OBJECTIVES OF MIDLAND SECONDARY SCHOOL

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OBJECTIVES OF MIDLAND SECONDARY SCHOOL Powered By Docstoc
					                                       COURSE PLANNING
 To complete the requirements of the Ontario Secondary School Diploma (O.S.S.D.), students
 require a minimum of 30 credits of which 18 are Compulsory Credits and 12 are Elective Credits.


                           Grade 9                     Grade 10                     Grade 11                   Grade 12
            1.      English                       English                   English                          English

            2.      Math                          Math                      Math (at least 1 in
                                                                            Grade 11 or 12)
            3.      Science                       Science

            4.      Geography                     History

            5.      French                        Civics/Careers

            6.      Physical
                    Education
            7.

            8.



                        REMAINING OSSD COMPULSORIES
                                         Group 1                            Group 2                           Group 3
          1 of                             1 of                               1 of                              1 of
  Arts ( if not already                English                        Physical Education                    9-12 Tech
taken in grade 9 or 10)                French                             Business                        11/12 Science
                                       Spanish                               Arts                     Co-operative Education
                                    Social Science                  Co-operative Education
                               Canadian & World Studies
                                  Guidance & Career
                                      Education
                                Co-operative Education

 NOTE: A maximum of two of the three additional compulsory credit requirements for groups 1, 2, and 3 may be
 met with credits earned through Co-operative Education.

 Student Fees
 There will be no fees or costs charged to a student in order to participate in the regular day school program. Fees may be charged
 where a student chooses to: upgrade the material or where the purchase of materials is optional. Students enrolled in secondary
 schools can expect to be provided with the basic learning resources that are required to meet the course expectations. It is recognized
 that there may be optional resources that students may purchase to enhance the program, e.g. field trips, workbooks, upgrading
 materials for courses such as Construction Technology and Visual Arts.
 Students are expected to participate actively in their own learning and are required to bring basic material such as pens, pencils and
 paper with them. Students taking Physical Education are expected to wear appropriate attire such as shorts, T-shirt and running shoes
 to ensure that active participation is possible.

 Students are encouraged to purchase their school’s student activity card by paying the student activity fee. The activity card includes
 but is not limited to the benefit of participating in the co-curricular program, in student council dances and other activities.

 Students involved in co-curricular teams, clubs, and groups will be made aware of any additional fundraising obligations or
 participation fees prior to making a commitment to participate.
                                                   2008 - 2009
                                                      ii
                                                                   200722


Requirements for the
          -2005 COURSE CALENDARurse
Ontario Secondary School Diploma (OSSD)

In order to earn an OSSD a student must:
                                         Calendar                                                    We believe in the importance
                                                                                                     and value of completing a
                                                                                                     secondary education. We
                                                                                                     are committed to reaching
                  earn 30 credits (18 compulsory and 12 optional credits);                          every student to help them
                                                                                                     achieve a successful
                  complete 40 hours of community involvement activities;                            outcome from their
                                                                                                     secondary school
                  successfully complete the provincial secondary school                             experience. To ensure high
                                                                                                     quality learning and a
                   literacy test.
                                                                                                     program customized to their
                                                                                                     skills and interests within a
Compulsory credits                                                                                   caring and supportive
                                                                                                     environment students have
                                                                                                     access to the following
Students must earn the following 18 compulsory credits in order to obtain                            supports:
                                                                                                     -     ambassador visits to
the Ontario Secondary School Diploma:                                                                      the elementary classes
                                                                                                     -     trips to MSS to witness
                                                                                                           elective and core
                   four credits in English (one credit per grade);                                        subjects in action
                   one credit in French as a second language;                                       -     guidance counsellor
                                                                                                           presentations to the
                   three credits in mathematics (at least one credit in Grade 11                          grade 8 classes and
                                                                                                           counsellor assistance
                    or 12);                                                                                with course selections
                                                                                                     -     grade 8 parents’ nights
                   two credits in science;                                                          -     Cavalcade Day
                                                                                                     -     grade 9 Orientation Day
                   one credit in Canadian history;                                                        in August
                   one credit in Canadian geography;
                                                                                                     Goals and
                   one credit in the arts;                                                          philosophy
                   one credit in health and physical education;
                                                                                                     The mission of the Simcoe
                   point five (.5) credit in civics;                                                County District School Board
                   point five (.5) credit in career studies;                                        is to ensure students reach

                   one additional credit in English, or French as a second                          their full potential to become
                                                                                                     responsible and contributing
                    language, or a Native language, or a classical or an
                                                                                                     members of an ever-
                    international language, or social sciences and the                               changing global society
                    humanities or Canadian and world studies, or guidance and                        through quality programs
                                                                                                     which develop the skills of
                    career education, or co-operative education;
                                                                                                     life-long learning in a safe,
                   one additional credit in health and physical education, or                       caring environment
                    the arts, or business studies or co-operative education;                         enhanced by community

                   one additional credit in science (Grade 11 or 12) or                             support.

                    technological education (Grade 9-12) or co-operative
                    education
Optional credits
In addition to the 18 compulsory credits, students must earn 12 optional credits selected from the
courses listed in the school program and course calendar.
                              Ontario Secondary School Certificate (OSSC)

OSSC course                   The Ontario Secondary School Certificate will be granted on request to
requirements                  students who leave school before earning the Ontario Secondary
                              School Diploma and who have earned a minimum of 14 credits, seven
Following is a list of the    of which satisfy the compulsory credit requirements.
credits required to achieve
an Ontario Secondary
School Certificate.
                              Ontario Secondary School Certificate of
Compulsory credits            Accomplishment

         Two credits in      Students who leave school before fulfilling the requirements for the
          English             Ontario Secondary School Diploma or the Ontario Secondary School
                              Certificate may be granted a Certificate of Accomplishment.
         One credit in
          Canadian            This certificate may be a useful means of recognizing achievement
          geography or        for students who plan to take certain vocational programs or other
          history             kinds of further training. Students who return to school to complete
                              additional credit and non-credit courses will have their transcript
         One credit in
                              updated, but will not be issued a new Certificate of Accomplishment.
          mathematics

         One credit in
          science             Community Involvement - Diploma Requirements
         One credit in
          health and
          physical            Students must complete 40 hours of community involvement. This
          education           requirement is to encourage students to develop awareness and
                              understanding of civic responsibility and the role they can play in their
         One credit in
                              communities.
          the arts or
                              Students, in collaboration with their parent(s)/guardian(s), are responsible for
          technological
                              selecting volunteer activities from the “Eligible Activity List”. See below.
          education
                              Students, their parent(s)/guardian(s) have the responsibility for completing the
                              “Completion of Community Involvement Activities” form and handing these in
Optional credits:             to the school as required. They are also to ensure that the corresponding, total
                              number of hours is recorded correctly on the student’s report card.
         Seven credits
          selected by the     Community Involvement – Eligible Activity List
          student from        Eligible activities must be without pay, outside class time, and not part of a
          available
                              course requirement, such as job shadowing, co-op or work experience.
          courses.
                              However, an acceptable activity that takes place during a student’s lunch break
                              or “spare” periods is acceptable.
The SCDSB in consultation with School Councils, the Special Education Advisory Committee and
Ontario School Board’s Insurance Exchange (OSBIE) approve the activities listed below:



          assistance to seniors;                                                                  Community involvement:

          environmental projects;                                                                 Key factors to remember

          working with charitable and service organizations;                                              Every student
          community sports and recreation activities;                                                      must complete
          specific school-related activities;                                                              40 hours of
                                                                                                            community
          community activities;                                                                            involvement to
          working in health facilities.                                                                    earn their
                                                                                                            OSSD


The Ministry’s List of Ineligible Activities                                                               Students and
                                                                                                            parents must
The Ministry of Education has developed a list of activities that cannot be chosen for community
                                                                                                            complete a
involvement activities. An ineligible activity is one that:
                                                                                                            Completion of
                                                                                                            Community
                                                                                                            Involvement
          takes place in a logging or mining environment, if the student is
                                                                                                            Activities
           under sixteen years of age;                                                                      form.
          takes place in a factory, if the student is under fifteen years of age;
                                                                                                           See the
          takes place in a workplace other than a factory, if the student is
                                                                                                            guidance
           under fourteen years of age and is not accompanied by an adult;                                  counselors for
          would normally be performed for wages by a person in the                                         the forms and
           workplace;                                                                                       more
                                                                                                            information
          involves the operation of a vehicle, power tools, or scaffolding;
                                                                                                            about
          involves the administration of any type or form of medication or                                 involvement.
           medical procedure to other persons;
          involves the handling of substances classed as “designated
           substances” under the Occupational Health and Safety Act;
          requires the knowledge of a tradesperson whose trade is regulated
           by the provincial government;
          involves banking or the handling of securities, or the handling of
           jewelry, works of art, antiques, or other valuables;
          consists of duties normally performed in the home (i.e., daily
           chores) or personal recreational activities;
          involves a court-ordered program (e.g., community-service program
           for young offenders, probationary program);
          an activity which involves the use of a firearm
                                            Accommodations, Deferrals and
                                            Exemptions for the Ontario Secondary
                                            School Literacy Test
Ontario                                     Accommodations:
Secondary                                    A student who is receiving a special education program or service and who has
                                            an Individual Education Plan (IEP) will receive the accommodations noted in the
School                                      IEP that match accommodations permitted by the Education Quality and
                                            Accountability Office. These accommodations must be consistent with those
Literacy Test                               available to the student completing his or her regular school work, including
                                            examinations and other forms of evaluation.

                                            Deferrals:
All students must successfully              Deferrals are intended for students who have not yet acquired a level of
complete the Ontario Secondary              proficiency in English to successfully complete the OSSLT. This may include
School Literacy Test in order to            students whose first language is not English, students who have been identified as
earn a secondary school                     exceptional, or students who have been unsuccessful in achieving the reading and
diploma. The test will be                   writing skills appropriate for Grade 9. Deferrals may also be granted for students
administered in Grade 10. The               who are unable to write the test during the scheduled administration due to illness,
test is based on the expectations           injury or other extenuating circumstances. The principal will determine if a deferral
for reading and writing across              should be granted. Deferred students are expected to write the OSSLT during the
subjects in the Ontario                     next administration.
Curriculum up to the end of
                                            Exemptions:
Grade 9.
                                            A student must have an IEP that clearly indicates he or she is not working towards
The test will determine who has             a secondary school diploma in order to be exempt from writing the OSSLT. The
attained the provincial                     principal, in consultation with the parent(s)/guardian(s) and student, will make all
expectations for literacy. It will          decisions regarding exemptions.
identify areas for remediation for
students who are unsuccessful in            Ontario Secondary School Literacy Course – OSSLC
completing the test. School                 The Ontario Secondary School Literacy Course has been developed to provide
boards are required to provide              students who have been unsuccessful on the OSSLT with intensive support and
remedial assistance following the           an alternative means of demonstrating the required reading and writing
test for students who require it.           competencies. Students who have had the opportunity to write the OSSLT twice
The literacy test may not be                and who have been unsuccessful at least once are eligible to take the OSSLC.
retaken once it has been                    Successful completion of this course (OLC4O) will enable students to satisfy the
successfully completed.                     literacy requirements for graduation. Course expectations cannot be modified but
                                            accommodations may be made for students who have an IEP to strengthen
                                            students’ reading and writing skills.
Student Success
The Ministry of Education “Student
Success” initiative provides additional
                                            Adjudication Process
support to students who find school         A board adjudication panel is established at the end of the school year to provide
difficult. The focus of the support is to   certain students with an additional opportunity to meet the literacy graduation
improve the literacy and numeracy skills    requirement. These students include those who would otherwise be eligible to
of all students: to ensure a smooth         graduate in June but, through no fault of their own, have not been able to take
transition from Grade 8 – 9 and then        advantage of the normal opportunities to write the OSSLT and/or have not been
from secondary school to the work           able to enroll in or complete the OSSLC, owing to unforeseen circumstances. Also
place; and to develop programs within       eligible for the adjudication process are students who were receiving special
schools which prepare students for their    education programs or services, and who had an IEP documenting required
selected destination in the workforce.      accommodations, but, owing to unforeseen circumstances, did not have access to
Contact the guidance department.
                                            these accommodations when they were taking the OSSLT.
Courses Offered in Midland Secondary
School
Definition of a Credit
A credit is granted in recognition of the successful completion of a course that
has been scheduled for a minimum of 110 hours. A half credit may be granted
for each 55-hour part of a 110-hour ministry developed course. Credits are
granted to students by the principal of a secondary school on behalf of the
Minister of Education.

                                                                                          Crossover Materials &
Types of Courses                                                                          Transfer Courses:
Four types of courses are offered in grade 9 and 10:                                      Policies and Procedures
 Academic courses emphasise theory and abstract problems.                                Students who switch from one type
 Applied courses focus on practical applications and concrete examples.                  of course in Grade 9 to another
 Locally developed courses may be offered for students who are working                   type in Grade 10 (from an applied
   below grade level. These courses are intended to enable students to gain               course to academic or from an
   the necessary skills required to be successful in senior workplace courses.            academic to applied) are strongly
   These are courses that meet educational needs not met by provincial                    encouraged to complete additional
   curriculum policy documents. Students who need additional support in                   course work. This work, called
   academic core subjects (English, mathematics, science and history) may                 “crossover material”, may be up to
   count up to 6 Locally Developed courses as compulsory courses in grades 9              30 hours in order for the student to
   and 10.                                                                                achieve the learning expectations
 Open courses are designed to prepare students for further study in certain              included in the one Grade 9 course,
   subjects and to enrich their education generally.                                      but not in the other. The additional
                                                                                          course work may be accessed by
In grade 11 and 12, courses are offered to prepare students for their post                going to the ILC web site at:
secondary destinations:                                                                   http://www.ilccei.com/.
 University preparation courses are designed to equip students with the
    knowledge and skills they need for entrance to university.                            Transfer courses in grades 10 and 11
 University/College preparation courses are designed to equip students                   offer students a means of transferring
    for entrance to specific university and college programs.                             from one type of destination course to
 College preparation courses prepare students for most college programs                  another in the same subject. The
    and related careers.                                                                  transfer course will consist of those
 Workplace courses prepare students for direct entry into workplace or                   learning expectations that were not
    admission to apprenticeship programs and other training programs.                     included in the completed course, but
 Open courses are appropriate for all students and are not linked to any                 are considered essential for success in
                                                                                          the course to be taken. Partial credits,
    specific post secondary destination.
                                                                                          which will count towards the 30 credits
                                                                                          required to meet diploma requirements,
Prerequisite Requirements                                                                 will be granted for successful
Prerequisites are identified in each Ministry curriculum document. If a parent or adult   completion of transfer courses.
student requests that a prerequisite be waived, the principal will decide after
consulting with the parent or adult student and appropriate school staff whether or not   Information on courses of study for the
a prerequisite will be waived.                                                            courses offered in the school are
                                                                                          available by contacting our
Substitutions for Compulsory Credit Requirements:                                         website:www://mss.scdsb.on.ca.
Substitutions for compulsory credit requirements are expanded to extend the               For further information you may
range of courses that may be used through substitution to meet a compulsory               locate Ontario Curriculum Policy
credit requirement. The extended range of courses will include courses in                 documents at the Ministry of
“Guidance and Career Education.” A maximum of one credit earned for a                     Education website:
learning strategies course may be used through substitution to meet a                     www.edu.gov.on.ca
compulsory credit requirement. The limit of three substitutions remains in effect.
                                                                  1

                                      COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
All courses are one credit unless otherwise noted.


                                                GRADE 9 COURSES
        ARTS - Elective
                         ADA1O   Dramatic Arts                                        Open
                         AMV1O   Vocal Music                                          Open
                         AMI1O   Instrumental Music Band                              Open
                         AMU1O   Instrumental Music Band                              Open
                         AVI1O   Visual Arts                                          Open

        BUSINESS - Elective
                         BTT1O   Introduction To Information Technology in Business   Open

        CANADIAN & WORLD STUDIES - Compulsory
                         CGC1D Geography of Canada                                    Academic
                         CGC1P Geography of Canada                                    Applied
                         CGC1PE Geography of Canada                                   Locally Developed

        ENGLISH - Compulsory
                         ENG1L   English                                              Locally Developed
                         ENG1D   English                                              Academic
                         ENG1P   English                                              Applied

        LANGUAGES - Compulsory
                         FSF1D   Core French                                          Academic
                         FSF1P   Core French                                          Applied

        MATHEMATICS - Compulsory
                         MAT1L Mathematics                                            Locally Developed
                         MFM1P Foundations of Mathematics                             Applied
                         MPM1D Principles of Mathematics                              Academic

        PHYSICAL EDUCATION - Compulsory
                         PPL1OF (Female) Healthy Active Living Education              Open
                         PPL1OM (Male)   Healthy Active Living Education              Open

        SCIENCE - Compulsory
                         SNC1L   Science                                              Locally Developed
                         SNC1D   Science                                              Academic
                         SNC1P   Science                                              Applied

        SOCIAL SCIENCES - Elective
                         HIF1O   Individual and Family Living                         Open

        SPECIAL EDUCATION - Elective
                         ALC1O Arts Comprehensive                                     Open
                         GLS1O/GLE1O   Learning Strategies                            Open

        TECHNOLOGY - Elective
                         TTI1OD Computer/Communication Technology                     Open
                         TTI1OM Integrated Technology                                 Open
                                                                       2

            GRADE 9 PROGRAM                                                                  GEOGRAPHY
COMPULSORY COURSES                                                         Geography of Canada, Academic (CGC1D)
                                                                           This course explores Canada’s distinct and changing character
                  ENGLISH                                                  and the geographic systems and relationships that shape it.
                                                                           Students will investigate the interactions of natural and human
English, Locally Developed (ENG1L)                                         systems within Canada, as well as Canada’s economic, cultural,
This course emphasizes the key reading, writing, oral                      and environmental connections to other countries. Students will
communication and thinking skills students need for success in             use a variety of geotechnologies and inquiry and communication
secondary school and in their lives. In particular, the program            methods to analyse and evaluate geographic issues and present
works towards preparing students to enter the grade 11                     their findings.
workplace preparation course in English, and to complete the
grade 10 Test of Reading and Writing Skills. Students read a               Geography of Canada, Applied (CGC1P)
variety of narrative and expository forms, poetry and drama and            This course focuses on geographic issues that affect Canadians
practice the skills necessary for clear and accurate spoken and            today. Students will draw on personal and everyday experiences
written language. In particular, course activities will help develop       to learn about Canada’s distinct and changing character and the
confidence and self-esteem and provide motivation to succeed in            natural and human systems and global influences that shape the
school life.                                                               country. Students will use a variety of geotechnologies and
                                                                           inquiry and communication methods to examine practical
English, Academic (ENG1D)                                                  geographic questions and communicate their findings.
This course is designed to develop the oral communication,
reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for         Geography of Canada, Locally Developed (CGC1PE)
success in their secondary school academic programs and in                 This course focuses on geographic issues that affect Canadians
their daily lives. Students will analyse literacy texts from               today. Students will draw on personal and everyday experiences
contemporary and historical periods, interpret informational and           as they learn about Canada’s distinct and changing character
graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a              and the natural and human systems and global influences that
variety of forms. An important focus will be on the use of                 shape the country. Students will use a variety of learning
strategies that contribute to effective communication. The course          strategies to enhance their potential for learning. In class
is intended to prepare students for the grade 10 academic                  communication will concentrate on practical geographic
English course, which leads to university or college preparation           questions and the students’ ability to communicate their findings.
courses in grades 11 and 12.
                                                                                             MATHEMATICS
English, Applied (ENG1P)
This course is designed to develop the key oral communication,             Mathematics, Locally Developed (MAT1L)
reading, writing, and media literacy skills students need for              This course provides students who have experienced significant
success in secondary school and daily life. Students will read,            difficulties in previous Mathematics courses an opportunity to
interpret, and create a variety of informational, literary, and            obtain sufficient background and skill development to prepare
graphic texts. An important focus will be on identifying and using         them for grade 11 and 12 workplace preparation courses.
appropriate strategies and processes to improve students’                  Wherever possible, ideas will be presented in a real-life context,
comprehension of texts and to help them communicate clearly                providing students with the opportunity to explore, organize,
and effectively. The course is intended to prepare students for            interpret, and use mathematical models to solve problems.
the grade 10 applied English course, which leads to college or             Technology and manipulative materials will be used wherever
workplace preparation courses in grades 11 and 12.                         appropriate. Assessment and evaluation will be done using a
                                                                           wide variety of strategies.
                  LANGUAGE
                                                                           Foundations of Mathematics, Applied (MFM1P)
Core French, Academic (FSF1D)                                              This course enables students to develop understanding of
This course emphasizes the further development of oral                     mathematical concepts related to introductory algebra,
communication, reading, and writing skills. Students will build on         proportional reasoning, and measurement and geometry through
and apply their knowledge of French while exploring a variety of           investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on
themes, such as: web sites, crime investigations, monsters and             activities. Students will investigate real-life examples to develop
the environment. Thematic readings, which include a selection of           various representations of linear relationships, and will determine
short stories, articles, and poems, will serve as stepping stones          the connections between the representations. This will also
to oral and written activities.                                            explore certain relationships that emerge from the measurement
                                                                           of three-dimensional objects and two-dimensional shapes.
Core French, Applied (FSF1P)                                               Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve
This course emphasizes the concurrent development of oral                  problems and communicate their thinking.
communication, reading, and writing skills using broad-based
themes such as: friends, food, sports and music. Students will             Principles of Mathematics, Academic (MPM1D)
enhance their ability to understand and speak French through               This course enables students to develop understanding of
conversations, discussions, and presentations. They will also              mathematical concepts related to algebra, analytic geometry, and
read short stories, articles, poems, and songs and write brief             measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective
descriptions, letters, dialogues, and invitations .
                                                                       3

use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will                   ELECTIVE COURSES
investigate relationships, which they will then generalize as
equations of lines, and will determine the connections between
                                                                           Students are asked to select two elective courses and an
different representations of a relationship. They will also explore
                                                                           alternative. All elective courses are at the open level.
relationships that emerge from the measurement of three-
dimensional objects and two-dimensional shapes. Students will
                                                                                               ARTS
reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they
solve multistep problems.
                                                                           Dramatic Arts, Open (ADA1O)
                                                                           This course emphasizes the active exploration of dramatic forms
         PHYSICAL EDUCATION
                                                                           and techniques using material from a wide range of authors,
                                                                           genres and cultures. Students will construct, discuss, perform
Healthy Active Living Education, Open
                                                                           and analyse drama, and then reflect on the experiences to
(PPL1OF) (Female)
                                                                           develop an understanding of themselves, the art form, and the
(PPL1OM) (Male)                                                            world around us.
This course emphasizes regular participation in a variety of
enjoyable physical activities that promote lifelong healthy active         Vocal Music, Open (AMV1O)
living. Students will learn movement skills and principles, ways to        This course emphasizes singing in large and small ensembles,
improve personal fitness and physical competence, and safety               as well as solo performance. This course develops basic vocal
and injury prevention. They will investigate issues related to             techniques through performance of music from all periods,
healthy sexuality and the use and abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and           including contemporary music. The course includes an integrated
other drugs, and will participate in activities designed to develop        component of listening, singing, and creative activities. There is
goal-setting, communication and social skills. All activity courses        no need to have prior ability to read music. Evaluation will take
require the purchase/wearing of a physical education uniform.              place primarily through performance.
                           SCIENCE                                         Instrumental Music Band, Open (AMI1O)
                                                                           Students enrolling in this course must have previous
Science, Locally Developed (SNC1L)                                         understanding of elementary theory, keyboard rudiments, and at
This course enables students to deepen their knowledge and                 least one year on a woodwind or brass instrument.
understanding of the basic concepts in chemistry, electricity and          This course emphasizes the performance of music at a level that
biology as they prepare themselves for life beyond school. In the          strikes a balance between challenge and skill and is aimed at
chemistry unit, students develop practical skills as they study            developing technique, sensitivity, and imagination. Students will
safety in the workplace, including WHMIS and Material Safety               participate in creative activities that teach them to listen with
Data Sheets, while learning about the chemical and physical                understanding. They will also learn correct musical terminology
properties of matter through experimentation and investigation.            and its appropriate use.
The electricity unit allows students the opportunity to investigate
the properties of circuits and to develop a working knowledge of           Instrumental Music Band, Open (AMU1O)
them with hands-on experience. In the biology unit, the theme is           Students who have no previous musical experience on a
“staying alive” as students investigate basic functions of life,           woodwind, brass, or percussion instrument are encouraged to
including circulation, respiration and reproduction, at the single         take this course. This course emphasizes the performance of
cell level and in large organisms, while developing skill in the use       music at a level that strikes a balance between challenge and
of microscopes.                                                            skill and is aimed at developing technique, sensitivity, and
                                                                           imagination. Students will participate in creative activities that
Science, Academic (SNC1D)                                                  teach them to listen with understanding. They will also learn
This course enables students to understand basic concepts in               correct musical terminology and its appropriate use.
biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics; to
develop skills in the processes of scientific inquiry; and to relate
                                                                           Visual Arts, Open (AVI1O)
science to technology, society, and the environment. Students
                                                                           This course offers an overview of visual arts as a foundation for
will learn scientific theories and conduct investigations related to
                                                                           further study. Students will become familiar with the elements
cell division and reproduction; atomic and molecular structures
                                                                           and principles of design and the expressive qualities of various
and the properties of elements and compounds; the universe and
                                                                           materials through working with a range of materials, processes,
space exploration; and the principles of electricity.
                                                                           techniques and styles. They will learn and use methods of
                                                                           analysis and criticism and will study the characteristics of
Science, Applied (SNC1P)
                                                                           particular historical art periods and a selection of Canadian art
This course enables students to understand basic concepts in
                                                                           and the art of other cultures.
biology, chemistry, earth and space science and physics, to
                                                                                             BUSINESS
develop practical skills in scientific investigation; and to apply
their knowledge of science to everyday situations. Students will
                                                                           Information and Communication Technology in
design and conduct investigations into practical problems and
issues related to cell division and reproduction, the structure and        Business, Open (BTT1O)
properties of elements and compounds, astronomy and space                  This course introduces students to information and
exploration, and static and current electricity.                           communication technology in a business environment and builds
                                                                           a foundation of digital literacy skills necessary for success in a
                                                                           technology driven society.         Students will develop word
                                                                           processing, spreadsheet, database, desktop publishing,
                                                                        4

presentation software, and website design skills. Throughout the                                   SOCIAL SCIENCE
course, there is an emphasis on digital literacy, effective research
and communication skills, and current issues related to the                 Individual and Family Living, Open (HIF1O)
impact of information and communication technology.                         This course explores the challenges faced by all people: how to
                                                                            meet basic needs, how to relate to others, how to manage
                    SPECIAL EDUCATION                                       resources, and how to become responsible members of society.
                                                                            Students will acquire knowledge and skills that are needed to
Arts Comprehensive, Open (ALC1O)                                            make the transition to adulthood. Teachers will instruct students
This course offers an overview of the arts as a foundation for              in developing interpersonal, decision-making, and practical skills
further study. Students will be introduced to basic principles of           related to daily life. Students will explore the functioning of
melody, harmony and rhythm through participation in creative                families and the diversities found among families and within
activities that teach them to listen with understanding. Students           society.
enrolled in a Special Education program or are currently studying
at the essential level are encouraged to take this course.                                           TECHNOLOGY

Learning Strategies, Open (GLS1O/GLE1O)                                     Computer/Communication Technology, Open (TTI1OD)
GLE1O Prerequisite: Recommendation of Principal                             This course enables students to apply various communication
This course focuses on learning strategies to help students                 problem-solving strategies and to develop products including:
become better, more independent learners. Students will learn               CAD drawing, 3D models, posters and electronic games. The
how to develop and apply literacy and numeracy skills, personal             course is aimed at students attracted to areas such as
management skills, and interpersonal and teamwork skills to                 Mechanical/Architectural/CAD   Graphic   Design,   Computer
improve their learning and achievement in school, the workplace,            Programming and Electronics.
and the community. The course helps students build confidence
and motivation to pursue opportunities for success in secondary             Integrated Technology, Open (TTI1OM)
school and beyond.                                                          This activity-based course integrates design and problem solving
                                                                            technology with the area of construction and manufacturing.
                                                                            Using traditional drafting techniques as well as computer
                                                                            software students will solve a variety of design challenges. The
                                                                            related projects will be built in wood, metal, plastic, or composites
                                                                            using common hand and power tools and machine.

                                                       GRADE 10 COURSES
         ARTS - Elective
                           ADA2O    Dramatic Arts                                           Open
                           AMG2O    Guitar-Music                                            Open
                           AMI2O    Instrumental Music Band                                 Open
                           AMV2O    Vocal Music                                             Open
                           AWA2O    Crafts                                                  Open
                           AWD2O    Applied Design                                          Open
                           AVI2O    Visual Arts                                             Open

         BUSINESS - Elective
                           BBI2O     Introduction to Business                               Open

         CANADIAN & WORLD STUDIES - Compulsory
                           CHC2L     Canadian History in the Twentieth Century              Locally Developed
                           CHC2D     Canadian History in the Twentieth Century              Academic
                           CHC2P     Canadian History in the Twentieth Century              Applied
                           CHV2O     Civics                                                 Open
                           NAC2O     Aboriginal Peoples of Canada                           Open

         COMPUTER SCIENCE - Open
                           TIK2O     Computer and Information Science                       Open

         ENGLISH - Compulsory
                           ENG2L     English                                                Locally Developed
                           ENG2D     English                                                Academic
                           ENG2P     English                                                Applied

         ENGLISH - Elective
                           ELS2O     Literacy Skills                                        Open

         GUIDANCE - Open
                           GLC2O     Career Studies                                         Open
                                                                            5


         LANGUAGE - Elective
                             FSF2D     French                                                  Academic
                             FSF2P     French                                                  Applied
                             LNOBO     Ojibwe                                                  Open
                             LWSBD     Spanish                                                 Academic

         MATHEMATICS - Compulsory
                             MAT2L Mathematics                                                 Locally Developed
                             MFM2P Foundations of Mathematics                                  Applied
                             MPM2D Principles of Mathematics                                   Academic

         PHYSICAL EDUCATION - Elective
                             PPL2OF (Female ) Healthy Active Living Education                  Open
                             PPL2OM (Male)    Healthy Active Living Education                  Open
                             PAF2OF (Female) Live Fit                                          Open

         SCIENCE - Compulsory
                             SNC2L     Science                                                 Locally Developed
                             SNC2D     Science                                                 Academic
                             SNC2P     Science                                                 Applied

         SOCIAL SCIENCES - Elective
                             HFN2O     Food and Nutrition                                      Open

         TECHNOLOGY - Elective
                             TCJ2O     Construction Technology                                 Open
                             TDJ2O     Technological Design                                    Open
                             TEE2O     Computer Engineering Technology                         Open
                             TGJ2O     Communications Technology                               Open
                             TMJ2O     Manufacturing Technology                                Open
                             TMJ2OF    Manufacturing Technology (Female only)                  Open
                             TTJ2O     Transportation Technology                               Open

                                                                                communication skills to evaluate various interpretations of the
             GRADE 10 PROGRAM                                                   issues and events of the period and to present their own points of
                                                                                view.
               COMPULSORY COURSES
                                                                                Canadian History in the Twentieth Century, Applied
               CANADIAN & WORLD STUDIES                                         (CHC2P)
                                                                                This course explores some of the events and experiences that
History, Locally Developed (CHC2L)                                              have influenced the development of Canada’s identity as a
This course focuses on the connections between the student and                  nation, from World War I to the present. By examining how the
key people, events and themes in Canadian contemporary                          country has responded to economic, social, and technological
studies. Students prepare for grade 11 Canadian and World                       changes and how individuals and groups have contributed to
Studies workplace preparation courses through the development                   Canadian culture and society during this period, students will
and extension of historical literacy skills and critical thinking skills.       develop their ability to make connections between historical and
Students explore a variety of topics highlighting individuals and               current events. Students will have opportunities to formulate
events that have contributed to the story of Canada. The major                  questions, locate information, develop informed opinions, and
themes of Canadian identity, internal and external relationships                present ideas about the central issues and events of the period.
and changes since 1914, are explored through guided
investigation. Students have the opportunity to extend analytical               Civics, Open (CHV2O)
skills with a focus on identifying and interpreting events and                  Credit value .5
perspectives and making connections.               Students practice            This course explores what it means to be an informed,
reading, writing, visual, and oral literacy skills to identify and              participating citizen in a democratic society. Students will learn
communicate ideas in a variety of media.                                        about the elements of democracy in local, national, and global
                                                                                contexts, about political reactions to social change, and about
Canadian History in the Twentieth Century, Academic                             political decision-making processes in Canada. They will explore
(CHC2D)                                                                         their own and others’ ideas about civics questions and learn how
This course explores the local, national, and global forces that                to think critically about public issues and react responsibly to
have shaped Canada’s national identity from World War I to the                  them.
present. Students will investigate the challenges presented by                  Aboriginal Peoples in Canada, Open (NAC2O)
economic, social, and technological changes and explore the                     This course emphasizes historical and contemporary issues that
contributions of individuals and groups to Canadian culture and                 affect the relationship between Aboriginal peoples and Canadian
society during this period. Students will use critical-thinking and             governments. Students will examine legal, political, social, and
                                                                           6

economic issues; key aspects of      the Indian Act and its revisions          appropriate. Assessment and evaluation will be done using a
that have an impact on the daily     lives of Aboriginal persons; the          wide variety of strategies.
different types of relationships      that Aboriginal peoples have
established with other nations         throughout history; and the             Principles of Mathematics, Academic (MPM2D)
methodology of historical inquiry.                                             Prerequisite: Math, Grade 9, Academic
                                                                               This course enables students to broaden their understanding of
                   ENGLISH                                                     relationships and extend their problem-solving and algebraic
                                                                               skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and
English, Locally Developed (ENG2L)                                             abstract reasoning. Students will explore quadratic relationships
Prerequisite: English, Grade 9, Academic or Applied or Locally Developed       and their applications; solve and apply linear systems; verify
This course emphasizes the key reading, writing, oral                          properties of geometric figures using analytic geometry; and
communication and thinking skills students need for success in                 investigate the trigonometry of right and acute triangles. Students
secondary school and in their lives. In particular, the program                will reason mathematically as they solve multistep problems and
works toward preparing students to enter the grade 11 workplace                communicate their thinking.
preparation course in English, and to complete the grade 10 Test
of Reading and Writing Skills successfully. Students read a                    Foundations of Mathematics, Applied (MFM2P)
variety of narrative and expository forms, poetry and drama and                Prerequisite: Math, Grade 9, Academic or Applied
practice the skills necessary for clear and accurate spoken and                This course enables students to consolidate their understanding
written language. In particular, course activities will help develop           of relationships and extend their problem-solving and algebraic
confidence and self-esteem and provide motivation to succeed in                skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and
school life.                                                                   hands-on activities. Students will develop and graph equations in
                                                                               analytic geometry; solve and apply linear systems, using real-life
English, Academic (ENG2D)                                                      examples; and explore and interpret graphs of quadratic
Prerequisite: English, Grade 9, Academic or Applied                            relationships. Students will investigate similar triangles, the
This course is designed to extend the range of reading, writing,               trigonometry of right-angled triangles, and the measurement of
oral communication, and media literacy skills that students need               three-dimensional objects. Students will consolidate their
for success in their secondary school academic programs and in                 mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate
their daily lives. Student will analyse literary texts from                    their thinking.
contemporary and historical periods, interpret and evaluate
informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and                                    SCIENCE
media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on
the selective use of strategies that contribute to effective                   Science, Locally Developed (SNC2L)
communication. This course is intended to prepare students for                 Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied or Locally
the compulsory grade 11 university or college preparation course.              Developed
                                                                               This course enables students to deepen their knowledge and
English, Applied (ENG2P)                                                       understanding of the basic concepts in chemistry, electricity and
Prerequisite: English, Grade 9, Academic or Applied                            biology as they prepare themselves for life beyond school. In the
This course is designed to extend the range of reading, writing,               chemistry unit, students develop practical skills as they review
oral communication, and media literacy skills that students need               safety in the workplace, including WHMIS, while learning about
for success in secondary school and daily life. Students will                  the chemical and physical process of matter through
study and create a variety of informational, literary, and graphic             experimentation and investigation. The electricity unit focuses on
texts. An important focus will be on the consolidation of strategies           electrical energy, power and production with opportunities for
and processes that help students interpret texts and                           students to build up their knowledge of electrical circuits. In the
communicate clearly and effectively. This course is intended to                biology unit, the theme is living together as students study
prepare students for the compulsory grade 11 college or                        principles of ecology with a focus on populations and
workplace preparation course.                                                  communities in nature.

                          MATHEMATICS                                          Science, Academic (SNC2D)
                                                                               Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied
Mathematics, Locally Developed (MAT2L)                                         This course enables students to develop a deeper
Prerequisite: Math, Grade 9, Academic or Applied or Locally Developed          understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and
This course provides students who have experienced significant                 space science, and physics; to develop further their skills in
difficulties in previous Mathematics courses an opportunity to                 scientific inquiry; and to understand the interrelationships among
obtain sufficient background and skill development to prepare                  science, technology, and the environment. Students will conduct
them for grade 11 and 12 workplace preparation courses.                        investigations and understand scientific theories related to:
Wherever possible, ideas will be presented in a real-life context,             ecology and the maintenance of ecosystems; chemical reactions,
providing students with the opportunity to explore, organize,                  with particular attention to acid-base reactions; factors that
interpret, and use mathematical models to solve problems.                      influence weather systems; and motion.
Technology and manipulative materials will be used wherever
                                                                     7

Science, Applied (SNC2P)                                                 Instrumental Music Band, Open (AMI2O)
Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied                      This course emphasizes the performance of music at an
This course enables students to develop a deeper understanding           intermediate level that strikes a balance between challenge and
of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and          skill.  It is aimed at developing technique, sensitivity and
physics; to develop further their practical skills in scientific         imagination. Students will participate in creative activities that
investigation; and to apply their knowledge of science to real-          teach them to listen with understanding. They will also learn
world situations. Students will design and conduct investigations        correct musical terminology and its appropriate use.
into everyday problems and issues related to ecological                  Students previously enrolled in AMU1O are encouraged to take
sustainability, chemical reactions, weather systems, and motion.         this course.

                   GUIDANCE                                              Vocal Music, Open (AMV2O)
                                                                         Prerequisite: AMV/AMI1O or Permission from Instructor
Career Studies, Open (GLC2O)                                             This course emphasizes singing in large and small ensembles,
Credit value .5                                                          as well as solo performance. This course develops basic vocal
This course teaches students how to develop and achieve                  techniques through performance of music from all periods,
personal goals for future learning, work, and community                  including contemporary music. The course includes an integrated
involvement. Students will assess their interests, skills, and           component of listening, singing, and creative activities. This
characteristics and investigate current economic and workplace           course continues to develop more advanced vocal techniques.
trends, work opportunities, and ways to search for work. The             Evaluation will take place primarily through performance.
course explores post secondary learning and career options,
prepares students for managing work and life transitions, and            Applied Design, Open (AWD2O)
helps students focus on their goals through the development of a         Students will be introduced to design theories, concepts and
career plan.                                                             skills, which will form the foundation for all applied design
                                                                         disciplines. Information Design, Packaging Design, Product
ELECTIVE COURSES                                                         Design and Illustration will be the main areas of focus. Students
                                                                         will learn to apply the elements and principles of design, apply
Students are asked to select three elective courses and an               traditional artistic skills, develop computer graphic skills and
alternative course from the following list of courses.                   problem solving skills in the production and analysis of applied
                                                                         design.
                             ARTS
                                                                         Visual Arts, Open (AVI2O)
Dramatic Arts, Open (ADA2O)                                              This course offers an overview of visual arts as a foundation for
This course requires students to actively explore dramatic forms         further study. Students will become familiar with the elements
and techniques, using their own ideas and concerns as well as            and principles of design and the expressive qualities of various
sources selected from a wide range of authors, genres, and               materials through working with a range of materials, processes,
cultures. Student learning will include identifying and using the        techniques and styles. They will learn and use methods of
principles of space, time, voice, and movement in creating,              analysis and criticism and will study the characteristics of
sustaining, and communicating authentic roles within a drama.            particular historical art periods and a selection of Canadian art
Students will assume responsibility for decisions made in the            and the art of other cultures.
creation and presentation of the drama, and will analyse and
reflect on the experience.                                               Crafts, Open (AWA2O)
                                                                         This course emphasizes learning through practice; building on
Guitar - Music, Open (AMG2O)                                             what students know; and introducing them to new ideas,
This course emphasizes the study of the elements of music                materials,    and   processes      for   artistic thinking    and
through the use of the guitar. Students will continue to develop         experimentation. Students learning will include the refined
guitar technique which includes melody picking and providing             application of the elements and principles of design,
chordal accompaniments; acquisition of knowledge of the various          incorporating the creative and design processes, and the
guitar styles and playing experience with some; reading of chord         relationship between form and content. Students will also learn
charts and melodic notation; experience in providing simple              about the connection between works of art and their historical
chordal accompaniments, alone and in a group. Students will              contexts. Students will be introduced to the copper foil method of
participate in creative activities that teach them to listen with        stained glass, applique, embroidery, the pinch, slab and coil
understanding. They will also further their understanding of             methods in pottery, decorative painting, ceramic glazes, glass
musical terminology and its appropriate use.                             mosaics and inlay. This course is open to all grade 10, 11 and
Acoustic guitars will be provided for this course in the 2007/2008       12 students.
school year.
                                                                     8

                          BUSINESS                                       will develop and apply critical thinking skills in discussion, in their
                                                                         analysis and interpretation of texts, and in their own writing.
Introduction To Business, Open (BBI2O)
This course introduces students to the world of business.                French, Applied (FSF2P)
Students will develop an understanding of the functions of               This course emphasizes the continued development and
business,    including   accounting,    marketing,     information       refinement of students’ oral communication, reading, and writing
technology, human resources, and production, and of the                  skills using a broad-based theme such as adolescence.
importance of ethics and social responsibility. This course builds       Students will expand their knowledge of French by studying a
a foundation for further studies in business and helps students          series of theme-related topics.
develop the business knowledge and skills they will need in their
everyday lives.                                                          Ojibwe, Open (LNOBO)
                                                                         This course is open to the entire student body and will allow
                   COMPUTER SCIENCES                                     students who have no prior Native language experience to
                                                                         develop an appreciation for a Native language and culture, to
Computer and Information Science, Open (TIK2O)                           explore and experience a unique world view, and to learn to
This course introduces students to computer science concepts.            speak a Native language. Students will use the language being
Students will have the opportunity to design web pages using             studied for greetings and daily routine, become familiar with its
HTML and create animations using FLASH. Students will develop            writing and sound system, and practice basic vocabulary and
software skills to communicate with external devices and control         phrases. Students will also use information technology during
robots. Students will learn about the stages in software design;         course-related activities.
the fundamental programming constructs of sequence, selection,
and repetition; the functions of internal and external computer          Spanish, Academic (LWSBD)
components; the relationship among networks, operating                   This course is designed to enable students to begin to
systems, and application software and their uses; and how                communicate with native speakers of the language of study.
programming languages evolve. Students will also develop an              Students will use simple language and readage – and language-
awareness of computer-related careers.                                   appropriate passages for various purposes. They will explore
                                                                         aspects of the culture of countries where the language under
Computer Engineering Technology, Open (TEE2O)                            study is spoken, including social customs and the arts, by
This course examines computer hardware and the control of                participating in cultural events and activities involving both print
external components and robots from a engineering perspective.           and technological resources.
Students will learn how to solve problems, and will study the
functions of key computer components and peripherals, logic                                     PHYSICAL EDUCATION
gates, fundamental programming concepts, internal numbering and
character representation systems, and operating systems and              Live Fit, Open (PAF2OF) (Female)
networks. Students will also develop an awareness of potential           Prerequisite: PPL1OF
careers in the field of computer engineering.                            An introduction to independent personal fitness. The focus will be
                                                                         on obtaining and maintaining personal fitness. The fitness journal
                           English                                       will be used to track fitness improvements and individual activities.
                                                                         A leadership component will be included. Activities may include:
Literacy Skills: Reading and Writing, Open (ELS2O)                       aerobic running, tai chi, self defence, step aerobics, racquet sports
This course emphasizes the strengthening of essential reading            and G.L.O. The health component will include wellness, women’s'
and writing skills. Students will read short plays, short stories,       health issues, fitness appraisal, alcohol/substance abuse and
novels, poems, and newspaper and magazine articles and                   personal safety. All activity courses require the purchase/wearing
opinion pieces, with particular attention to locating important          of a physical education uniform.
information, identifying main ideas and supporting details,
extending personal knowledge, responding imaginatively, and              Healthy Active Living Education, Open
using specific strategies to expand vocabulary. An important             (PPL2OF) (Female)       (PPL2OM) (Male)
focus will be on writing clear, accurate, and coherent narratives,       This course emphasizes regular participation in a variety of
summaries, reports, letters, and short essays, using correct             enjoyable physical activities that promote lifelong healthy active
grammar, punctuation, and spelling.                                      living. Student learning will include the application of movement
                                                                         principles to refine skills; participation in a variety of activities that
                         LANGUAGES                                       enhance personal competence, fitness, and health; examination
                                                                         of issues related to healthy sexuality, healthy eating, substance
French, Academic (FSF2D)                                                 use and abuse; and the use of informed decision-making, conflict
This course enables students to increase their knowledge of the          resolution, and social skills in making personal choices. All
French Language, further develop their language skills, and              activity courses require the purchase/wearing of a physical
deepen their understanding and appreciation of francophone               education uniform.
culture around the world. Exploring a variety of themes, students
                                                                       9

                      SOCIAL SCIENCE                                         creating printed stationery, short videos, computer-generated
                                                                             animations, and graphical information displays. Students will
Food and Nutrition, Open (HFN2O)                                             learn to transfer information using electronic, live, and graphic
This course explores the factors that affect attitudes and                   communications methods. The knowledge and skills they will
decisions about food, examines current issues of body image                  develop will provide a basis for careers in areas such as
and food marketing, and is grounded in the scientific study of               publishing, advertising, print production, animation, photography,
nutrition. Students will learn how to make informed food choices             and journalism. This course is an introduction to digital
and how to prepare foods, and will investigate our Canadian                  photography, animation and video. By completing several
food heritage and food industries, as well as global food issues.            project, students acquire the skills necessary to create and
The course also introduces students to research skills related to            present their own multi-media productions.
food and nutrition.
                                                                             Manufacturing Technology, Open (TMJ2O)
                        TECHNOLOGY                                           This course introduces students to the scope of the
                                                                             manufacturing industry, the various components used in the
Construction Technology, Open (TCJ2O)                                        design of products, the industrial tools and equipment used, and
This course requires students to design, build, and evaluate                 methods of manufacturing, including assembly-line production.
projects using design instruments and machine and hand                       Students will learn about technical drawing; preparation
tools. Students will solve technological problems through a                  processes; manufacturing techniques; power, electronic, and
variety of media; identify and describe building materials                   quality control systems; careers in the manufacturing field; and
and other resources needed to construct, maintain, and service               the role of entrepreneurs in Canadian society.
buildings; identify support systems and components; apply
safety rules related to materials, processes, and equipment;                        NEW
identify common architectural styles; and identify careers related
to construction technology. This activity-based course ensures               Manufacturing Technology, Open (TMJ2OF)
students will take home a project(s) created and designed by                 This ‘girls only’ course offers a survey of several different
themselves.                                                                  technological areas. Through the completion of different
                                                                             projects, students will get a basic introduction to woodworking,
Technological Design, Open (TDJ2O)                                           artistic metalworking, basic home repair, automotive
This course requires students to design and develop innovative               maintenance and technological design.
products and services. Students will learn the following: how to
identify user needs related to specified design problems; the                Transportation Technology, Open (TTJ2O)
physical properties of selected materials and their application in           This course requires students to build projects and to learn
product design; techniques to create physical products and                   service procedures related to different modes of transportation.
services; various presentation techniques; how to test and                   Students will learn about support systems for transporting
evaluate design solutions; and the implications of technology on             people and products; measurement systems and methods; the
the development of products or service. They will also become                analysis, design, and construction of a system to convert and
aware of design-related careers.                                             make practical use of energy; the function of major vehicle
                                                                             system components; the impact of transportation systems on the
Communications Technology, Open (TGJ2O)                                      environment; communication skills; and transportation-
This course requires students to complete a range of                         related careers.
communications technology projects. These may include



                                             GRADE 11 COURSES
         ARTS
                           ADA3M    Drama                                                  University/College Preparation
                           AMG3O    Guitar-Music                                           Open
                           AMI3M    Instrumental Music Band                                University/College Preparation
                           AMV3M    Vocal - Music                                          University/College Preparation
                           AVI3M    Visual Arts                                            University/College Preparation
                           AWA3O    Crafts                                                 Open
                           AWD3M    Applied Design                                         University/College Preparation

         BUSINESS
                           BAF3M    Introduction to Financial Accounting                   University/College Preparation
                           BAI3E    Introduction to Accounting                             Workplace
                           BDI3C    Introduction to Entrepreneurial Studies                College Preparation
                           BMI3C    Introduction to Marketing                              College Preparation
                           BMX3E    Introduction to Retail and Services Marketing          Workplace Preparation
                                                         10

              BTA3O    Information Technology Applications in Business       Open

CANADIAN & WORLD STUDIES
              CHA3U    American History                                      University Preparation
              CHW3M    World History to the Sixteenth Century                University/College Preparation
              CLU3E    Understanding Canadian Law                            Workplace Preparation
              CLU3M    Understanding Canadian Law                            University/College Preparation

COMPUTER SCIENCE
              ICE3E    Computer Engineering                                  Workplace Preparation
              IDC3O    Website Design and Animation                          Open

CO-OPERATIVE EDUCATION
              GWL3O Designing Your Future                                     Open

ENGLISH - Compulsory
              ENG3C    English                                               College Preparation
              ENG3E    English                                               Workplace Preparation
              ENG3U    English                                               University Preparation

ENGLISH - Elective
              EMS3O Media Studies                                             Open

GUIDANCE
              GPP3O Leadership & Peer Support                                Open
              GPP3OL Link Crew                                               Open

LANGUAGES
              FSF3O Core French                                              Open
              FSF3U Core French                                              University Preparation
              LWSCU Spanish                                                  University Preparation

MATHEMATICS
              MBF3C    Mathematics of Personal Finance                       College Preparation
              MCF3M    Functions                                             University/College Preparation
              MEL3E    Mathematics for Everyday Life                         Workplace Preparation
              MCR3U    Functions and Relations                               University Preparation

PHYSICAL EDUCATION
              PAF3OF (Female) Live Fit                                       Open
              PPL3OF (Female) Healthy Active Living Education                Open
              PPL3OM (Male)   Healthy Active Living Education                Open

SCIENCE
              SBI3C    Biology                                               College Preparation
              SBI3U    Biology                                               University Preparation
              SCH3U    Chemistry                                             University Preparation
              SNC3E    Science                                               Workplace Preparation
              SNC3M    Science                                               University/College Preparation
              SPH3U    Physics                                               University Preparation

SOCIAL SCIENCES
              HIP3E    Managing Personal Resources                           Workplace Preparation
              HIR3C    Managing Personal and Family Resources                College Preparation
              HNC3O    Fashion and Creative Expression                       Open
              HPW3C    Living and Working With Children                      College Preparation
              HSP3M    Introduction to Anthropology, Psychology and Sociology University/College Preparation

TECHNOLOGY
              TCJ3C    Construction Technology                               College Preparation
              TCJ3E    Construction Technology                               Workplace Preparation
              TCJ3E2   Construction Technology                               Workplace (2 credit)
              TDJ3E    Technological Design                                  Workplace Preparation
              TDJ3M    Technological Design                                  University/College Preparation
              TGJ3E    Communications Technology                             Workplace Preparation
                                                                       11

                                TGJ3M      Communications Technology                          University/College Preparation
                                TMJ3E      Manufacturing Technology                           Workplace Preparation
                                TMJ3E2     Manufacturing Technology                           Workplace (2 credit)
                                TTJ3E      Transportation Technology                          Workplace Preparation
                                TTJ3E2     Transportation Technology                          Workplace (2 credit)




            GRADE 11 PROGRAM                                                English, Workplace Preparation (ENG3E)
                                                                            Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Applied
                                                                            This course emphasizes the development of literacy,
The Specialist High Skills Major (SHSM) is a ministry-approved
                                                                            communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary
program that allows students to focus their learning on a specific
                                                                            for success in the workplace and daily life. Students will study the
pathway leading to a specific economic sector … in our case, the
                                                                            content, form, and style of a variety of contemporary
Transportation Sector. The SHSM enables students to gain
                                                                            informational, graphic, and literary texts; and create oral, written,
sector-specific skills and knowledge as it relates to potential
                                                                            and media texts in a variety of forms for practical purposes. An
careers in the economic sector. The SHSM at MSS provides
                                                                            important focus will be on using language clearly and accurately
students with an opportunity to gain a wide range of experiences
                                                                            in a variety of formal and informal contexts. The course is
in the transportation sector, including automotive, marine,
                                                                            intended to prepare students for the compulsory grade 12
extreme sports and even aviation. Completion of the SHSM will
                                                                            workplace preparation course.
be valuable when looking for a job after high school, when
applying for an apprenticeship or when registering for post-
secondary programs in the related field.                                    English, University Preparation (ENG3U)
                                                                            Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic
                                                                            This course emphasizes the development of literacy,
Most components of the SHSM are already part of the Ontario
                                                                            communication critical and creative thinking skills necessary for
Secondary School Diploma. These include a bundle of courses
                                                                            success in academic and daily life. Students will analyse
consisting of:
                                                                            challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and
     4 senior transportation credits
                                                                            cultures, as well as a range of informational and graphic texts,
     2 credits in co-op education
                                                                            and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An
     Senior English and Math courses
                                                                            important focus will be on using language with precision and
                                                                            clarity and incorporating stylistic devices appropriately and
In addition to these courses, students will also participate in:
                                                                            effectively. The course is intended to prepare students for the
      Reach ahead activities in the area of their post-
                                                                            compulsory grade 12 university or college preparation course.
          secondary destination
      Sector specific learning activities as part of their senior
                                                                                                        MATHEMATICS
          Math and English courses
      Industry-recognized certification and training
                                                                            Foundations for College Mathematics, College
      Developing essential skills and work habits required in
                                                                            Preparation (MBF3C)
          the sector using the Ontario Skills Passport.
                                                                            Prerequisite: Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 10, Applied
                                                                            This course enables students to broaden their understanding of
Student who wish to register for the SHSM would normally do so
                                                                            mathematics as a problem-solving tool in the real world. Students
when selecting courses for their Grade 11 year. Registering for
                                                                            will extend their understanding of quadratic relations, as well as
the SHSM does not commit a student to a career in
                                                                            of measurement and geometry; investigate situations involving
transportations; students retain all of the flexibility of any other
                                                                            exponential growth; solve problems involving compound interest;
student and can change their mind at any time.
                                                                            solve financial problems connected with vehicle ownership; and
                                                                            develop their ability to reason by collecting, analysing, and
COMPULSORY COURSES                                                          evaluating data involving one and two variables. Students will
                                                                            consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and
                                ENGLISH                                     communicate their thinking.

English, College Preparation (ENG3C)                                        Functions and Applications, University/College
Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Applied
                                                                            Preparation (MCF3M)
This course emphasizes the development of literacy,
                                                                            Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic
communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary
                                                                            This course introduces basic features of the function by
for success in academic and daily life. Students will study the
                                                                            extending students’ experiences with quadratic relations. It
content, form, and style of a variety of informational and graphic
                                                                            focuses on quadratic, trigonometric, and exponential functions
texts, as well as literary texts from Canada and other countries,
                                                                            and their use in modeling real-world situations. Students will
and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms for
                                                                            represent functions numerically, graphically, and algebraically;
practical and academic purposes. An important focus will be on
                                                                            simplify expressions; solve equations; and solve problems
using language with precision and clarity. The course is intended
                                                                            relating to financial and trigonometric applications. Students will
to prepare students for the compulsory grade 12 college
                                                                            reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they
preparation course.
                                                                            solve multi-step problems.
                                                                     12

Functions and Relations, University Preparation                           around 1900. Students will also do research on different acting
(MCR3U)                                                                   styles and conventions for their presentations, create original
Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic               works, and analyse the functions of playwright, director, actor,
This course introduces the mathematical concept of the function           producer, designer, technician, and audience.
by extending students’ experiences with linear and quadratic
relations. Students will investigate properties of discrete and           Vocal – Music, University/College Preparation (AMV3M)
continuous functions, including trigonometric and exponential             Prerequisite: Vocal – Music/Instrumental Music Band, Grade 10, Open
functions; represent functions numerically, algebraically, and            This course emphasizes singing in large and small ensembles,
graphically; solve problems involving applications of functions;          as well as solo performance. This course develops basic vocal
and develop facility in simplifying polynomial and rational               techniques through performance of music from all periods,
expressions. Students will reason mathematically and                      including contemporary music. The course includes an integrated
communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.             component of listening, singing, and creative activities. This
                                                                          course continues to develop more advanced vocal techniques.
Mathematics for Work and Everyday Life, Workplace                         Evaluation will take place primarily through performance.
Preparation (MEL3E)
Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic or             Visual Arts, University/College Preparation (AVI3M)
Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 9, Applied                              Prerequisite: Visual Arts and/or Applied Design, Grade 9 or 10, Open
This course enables students to broaden their understanding of            This course provides students with opportunities to further
mathematics as it is applied in the workplace and daily life.             develop their skills and knowledge in visual arts. Students will
Students will solve problems associated with earning money,               explore a range of subject matter through studio activities, and
paying taxes, and making purchases; apply calculations of simple          will consolidate their practical skills. Students will also analyse
and compound interest in saving, investing, and borrowing; and            art works and study aspects of Western art history, as well as art
calculate the costs of transportation and travel in a variety of          forms from Canada and other parts of the world.
situations. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as
they solve problems and communicate their thinking.                       Crafts (AWA3O)
                                                                          Students will create artworks in metal, mirror, glass, paper
ELECTIVE COURSES                                                          mache, fabric, ceramics and wood. This course emphasizes
                                                                          learning through practice, building on the knowledge and skills
                                ARTS                                      acquired previously and introducing them to new ideas, materials
                                                                          and processes for artistic thinking and expression. Students will
Guitar- Music, University/College Preparation (AMG3M)                     include the refined application of the elements and principles of
Prerequisite: AMG2O                                                       design, incorporating the creative and design processes, and the
This course emphasizes the study of the elements of music                 relationship between form and content. Students will also learn
through the use of the guitar. Students will continue to develop          about the connection between works of art and their historical
guitar technique which includes melody picking and providing              contexts.
chordal accompaniments; acquisition of knowledge of the various
guitar styles and playing experience with some reading of chord           Applied Design, University/College Preparation
charts and melodic notation; experience in providing simple               (AWD3M)
chordal accompaniments, alone and in a group. Students will               Prerequisite: Visual Arts and/or Applied Design, Grade 9 or 10, Open
participate in creative activities that teach them to listen with         This course explores the realm of producing art with a client in
understanding. They will also further their understanding of              mind. Various areas of applied design will be investigated
musical terminology and its appropriate use.                              including product design, information design and fashion design.
                                                                          Students will be required to develop unique solutions for creative
Instrumental Music Band, University/College                               problems while utilizing the design process. The elements and
                                                                          principles of design will continue to be the foundation for the
Preparation (AMI3M)
Prerequisite: AMI1O or AMI2O
                                                                          concepts and designs developed. Understanding the historical
This course emphasizes the appreciation, analysis, and                    movements and theoretical concepts in design is essential for
performance of various kinds of music, including baroque and              applying this knowledge and creating new designs. Students will
classical music, popular music, and Canadian and non-Western              improve their skills in media and techniques, whether it be
music. Students will perform technical exercises and appropriate          electronic or traditional, so that they can become versatile
repertoire, complete detailed creative activities, and analyse and        designers. Students will acquire the ability to analyze and assess
evaluate live and recorded performances. They will continue to            what is an effective design whether it be their own work or the
increase their understanding of the elements of music while               work of other designers. Students will develop a strong sense of
developing their technical and imaginative abilities.                     self-discipline and time management skills which are essential in
                                                                          order to be successful designers. All projects produced in this
Dramatic Arts, University/College Preparation (ADA3M)                     course will make valuable contributions towards a post-secondary
Prerequisite: Dramatic Arts, Grade 9 or 10, Open                          portfolio.
This course requires students to create and to perform dramatic
presentations. Students will analyse, interpret, and perform works
of drama from various cultures, including Western plays from
                                                                      13

                           BUSINESS                                        a hands-on approach, students will further develop information
                                                                           and communication technology skills through the use of common
Financial Accounting Fundamentals,                                         business software applications. The concept and operation of e-
University/College Preparation (BAF3M)                                     business will be explored, and students will design and create an
Prerequisite: None                                                         e-business website. The skills developed in this course will
This course introduces students to the fundamental principles              prepare students for success in the workplace and/or post
and procedures of accounting. Students will develop financial              secondary studies.
analysis and decision-making skills that will assist them in future
studies and/or career opportunities in business. Students will                                           ENGLISH
acquire an understanding of accounting for a service and a
merchandising business, computerized accounting, financial                 Media Studies, Open (EMS3O)
analysis, and current issues and ethics in accounting.                     Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic or Applied
                                                                           This course emphasizes knowledge and skills that will enable
Accounting Essentials, Workplace Preparation (BAI3E)                       students to understand media communication in the twenty-first
Prerequisite: None                                                         century and to use media effectively and responsibly. Through
This course introduces students to the accounting cycle of a               analysing the forms and messages of a variety of media works
service business. Students will use computer application software          and audience responses to them, and through creating their own
to record business transactions and to prepare financial                   media works, students will develop critical thinking skills,
statements. Students will also investigate banking and cash                aesthetic and ethical judgement, and skills in viewing,
management, decision making, ethical behaviour, and career                 representing, listening, speaking, reading, and writing.
opportunities in the field of accounting.
                                                                                          CANADIAN & WORLD STUDIES
Entrepreneurship: The Venture, College Preparation
(BDI3C)                                                                    American History, University Preparation (CHA3U)
Prerequisite: None                                                         Prerequisite: Canadian History in the Twentieth Century, Grade 10,
This course focuses on ways in which entrepreneurs recognize               Academic or Applied
opportunities, generate ideas, and organize resources to plan              This course traces the social, economic, and political
successful ventures that enable them to achieve their goals.               development of the United States from colonial times to the
Students will create a venture plan for a student-run school-              present. Students will examine issues of diversity, identity, and
based or summer business. Through hands-on experiences,                    culture that have influenced the country’s social and political
students will have opportunities to develop the values, traits, and        formation and will consider the implications of its expansion into
skills most often associated with successful entrepreneurs                 global superpower. Students will use critical-thinking and
                                                                           communication skills to determine casual relationships, evaluate
Marketing: Goods, Services, Events, College                                multiple perspectives, and present their own points of view.
Preparation (BMI3C)
Prerequisite: None                                                         World History to the Sixteenth Century,
This course introduces the fundamental concepts of product                 University/College Preparation (CHW3M)
marketing, which includes the marketing of goods, services, and            Prerequisite: Canadian History in the Twentieth Century, Grade 10,
events. Students will examine how trends, issues, global                   Academic or Applied
economic changes, and information technology influences                    This course investigates the history of humanity from earliest
consumer buying habits. Students will engage in marketing                  times to the sixteenth century. Students will analyse diverse
research, develop marketing strategies, and produce a marketing            societies from around the world, with an emphasis on the
plan for a product of their choice.                                        political, cultural, and economic structures and historical forces
                                                                           that have shaped the modern world. They will apply historical
Marketing: Retail and Service, Workplace Preparation                       inquiry, critical-thinking, and communication skills to evaluate the
(BMX3E)                                                                    influence of selected individuals, groups, and innovations and
Prerequisite: None                                                         present their conclusions.
This course focuses on marketing activities in the retail and
service sectors.     Students will examine trends and global               Understanding Canadian Law, Workplace Preparation
influences on marketing decisions, and will learn about the                (CLU3E)
importance of customer service in developing a customer base               Prerequisite: Canadian History in the Twentieth Century, Grade 10,
and maintaining customer loyalty. Through hands-on learning,               Academic or Applied
students will develop personal selling and information technology          This course gives students practical information about legal
skills that will prepare them for a variety of marketing-related           issues that directly affect their lives. Students will examine the
positions in the workplace.                                                need for laws in society, the roots of Canada’s legal system, the
                                                                           rights and freedoms that people in Canada enjoy, and the basic
Information and Communication Technology: The                              elements of criminal law and dispute resolution. Through
                                                                           experiences such as mock trials, debates, and case studies,
Digital Environment, Open (BTA3O)
Prerequisite: BTT1O strongly recommended
                                                                           students will apply inquiry and communication skills to develop
This course prepares students for the digital environment. Using           and express opinions on legal topics of interest to them.
                                                                         14

Understanding Canadian Law, University/College                                will identify possible career destinations, and be placed in these
Preparation (CLU3M)                                                           careers as co-operative education students. The students will
Prerequisite: Canadian History in the Twentieth Century, Grade 10,            gain valuable functional skills as well as receive training on the
Academic or Applied                                                           most current and up to date equipment while in their placements.
This course explores Canadian law with focus on legal issues
that are relevant to people’s everyday lives. Students will                   SCHOOL BASED OYAP (to be continued in the grade
investigate fundamental legal concepts and processes to gain a                12 sector)
practical understanding of Canada’s legal system, including the               The Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program (OYAP) provides
criminal justice system. Students will use critical-thinking, inquiry,        opportunities for students to prepare for or begin their
and communication skills to develop informed opinions on legal                apprenticeships in given trades while they complete the credits
issues and apply this knowledge in a variety of ways and settings,            required for their secondary school diploma.
including case analysis, legal research projects, mock trials, and            For more information see a guidance counselor.
debates.
                                                                                                          GUIDANCE
                     COMPUTER SCIENCE
                                                                              Leadership and Peer Support, Open (GPP3O)
Computer Engineering, Workplace Preparation (ICE3E)                           Prerequisite: Career Studies, Grade 10, Open
This course helps students develop a practical understanding of               This course prepares students to act in leadership and peer
hardware and software operations, computer networks, and                      support roles. They will design and implement a plan for
operating systems. Students will develop Web pages using                      contributing to their school and/or community; develop skills in
HTML and create animations using FLASH. Students will develop                 communication, interpersonal relations, teamwork, and conflict
software to interact with robots and external devices. In addition            management; and apply those skills in leadership and/or peer
to developing an understanding of the ethical use of computers,               support roles – for example, as a student council member or a
students will identify related career opportunities and the skill sets        peer tutor. Students will examine group dynamics and learn the
required for the workplace, including good customer service                   value of diversity within groups and communities.
practices.
                                                                                  NEW
     NEW
                                                                              LINK Crew, Open (GPP3OL)
Website Design and Animation, Open (IDC3O)                                    Prerequisite: Career Studies, Grade 10, Open
This course is for the student who is interested in designing and             This course prepares students to act in leadership and peer
building their own web pages. Students will design and build web              support roles. They will design and implement a plan for
pages using up to date software tools. The summative project will             contributing to their school and/or community: develop skills in
be a well designed and functioning web page / presentation, the               communication, interpersonal relations: teamwork and conflict
content of which is of the students’ choice. Ideally this project can         management and apply those skills in leadership and/or peer
be handed in as a summative assignment in one of the student’s                support roles. Students will examine group dynamics and learn
 other courses.                                                               the value of diversity within groups and communities.
                                                                              Students must complete an application and interview for
Computer and Information Science, University/College                          final acceptance into this course.
Preparation (ICS3M)
                                                                                                         LANGUAGE
This course helps students examine computer science concepts.
Students will outline stages in software development, define
                                                                              Core French, University Preparation (FSF3U)
standard control and data structures, identify on- and off-line
                                                                              Prerequisite: Core French, Grade 10, Academic
resources, explain the functions of basic computer components,
                                                                              This course draws on a variety of themes to promote extensive
and develop programming and problem-solving skills by using
                                                                              development of reading and writing skills and to reinforce oral
operating systems and implementing defined practices. As well
                                                                              communication skills. Students will gain a greater understanding
as identifying careers in computer science, students will develop
                                                                              of French-speaking cultures in Canada and around the world
an understanding of the ethical use of computers and the impact
                                                                              through their reading of a variety of materials, including a short
of emergent technologies on society.
                                                                              novel or a play. Students will produce various written
                                                                              assignments, including a formal essay. The use of correct
                 CO-OPERATIVE EDUCATION
                                                                              grammar and appropriate language conventions in both spoken
                                                                              and written French will be emphasized throughout the course.
Designing Your Future, Open (GWL3O)
2 credit                                                                      Core French, Open (FSF3O)
Prerequisite: Grade 10 Careers GLC2O Career Studies or CHV2O Civics
                                                                              Prerequisite: Core French, Grade 10, Academic or Applied
This two credit package is linked to the grade 10                             This course draws on a broad theme, such as media, to
Careers/Civics course students have already successfully                      develop oral communication, reading, and writing skills.
completed.      The co-operative education course prepares                    Students will give presentations, read a selection of short stories
students to make decisions on future career destinations by                   and articles, and produce a variety of written assignments. The
giving them hands on experience in the world of work. Students
                                                                         15

use of correct grammar and appropriate language conventions in                Biology, University Preparation (SBI3U)
both spoken and written French will be emphasized throughout                  Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic
the course.                                                                   This course furthers students’ understanding of the processes
                                                                              involved in biological systems. Students will study cellular
Spanish, University Preparation (LWSCU)                                       functions, genetic continuity, internal systems and regulation, the
Prerequisite: International Languages, Grade 10, Academic                     diversity of living things, and the anatomy, growth, and functions
This course offers students opportunities to further develop their            of plants. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the
knowledge of Spanish and to enhance their communication skills.               topics under study, and helps students refine skills related to
Students will use increasingly sophisticated Spanish in a variety             scientific investigation.
of activities that will enable them to speak and write with clarity
and accuracy. Students will also enhance their thinking skills                Chemistry, University Preparation (SCH3U)
through the critical study of literature, and continue to explore             Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic
aspects of the culture of countries where the language is spoken              This course focuses on the concepts and theories that form the
through a variety of print and technological resources.                       basis of modern chemistry. Students will study the behaviours of
                                                                              solids, liquids, gases, and solutions; investigate changes and
                    PHYSICAL EDUCATION                                        relationships in chemical systems; and explore how chemistry is
                                                                              used in developing new products and processes that affect our
                                                                              lives and our environment. Emphasis will also be placed on the
Healthy Active Living Education, Open
                                                                              importance of chemistry in other branches of science.
PPL 3OF (Female)        PPL 3OM (Male)
This course focuses on the development of a healthy lifestyle and
                                                                              Science, Workplace Preparation (SNC3E)
participation in a variety of enjoyable physical activities that have
                                                                              Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied
the potential to engage students’ interest throughout their lives.
                                                                              This course provides students with the science-related
Students will be encouraged to develop personal competence in
                                                                              knowledge and skills they need to help them make informed
a variety of movement skills and will be given opportunities to
                                                                              decisions in the workplace and in their personal lives. Students
practise goal-setting, decision-making, social, and interpersonal
                                                                              will explore a range of topics, including materials and safety;
skills. Students will also study the components of healthy
                                                                              electrical circuits; micro-organisms; the human immune system
relationships, reproductive health, mental health, and personal
                                                                              and defenses against disease; and the impact of humans on the
safety. All activity courses require the purchase/wearing of a
                                                                              environment. Emphasis is placed on relating these topics directly
physical education uniform.
                                                                              to students’ experiences both in the world of work and in daily life.

Live Fit, Open (PAF 3OF) (Female)
                                                                              Science, University/College Preparation (SNC3M)
Prerequisite: PAF2OF
                                                                              Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic or Applied
The focus will be on obtaining and maintaining personal fitness.
                                                                              This course enables students, including those who do not intend
The fitness journal will be used to track fitness improvement and
                                                                              to pursue science-related programs at the post-secondary level,
individual activities. A leadership component will be included.
                                                                              to increase their understanding of science and its technological
Activities may include: aerobic running, tai chi, self defence, step
                                                                              applications. Students will explore a range of topics, including the
aerobics, racquet sports and G.L.O. The health component will
                                                                              safe use of everyday chemicals; the science of nutrition and body
include wellness, womens' health issues, fitness theory and
                                                                              function; waste management; the application of scientific
assessment, alcohol/substance abuse and personal safety.
                                                                              principles in space; and technologies in everyday life. Emphasis
This course can be taken in grade 10. Specific special activities (ie:
                                                                              will be placed on the role of science and technology in daily life
high ropes course, self defence) will require a small participation
                                                                              and in relation to social and environmental issues.
fee. All activity courses require the purchase/wearing of a
physical education uniform.
                                                                              Physics, University Preparation (SPH3U)
                                                                              Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic
                             SCIENCE                                          This course develops students’ understanding of the basic
                                                                              concepts of physics. Students will study the laws of dynamics and
Biology, College Preparation (SBI3C)                                          explore different kinds of forces, the quantification and forms of
Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic or Applied                          energy (mechanical, sound, light, thermal, and electrical), and the
This course focuses on the processes involved in biological                   way energy is transformed and transmitted. They will develop
systems. Students will learn concepts and theories as they                    scientific-inquiry skills as they verify accepted laws and solve
conduct investigations in the areas of cellular biology,                      both assigned problems and those emerging from their
microbiology, animal anatomy and physiology, plant                            investigations. Students will also analyse the interrelationships
structure and physiology, and environmental science. Emphasis                 between physics and technology, and consider the impact of
will be placed on the practical application of concepts, and on the           technological applications of physics on society and the
skills needed for further study in various branches of the life               environment.
sciences and related fields.
                                                                     16

                      SOCIAL SCIENCE                                      methods they employ. Students will be given opportunities to
                                                                          explore theories from a variety of perspectives and to become
Managing Personal and Family Resources, College                           familiar with current thinking on a range of issues that have
Preparation (HIR3C)                                                       captured the interest of classical and contemporary social
This course explores how to use human, material, and                      scientists in the three disciplines.
community resources effectively, and how to make informed
choices with respect to clothing purchases, finance, food and                                     TECHNOLOGY
nutrition, housing, and transportation. Students will learn about
the dynamics of human interaction; how to make responsible                Construction Technology, College Preparation (TCJ3C)
choices in their transition to post-secondary education and               Prerequisite: Recommended Construction Technology TCJ2O, Grade 10,
careers; and strategies to enable them to manage time, talent,            Open
and money effectively. This course also introduces students to            This course focuses on residential and light construction systems
skills used in researching and investigating resource                     related to commercial, industrial, and/or recreational construction.
management.                                                               Students will learn about the tools, materials, equipment, and
                                                                          methods used in light construction industry; structural analysis
Managing Personal Resources, Workplace Preparation                        and design; presentation and working drawings; and auxiliary
(HIP3E)                                                                   systems. They will also estimate materials and labor costs; study
                                                                          industry standards and building codes; consider health and safety
This course prepares students for living independently and
                                                                          issues and energy conservation; and explore careers and the
working successfully with others. Students will learn to manage
                                                                          impact of construction technology on society and the
their personal resources (including talent, money, and time), to
                                                                          environment. This activity-based course ensures students will
develop interpersonal skills, and to understand economic
                                                                          take home a project(s) created and designed by themselves.
influences on workplace issues, in order to make wise and
responsible personal and occupational choices. The course
                                                                          Construction Technology, Workplace Preparation
emphasizes the achievement of expectations through practical
experiences and introduces students to skills used in researching         (TCJ3E)
                                                                          Prerequisite: Recommended Construction Technology TCJ2O, Grade 10,
and investigating resource management.
                                                                          Open
                                                                           This course focuses on residential and light construction
Fashion and Creative Expression, Open (HNC3O)
                                                                          systems related to commercial, industrial, and/or recreational
This course explores what clothing communicates about the
                                                                          construction; the development of generic employment skills; and
wearer and how it becomes a creative and entrepreneurial outlet
                                                                          preparation for apprenticeship and training programs. Students
through the design and production processes. Students will learn,
                                                                          will learn about and gain practical experience with various types
through practical experiences, about the nature of fashion design;
                                                                          of materials, processes, labour, tools, and equipment used in the
the characteristics of fibers and fabrics; the construction,
                                                                          construction industry; technical drawings; and auxiliary systems.
production, and marketing of clothing; and how to plan and care
                                                                          They will also study industry standards and building codes;
for a wardrobe that is appropriate for an individual’s appearance,
                                                                          consider health and safety issues; and explore careers, the
activities, employment, and lifestyle. Students will develop
                                                                          importance of lifelong learning, and the impact of construction
research skills as they explore the evolution of fashion and its
                                                                          technology on society and the environment. This activity-based
relationship to society, culture, and individual psychology.
                                                                          course ensures students will take home a project(s) created and
Living and Working With Children, College Preparation                     designed by themselves.
(HPW3C)
This course focuses on the well-being of children in families and         Construction Technology, Workplace Preparation
community settings. Students will study child behaviour and child         (TCJ3E2)(2 credit)
development in the context of relationships with parents and              This is a two credit course that will develop skills in the building
others in the community, and will learn through research and by           construction trades. While this program has a woodworking
observing and interacting with children. This course prepares             component, the plumbing and electrical are unique and the skills
students for further study of children, familiarizes them with            and knowledge will be developed, complimenting an
occupational opportunities related to working with children, and          apprenticeship or a pathway to working in this field.
introduces them to skills used in researching and investigating
children’s behaviour in response to others.
                                                                          Technological Design, Workplace Preparation (TDJ3E)
   NEW                                                                    Prerequisite: Recommended Technical Design TDJ2O, Grade 10, Open
                                                                          This course provides students with opportunities to apply the
Introduction to Anthropology, Psychology, and                             principles of basic design to technological challenges in industry,
                                                                          engineering, architecture, manufacturing, and graphics. Students
Sociology, Grade 11, University/College Preparation
                                                                          will develop problem-solving and design skills through the use of
(HSP3M)                                                                   technical drawings and illustrations, model building, testing, and
Prerequisite: None
                                                                          marketing. They will also become aware of consumer, business,
This course introduces the theories, questions, and issues that
                                                                          and environmental issues in the creation and marketing of
are the major concerns of anthropology, psychology, and
                                                                          products or services, and the educational requirements of design-
sociology. Students will develop an understanding of the way
social scientists approach the topics they study and the research
                                                                      17

related careers.                                                           making; machining of various materials; heat treating and
                                                                           forming; MIG and TIG welding; and Computer Assisted Design
Technological Design, University/College Preparation                       and Machining (CAD/CAM).
(TDJ3M)
Prerequisite: Recommended Technical Design TDJ2O, Grade 10, Open           Manufacturing Technology, Workplace Preparation
This course provides students with opportunities to apply the              (TMJ3E2) (2 credit)
principles of technological design to challenges in                        This is a two credit course that will further enhance the student’s
communications, manufacturing, electronics, transportation,                skills by allowing additional time to complete more challenging
architecture, industrial and consumer products, health and safety          projects. Skills and knowledge will be developed, complimenting
equipment, and environmental services. Students will identify              an apprenticeship or a pathway to working in this field.
user needs, estimate labour and material costs, analyse material
characteristics, and illustrate design solutions, using traditional
                                                                           Transportation Technology, Workplace Preparation
and computer-based methods. They will also acquire the basic
                                                                           (TTJ3E)
design skills required for post-secondary studies in engineering,
                                                                           This course examines the various types of land, air, and/or
manufacturing, architecture, and construction.
                                                                           marine vehicles and vehicle systems found within the
                                                                           transportation sector. Students will acquire identification,
Communications Technology, Workplace Preparation
                                                                           troubleshooting, repairing, and testing skills that meet industry
(TGJ3E) (Videography)
                                                                           standards and government regulations. In addition to developing
This course examines communications systems and design and
                                                                           employability and technical skills, they will explore the broad
production processes in the areas of electronic, live, recorded,
                                                                           range of career opportunities within this sector, and will examine
and graphic communications. Students will be given the
                                                                           the impact of the transportation sector on people, society, and the
opportunity to develop and apply practical skills to assemble,
                                                                           environment.
repair, operate, maintain, and test various systems. Students will
also study industry standards and regulations and health and
                                                                           Transportation Technology, Workplace Preparation
safety issues, and will explore careers, the importance of lifelong
                                                                           (TTJ3E2) (2 credit)
learning, and the impact of communications technology on
                                                                           This is a two credit course that will further enhance the student’s
society and the environment. This course is the Level 1
                                                                           skills by allowing additional time to complete more challenging
Videography program. Suited for those interested in taking their
                                                                           projects. Skills and knowledge will be developed, complimenting
videography to the next level technically and aesthetically. A
                                                                           an apprenticeship or a pathway to working in this field.
variety of styles and techniques will be introduced and practiced
through a variety of video assignments.
                                                                           Students registered in the Specialist High
Communications Technology, University/College                              Skills Major (Transportation) must take either
Preparation (TGJ3M) (Photography)                                          TTJ3E or TTJ3E2.
This course examines communications systems and design and
production processes in the areas of electronic, live, recorded,
and graphic communications. Students will develop knowledge
and skills relating to the assembly, operation, maintenance, and
repair of the basic and more complex components of a range of
communications systems. Students will also study industry
standards and regulations and health and safety issues, and will
explore careers, the importance of lifelong learning, and the
impact of communications technology on society and the
environment. This course is the Level 1 Photography program.
Suited for those interested in taking their photography to the next
level, technically and aesthetically. A variety of styles and
techniques will be introduced and practiced through a variety of
photographic assignments.

Manufacturing Technology, Workplace Preparation
(TMJ3E)
This course helps familiarize students with the broad range of
career opportunities within the manufacturing sector. Students
will acquire design and fabrication skills using a variety of
materials, tools, equipment, and processes, and will construct
products that adhere to design specifications and meet quality
control standards. In addition to developing employability and
technical skills, students will develop an understanding of the
impact of the manufacturing sector on consumers, society, and
the environment. Included in the course will be: tool and die
                                                        18



                                  GRADE 12 COURSES
ARTS - Elective
              ADA4M    Drama                                              University/College Preparation
              AMG4M    Guitar                                             University/College Preparation
              AMI4M    Instrumental Music Band                            University/College Preparation
              AVI4M    Visual Arts                                        University/College Preparation
              AMV4M    Vocal - Music                                      University/College Preparation
              AWD4M    Applied Design                                     University/College Preparation

BUSINESS - Elective
              BAN4E    Accounting for a Small Business                    Workplace Preparation
              BAT4M    Principles of Financial Accounting                 University/College Preparation
              BTX4C    Information Technology in Business                 College Preparation
              BTX4E    Information Technology in Business                 Workplace Preparation
              IDC4U    Building Financial Security                        University preparation

ENGLISH - Compulsory
              ENG4C    English                                            College Preparation
              ENG4E    English                                            Workplace Preparation
              ENG4U    English                                            University Preparation

ENGLISH - Elective
              EWC4C The Writer’s Craft                                    College Preparation
              EWC4U The Writer’s Craft                                    University Preparation
              OLC4O Literacy                                              Open

CANADIAN & WORLD STUDIES - Elective
              CGW4U    Canadian and World Issues: A Geographic Analysis   University Preparation
              CHY4C    World History: The West and the World              College Preparation
              CHY4U    World History: The West and the World              University Preparation
              CIA4U    Analyzing Current Economic Issues                  University Preparation
              CPW4U    Canadian and World Politics                        University Preparation

COMPUTER SCIENCE - Elective
              ICS4M    Computer and Information Science                   University/College Preparation

CO-OPERATIVE EDUCATION - Elective
              GLS4O    Advanced Learning Strategies:                      Open
                       Skills for Success After Secondary School

LANGUAGE - Elective
              FSF4U Core French                                           University Preparation
              LWSDU International Languages                               University Preparation

MATHEMATICS - Elective
              MAP4C    College and Apprenticeship Mathematics             College Preparation
              MCV4U    Calculus and Vectors                               University Preparation
              MDM4U    Mathematics of Data Management                     University Preparation
              MEL4E    Mathematics for Everyday Life                      Workplace Preparation
              MHF4U    Advanced Functions                                 University Preparation

PHYSICAL EDUCATION - Elective
              PAI4O    Personal Fitness Training                          Open (CO-ED)
              PLF4C    Recreation and Fitness Leadership                  College Preparation
              PPL4OF   (Female) Healthy Active Living Education           Open
              PPL4OM   (Male) Healthy Active Living Education             Open
              PSE4U    Exercise Science                                   University Preparation
                                                                        19

          SCIENCE - Elective
                               SBI4U      Biology                                              University Preparation
                               SCH4C      Chemistry                                            College Preparation
                               SCH4U      Chemistry                                            University Preparation
                               SES4U      Earth and Space Science                              University Preparation
                               SNC4E      Science,                                             Workplace Preparation
                               SNC4M      Science                                              University/College Preparation
                               SPH4C      Physics                                              College Preparation
                               SPH4U      Physics                                              University Preparation

          SOCIAL SCIENCES - Elective
                               HHS4M Individuals and Families in a Diverse Society             University/College Preparation
                               HPD4E Parenting and Human Development                           Workplace Preparation
                               HSB4M Challenge and Change in Society                           University/College Preparation

          TECHNOLOGY - Elective
                               TAB4W Transportation Technology –
                                        Auto Body Repair and Refinishing                       Workplace Preparation
                               TCJ4C Construction Technology                                   College Preparation
                               TCJ4E Construction Technology                                   Workplace Preparation
                               TCJ4E2 Construction Technology                                  Workplace (2 credit)
                               TDJ4E Technological Design,                                     Workplace Preparation
                               TDJ4M Technological Design                                      University/College Preparation
                               TGJ4E Communications Technology                                 Workplace Preparation
                               TGJ4M Communications Technology                                 University/College Preparation
                               TMJ4E Manufacturing Technology                                  Workplace Preparation
                               TMJ4E2 Manufacturing Technology                                 Workplace (2 credit)
                               TTJ4E  Transportation Technology                                Workplace Preparation
                               TTJ4E2 Transportation Technology                                Workplace (2 credit)


         GRADE 12 PROGRAM                                                     English, University Preparation (ENG4U)
                                                                              Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation
                                                                              This course emphasizes the consolidation of literacy, critical and
COMPULSORY COURSES                                                            creative thinking, and communication skills necessary for
                                                                              success in the academic and daily life. Students will analyse a
                                ENGLISH                                       range of challenging literary texts from various time periods,
                                                                              countries, and cultures; interpret and evaluate informational and
English, College Preparation (ENG4C)                                          graphic texts; and create oral, written, and media texts in a
Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, College Preparation                          variety of forms. An important focus will be on using academic
This course emphasizes the consolidation of literacy,                         language coherently and confidently, selecting the reading
communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary            strategies best suited to particular texts and particular purposes
for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyse a               for reading, and developing greater control in writing. The course
variety of informational and graphic texts, as well as literary texts         is intended to prepare students for university, college, or the
from various countries and cultures, and create oral, written, and            workplace.
media texts in a variety of forms for practical and academic
purposes. An important focus will be on using                                 ELECTIVE COURSES
language with precision and clarity and developing greater
control in writing. The course is intended to prepare students for                                             ARTS
college or the workplace.
                                                                              Dramatic Arts, University/College Preparation (ADA4M)
English, Workplace Preparation (ENG4E)                                        Prerequisite: Dramatic Arts, Grade 11, University/College Preparation or
Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, Workplace Preparation                        Open
This course emphasizes the consolidation of literacy,                         This course requires students to experiment with forms and
communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary            conventions in dramatic literature, and to create/adapt and
for success in the workplace and in daily life. Students will                 present dramatic works. Students will do research on dramatic
analyse informational, graphic, and literary texts and create oral,           forms, conventions, themes, and theories of acting and directing
written, and media texts in a variety of forms for workplace-                 from different historical periods, and apply their knowledge of
related and practical purposes. An important focus will be on                 these in analysing and interpreting dramatic literature, including
using language accurately and organizing ideas and information                Canadian works and works from various cultures in the late
coherently. The course is intended to prepare students for the                twentieth century. Students will also examine the significance of
workplace and active citizenship.                                             dramatic arts in various cultures.
                                                                         20

Guitar- Music, University/College Preparation (AMG4M)                         Understanding the historical movements and theoretical concepts
Prerequisite: AMG3O/AMG3M                                                     in design is essential for applying this knowledge and creating
This course emphasizes the study of the elements of music                     new designs. Students will improve their skills in media and
through the use of the guitar. Students will continue to develop              techniques, whether it be electronic or traditional, so that they
guitar technique which includes melody picking and providing                  can become versatile designers. Students will acquire the ability
choral accompaniments; acquisition of knowledge of the various                to analyse and assess what is an effective design whether it be
guitar styles and playing experience with some reading of chord               their own work or the work of other designers. Self and peer
charts and melodic notation; experience in providing simple                   evaluations combined with group critiques will be an essential
choral accompaniments, alone and in a group. Students will                    part of the course. Students will develop a strong sense of self-
participate in creative activities that teach them to listen with             discipline and time management skills which are essential in
understanding. They will also further their understanding of                  order to be successful designers. All projects produced in this
musical terminology and its appropriate use.                                  course will make valuable contributions towards a post-secondary
                                                                              portfolio.
Instrumental Music Band, University/College
Preparation (AMI4M)                                                                                       BUSINESS
Prerequisite: Music, Grade 11, University/College Preparation or Open
This course emphasizes the appreciation, analysis, and                        Financial Accounting Principles, University/College
performance of music from the romantic period and the twentieth               Preparation (BAT4M)
century, including art music, jazz, popular music, and Canadian               Prerequisite: Financial Accounting Fundamentals, Grade 11,
and non-Western music. Students will concentrate on developing                University/College Preparation
interpretive skills and the ability to work independently. They will          This course introduces students to advanced accounting
also complete complex creative projects.                                      principles that will prepare them for postsecondary studies in
Suggested preparatory courses are AMI2O and ADA2O.                            business. Students will learn about financial statements for
Students without these courses but with a strong interest in this             various forms of business ownership and how those statements
class, should audition for the instructor. If enrollment in this class        are interpreted in making business decisions. This course further
is adequate, a workshop production of a musical will be the main              develops accounting methods for assets and introduces
project.                                                                      accounting for partnerships, corporations, and sources of
                                                                              financing.
Vocal – Music, University/College Preparation (AMV4M)
Prerequisite: Vocal – Music, Grade 11, University/College Preparation         Accounting for a Small Business, Workplace
This course emphasizes singing in large and small ensembles,                  Preparation (BAN4E)
as well as solo performance. This course develops basic vocal                 Prerequisite: Accounting Essentials, BAI3EGrade 11, Workplace
techniques through performance of music from all periods,                     Preparation Financial Accounting Fundamentals, BAF3M Grade 11,
including contemporary music. The course includes an integrated               University/College Preparation
component of listening, singing, and creative activities. This                This course further develops students’ understanding of the
course continues to develop more advanced vocal techniques.                   fundamentals of accounting by having them examine each
Evaluation will take place primarily through performance.                     component of the accounting cycle, with an emphasis on the
                                                                              merchandising business. Students will use computer application
Visual Arts, University/College Preparation (AVI4M)                           software to learn how accounting is practiced in the workplace.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts, Grade 11, University/College Preparation or        Students will acquire an understanding of payroll systems,
Open                                                                          inventory, specialized journals, subsidiary ledgers, income tax
This course focuses on the refinement of students’ skills and                 reporting, and budgeting.
knowledge in visual arts. Students will analyse art forms; use
theories of art in analysing and producing art; and increase their            Information and Communication Technology:
understanding of stylistic changes in modern and contemporary                 Multimedia Solutions, College Preparation (BTX4C)
Western art, Canadian (including Native Canadian) art, and art                Prerequisite: Information and Communication Technology: The Digital
forms from various parts of the world. Students will produce a                Environment, Grade 11, Open
body of work demonstrating a personal approach.                               This course provides students with the opportunity to apply their
                                                                              information and communication technology skills while working in
Applied Design, University/College Preparation                                a team environment. Through a project-based approach,
(AWD4M)                                                                       students will have opportunities to integrate common business
Prerequisite: Applied Design, Grade 10 and/or Grade 11,                       software applications and apply multimedia techniques. Students
University/College Preparation                                                will further develop their understanding of electronic business and
This course continues to explore the realm of producing art with a            e-commerce environments. The skills acquired in this course will
client in mind.      Various areas of applied design will be                  prepare students for success in postsecondary studies and in
investigated including product design and information design and              their future careers.
fashion design. Students will be required to develop unique
solutions for creative problems while utilizing the design process.           Information and Communication Technology in the
The elements and principles of design will continue to be the                 Workplace, Workplace Preparation (BTX4E)
foundation for the concepts and designs developed.                            Prerequisite: Information and Communication Technology: The Digital
                                                                              Environment, Grade 11, Open
                                                                           21

This course provides students with the opportunity to further                   civilization and world history from the sixteenth century to the
develop essential workplace skills in information and                           present. Students will learn about the interaction between the
communication technology while working in a team environment.                   emerging West and other regions of the world and about the
Using a project-based approach, students will focus on                          development of modern social, political, and economic systems.
integrating software applications and applying multimedia                       They will use critical-thinking and communications skills to
software features. Students will expand their understanding of e-               investigate the historical roots of contemporary issues and
business and e-commerce environments and workplace ethics.                      present their conclusions.
This course will prepare students for a successful transition from
secondary school to the workplace.                                              Analyzing Current Economic Issues, University
                                                                                Preparation (CIA4U)
Building Financial Security (IDC4U)                                             Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation Course in
Ownership, independence and access to wealth should not be                      Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities
the privilege of a few. This course investigates financial                      This course investigates the nature of the competitive global
management, capital markets, and ways in which capital is                       economy and explores how individuals and societies can gain the
acquired. Students will use diverse information skills, resources,              information they need to make appropriate economic decisions.
and technologies to gather information related to a variety of                  Students will learn about the principles of micro-and
Canadian and international financial institutions, investigate the              macroeconomics, apply economic models and concepts to
conceptual and mathematical foundations of increasing net                       interpret economic information, assess the validity of statistics,
worth, and examine investment in the stock market (e.g., the risks              and investigate marketplace dynamics. Students will use
and safeguards in stock trading, stocks as investments, creating                economic inquiry and communication skills to analyse current
investments portfolios). They will also analyse the social impact               economic issues, make informed judgements, and present their
of personal, governmental, and corporate investment decisions in                findings.
domestic and foreign economics. Students will learn to solve
problems through theoretical investigation, systems thinking                    Canadian and World Politics, University Preparation
approaches, and case studies.                                                   (CPW4U)
                                                                                Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation Course in
                CANADIAN & WORLD STUDIES                                        Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities
                                                                                This course examines Canadian and world politics from a variety
Canadian and World Issues: A Geographic Analysis,                               of perspectives. Students will investigate the ways in which
University Preparation (CGW4U)                                                  individuals, groups, and states work to influence domestic and
Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation Course in        world events, the role of political ideologies in national and
Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities          international politics, and the dynamics of international
This course examines the global challenges of creating a                        cooperation and conflict resolution. Students will apply critical-
sustainable and equitable future, focusing on current issues that               thinking and communication skills to develop and support
illustrate these challenges. Students will investigate a range of               informed opinions about current political conflicts, events, and
topics,     including cultural, economic, and geopolitical                      issues.
relationships, regional disparities in the ability to meet basic
human needs, and protection of the natural environment.                                              COMPUTER SCIENCE
Students will use geotechnologies and skills of geographic inquiry
and analysis to develop and communicate balanced opinions                       Computer and Information Science, University/College
about complex issues facing Canada and a world that is                          Preparation (ICS4M)
interdependent and constantly changing.                                         Prerequisite: Computer and Information Science, Grade 11,
                                                                                University/College Preparation
World History: The West and the World, College                                  This course helps students use programming and software
Preparation (CHY4C)                                                             engineering principles to design and develop algorithms and
Prerequisite: Any University, University/College, or College Preparation        programs. Students will use software development and diagnostic
Course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and           tools, implement data structures and algorithms, and use file
Humanities                                                                      management techniques in project settings. They will also
This course explores the history of the world since the sixteenth               develop an understanding of the ethics of computer use and the
century, emphasizing the interaction between the emerging West                  impact of information technology on the community, and will
and other regions of the world. Students will learn about a variety             explore post secondary education and career paths in computer
of economic, social, and political systems and the changes they                 science.
have undergone over time. Students will apply their developing
skills of historical inquiry to understand and communicate ideas
about the forces that have formed our modern world.                                              CO-OPERATIVE EDUCATION

World History: The West and the World, University                               Advanced Learning Strategies: Skills For Success After
Preparation (CHY4U)                                                             Secondary School
Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation Course in        (GLS4O2 - 2 credits/GLS4O4 - 4 credits)
Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities          Prerequisite: Any Grade 11 Course
This course investigates the major trends in Western
                                                                           22

One of the best ways to "test the water" is to register the student             conventions in both spoken and written French will be
for the Co-op option, which not only gives credits towards his/her              emphasized throughout the course.
high school diploma, but also allows for work with people in such
diverse career areas as business, trades, social services,                      Spanish, University Preparation (LWSDU)
teaching, tourism and many other jobs students probably don't                   Prerequisite: International Languages, Level 3, University Preparation
even know exist. In fact, that is what this time in your life should            This course prepares students for university studies in the
be about EXPLORING AND EXPERIENCING, as much as                                 international language. Students will enhance their ability to use
possible     in     order      to     clarify     future       goals.           the language with clarity and precision, and will develop the
                                                                                language skills needed to engage in sustained conversations and
Co-operative Education assists students bound for university or                 discussions, understand and evaluate information, read diverse
college by providing practical work experience. Students entering               materials for both study and pleasure, and write clearly and
apprenticeship programs or the workplace benefit by making                      effectively. Students will also have opportunities to add to their
career decisions. As well they develop knowledge, skills and                    knowledge of the culture of countries where language is spoken
attitudes essential in today's society.                                         through the use of community resources and computer
                                                                                technology.
                              ENGLISH
                                                                                                          MATHEMATICS
The Writer’s Craft, College Preparation (EWC4C)
Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, College Preparation                            Foundations for College Mathematics, College
This course emphasizes knowledge and skills related to the craft                Preparation (MAP4C)
of writing. Students will investigate models of effective writing;              Prerequisite: Foundations for College Mathematics of Personal Finance,
use a workshop approach to write a variety of works; and make                   Grade 11, College Preparation, or Functions, Grade 11,
considered decisions for improving the quality of their writing.                University/College Preparation (or Functions and Relations, Grade 11,
They will also complete a creative or analytical independent study              University Preparation)
project and investigate opportunities for publication and for                   This course enables students to broaden their understanding of
writing careers.                                                                real-world applications of mathematics. Students will analyse
                                                                                data using statistical methods; solve problems involving
The Writer’s Craft, University Preparation (EWC4U)                              applications of geometry and trigonometry; simplify expressions;
Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation                         and solve equations. Students will reason mathematically and
This course emphasizes knowledge and skills related to the craft                communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.
of writing. Students will analyse models of effective writing; use a            This course prepares students for college programs in areas
workshop approach to produce a range of works; identify and use                 such as business, health sciences, and human services, and for
techniques required for specialized forms of writing; and identify              certain skilled trades.
effective ways to improve the quality of their writing. They will also
complete a major paper as part of a creative or analytical                      Calculus and Vectors, University Preparation (MCV4U)
independent study project and investigate opportunities for                     Prerequisite: Advanced Functions (MHF4U) must be taken prior to or
publication and for writing careers.                                            concurrently with Calculus and Vectors (MCV4U)
                                                                                This course builds on students’ previous experience with
Literacy, Open (OLC4O)                                                          functions and their developing understanding of rates of change.
Eligibility: Students who have been eligible to write the OSSLT at least        Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic
twice and who have been unsuccessful at least once are eligible to take         representations of vectors, and representations of lines and
the course.                                                                     planes in three-dimensional space; broaden their understanding
This course is designed to help students acquire and                            of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial,
demonstrate the cross-curricular literacy skills that are evaluated             rational, exponential, and sinusoidal functions; and apply these
by the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT).                          concepts and skills to the modeling of real-world relationships.
Students who complete this course successfully will meet the                    Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes
provincial literacy requirements for graduation. Students will read             necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is
a variety of informational, narrative and graphic texts and will                intended for students who plan to study mathematics in university
produce a variety of forms of writing; including summaries,                     and who may choose to pursue careers in fields such as physics
information paragraphs, opinion pieces and news reports.                        and engineering.
Students will also maintain and manage a portfolio of their work.
                                                                                Mathematics of Data Management, University
                             LANGUAGE                                           Preparation (MDM4U)
                                                                                Prerequisite: Functions and Relations, Grade 11, University Preparation,
Core French, University Preparation (FSF4U)                                     or Functions, Grade 11, University/College Preparation
Prerequisite: Core French, Grade 11, University Preparation                     This course broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as
This course draws on a variety of themes to promote extensive                   it relates to managing data. Students will apply methods for
development of French language skills. Students will consolidate                organizing large amounts of information; solve problems involving
their oral skills as they discuss literature, culture, and current               probability and statistics; and carry out a culminating project that
issues. They will read a variety of texts and will write a formal               integrates statistical concepts and skills. Students will also refine
essay. The use of correct grammar and appropriate language                      their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in
                                                                       23

senior mathematics. Students planning to enter university                   to grade 11 students on approval by person in position of
programs in business, the social sciences, and the humanities               responsibility. All activity courses require the purchase/wearing of
will find this course of particular interest.                               a physical education uniform.

Mathematics for Work and Everyday Life, Workplace                           Healthy Active Living Education, Open (PPL4OF -
Preparation (MEL4E)                                                         PPL40M)
Prerequisite: Mathematics for Work and Everyday Life, Grade 11,             Prerequisite: Grade 9 PPL10
Workplace Preparation                                                       This course focuses on the development of a personalized
This course enables students to broaden their understanding of              approach to healthy active living through participation in a variety
mathematics as it is applied in the workplace and daily life.               of sports and recreational activities that have the potential to
Students will use statistics in investigating questions; apply the          engage students’ interest throughout their lives. Students will
concept of probability to solve problems in familiar situations;            develop and implement personal physical fitness plans. In
investigate accommodation costs and create household budgets;               addition, they will be given opportunities to refine their decision-
use proportional reasoning; estimate and measure; and apply                 making, conflict-resolution, and interpersonal skills, with a view to
geometric concepts to create designs. Students will consolidate             enhancing their mental health and their relationships with others.
their mathematical skills as they solve problems and                        All activity courses require the purchase/wearing of a physical
communicate their thinking.                                                 education uniform.

Advanced Functions, University Preparation (MHF4U)                          Exercise Science, University Preparation (PSE4U)
Prerequisite: Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation                   Prerequisite: Any Grade 11University or University/College Preparation
This course extends students’ experience with functions.                    Course in Science, or any Grade 11 or 12 Open Course in Health and
Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational,           Physical Education
logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; broaden their                     This course focuses on the study of human movement and of
understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying          systems, factors, and principles involved in human development.
these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of           Students will learn about the effects of physical activity on health
the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior                  and performance, the evolution of physical activity and sports,
mathematics. This course is intended both for students who plan             and the factors that influence an individual’s participation in
to study mathematics in university and for those wishing to                 physical activity. The course prepares students for university
consolidate their understanding of mathematics before                       programs in physical education, kinesiology, recreation, and
proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs.                  sports administration. Fitness and skills based lab activities will
                                                                            require a gym uniform.
                     PHYSICAL EDUCATION
                                                                                                          SCIENCE
Personal Fitness Training, Open
(CO-ED) (PAI 4O)                                                            Biology, University Preparation (SBI4U)
Prerequisite: Approval by Person in Position of Responsibility              Prerequisite: Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation
This     co-ed course will focus on the achievement and                     This course provides students with the opportunity for in-depth
maintenance of a fit life. This course will be an alternative to our        study of the concepts and processes associated with biological
traditional sports- oriented physical education programs based in           systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in
the weight room. Students will be responsible for designing,                the areas      of metabolic processes, molecular genetics,
monitoring and recording in a personal fitness journal their year's         homeostasis, evolution, and population dynamics. Emphasis will
program. The health component is presented throughout the                   be placed on achievement of the detailed knowledge and refined
course. Health topics will include: principles of weight training,          skills needed for further study in various branches of the life
anatomy, physiology, kinesiology, sports injuries, steroid abuse            sciences and related fields.
and nutrition. The focus of this course is to encourage and
develop sound, healthy living principles that will be incorporated
                                                                            Chemistry, College Preparation (SCH4C)
into the individuals' adult life. All activity courses require the
                                                                            Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic or Applied
purchase/wearing of a physical education uniform.
                                                                            This course introduces students to the concepts that form the
                                                                            basis of modern chemistry. Students will study qualitative
Recreation and Fitness Leadership, College
                                                                            analysis, quantitative relationships in chemical reactions, organic
Preparation (PLF 4C)                                                        chemistry and electrochemistry, and chemistry as it relates to the
Prerequisite: Either Grade 11 PPL3O or Grade 12 PPL4O
                                                                            quality of the environment. Students will employ a variety of
This is a Co-ed activity based course that focuses on the
                                                                            laboratory techniques, develop skills in data collection and
development of leadership and co-ordination skills related to
                                                                            scientific analysis, and communicate scientific information using
recreational activities. Students will acquire the knowledge and
                                                                            appropriate terminology. Emphasis will be placed on the role of
skills required to plan, organize and implement recreational
                                                                            chemistry in daily life and in the development of new technologies
events. They will also learn how to promote the value of physical
                                                                            and products.
fitness, personal well being and personal safety to others through
mentoring. This course will prepare students for college programs
in recreational leisure and fitness leadership. This course is open
                                                                         24

Chemistry, University Preparation (SCH4U)                                     investigations. Students will also consider the impact of
Prerequisite: Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation                     technological applications of physics on society and the
This course enables students to deepen their understanding of                 environment.
chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, energy
changes and rates of reaction, chemical systems and equilibrium,              Physics, University Preparation (SPH4U)
electrochemistry, and atomic and molecular structure. Students                Prerequisite: Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation
will further develop problem-solving and laboratory skills as they            This course enables students to deepen their understanding of
investigate chemical processes, at the same time refining their               the concepts and theories of physics. Students will explore further
ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be               the laws of dynamics and energy transformations, and will
placed on the importance of chemistry in daily life, and on                   investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields;
evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment.              electromagnetic radiation; and the interface between energy and
                                                                              matter. They will further develop inquiry skills, learning, for
Earth and Space Science, University Preparation                               example, how the interpretation of experimental data can provide
(SES4U)                                                                       indirect evidence to support the development of a scientific
Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic                                     model. Students will also consider the impact on society and the
This course focuses on the Earth as a planet, and on the basic                environment of technological applications of physics.
concepts and theories of Earth science and their relevance to
everyday life. Students will examine the Earth’s place in the solar                                   SOCIAL SCIENCES
system and, after a general introduction to Earth science, will
explore in more detail the materials of the Earth, its internal and           Individuals and Families in a Diverse Society,
surficial processes and its history. The course draws on                      University/College Preparation (HHS4M)
astronomy, biology, chemistry, mathematics, and physics in its                Prerequisite: Any University, University/College, or College Preparation
consideration of geological processes that can be observed                    Course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and
                                                                              World Studies.
directly or inferred from other evidence.
                                                                              This course applies current theories and research from the
Science, Workplace Preparation (SNC4E)                                        disciplines of anthropology, psychology, and sociology to the
Prerequisite: Science, Grade 11, Workplace Preparation                        study of individual development, family behaviour, intimate and
This course provides students with the science-related                        parent–child relationships, and the ways in which families interact
knowledge and skills they need to help them make informed                     within the diverse Canadian society. Students will learn the
decisions in the workplace and in their personal lives. Students              interpersonal skills required to contribute to the well-being of
will explore a range of topics, including chemistry at home and at            families, and the investigative skills required to conduct and
work; communications technology; medical technology;                          evaluate research about individuals and families.
gardening, horticulture, landscaping, and forestry; and alternative
life-sustaining environments. Emphasis is placed on relating                  Parenting and Human Development Workplace
these topics directly to students’ experiences both in the world of           Preparation (HPD4E)
work and in daily life.                                                       Prerequisite: None
                                                                              This course prepares students for occupations involving older
Science, University/College Preparation (SNC4M)                               children, and for the responsibility of parenting, with emphasis on
Prerequisite: Science, Grade 11, University/College Preparation               school-age and adolescent children. Students will learn, through
This course enables students, including those who do not intend               practical experience in the community, how early child
to pursue science-related programs at the post-secondary level,               development affects later development, success in school, and
to further develop their understanding of science and its                     personal and social well-being throughout life, and how children
technological applications. Students will explore a range of                  and parents change over time. This course also develops
topics, including organic products in everyday life; pathogens and            students’ skills in researching and investigating various aspects
disease; energy alternatives and their impact globally;                       of parenting and human development.
communications systems; and science and contemporary
societal issues. Emphasis will be placed on relating these topics
to global issues as well as to daily life, and on developing skills in        Challenge and Change in Society, University/College
the areas of experimentation, research, critical thinking, and                Preparation (HSB4M)
analysis.                                                                     Prerequisite: Any University, or University/College, or College Preparation
                                                                              Course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and
Physics, College Preparation (SPH4C)                                          World Studies
Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic or Applied                          This course examines the theories and methodologies used in
This course develops students’ understanding of the basic                     anthropology, psychology, and sociology to investigate and
concepts of physics. Students will explore these concepts as they             explain shifts in knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviour and
relate to mechanical, electrical, fluid (hydraulic and pneumatic),            their impact on society. Students will analyse cultural, social, and
and communications systems, as well as to the operation of                    biological patterns in human societies, looking at the ways in
commonly used tools and equipment. They will develop scientific-              which those patterns change over time. Students will also explore
inquiry skills as they verify accepted laws of physics and solve              the ideas of classical and contemporary social theorists, and will
both assigned problems and those emerging from their                          apply those ideas to the analysis of contemporary trends.
                                                                       25

                         TECHNOLOGY                                         Technological Design, University/College Preparation
                                                                            (TDJ4M)
Construction Technology, College Preparation                                Prerequisite: Technological Design, Grade 11, University/College
(TCJ4C)                                                                     Preparation
Prerequisite: Recommended Construction Technology TCJ3E, Grade 11,          This course provides students with opportunities to solve
College Preparation Construction Technology TCJ4C, Grade 11,                problems in design through the use of technical drawings, model
Workplace Preparation                                                       building, testing, and marketing. Students will research, design,
This course focuses on advanced residential construction, more              and test solutions for residential or commercial architecture,
complex construction systems, and the introduction of heavy                 industrial engineering, and manufacturing. They will also examine
construction related to commercial, industrial, and/or recreational         the educational requirements of a technical design–related career
construction. Students will learn about the tools, materials,               in engineering, architecture, or industrial design.
equipment, and methods used in the light and heavy construction
industries; structural analysis and design; presentation and                Communications Technology, University/College
working drawings; and auxiliary systems. They will also estimate            Preparation (TGJ4M) (Photography)
materials and labour costs; study industry standards and building           Prerequisite: Communications Technology, Grade 11, University/College
codes; consider health and safety issues; and explore energy                Preparation
conservation, careers, and the impact of construction technology            This course examines communications systems and design and
on society and the environment.                                             production processes in the areas of electronic, live, recorded,
                                                                            and graphic communications. Students will create, manage, and
Construction Technology, Workplace Preparation                              distribute complex electronic, graphic, recorded, or audio-visual
(TCJ4E)                                                                     projects independently and in project teams. Students will also
Prerequisite: Recommended Construction Technology TCJ3C, Grade 11,          study industry standards and regulations and health and safety
Workplace Preparation Construction Technology TCJ3E, Grade 11,              issues, and will explore careers, the importance of lifelong
College Preparation                                                         learning, and the impact of communications technology on
This course focuses on advanced residential and more complex                society and the environment. This course is the Level 2
construction systems, as well as the introduction of heavy                  Photography program. Suited for those who are considering
construction, related to commercial, industrial, and/or residential         pursuing the field of photography as a career. Focusing on
construction; advanced practical workplace applications; and the            developing their own style through photographic challenges
development of generic employment skills and independent                    students will acquire a portfolio to showcase their expertise.
learning skills. Students will examine the materials, processes,
labour, tools, and equipment used in the construction industry;             Communications Technology, Workplace Preparation
technical drawings; auxiliary systems; and landscaping. They will           (TGJ4E)(Videography)
also study industry standards and building codes; consider health           Prerequisite: Communications Technology, Grade 11, Workplace
and safety issues; and explore careers, lifelong learning                   Preparation
opportunities, and the impact of construction technology on                 This course examines the key elements in the areas of electronic,
society and the environment.                                                live, recorded, or graphic communications systems. Students will
                                                                            develop safe workplace habits and business management skills
Construction Technology, Workplace Preparation                              and use a variety of materials, tools, and equipment to assemble,
(TCJ4E2)                                                                    maintain, operate, and repair communications systems. They will
This is a two credit course that will develop skills in the building        also research the entry requirements for training programs
construction trades. While this program has a woodworking                   available on graduation, such as apprenticeships, and will
component, the plumbing and electrical are unique and the skills            develop the employability and technical skills required for entry
and knowledge will be developed, complimenting an                           into the workplace. This course is the Level 2 Videography
apprenticeship or a pathway to working in this field.                       program. Suited for those who are considering pursuing a career
                                                                            in the video production industry. Focusing on developing their
Technological Design, Workplace Preparation (TDJ4E)                         own style through a variety of video assignments, students will
Prerequisite: Technological Design, Grade 11, Workplace Preparation         acquire a portfolio to showcase their expertise.
This course helps students develop a systematic process to
design products or services based on an understanding and                   Manufacturing Technology, Workplace Preparation
analysis of consumer needs, material characteristics, fabrication           (TMJ4E)
methods, and design principles. Students will develop design                Prerequisite: Manufacturing Technology, Grade 11, Workplace
briefs, conduct marketing surveys, create freehand and                      Preparation
computer-generated illustrations, make models, generate                     This course focuses on drafting and design, machining, welding,
technical reports, design packaging, and become aware of                    computer numerical control (CNC), computer-assisted machining
design trends. They will also examine careers and small business            (CAM), motor control, hydraulic control, pneumatic control, and
opportunities in design, architecture, manufacturing, or                    computer control. Students will use sophisticated design and
marketing.                                                                  manufacturing systems to design and fabricate tooling, to
                                                                            program CNC equipment, and to design and build solutions to
                                                                            technological challenges in manufacturing.
                                                                       26

Manufacturing Technology, Workplace Preparation                             In grades 9 and 10, students in the diploma program will
(TMJ4E2)                                                                    complete Locally Developed mathematics and science credits
This two credit course will further enhance the student’s skills by         with Learning Strategies courses to reinforce the fundamental
allowing additional time to complete more challenging projects.             knowledge and skills required to be successful in the workplace
Skills and knowledge will be developed, complimenting an                    stream in the senior years. English courses in Grades 9 and 10
apprenticeship or a pathway to working in this field.                       will reinforce fundamental skills and prepare students for the
                                                                            Grade 10 Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test as well as the
Transportation Technology – Auto Body Repair and                            senior Workplace English courses.
Refinishing, Workplace Preparation (TAB4W)
Prerequisite: Recommended TTJ3E                                             (The principal may use substitutions/deferrals to meet the needs
This course allows further in-depth study of auto body repair               of individual students as they achieve the 18 compulsory credits).
materials and procedures. Career opportunities are explored in              In addition to core subjects, students will take courses in the
the Auto Body Industry. Students will refine their skills in design,        open and/or workplace stream that will prepare them to enter the
fabrication and repair using a variety of trade specific tools.             work force in the industrial, business or service fields. Students
Repairing and finishing of vehicles and their components will               will be encouraged to take courses that emphasize job
develop the skill set in collision restoration, component                   shadowing, work experience and co-operative education which
straightening and repair, preparation and finishing materials.              provide practical experience.
Emphasis is placed on returning all vehicles and their
components to O.E.M. standards.                                             Students in this program must complete all diploma requirements
                                                                            including 30 credits, the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test
Transportation Technology, Workplace                                        and 40 hours of community involvement.
Preparation/College (TTJ4E)/(TTJ4C)
Prerequisite: Transportation Technology, Grade 11, Workplace                Certificate Program
Preparation                                                                 School to Work
This course examines the commonalities of land, air, and marine             This program is designed for students whose Individual
vehicles and transportation systems. Students will develop safe             Education Plan indicates that they are striving to achieve Grade 6
workplace habits and business management skills and will use                expectations in the compulsory core subjects when they start
diagnostic, hand, and power tools effectively to service and repair         secondary school.
vehicles to meet industry standards and safety inspections. They
will also research the entry requirements for apprenticeship                Students will work to strengthen their skills in English,
training programs and develop the employability and technical               mathematics and science courses during grades 9 and 10. They
skills required for entry into the workplace.                               will focus on courses that provide them with the knowledge and
                                                                            skills required for the workplace courses in Grade 11 and 12. The
Transportation Technology, Workplace Preparation                            program, with its emphasis on job shadowing, work experience
/College(TTJ4E2)/ (TTJ4C2)                                                  and co-operative education, will introduce students to the world of
This two credit course will further enhance the student’s skills by         work and assist them in preparing them for direct entry into the
allowing additional time to complete more challenging projects.             workplace, upon completion of their program.
Skills and knowledge will be developed, complimenting an
apprenticeship or a pathway to working in this field.                       Students will complete the required community involvement hours
                                                                            and may elect to write the Ontario Secondary School Literacy
Students registered in the Specialist High                                  Test. Teachers may make accommodations and modifications to
Skills Major (Transportation) must take at                                   the expectations of the open and workplace courses in
                                                                            accordance with the student’s Individual Education Plan.
least 2 Transportation Technology courses                                   Students will work towards the successful completion of the
from the Grade 12 list.                                                     Ontario Secondary School Certificate.

Specialized Programs                                                        Remedial Programs Available in the School
                                                                            Remedial Programs are designed to help students experiencing
Specialized programs provide students with a particular
                                                                            difficulty in specific aspects of their regular programs.
curriculum focus to assist them in meeting diploma requirements
and in making the transition to post secondary destinations.
                                                                            Course Changes
                                                                            Students wishing to change a course should consult with their
                                                                            guidance counsellor.
Ontario Secondary School Diploma Program
School To Work                                                              Evaluation and Examination Policies
This program is designed for students whose Individual                      Students will be evaluated based on the provincial expectations
Education Plan indicates that they have not completed the Grade             and achievement levels outlined in the secondary curriculum
5 to 8 expectations in the compulsory core subjects before their            policy documents. Evaluation is based on the level of
Grade 9 year.                                                               achievement the student demonstrates in the skills and
                                                                            knowledge covered in a course. 70% of the evaluation is based
                                                                          27

on classroom work and may be determined through a variety of                   contents of the OSR. The Education Act and Freedom of
methods such as ongoing class demonstrations, presentations,                   Information legislation protect these records.
essays, performances and classroom tests and quizzes. 30% of
the evaluation is based on a final summative evaluation near the               Ontario Student Transcript (OST): Recording
end of the course. Evaluation methods could include                            and Reporting Procedures
assignments, projects, portfolios, tests, examinations or
                                                                               The Ontario Student Transcript is an official and consistent
demonstrations.
                                                                               summary of a student’s achievement of Ontario secondary school
                                                                               credits. A current, accurate and complete copy of the OST will be
Full Disclosure For Grades 11 and 12 Courses
                                                                               included within the student’s Ontario Student Record.
The Ministry of Education has a policy of full disclosure. This
policy states that all Grade 11, 12 courses attempted by students
must be recorded on Ontario Student Transcripts. Full disclosure               Course Coding System
does not apply to students in Grades 9 or 10.                                  The course code consists of a course title and a six character
Any grade 11, 12 course completed, dropped or failed will                      code: the Ministry of Education designates the first five
appear on a student transcript along with the marks earned in the              characters. The sixth character may designate the credit value
program.                                                                       (ie. 1 or H) or if it is Co-op ( C).
Full disclosure will take effect 5 instructional days following the
distribution of the November and April mid-semester report cards.                  Code             Explanation                    Example - ENG
                                                                                   Characters                                      1DI
                                                                                    st nd           Subject discipline of the      “ENG” English
The Provincial Report Card, Grades 9–12                                            1 , 2 , and      course in letters
Student achievement will be communicated formally to parents by                    3rd
means of the Provincial Report Card, Grades 9 – 12.                                4th              Grade level as a number *      “1” grade 9 or
                                                                                                    (see below)                    first year
The levels of achievement are associated with percentage                                            “1” grade 9
grades, and are defined as follows:                                                                 “2” grade 10
                                                                                                    “3” grade 11
Percentage       Achievement        Summary Description
                                                                                                    “4” grade 12
Grade Range      Level
                                                                                   5th              Type of course as a letter     “D” Academic
80-100%          Level 4            A very high to outstanding level of
                                                                                                    “L” Locally Developed          course
                                    achievement.
                                                                                                    “D” Academic
                                    Achievement is above the
                                                                                                    “E” Workplace
                                    provincial standard.
                                                                                                    “C” College
70-79%           Level 3            A high level of achievement.
                                                                                                    “P” Applied
                                    Achievement is at the provincial
                                                                                                    “U” University
                                    standard.
                                                                                                    “O” Open
60-69%           Level 2            A moderate level of
                                                                                                    “M” University/College
                                    achievement. Achievement is
                                                                                   6th              Board designated               1 credit, half
                                    below, but approaching the
                                                                                                    character that indicates       credit or Co-op
                                    provincial standard.
                                                                                                    credit value or may be
50-59%           Level 1            A passable level of achievement.
                                                                                                    used to differentiate
                                    Achievement is below the
                                                                                                    between courses with
                                    provincial standard.
                                                                                                    similar codes
Below 50%                           Insufficient achievement of
                                    curriculum expectations.
                                    A credit will not be granted.              Report Cards are issued after each term and semester:
                                                                               Semester 1 term 1 report cards are issued in November
Some students, after successfully completing a certain type of                 Semester 1 final report cards are issued in February
course, may change their educational goals and, as a                           Semester 2 term 1 report cards are issued in April
consequence, may need to take compulsory and optional credit                   Semester 2 final report cards are issued in July
courses of a different type from those they initially chose.

*In the case of an International Language course, the fourth                   Special Education Information
character refers to the level of proficiency.                                  Special Provisions Available to Exceptional Students
                                                                               The Ontario Ministry of Education and Training recognizes five
                                                                               areas of exceptionality: behavioural, communicational, intellectual,
The Ontario Student Record (OSR):                                              physical and multiple – for which provisions will be made. The
Recording and Reporting Procedures                                             needs of a student with an exceptionality are specified by an
Ontario Student Record is the official school record for a student.            Identification, Placement and Review Committee of the Board.
 Every Ontario school keeps an OSR for each student enrolled at                The following resources are available to meet the needs of
that school. The OSR contains achievement results, credits                     exceptional students in all Simcoe County District School Board
earned and diploma requirements completed, and other                           schools – Special Education Resource Teachers (SERT),
information important to the education of the student. Students                guidance services, special education resource rooms and materials,
and their parents (if the student is not an adult) may examine the             and in-school Special Needs Committee (SNC) discussions.
                                                                       28

In addition, some secondary schools have Life Skills Programs or            education program and/or services.
Gifted Congregated Clustered Programs for those students who
require life skills support or gifted support beyond what is                The SCDSB Special Education Parent Guide
provided in every school. Information about accessing these                 The Parents’ Guide to Special Education is part of the
specialized placements is available from the SERT at your                   Special Education Plan and can be viewed at the above web
current school.                                                             site. This guide reflects information contained in Regulation
                                                                            181/98.
An explanation for modifications and
accommodations                                                              Ministry Approved Credits for Programs taken
Students may require specific interventions in school courses in            outside of the school
order to achieve academic success. These are two interventions              Specified music certificates may be accepted for credits. Please
that may be implemented. Program modifications involve                      contact your student services department for more information.
changes to the grade-level expectations in the Ontario
curriculum, and therefore modify the course material. This may              Course Offerings through other Means
include a reduction in course material or a shift in course level to        Credit Recovery
support learning. Accommodations are supports or services that              Students who were unsuccessful in gaining a credit at the end of
will help the student access the curriculum and demonstrate                 the semester may be eligible to earn the credit through credit
learning. For example: extra-time, oral assessment, or                      recovery. Students and/or their parents are encouraged to make
preferential seating.                                                       contact with their Student Success Teacher .

Special Education Advisory Committee                                        Correspondence Courses:
The Special Education Advisory Committee (SEAC) is                          The Independent Learning Centre (ILC) offers secondary school
responsible to the Simcoe County District School Board for                  credit courses for individuals who wish to work independently
examining, reviewing and making recommendations regarding                   towards the secondary school diploma. Contact your guidance
the provision of special education programs and services. SEAC              counsellor for information about the Independent Learning Centre
consists of representatives from associations, the First Nations            Student Guide or connect the ILC website at
and three trustees. Meetings are usually held the 3rd Monday of             http://ilc.edu.gov.on.ca/01/home.htm.
each month, 7:00 – 9:00 P.M. at the Education Centre. Members
of the community are welcome to attend and to observe                       Independent Study:
committee meetings.                                                         A teacher may allow a student to work towards a credit through
                                                                            independent study. The teacher is responsible for assigning
Non-Credit Courses                                                          course components, suggesting resources and assessing the
Courses that consist of alternative expectations, which are set out         student’s achievement. The total work involved must be
in the student’s IEP, are non-credit courses. Students’                     equivalent to that expected in the time scheduled for the course.
achievement in such courses will be evaluated and their grades              Courses delivered through the Independent Learning Centre may
recorded on the Provincial Report Card, Grades 9-12, and on the             form part of independent study.
Ontario Student Transcript. Course codes starting with the letter
‘K’ will be assigned to such course.                                        Private Study:
                                                                            Students may be permitted to take one or more courses through
Special Education Plan, Policies and Program                                private study when a) the student is deemed to have valid
The Simcoe County District School Board maintains a Special                 reasons for not attending classes or b) the school does not offer
Education Plan, reviews it bi-annually and amends it, as needed,            the course. The school must be willing to monitor the student’s
to meet the current needs of its exceptional pupils. A copy of the          progress and evaluate the student’s work. ILC courses may form
plan can be viewed at http://www.scdsb.on.ca under Special                  part of the private study program.
Education. The Plan outlines the wide range of programs and
services for students with special education needs. It is the               Continuing Education - Simcoe County District School
Board’s practice to focus on the needs of exceptional students              Board Learning Centres:
and to create opportunities for these students to develop their             This involves the provision of credit and non-credit courses for
individual potential in partnership with parents and guardians in           students 18 years of age or older who wish to study part time or
an atmosphere of trust, cooperation and respect.                            full time for a short term outside of the secondary school
                                                                            program. Courses may include evening, summer school,
What is an Individual Education Plan (IEP)?                                 daytime classes and adult basic literacy courses. See your
The IEP is a written plan describing the special education                  guidance counsellor for further details.
program and/or services required by a particular student, based
on a thorough assessment of the student’s strengths and needs.              Summer School:
                                                                            Summer school courses may be available for students who wish to earn
An IEP is developed for every student identified as exceptional by
                                                                            additional credits, repeat courses they have unsuccessfully completed,
an Identification, Placement and Review Committee (IPRC). In                improve their achievement in a course or to take transfer courses. See
addition, an IEP may be developed for a student who has not                 your guidance counsellor for further details.
been formally identified as exceptional but who requires a special
                                                                                    29

E-Learning                                                                               Grade 9 and 10 Specialized Programs
There are a number of on-line courses (E-Learning) available to students                 In some cases, students entering secondary school require a specialized
who are unable to schedule a particular course in their timetable. Check                 program to support them as they work toward an Ontario Secondary School
with Student Services for more information.                                              Diploma, an Ontario Secondary School Certificate or Certificate of
                                                                                         Accomplishment.
Roles and Responsibilities                                                               Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition
Student Responsibilities, Achievement and Attendance                                     Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition (PLAR) is the formal
Students who fail courses or choose to withdraw from a course may                        evaluation and credit-granting process whereby students may obtain
jeopardize their attainment of an OSSD. Regular attendance at school is                  credits for prior learning. Prior learning includes the knowledge and skills
critical for the student’s learning and achievement of course expectations.              that students have acquired, in both formal and informal ways, outside
                                                                                         secondary school. Students may have their knowledge and skills
Code of Student Behaviour and Safe Schools                                               evaluated against the expectations outlined in provincial curriculum policy
                                                                                         documents in order to earn credits towards the secondary school
Policy                                                                                   diploma.
A student is expected to exhibit: good manners, responsibility, punctuality,             The PLAR process involves two components: “challenge” and
honesty, integrity of academic pursuit, respect for the property of others and           “equivalency”. The “challenge” process is the process whereby students’
the school, respect for the rights and safety of others, respect for the rules of        prior learning is assessed for the purpose of granting credit for a Grade
the classroom and the school and respect for the authority of all staff                  10, 11, or 12 course developed from a provincial curriculum policy
members. For more details, students and parents should refer to the                      document published in 1999 or later. The “equivalency” process is the
STUDENT HANDBOOK issued annually to every student.                                       process of assessing credentials from other jurisdictions.
Information is also available on the Midland Secondary website:                          All credits granted through the PLAR process must represent the same
www://mss.scdsb.on.ca                                                                    standards of achievement as credits granted to students who have taken
                                                                                         the courses. Students may challenge Grades 10, 11 and 12 courses.
The Life Skills Program                                                                  A maximum for four credits may be earned through the PLAR challenge
This program is designed to meet the academic and life skills needs of                   process with no more that two credits in any one discipline.
students with moderate to severe intellectual challenges. The program                    Students can challenge any grade 10 course offered by the Simcoe
for each student is developed to focus on his/her specific learning needs.               County District School Board.
 A student’s program will incorporate both functional academic skill                     Students must submit the Application to Challenge Form, all required
development in literacy, numeracy and communication as well as                           documentation and supporting documentation to the school by the posted
community living skill development (self-care, pre-vocational experience,                deadline.
recreational skills, community functioning, etc.). Integration into regular              Course information, important dates and the Application to Challenge
classes and co-instructional activities are used to promote skill retention,             Form are available on the web at http://mariposa.scdsb.on.ca/
generalization of learning and social interaction. The overall goal is to
prepare students for increased independence upon graduation .                            Resource and Withdrawal Support
                                                                                         This support is available to students who have been identified as requiring
Alternative Schools                                                                      special education support through the Identification, Placement and
The Simcoe County District School Board offers Alternative School                        Review Committee (IPRC) process or through the in-school SNC process.
Programs in a variety of locations. The program is designed for students                  Some students will have a non-credit support period scheduled as one of
aged 16-20 who have difficulty coping with a large school setting, and who               their periods in their timetable. Other students may access support
may benefit from the small class size, one-on-one assistance, flexibility, and           during their regularly scheduled classes. All support is provided in a
close relationships with the teachers.                                                   small group or on a one-to-one basis.
                                                                                         Resources available:
                                                                                              assistive technology including text-to-speech, speech to text and
ALPS                                                                                           organizational tools;
ALPS is a program designed to provide alternative programming to students
                                                                                              software for skill development;
in Midland and area. It operates at 522 Elizabeth Street, Unit 34.
                                                                                              print materials for skill development; text and concrete materials for
                                                                                               reteaching and practicing concepts;
7th Fire                                                                                      staff assistance with academic courses and life skills development
7th Fire is a program designed to provide alternative programming for                          (time management, organization, etc)
students in our aboriginal community in Midland. It operates out of the
Georgian Bay Native Friendship Centre.                                                   Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program
                                                                                         The Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program (OYAP) provides students
Types of Experiential Learning                                                           with an opportunity to gain apprenticeship training while completing the
Job shadowing allows a student to spend one-half to one day (or, in some                 credits required for their high school diploma. OYAP students will spend a
cases, up to three days) with a worker in a specific occupation. Job                     portion of their senior years in the workplace, through cooperative
twinning provides the opportunity for the student to accompany a                         education, learning the skills of a particular trade. Students may become
Cooperative Education student to his or her placement for one-half to one                registered apprentices while completing their high school credits and may
day. A student may participate in more than one job shadowing or job                     also be paid for their workplace component. Examples of apprenticeship
twinning experience, thereby obtaining a broader range of career                         programs include automotive service technician, cook, machinist,
information through observation in typical workplace environments. Job                   hairstylist and cabinet maker. OYAP programs are developed in response
shadowing and job twinning may be integrated into any credit course and                  to industry demand.
may also be components of a student’s school-work transition program.                    OYAP is available to full-time students who have a minimum of 16 credits
                                                                                         and are at least 16 years of age. Specific programs may have additional
                                                                                         academic requirements

				
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