Odysseus and Penelope
By: Maggie Di Vito
• Odysseus (Ulysses in Latin) was the son of
• He was the ruler of the island kingdom of Ithaca.
• Known for his cleverness and craftiness, Odysseus
was an important Greek leader in the Trojan War.
• Penelope was the wife of Odysseus.
• She was the daughter of Icarius of Sparta and the
cousin of Helen and Clytemnestra.
• “Spindle-loosener” is the meaning of her name in
Indo-European; she was a very loyal woman.
• Penelope waited 20 years • Odysseus went to Sparta
for the return of Odysseus to compete for the hand
from the Trojan War. of Helen of Troy.
• She wept and laid in her • He made the Oath of
“bed of sorrows.” Tyndareus, which stated
• Penelope was forced to that Tyndareus would
promise the marriage of a help Odysseus win the
suitor. hand of his niece,
• Finishing the shroud of Penelope.
Laertes was the deadline; • All princes of Hellas
she wove during the day went to war with Troy,
undid it in the night. where Hellen was.
• Odysseus arrived home
disguised as a beggar (Athena
had changed his appearance).
• Penelope was unaware that it
was her husband.
• Euryclia, nurse of Odysseus,
recognized him but was ordered
not to say a word.
• Penelope gave the Bow of Odysseus to the Suitors and
agreed to marry the one who could bend it.
• When none of them were capable, Odysseus took the
bow and shot the Suitors which turned into a great
• Euryclia woke Penelope telling her that Odysseus had
come home and killed the rogues.
• When Odysseus described the process of constructing
his bed out of an olive tree (a detail only known by the
two of them), Penelope instantly knew it was him.