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Chapter 6 Test Review - PowerPoint by XVgRWo

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```									Chapter 6

Test Review
Chapter 6 Test Review

 1.A ___________ can change shape
and volume.

Chapter 6 Test Review

A __________ has a different shape,
but the same volume n any container.

Chapter 6 Test Review

 ___________ is thermal energy moving
from one substance to another.

Chapter 6 Test Review
 ___________  is a measure of the
average kinetic energy of the particles
of a substance.

Chapter 6 Test Review
A  substance changes from a gas to a
liquid during the process of
___________.

Chapter 6 Test Review
A liquid becomes a gas during
______________.

Chapter 6 Test Review
 ____________    is mass divided by
volume.

Chapter 6 Test Review
 _____________    is force divided by
area.

Chapter 6 Test Review
 _______________ explains what
happens when force is applied to a
confined liquid.

Chapter 6 Test Review
    Which of these is a crystalline solid?
A.   Glass
B.   Sugar
C.   Rubber
D.   Plastic

Chapter 6 Test Review
  Which description best describes a solid?
A. It has a definite shape and volume
B. It has a definite shape, but no definite
volume
C. It adjusts to the shape of its container
D. It can flow

   Answer = A, definite shape and volume
Chapter 6 Test Review
    What property enables you to float a needle
on water?
A.   Viscosity
B.   Temperature
C.   Surface tension
D.   Crystal structure

    Answer = C, surface tension
Chapter 6 Test Review
    What happens to an object as its kinetic
energy increases?
A.   It holds more tightly to nearby objects
B.   Its mass increases
C.   Its particles move more slowly
D.   Its particles move faster

    Answer = D, its particles move faster
Chapter 6 Test Review
    During which process do particles of matter
release energy?
A.   Melting
B.   Freezing
C.   Sublimation
D.   Boiling

Chapter 6 Test Review
    Which is a unit of pressure?
A.   N
B.   Kg
C.   g/cm³
D.   N/m²

Chapter 6 Test Review
    Which change results in an increase in gas
pressure in a balloon?
A.   Decrease in temperature
B.   Decrease in volume
C.   Increase in volume
D.   Increase in altitude

    Answer = B, decrease in volume
Chapter 6 Test Review
    In which case will an object float on a fluid?
A.   Buoyant force is greater than weight
B.   Buoyant force is less than weight
C.   Buoyant force equals weight
D.   Buoyant force equals zero

    Answer = C, buoyant force equals weight
Chapter 6 Test Review
    In which state of matter do particles say
close together, yet are able to move past
one another?
A.   Solid
B.   Gas
C.   Liquid
D.   Plasma

Chapter 6 Test Review
    What is the process called when a gas
cools to form a liquid?
A.   Condensation
B.   Sublimation
C.   Boiling
D.   Freezing

Chapter 6 Test Review
    Which of the following is an amorphous
solid?
A.   Diamond
B.   Sugar
C.   Glass
D.   Sand

Chapter 6 Test Review
    Which best describes a liquid?
A.   It has a definite shape and volume
B.   It has a definite volume, but not a definite
shape
C.   It expands to fill the shape and volume of its
container
D.   It cannot flow

    Answer = B, definite volume, but not a
definite shape
Chapter 6 Test Review
    What happens to gas particles when the
volume of a container decreases?
A.   The gas particles collide less often
B.   The gas particles collide more often
C.   There is no change
D.   The pressure of the gas decreases

    Answer = B, gas particles collide more often
Chapter 6 Test Review
    What formula can be used to calculate
pressure?
A.   P=fa
B.   P=af
C.   P=mv
D.   P=vm

    Answer = A, P = f  a
Chapter 6 Test Review
    The surface tension in a cup of water is caused by
__________.
A.   Attractive forces between the water and its
container
B.   Attractive forces between the water molecules
C.   Adhesive forces between the water molecules
D.   Adhesive forces between the water and its
container

    Answer = B, attractive forces between the water
molecules
Chapter 6 Test Review
    Force is measured by ____________.
A.   Pascals
B.   Newtons
C.   Kilopascals
D.   Meters

Chapter 6 Test Review
    Pressure is measured by __________.
A.   Pascals
B.   Newtons
C.   Kilopascals
D.   Meters

Chapter 6 Test Review
    Archimedes's Principle helps to explain the
relationship between ___________.
A.   Kinetic energy and density
B.   Temperature and density
C.   Pressure and density
D.   Buoyancy and density

    Answer = D, buoyancy and density
Chapter 6 Test Review
    The freezing point of a substance is
_______ the melting point of the same
substance.
A.   Greater than
B.   Less than
C.   Equal to
D.   Unrelated to

    Answer = C, equal to
Chapter 6 Test Review
    An amorphous solid _____________.
A.   Flows freely at any temperature
B.   Has no true melting point
C.   Has a repeating unit structure
D.   Become less viscous as it cools

    Answer = B, has no true melting point
Chapter 6 Test Review
    A cork is able to float on water because it is
___________.
A.   A crystalline solid
B.   Equal in density to water
C.   Small in size
D.   Less dense than water

    Answer = D, less dense than water
Chapter 6 Test Review
    The energy of moving particles is called
___________.
A.   Kinetic energy
B.   Latent energy
C.   Atomic energy
D.   Potential energy

    Answer = A, kinetic energy
Chapter 6 Test Review
    The _________ remains constant when a
liquid reaches its boiling point.
A.   Temperature
B.   Sound
C.   Odor
D.   Color

Chapter 6 Test Review
    The higher the temperature of matter, the
________ the particles are moving.
A.   Slower
B.   Farther
C.   Faster
D.   Closer