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              WILLIAMSVILLE CENTRAL SCHOOL DISTRICT


                     Social Studies Grade 12
                          Anthropology
     Content Standards & Performance Standards


                        Revised January 2005
                              Developed Summer 2000

Project Committee:
Eric Dobies
Marcus Miranda


Project Director:
Dr. Cindy Beeley, Instructional Specialist



The Williamsville Central School District shall not discriminate against any student,
employee, or applicant on the basis of race, color, creed, religion, national origin, political
affiliation, gender, sexual orientation, age, marital status, veteran status, or disability. It is
the policy of the Board of Education to comply with the regulations dealing with equal
opportunities in federal and New York State laws. Any member of the Williamsville
Central School District, including any student or parent believing himself or herself
aggrieved because of discrimination should address questions and complaints to the
Assistant Superintendent for Human Resources, 105 Casey Road, East Amherst, NY
14051; 626-8051.




Williamsville Central School District        Anthropology                         January 2005
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                                                  Table of Contents

                                                                                                           pages
  I. Introduction...............................................................................................3

II. Major Units of Study, Content, Essential Questions,
    Suggested Activities.……………………….................................................5-7

         A. Content………………………………………………………………….5-7

         B. Essential Questions……………………………………………………4-7

         C. Suggested Activities……in 1979 NYS Anthropology Curriculum Guide

III. Performance Standards.............................................................................8-10

         A. Performance Task……………………………………………………..8

         B. Performance Rubric................................………………...................9

IV. Annual Assessment Report......................................................................10




Williamsville Central School District                      Anthropology                                     January 2005
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                                            Introduction

    The Williamsville Central School District’s Grade 12 Social Studies Content and
Performance Standards Elective Projects have been developed in conjunction with the
following New York State Education Department’s documents:


                                 Social Studies Learning Standards

                                 Social Studies Resource Guide

.
   Each grade 12 social studies teacher will teach the enclosed content standards and will
assess each student with the enclosed performance tasks, criteria and standards. At the
end of each year, teachers will enter the achieved district performance standard for each
student on WITS (Williamsville Information Tracking System). The data collected at the
district level will be used as a tool for evaluation of our district’s grade 12 social studies
program.




Williamsville Central School District          Anthropology                   January 2005
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                Anthropology Elective
         Social Studies Essential Questions
THE NATURE OF ANTHROPOLOGY
Are inherited traits more important than learned behavior (culture) for the
well-being of society?

ENVIRONMENT AND TECHNOLOGY
Is the success of civilizations based more on how humans adapt to their
environment or how they change their environment to meet their needs?

THE ECONOMIC SYSTEM
Does the process for meeting basic human needs or meeting human wants
lead to successful economic systems?

COURTSHIP AND MARRIAGE
Is the importance of a nuclear family passé?

SOCIAL ORGANIZATION- FAMILY & COMMUNITY
Does the source of our identity come from the roles we play in life, or how we
perform those roles?

SOCIAL ORGANIZATION- SYSTEMS OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION
Is social stratification in societies based solely on the need for power or
money?

GOVERNING AND SOCIAL ORDER
Do governments control people or do people control governments?

IDEOLOGY
Do religions help to maintain social order in societies?

CULTURAL CHANGE
Do internal or external forces in a society cause more cultural change?

June 2005




Williamsville Central School District   Anthropology                January 2005
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                                  Anthropology Content Standards


The New York State Education Department’s Anthropology Syllabus (1979) contains
the scaffolding questions and activities for each of the units.

Topic 1: The Nature of Anthropology

A. Content Standards
    Cultural Anthropology
    Physical Anthropology
    Culture
    Culture Shock
    Adaptation
    Human Needs
    Cultural Context
    Cultural Systems
    Cultural Change

B. Essential Question
      Are inherited traits more important than learned behavior (culture) for the well being
      of society?


Topic II: Environment and Technology

A. Content Standards
    Environmental Influence on Culture
    Culture Transmitted by Learning
    Cultural Diversity
    Technological Revolutions
    Human Societies and Common Cultural Characteristics
    Ideology and Cultural Change
    Human Hierarchy

B. Essential Question
      Is the success of civilizations based more on how humans adapt to their
      environment or how they change their environment to meet their needs?


Topic III: The Economic System

A. Content Standards
    Allocation of Resources in a Society
    Economic Characteristics of a Society
    Control of Productive Resources


Williamsville Central School District        Anthropology                    January 2005
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       Exchange of Goods and Services
       Market Exchange System
       Different Systems of Distribution

B. Essential Question
      Does the process for meeting basic human needs or meeting human wants lead to
      successful economic systems?


Topic IV: Courtship and Marriage

A. Content Standards
    Cultural Rules

B. Essential Question
      Is the importance of a nuclear family passé?


Topic V: Social Organization-Family and Community

A. Content Standards
    Roles in Society
    Family Relationships
    Organizational Patterns
    Family Functions
    Kinship
    Extended Families
    Social Groups
    Family Changes

B. Essential Question
      Does the source of our identity come from the roles we play in life, or how we
      perform those roles?


Topic VI: Social Organization- Systems of Social Stratification

A. Content Standards
    Ranking of Individuals
    Criteria of Rankings
    Advanced Societies and Ranking
    Class Rigidity
    Class Movement




Williamsville Central School District       Anthropology                   January 2005
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B. Essential Question
      Is social stratification in societies based solely on the need for power and/or
      money?


Topic VII: Governing and the Social Order

A. Content Standards
    Governing Systems
    Customs and Laws
    Antisocial Behavior
    Source of Authority
    Governing Functions
    Centralized Authority

B. Essential Question
      Do governments control people or do people control governments?


Topic VIII: Ideology

A. Content Standards
    Cultural Beliefs
    Function of Religion
    Support for Religions
    Attributes of Religion
    Personal Contributions of Religion

B. Essential Question
      Do religions help to maintain social order in societies?


Topic IX: Culture Change

A. Content Standards
    Cultural Adaptations
    Rate of Cultural Change
    Disruptions from Cultural Change
    Values
    Role of Religious Leaders

B. Essential Question
      Do internal or external forces in a society cause more cultural change?




Williamsville Central School District     Anthropology                        January 2005
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                              Williamsville Central School District
                          Anthropology Performance Task: Case Study


Task:
Select a culture on which you will develop a case study that analyzes how the culture
satisfies the following topics:

                Physical Environment/Ecosystem
                Population Size
                Subsistence Methods/Diet
                Religion/Belief Systems
                Customs/Rituals
                Government/Political System
                Economy
                Education
                Language
                Family Organization and Marriage Patterns
                Technology


Directions:
Upon completing your research you must fulfill all of the following requirements:

1. Create a typed document of at least five pages in length, which categorizes your
information with headings for each of the eleven topics listed above.

2. Include at least 5 complete graphics and/or visual aids, or any other creative elements
that will enhance the way you relate the information contained in your case study.

3. All information must be properly spelled, grammatically correct, and properly cited
according to MLA standards.




Williamsville Central School District      Anthropology                      January 2005
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                               Anthropology Performance Standards
5 - Highly Skilled
     Thoroughly and accurately addresses the topic utilizing relevant facts, examples
       and details.
     Content is thoroughly organized according to topic, demonstrating a logical and
       focused presentation of material. Case study includes at least five complete and
       relevant graphical or other visual representations of material.
     Case study is typed, five pages minimum length. Correct grammar and spelling are
       used. All information is correctly cited according to MLA conventions.

4 - Skilled
     Accurately addresses the topic utilizing relevant facts, examples and details.
     Content is organized according to topic, demonstrating a logical and focused
       presentation of material. Case study includes at least four complete and relevant
       graphical or other visual representations of content.
     Case study is typed, but may fall short of five pages minimum length. Correct
       grammar and spelling is used. All information is correctly cited according to MLA
       conventions.

3 - Moderately Skilled
     Addresses the topic utilizing relevant facts, examples and details in a limited way.
     Content is organized according to topic, yet is not a completely logical and focused
      presentation of material. Case study includes at least three complete and relevant
      graphical or other visual representations of content.
     Case study is typed, but may fall short of five pages minimum length. Contains
      some grammatical and spelling errors. Not all information is correctly cited
      according to MLA conventions.

2 - Poorly Skilled
     Incompletely addresses the topic using scattered facts, examples and details.
     Content lacks organization and focus according to topic. Case study includes at
      least two complete and relevant graphical or other visual representations of
      content.
     Case study is not typed, is three or less pages in length. Contains many
      grammatical and spelling errors. Little information is correctly cited according to
      MLA conventions.

1 - Unskilled
     Fails to address the topic. Uses few or no facts, examples, and details.
     Content lacks organization and focus according to topic. Case study includes at
      least one graphical or other visual representation of content.
     Case study is not typed, is two or less pages in length. Contains many
      grammatical and spelling errors. No information is correctly cited according to MLA
      conventions.

0 - Not Attempted


Williamsville Central School District       Anthropology                     January 2005
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                       Williamsville Central School District
         Annual Assessment Report for Grade 12 Social Studies-Anthropology
                                    Case Study

Teacher__________________________________Building_________Year_______
List Students Alphabetically
Last, First Name
Student Name                                   Content   Organization   Conventions
                                               (0-5)      (0-5)       (0-5)
1._________________________________________________________________
2._________________________________________________________________
3._________________________________________________________________
4._________________________________________________________________
5._________________________________________________________________
6._________________________________________________________________
7._________________________________________________________________
8._________________________________________________________________
9._________________________________________________________________
10.________________________________________________________________
11.________________________________________________________________
12.________________________________________________________________
13.________________________________________________________________
14.________________________________________________________________
15.________________________________________________________________
16.________________________________________________________________
17.________________________________________________________________
18.________________________________________________________________
19.________________________________________________________________
20.________________________________________________________________
21.________________________________________________________________
22.________________________________________________________________
23.________________________________________________________________
24.________________________________________________________________
25.________________________________________________________________
26.________________________________________________________________
27.________________________________________________________________
28.________________________________________________________________
29.________________________________________________________________
30.________________________________________________________________
31.________________________________________________________________
32.________________________________________________________________
                  Please enter this information on our district’s WITS
        (Williamsville Information Tracking System) at the end of the semester.




Williamsville Central School District   Anthropology                         January 2005

				
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