Prof. Dr. Samy A. Nasef
• Reflexology is the treatment
modality that deals with the
principle that there are reflex
areas in feet and hands which
correspond to all glands,
organs, and parts of the body.
• Reflexology employs a unique method of
using the thumb and fingers to apply
specific pressure to these reflex points to
achieve numerous therapeutic benefits.
• The reflexologist works each reflex
thereby triggering a release of stress and
tension in the corresponding are or body
zone, as well as an overall relaxation
• The release of tension unblocks nerve
impulses and improve the blood supply to
all parts of the body.
• Because reflexology works from
inside, it also has a balancing
effect on each gland, orange
and body region. Clients
typically express relief from
tension and pain, greater
feelings of well being and
• It may be shown eventually that foot reflexology:
• * Removes blockages in the body's energy flow.
• * Normalize blood and lymphatic flow to various region
of the body.
• * Promoting oxygenation of tissues . Promoting
removal of waste
• * There are 7200 nerve endings in each foot and this
may help explain why we feel much better when our feet
• * These nerve endings have extensive
interconnections through the spinal cord and brain with
all areas of the body, making the feet the ideal site from
which to release tension and enhance our health.
Origins of Reflexology
• The earliest documentation of
reflexology practiced by an ancient
culture was found at Saqqara, in a
wall painting in the tomb of an
• Physician (Ankhmahor, the highest
official after the pharaoh), during
back to the early sixth dynasty
(approximately 2330 BC).
• 1800s, Sir Henry head of
London provide a scientific
basis for reflexology. He
identified the hypersensitivity of
zones of the skin and termed
them "Head's zones" or zones of
• At the beginning of this century,
Dr. Alfons Cornelius published
the manuscript Druckpunkte (or
pressure points, the origin and
significance) describing the
therapeutic benefits of pressure
point massage to "reflex zones"
• It has been widely practiced in England
since 1960s and through out Europe in
1970, but only in the recent years has it
achieved wide acceptance in the united
• It is one of the fastest growing forms of the
complementary therapy, and is now
practiced around the world. It is common
in many European hospitals, and is the
most popular form of complementary
treatment in Denmark.
• . Reflexologists see the foot as a
mini map of the body to guide them
in their work, and so begin treatment
by working the entire foot before
focusing on specific areas.
• Note the correlation between
reflexes, zones, and body parts, each
foot represents one half of the body,
and the five zones on that side of the
• The toes represent the head, neck and
• Each toe represents a zone, but the big toe
each encompass all five zones.
• The reflex for the pituitary gland is found in
the center of the big toe,
• and the base of the big toe represents the
• The other toes represents the sinuses and
specific areas of the head.
• The ball of the foot represent the thoracic area,
which encompasses the lungs, heart, chest, upper
back, and shoulders
• The area just below the metatarsal or ball of each
foot represent the diaphragm or solar plexus, the
highly important area which has neural connection
to many body parts.
• The arch represents the abdominal area, including
the liver and gall bladder, on the right foot, the
stomach and spleen on the left foot, and the kidney,
pancreas, adrenal glands on both feet.
• The heel represents the pelvic area
including the intestines, colon, and sciatic
• The top of the ankle represents the
• The points between the ankle bone and
heel on each side of the foot represent the
• The length of the inside edge of the foot
represents the 26 vertebrae which
compromise the spine, as well as the 31
pairs of nerves connected to the vertebrae,
leading to every body area.
The outer sides of the
• The outer sides of the foot represent the
knee, hip, and lower back region.
• Although reflexology is not a substitute to
see a medical doctor, it can be benefit to
virtually every physiological system:
• 1. Skeletal system
• 2. Nervous system
• 3. Muscular system
• 4. Cardiovascular system.
• 5. Circulatory system 6. lymphatic
• 7. Respiratory
• 8. Digestive
• 9. Urinary
• 10. Endocrine
• 11. Reproductive system
• 12. Sense organs.
• Practical Applications
• * Working the toes and the base of
the toes where they join the feet
may help alleviate:
• 1. headache
• 2. stress
• 3. stiff neck
• 4. pain from TMJ
• Stimulation of the wide band
across the ball of each foot may
produce relief from:
• 1. asthma
• 2. shortness of breath
• 3. some allergies
Inside edge of the foot
• Reflexing the entire inside edge
of the foot, from the middle of
each big toe to the base of the
heel may help alleviate:
• 1. back pain
• 2. spinal problems
• 3. related neurological problems
• Stimulating the diaphragm reflexes along
with the kidney reflexes on both feet may:
• 1. improve circulation,
• 2. normalize blood pressure.
• * Reflexing the zone on the inside edge
near the top of the heel of each foot may
• 1. urinary infections.
• 2. incontinence
• Acting on gall bladder, pancreas, and
liver, to aid digestion. . *
• Act on adrenals for soft muscle tone.
• Act on iliocecal valve, to regulate
• In fact, direct pressure applied to
any point along zone will affect the
• Basic thumb technique
• The inside medial edge of the thumb
• Walk it over the reflex zones by slightly
bending and unbending the first joint of the
thumb and creeping forward with steady,
• It is important to leverage this movement
with slight, even pressure of the other four
fingers in opposition to the thumb on the
other side of the foot.
• Finger technique
• The same as the thumb technique
• Use the inside edge of the finger just as
you use the inside edge of the thumb, in
conjunction with bending of the first joint
of that finger.
• The thumb, hook in, back up technique
• This is used when pinpoint accuracy is
needed in a reflex zone
• Bend the first joint of the thumb, and exert
pressure with inside comer of the thumb.
• Once you placed the thumb on a
reflex point on the foot, you
push in and pull back across the
point with the thumb.
• Without sliding, but keeping it in
• Move the underlying tissue.