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Analogue to Digital TV Transition

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					Digital Dividend and Analogue to
      Digital TV Transition



     (Noumea, 11-15 April 2011)
             Cristian Gomez, ITU
Radio Regulations
Overview
        Digital Dividend ≠ Digital Divide!
 Radio Regulations
  Overview
                          Digital Dividend: digital terrestrial TV

Use spectrum more
efficiently: more TV in
less spectrum




More spectrum for mobile
broadband: 4G


                                Innovative radio
                                technologies: white space
Radio Regulations
  Introduction to Broadcasting
              plans

   Allocations (ITFA)




       Allotments (Plans)




          Assignments (MIFR)




                                 4
Radio Regulations
  Introduction to Broadcasting
              plans



       Allotments (Plans)




   Signatory countries agree on the adoption of:
   -a common frequency band and technical parameters
   - rules for modification of the plan, coordination and
   notification.

                                                            5
  Radio Regulations
   Broadcasting plans: agreements
• ST61 – In its glory days, ST61 Agreement covered nearly the
  whole VHF/UHF broadcasting bands in the European Broadcasting
  Area.

• GE75 – Regional Agreement concerning the use by the
  Broadcasting Service of frequencies in the Medium Frequency
  Bands in Regions 1 and 3 and in the Low Frequency Bands in
  Region 1

• RJ81 – Regional Agreement concerning the use by the
  broadcasting service of frequencies in the medium frequency bands
  in Region 2.
  Radio Regulations
  Broadcasting plans: agreements
• GE84 – FM band for the countries of Region 1 as defined in No.
  393 of the Radio Regulations together with the Democratic
  Republic of Afghanistan and the Islamic Republic of Iran.

• RJ88 – Regional Agreement concerning the use by the
  Broadcasting Service of frequencies in the Medium Frequency
  Bands in Regions 2.

• GE89 – covered the whole VHF/UHF broadcasting bands in
  African Broadcasting Area and neighboring countries. In 2006 it
  "transferred" the frequency bands 174-230 MHz and 470-862 MHz
  to the new GE06 Agreement
 Radio Regulations
 Europe + Africa: GE06
 agreement for digital broadcasting
• 2001 – ITU Council decided to plan for digital
  broadcasting in the European Broadcasting Area
  (ST61)

• 2002 – decided to include countries in Africa and
  Middle East

• 2002 – RCC countries included by Plenipotentiary
  conference (Marrakesh)
Radio Regulations
Europe + Africa: GE06
agreement for digital broadcasting.
Plan for 120 countries
Radio Regulations
Europe + Africa: GE06
Agreement
TV frequency bands in question:

VHF Band III: 174-230 MHz

UHF Bands IV & V: 470-862 MHz

Technology: Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB-T)
For television with four reception modes of fixed,
mobile, portable indoor and outdoor
 Radio Regulations
 In Europe + Africa: GE06
 Agreement. Objectives
- Agree on date for Transition to Digital
- Establish a digital frequency plan
- Adopt an Agreement that sets out the procedures for
  making changes to the frequency plan and to bring
  the frequency assignments into operation.
 Radio Regulations
 Europe + Africa: GE06
 Agreement
The Agreement entered into force on 17 June 2007

Transition: 17 June 2015, but some countries preferred
an additional five-year extension for the VHF band
(174-230 MHz).

At the end of the transition period, countries may
continue to operate analogue broadcasting stations
provided that these stations
   do not cause unacceptable interference
   do not claim protection
Radio Regulations
             Transition map



                    UHF: 17/6/2015
                    VHF:
                      17/6/2015
                      17/6/2020
                      17/6/2020




                             13
Radio Regulations
World overview: DTT adoption
 Radio Regulations
Analogue switch off: spectrum decisions for
mobile broadband
 Radio Regulations
 Overview
At the 2007 World Radio Conference (WRC -07), the
ITU identified additional spectrum for use by IMT
systems within the 698-862 MHz UHF band and
allocated this spectrum to the mobile service. More
specifically, for each ITU Region:

Region 1: 790-962 MHz
Region 2: 698-962 MHz
Region 3: 790-962 MHz*

*Although 790-960 MHz was identified for IMT in Region 3, Bangladesh, China, Korea
(Rep. of), India, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and Singapore also
identified the band 698-790 MHz to align with Region 2. The frequency arrangements for
the respective regions are found in the document ITU-R M.1036-2
Radio Regulations
 Radio Regulations

 Implications: hardware availability



More digital TV…
less analogue
hardware



 New mobile technologies…
 market choices
Radio Regulations
Radio Regulations
US band plan
Radio Regulations
US band plan
Radio Regulations
US band plan
Radio Regulations
European Union band plan
Radio Regulations
Radio Regulations
APT Members
Radio Regulations
APT band plan
Radio Regulations
4G mobile broadband landscape

USA: 698 – 806 MHz
(2 x 12 MHz blocks + 2 x 11 MHz blocks)


Europe: 790 – 862 MHz
(2 x 30 MHz blocks with 11 MHz center gap)


Asia Pacific: 698 – 806 MHz
(2 x 45 MHz blocks with 10 MHz center gap)
Radio Regulations
4G mobile broadband landscape

LTE & WiMax
(channel sizes up to 20 MHz for maximum data rate
≈ 100 Mbps)


4G roaming considerations


Markets for sourcing handsets
and base stations
Radio Regulations
         Thank you…

              www.itu.int

				
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