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Analog to Digital Television Transition

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					  Analog to Digital
Television Transition
Government Mandate

   Implementation started with first wave of
    digital stations on-air November 1999
   Affects all full power television stations
   Full power analog television broadcast must
    cease February 17, 2009 12:59:59 PM
   Low power television and translators are not
    affected
           WHY?????????

   Current television stations broadcast on
    channels 2-69
   Each channel takes up 6Mhz of spectrum
   Only 1 program can be broadcast on an
    analog channel
   More spectrum needed for public service
    communications
             What’s Gained
   Multiple programs can be broadcast on a digital
    channel
   More programs in the same amount of spectrum
   Better quality pictures and sound
   Digital television will broadcast on channels 2-51
    which frees up18 channels for other use
   These channels can be broken down into many
    smaller pieces and auctioned off to the highest
    bidder…. Government makes money
   Some spectrum will be used for public safety
           What’s It Mean

   All analog TV’s that receive OTA
    signals will quit working.
   Unless:
    – Connected to a digital converter box
    – Connected to Cable TV (not MATV)
    – Connected to Satellite with local into local
   Cable is required to maintain analog
    delivery and gradually phase it out.
    Government Sponsored
       Converter Boxes
   Congress created a program to
    provide two coupons to all U.S.
    households wishing to continue using
    existing analog TV’s with OTA
    antennas. The coupons are worth $40
    each and can be used towards the
    purchase of qualified converters.
    Converter Box Coupons

   Deaf or hard of hearing callers may
    dial 1-877-530-2634 (English/TTY) or
    1-866-495-1161 (Spanish/TTY). TTY
    Service is available from 9 AM - 9 PM
    Eastern Time Monday through Friday.
   Download a Coupon Application @
    https://www.dtv2009.gov/
   Call the Coupon Program 24-hour
    hotline 1-888-DTV-2009 (1-888-
    388-2009).
   Mail a coupon application to: PO BOX
    2000, Portland, OR 97208-2000. Fax a
    coupon application to 1-877-DTV-
    4ME2 (1-877-388-4632)
             Digital TV's

   All digital sets manufactured today
    must be capable of receiving ATSC
    broadcasts.
   Some early sets had digital processing
    but are not ATSC compatible.
   Check your owners manual to be sure.
    As The Transition Occurs

   Stations can transition early
   Some stations will be changing channels,
    when they do converter boxes and digital
    sets will have to be re-scanned
   Broadcasters, Cable and Satellite operators
    will have to work closely together to make it
    a smooth transition
Closed Captioning
            CC Must Work

   Closed Captioning rules still apply after the
    transition for the PRIMARY digital channel.
    They DO NOT ALWAYS apply for sub-
    channels but will be phased in
   Aspect ratio conversion can cause problems
    with CC
   Improper connection / setup between STB
    and TV can cause problems as well
       The Life of CC Data
             External Programs

   Captions are added by program
    provider
   Transmitted up to satellite
   Downlink at station, recorded,
    playback and later rebroadcast over
    the air
   Received by cable system and
    rebroadcast to the cabled home
Closed Captioning Data

   The top image is a
    shot of first
    generation CC data.

   The bottom image
    is the same data
    after broadcast with
    errors.
     IF You Experience CC
          Problems
   Check other channels
   Check another TV set
   Call a friend and ask them to check
    the same program
   If you can’t solve the problem and
    contact the station be prepared to
    provide the following info:
   Is the problem just on this program or
    channel?
   Analog or Digital?
   Is it on all sets?
   Are you watching OTA, on Cable or
    Satellite? Which provider?
   The more info you can provide the
    better !
WFLA Contact Info

   Mark Schaefer
mschaefer@wfla.com
   813 225-2708
         FCC Contact Info

   Toll-Free: (866) 918-5777 (Voice) or
    (866) 787-6222 (TTY)
      Fax: (202) 418-2827
      E-Mail: tvinfo@fcc.gov
The News Center
QUESTIONS

				
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