Doug Course Outline in old outline but

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Doug Course Outline in old outline but Powered By Docstoc
					             Documentary
               Seminar
        www.ricedocumentaryclass.info
                 Doug Killgore
                832-868-3166
              killgore@rice.edu
NOTE: This is the most recent version of a slide show Doug uses to help guide
 him through part of the class lectures. It isn’t very detailed or comprehensive
 and it stops before we get into the real production phase, but some students
          have requested that it be added to the website, so here it is.
             Course Plan
• Watch some documentaries
• How documentaries are made
  • Script development
  • Obtaining source material
  • Putting it together
• Production - camera & sound
• Post-production
• Produce a Class Documentary
• Watch some documentaries
• Where can you watch documentaries?
  • DVDs
    • Feature Films - Michael Moore +
    • Extra Features
  • Television
    • A&E Biography
    • News - 60 minutes, etc.
    • Discovery Channel / Science Channel / History
      Channel
    • Sundance Channel
    • IFC, KUHT - The Territory
  • Internet
  1. What is a
“Documentary”?



• Nanook of the North
• Robert J. Flaherty
• Released in 1922
       1. What is a
     “Documentary”?
• Content
• Elements
• Approaches
• Style
• Purpose
         Content
• Presumably non-fiction
• Show and Tell.
            Elements
• Archival Materials
  • Film/video clips
  • Photographs
  • Documents
• Interviews
  • Subjects
  • Witnesses
  • Experts
• Footage shot for the Documentary
          Approaches
•   Poetic
•   Expository
•   Participatory
•   Observational
•   Dramatic
           Style
• Overall look
 • Titles/Layout
 • Lighting
 • Tone and Pace
 • Degree of Consistency
• Organization - how you tell
  the story
CLASS PROJECT

What’s your
 Passion?
 1-2 Minute video
CLASS PROJECT


  Get a
 Partner
 CLASS PROJECT
 Consider resources -
photos, video, objects,
music, props, wardrobe
                 Work Flow
• Select subject/topic
• Shoot Interview


1.   Transcribe Interview
2.   Write/Edit Script
3.   Acquire additional source material
4.   Capture into computer
5.   Edit
6.   Score
7.   DVD
2. Lights, Camera, Lens
.What’s the difference between film and Video?
  •   Audio
  •   Feedback
  •   Cost
  •   Quality (resolution)
• Camera Formats, Quality
  • VHS, 8mm, DV, DVCAM, BetaCam, HD
  2 The Camera (F&E)
• Light
  • Color Temperature
  • F-stop
  • Depth of field
  • Soft and hard lighting
  • Sensitivity - gain
• Auto/Manual Controls
         2 The Camera
• Lens
 • Auto-focus – Advantages,
   Disadvantages
 • F-stop
 • Depth of field
       2 The Camera
• Lens
  • Telephoto v. Wide-Angle
     • Focus, Perspective, Steadiness
  • Zoom and electronic zoom
  • Pick focal length for effect
  • Dolly/zoom combo
       2 The Camera
• Lens
  • Exposure
     • F-stop, shutter speed
     • Auto vs. Manual
        • Background Brightness
        • Mood
  • Color Balance
2 Camera Support
• Tripod
   • Video/film not still
   • Fluid Head
• Monopod
• Steadicam
• Elbows
• Shaky-Cam
• Image Stabilization
    2 The Camera
• Use a tripod unless you
  have a good reason not to.
            Sound
• Microphones
 • Built-in/detachable
 • Shotgun
 • Lavalier (clip-on)
 • Hand-held
 • Wire/wireless
            Sound
• Stereo sound
  • 2 channels to work with
  • Program for auto/manual level
    control
• Microphone is different from the ear
• Always use headphones
             Sound

• Get best possible sound in the
  field -
    Don’t rely on fixing it in the
  mix.
            Light
• Natural vs Studio
• Soft vs. Hard
• High Key, Low Key
• Color Temperature
  • Sunlight, Tungsten,
   Fluorescent
• Mixing sources
            Light
• Get the best image you
  can when you shoot –
  don’t rely on fixing it in the
  computer.
  Interview Techniques
• Learn about your subject (Person,
  Extablishment)
  • Source materials – internet,
    programs, brochures, vitae? Save
    for reference.
• Inform Interviewee about process
  at the beginning – put at ease
  • Use complete answers
  • Be redundant – tiny part will be used
 Interview Techniques
• Position the camera at
  subject’s eye level
• Wear headphones
• Sit (or stand) very near
  camera, encourage subject
  to talk to you and forget
  camera
  Interview Techniques
• Roll as soon as you can - Don’t let
  the subject tell you important info
  while you’re setting up.
• ID interviewer, date, location, subject
• Instruct Subject to introduce
  him/herself & spell name if
  necessary
• Get job title, if relevant
 Interview Techniques
• Don’t ask most important
  questions first – get the
  conversation going with easy
  questions – set comfort level
• Steer, don’t lead
• Act ignorant (not stupid)
• Ask questions that will elicit
  complete answers
   Planning Our Doc
• Raison d’être
• Look
• Approach
           3 Editing
• Film Editing
  • Cut and splice film and sound
  • Make sound-striped prints on film
• Analog Video Editing
  • Play on one deck, record on
    other
  • Loss of quality with every
    generation
         3 Editing
• Digital Video Editing
 • Capture video and audio in
   computer
 • Manipulate picture and sound
 • Little or no loss of quality
         3 Editing
• Jump Cuts
• Match action
• Screen Direction
• Transitions – cuts, dissolves,
  etc.
• Clouseau cut
    Editing Software
• PC
 • Adobe Premiere & Premiere
   Pro
• Apple
 • i-movie
 • Final Cut Express & Pro
iMovie
Adobe Premiere Pro
Adobe Premiere Pro

• Start New Project
 Adobe Premiere Pro
• 1. Start New Project
• 2. Use Fire Wire device to
  capture video to computer
• 3. Select to work in
  Storyboard or Timeline mode

				
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