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					Federal Courts
     Ch. 14
 Federal District Courts
 Trial courts
 At least one
  in every state
 Total of 94

 Federal
  District Courts
  in VA
    Federal Circuit Courts
 Appellate Courts
 11 Circuits + one
  in D.C.
 Plus a Federal
  Circuit
 So, that would
  be….13
    US Supreme Court
 Only court called
  for in the
  Constitution
 Usually an
  appellate court
    Jurisdiction of Federal Courts
   FEDERAL
    QUESTION
    JURISDICTION
   Constitutional issue or
    question of federal
    law involved
   Ex: counterfeiting,
    violation of a
    freedom, suit against
    government
 Jurisdiction of Federal Courts
 DIVERSITY      JURISDICTION
 Parties of lawsuit are from
  different states
 Must be more than $75,000 in
  damages
    Jurisdiction of Federal Courts
   SUPPLEMENTAL JURISDICTION
 Add on a case (not within federal
  jurisdiction) to cases that are already
  filed in federal court
 Ex.—federal court can hear a claim
  that falls under state jurisdiction if it
  is tied to current federal case—for
  convenience since you’re already in
  court!
 Reaching the Supreme Court
 ORIGINAL      JURISDICTION
 Case begins in the Supreme Court
  (Art. III Sec. 2)
 RARE!
 Reaching the Supreme Court
 APPELLATE     JURISDICTION
 Federal District

 Federal Circuit

 US Supreme Court

 This is the most common way
  cases reach the SC!
 Reaching the Supreme Court
 APPELLATE    JURISDICTION
 State Courts

 State Supreme Courts

 US Supreme Courts
    Procedures of the Supreme Court
   Term: First Monday in October through
    end of June
   Sitting: Hear arguments & consider
    opinions
   Recess: Consider cases and write
    opinions
   Over 7,000 petitions are filed in the
    Supreme Court, but only about 150 are
    heard each term!
    Procedures of the Supreme Court
   Writ of Certiorari
   written briefs (+ amicus briefs)
   Oral arguments (sitting)
   conference
   circulate/change
   Recess—>
   opinions
   cases handed down
    Procedures of the Supreme Court
   Writ of Certiorari—4 justices have to
    agree to hear a case
   Briefs—short summary of arguments in
    favor of legal positions
   Amicus (Curiae) briefs—”friend of the
    court” briefs written by parties outside of
    case with interest in outcome
    Procedures of the Supreme Court
   Oral Arguments—each side gets 30
    minutes to present its legal arguments
    before the court
   Conference—Justices meet in seclusion
    to discuss case and vote
    Procedures of the Supreme Court
   Opinions:
       Majority (Opinion of the Court)
       Concurring—a justice agrees with opinion
        but for a different reason
       Dissenting—opinion of justices in the
        minority
       Per Curium—brief and unsigned opinion
       Solicitor General of the US
   The job of the Office of the Solicitor
    General is to supervise and conduct
    government litigation in the United States
    Supreme Court.
   Litigation: the process of taking a
    case through the court
   The US Attorney General also may
    appear before the Supreme Court if
    the case is important enough
  The Current Court!

  What is their ideology?




JUDGES 4 LYF BABY!

				
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posted:6/17/2012
language:English
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