   been created which describes the content of the data sets)3) whether the data could
   be made available to other researchers and teachers in UK tertiary education and
   under what conditions, if any.

Geographic data sets are any data with a geo-spatial reference. By geo-spatial
reference we mean a means to associate the data with a location relative to the surface
of the Earth e.g. co-ordinate, postal address, place name or administrative area
name/code. Examples of such data range from topographical or thematic digital maps,
digital boundary data to statistical, environmental and historical information suitable
for the purpose of spatial analysis.

Please read on if you would like to help us.

Thank you in advance for your help,

Chris O'Hanlon

Geographic Information Officer

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The Geo-data Browser is a JISC funded project which is investigating various issues
surrounding the establishment of a geographic data discovery tool for UK academia.

To gain maximum benefit from the data being created within UK academia, to


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ensure that their teaching and research potential is fully exploited, and to minimise the
redundancy of data collection, the existence of geographic data sets should be
recorded and then promoted to others. Much of this data could also have value
outside academia within the Geographic Information (GI) community. (For more
detail on the project please use this link http://hds.essex.ac.uk/portal.asp.)

As the feasibility study nears its end, the focus of the research has shifted to trying to
find out what data sources exist within UK academia, and whether there is any
accompanying metadata for these resources.

The support of research centres and groups based in UK academia will play a

large part in the success of the data discovery tool, and in return the service will be of
great use to researchers and students alike, offering access to a database of metadata
records that provide links to data sets produced in UK academia.

If you or the research or teaching group to whom you belong are producing any data
sets that are geo-referenced please could you supply us, by replying to this e-mail,
with the following details:

1) How many data sets do you, your research/teaching team, department hold or are
   you creating?

2) What theme(s) does the content of the data sets held or being produced cover
   (e.g. social science, archaeological data, environmental data, historical,
   geological)?

3) How many of the data sets could be made available to other researchers and
   teachers in the UK (possibly for a charge)? What barriers are there to doing so?

4) Are the data sets accompanied by metadata and, if so, is this to any standard (e.g.
   Dublin Core, NGDF Discovery Metadata Guidelines, Directory Interchange
   Format (DIF), FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata, an "in-
   house" standard). Is this metadata stored electronically?

5) Has information about the data sets being produced in your team or department
   been published anywhere previously and, if so, where?

6) 6) Would you would be happy for us to contact you about your responses or
   publicising your data sets?

Your time and help in this task are very much appreciated.

With best wishes

Chris O'Hanlon

Geographic Information Officer

Geo-Spatial Projects
The UK Data Archive
University of Essex


                                           37
Wivenhoe Park
Colchester
Essex
CO4 3SQ
(01206) 873934




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