Revolutionary Period Unit Test

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					                                     Revolutionary Period Unit Test

Name:
Period:

Identifications

Identify five of the following. Be specific as possible, and include names, dates, and relevant facts as
appropriate. Be sure to explain the significance of the person or term.

    1.    Albany Plan of Union



    2.    Pontiac’s Rebellion



    3.    Proclamation of 1763



    4.    Salutary Neglect



    5.    Writs of Assistance



    6.    Virtual Representation



    7.    Tories



    8.    Valley Forge



    9.    Republican Motherhood



    10. The Federalist Papers
                                    Revolutionary Period Unit Test
Choose the answer that best completes the statement or answers the question.

    1.   The Seven Years War resulted in all of the following except:
             a. The expulsion of Spain from North America
             b. The expulsion of France from most of North America
             c. A fusing of bonds between British and some American colonists
             d. Planting seeds of misunderstanding, suspicion, and hostility between the British and
                 some Anglo-Americans

    2.   The Albany Plan of Union…
             a. Was where the colonial leaders wrote the Declaration of Independence
             b. Immediately led to many of the protests against acts and taxes
             c. Was significant as it was the first inter-colonial attempt to reach a consensus between
                 leaders from across several colonies
             d. Was highly successful in achieving colonial unity

    3.   The Proclamation of 1763…
             a. Barred colonials from claiming and settling lands west of the Appalachians
             b. Extended religious freedom to Catholics
             c. Was repealed after colonial protests
             d. Imposed new taxes on goods imported from Europe

    4.   The Sugar Act…
             a. Only placed taxes on sugar and nothing else
             b. Was especially disliked because it was accompanied by the writs of assistance to search
                 ships
             c. Never went into effect because of immediate complaints
             d. Brought in more revenue to the British than all other acts combined

    5.   An important difference between the Sugar Act and Stamp Act was that the Stamp Act…
             a. Was merely a revision of a previously existing tax, so colonists could not object
             b. Instituted a tax that was mainly to be paid by merchants and elites and would not upset
                many colonists
             c. Was welcomed by the colonists
             d. Was an internal tax intended to raise revenue, rather than an external tax intended to
                regulate trade

    6.   Which of the following statements represents the conception of parliamentary power held in the
         1760s by most American colonists?
             a. Parliament had limited powers of legislation that included authority to regulate imperial
                 trade but excluded the authority to tax the colonists
             b. Parliament represented all citizens of the empire and therefore had the authority to
                 legislate on all matters relevant to American colonists
             c. Parliament included no Americans among its members and therefore had no authority to
                 interfere with colonial trade
             d. Because Parliament created the colonies, the colonial assemblies possessed no more
                 power than Parliament permitted them
7.   In the face of colonial reaction to the Stamp Act, the British government…
          a. Revoked the act and slowly began to return its colonial policies to those of salutary
               neglect
          b. Reinforced all British garrisons in North America and prepared for a long conflict
          c. Concluded that the colonies were incapable of cooperating and that the next phase of
               imperial restructuring would be all-out war
          d. Revoked the act but reaffirmed parliamentary power to legislate for the colonies in all
               cases and create new taxes with the Declaratory Act

8.   What was the effect on the colonies of the John Wilkes case?
        a. Some Virginians dumped tobacco into Charleston harbor in protest
        b. Many New Yorkers concluded that the colonial government was too powerful to be
            opposed
        c. The idea that the King could be opposed by individuals was brought to the attention of
            colonial minds
        d. The South Carolina assembly voted to pay an extra $1500 in taxes to ensure the
            government could prosecute Wilkes

9.   According to most colonists, the American Board of Customs Commissioners…
        a. Pursued a program that was little more than a system of legalized piracy, harassing
             colonial shipping industries for the board’s gain
        b. Should have been allowed to function only if the British government furnished the funds
             needed to pay the commissioners
        c. Offered a more efficient and fair means of collection customs monies
        d. Should have had more power to crack down on those who cut corners around customs
             and trading regulations

10. The colonists’ first attempt at maintaining close and continuing cooperation over a wide area
    was…
        a. The Stamp Act Manifesto
        b. The committees of correspondence
        c. The Daughters of Liberty
        d. The spinning bee network

11. Americans objected to the Tea Act because…
       a. It would raise the price they had to pay for tea
       b. There was still a tax on tea and the customs duties collected by it would be used to pay
           the salaries of royal governors
       c. It forced them to drink tea when they clearly preferred coffee
       d. It forced them to buy tea from any company but the British East India company, which
           they preferred

12. The Coercive Acts…
        a. Restructured the Massachusetts government
        b. Closed Boston harbor
        c. Permitted certain capital murder trials to be tried in England
        d. All of the above

13. The purpose of the Continental Association was to…
        a. Abolish individual colonial governments and replace them with a unified colonial
            government under royal control
        b. Boycott British goods and cease exporting almost all goods to Britain
        c. Provide a forum in which representatives of all the colonies would be able to share plans
            for the stockpiling of war supplies
        d. Devise a method of tax collection to fund the debts owed by Massachusetts
14. Which of the following would be most likely to support the Revolution?
       a. A newcomer to the colonies from Britain
       b. A slave
       c. A Massachusetts merchant
       d. A Native American

15. Which of the following was not one of Britain’s difficulties during the War for Independence?
       a. A large but ill-trained army
       b. Difficulty in supplying the army
       c. A navy weakened by budget cuts and aging ships, along with pesky American
            privateering
       d. Fighting far from home on sometimes unfamiliar land

16. The American army in the early years of the War of Independence can be characterized as…
        a. A well-trained army with a strong tradition of bravery under fire
        b. Ill fed, ill clothed, and ill trained
        c. Buoyed by a string of massive victories
        d. Very poor because of a lack of any effective and respected leaders

17. The style of warfare that was often practiced in the time period of the Revolution was
    characterized by…
        a. Long rows of infantry men shooting at each other across open fields
        b. Quick strike guerilla tactics
        c. Fighting that took place at night and in the winter
        d. Trench warfare and long range artillery bombings

18. What generally happened when the British evacuated areas they had previously occupied such as
    New Jersey, New York, Georgia, and the Carolinas?
       a. Locally loyalists formed secret organizations to continue a guerilla war against the rebels
       b. State governments deported anyone shown to have assisted the redcoats during the
            occupation
       c. Indians ravaged the communities that had been left without British protection
       d. State militias ruthlessly pursued loyalists, forced many to flee, and coerced most into
            renouncing the crown

19. The outcome of the Battle of Saratoga was important because…
        a. It enabled the British to sever New England from the rest of the colonies
        b. It convinced the French government to formally recognize the U.S. and go to war against
            Britain
        c. It provided the beleaguered Americans with their first ever victory against the British
        d. It convinced the British that the war was over and American independence was won

20. Which of the following nations was an ally of the British during the War for Independence?
       a. France
       b. The Dutch Republic
       c. Spain
       d. None of the above

21. Frederick von Steuben was…
        a. The commander of the German forced employed by the British during the war
        b. The representative for Prussia at the Paris peace conference
        c. The man who turned the American army into a formidable fighting force at Valley Forge
        d. The leader of Antifederalist forces in Pennsylvania
22. Fighting in the western frontier areas of the colonies was characterized by…
        a. Conflict between settlers and Native Americans
        b. Conflict that was unorganized and not necessarily under the direction of the Continental
             Army at all times
        c. Violent raids on frontier towns and Native villages alike
        d. All of the above

23. Which of the following battles forced the British government to proceed with peace negotiations
    with the Americans?
        a. Yorktown
        b. Saratoga
        c. Brandywine Creek
        d. Camden

24. Which of the following was not one of the terms of the Peace of Paris?
       a. Loyalists were to be compensated for their property losses
       b. East and west Florida were immediately given to the United States
       c. The United States received fishing rights of the Grand Banks of Canada
       d. The new United States was to be made up of most lands west of the Appalachian
            Mountains up until the Mississippi River

25. Why did relations between elites and the common people change as a result of the American
    Revolution?
       a. The distribution of wealth changed dramatically during the Revolutionary era
       b. The new state constitutions radically democratized politics and severely reduced the
            power of the elites
       c. The elites learned that they would have to treat the common people with respect, and
            even dress and act like them occasionally, in order to receive their support
       d. The departure of Loyalists removed nearly all the elites from the region

26. All of the following states ended slavery between 1777 and 1804 except…
         a. New York
         b. Pennsylvania
         c. New Jersey
         d. Maryland

27. Which of the following was one of the ways the American Revolution affected African-
    Americans?
       a. States throughout the entire nation abolished slavery
       b. Some Northern states granted free black males limited voting rights and repealed or
            stopped enforcing curfews
       c. New England states took steps to ensure that revolutionary ideologies of freedom and
            equality applied to blacks as much as it did to whites
       d. none of the above

28. Which of the following was not one of the accepted traditions, practices, or assumptions that
    helped shape American politics in the 1770s and 1780s?
        a. A strong executive branch was the best check against a tyrannical power in the
             government
        b. Legislatures should have two houses to embody the distinctions between the elite and the
             common people
        c. Office holders would tend to think and act independently only if they owned property
        d. Elected representatives should exercise independent judgment in leading the people
             rather than simply carrying out the popular will
29. In the late eighteenth century, what did many Americans think about political parties?
         a. Political parties were necessary instruments for identifying and mobilizing public opinion
         b. Political parties were factions-selfish groups that advanced their own interests at the
              expense of the public good
         c. Political parties could function as the practical embodiment of different social classes and
              regions
         d. Political parties would provide stability and a sense of tradition to a system that otherwise
              would unravel at the seams

30. Which branch of state government lost the most power as a result of the political changes that
    were instituted during the 1770s and 1780s?
        a. The judicial branch
        b. The assembly
        c. The upper house of the legislature
        d. The executive

31. Which of the following was not one of the features or powers of government under the Articles of
    Confederation?
       a. A national congress in which each state only had one vote
       b. Unanimous approval of the states required before Congress could enact any tax measure
       c. Limited to no congressional power to regulate interstate or foreign commerce
       d. A president elected by the people

32. The effects of the Northwest Ordinance included all of the following except to…
        a. Forbid slavery in the Northwest territories
        b. Permit the citizens of a territory to elect a legislature and make their own laws
        c. Permit the citizens of a territory to write a state constitution and apply to Congress for
             admission as a new state
        d. Remove Native Americans and guarantee white settlers the right to buy land in the
             territory

33. Robert Morris’ proposal to pay back U.S. war debts with a national import tax was…
       a. Immediately accepted by the states
       b. Approved because nine of the thirteen states approved the tax
       c. Not put into effect because one state voted against the proposal
       d. Approved, but was ultimately ineffective as a government policy

34. The conditions which led to Daniel Shay’s Rebellion included…
        a. Economic recession
        b. Huge tax increases
        c. Farm foreclosures
        d. All of the above

35. What would an urban artisan, a merchant, a land speculator, and a western settler have had in
    common in 1787?
       a. They all benefited from the Confederation’s decentralized authority and therefore stood
           to lose if the government were changed
       b. They all tended to have local viewpoints and therefore were indifferent to national
           politics, specifically the debates over the Articles of Confederation
       c. They were all dissatisfied with the Confederation and wanted a stronger national
           government that could protect their interests
       d. They were the main groups represented at the Constitutional Convention
36. The delegates to the Constitutional Convention…
        a. Were dominated by the great farmers from the mid-Atlantic and southern states
        b. Tended to be wealthy lawyers in their thirties and forties
        c. Were predominantly very recent immigrants to America
        d. Were mainly farmers, artisans, and common folk

37. The proposal to create a bicameral national legislature, with representation based proportionally
    on each state’s population, was known as the…
        a. New Jersey Plan
        b. Connecticut Plan
        c. Three-Fifths Plan
        d. Virginia Plan

38. The compromise by which the new government was to have a bicameral legislature, with an equal
    vote for each state in the upper house and proportional voting in the lower house, was known as
    the…
        a. New Jersey Plan
        b. Connecticut Plan
        c. Three-Fifths Plan
        d. Virginia Plan

39. Which of the following provisions of the Constitution represents an abandonment of one or more
    of the principles on which the Articles of Confederation had rested?
         a. The states had full freedom to act autonomously on purely internal matters
         b. No one could interfere with the return of runaway slaves
         c. Congress had the authority to levy and collect taxes, regulate commerce, and conduct
              diplomacy
         d. None of the above

40. The relationship that the Constitution established between the national and state governments is
    known as…
        a. Functional separation of powers
        b. Bicameralism
        c. Virtual representation
        d. Federalism

41. Which of the following was not one of the Constitution’s provisions about slavery?
       a. Restrictions against slavery passed under the Confederation government were repealed
       b. Three-fifths of all slaves would be counted for congressional representation
       c. Individuals could not prevent the return of runaway slaves to another state
       d. Congress could ban the importation of slaves after 1808

42. One of the Antifederalists’ key objections to the proposed Constitution was the…
        a. Existence of an independent federal judiciary
        b. Absence of a bill of rights
        c. Existence of a bicameral legislature
        d. Absence of checks on the power of the president

				
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