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					Population
            Unit 6 Vocabulary
1.   Population Density   9. GDP (Gross
2.   Birth Rate               Domestic Product)
3.   Death Rate           10. Natural Resources
4.   Natural Increase         Immigration
5.   Culture Hearth       11. Emigration
6.   Urbanization         12. Migration
7.   Overpopulation       13. Refugee
8.   Industrialization    14. Displaced Person
                Culture Hearths
• 1st and oldest civilizations
• Emergence:
   – Near fresh water and the coast; access to water for
     living and also trade/expansion
      • Irrigation system
   – Farming settlements = CROP SURPLUS (EXTRA!)
   – Mild climates
• Ideas and practices spread to surrounding area
• VERY influential
                     Culture Hearths Map


                          Nile                                  Yellow
                          River

                                                            Mekong River
Middle America
                                     Mesopotamia
                             Ivory            Indus River
             Incan
                             Coast               Valley
What Influences Settlement?
             Megacities:
       Major Cities of the World
• Settlement still mirrors ancient culture
  hearths
• Most culture hearth peoples have died out
  due to outside intrusion and takeover




                              Shanghai, China
                              Population, 13,972,300
       What Makes A Megacity?
• Urban areas with 10 million or more in
  population
• Today there are 11 cities with 15 million or more
  people
• More than ½ the world’s population lives in cities




                      Mexico, City
            Population, 21,503,000
               Major Cities Map
                                        Rhine-Ruhr



                                                         Moscow
                     London                               Tehran              Seoul            Tokyo
                      Paris
                                                                   Calcutta                    Osaka
 Los          New York City
                                                           Delhi
Angels                                                                                       Beijing
                                        Cairo                                               Shanghai
                                                                                           Hong Kong
Mexico City
                                                                                                 Manila
                                                          Mumbai


                                                                         Jakarta
                       Rio de Janeiro                                                 Sydney
                       Sao Paulo

                                                     Johannesburg
                   Buenos Aires
             Overcrowding
• Too many people in one area, but they
  can move to another location to get space.
  – Example: Traffic congestion
• Fix It?
  – More housing
  – Bigger transportation systems
  – Move jobs
                    Pop Quiz…
1.   What was the world population in 2009?
2.   By how many people does the world grow each year?
3.   If the world’s population continues at its current rate of
     growth, approximately how long will it take to double?
4.   True or false. There is a population explosion in the
     world today.
5.   Name one major cause of the population explosion.
6.   What was the population of the US in 2009?
7.   True or false. Now that the US has reached the fertility
     rate of 2.0 children per family, all US population growth
     is due to immigration.
8.   The US, which makes up less than 5% of the world
     population, consumes approximately how much of the
     world’s energy?
     And Now For the Answers…
1. 6.8 billion
2. 78 million
3. 58 years
4. False
5. Many: lower infant
   mortality, medicine,
   longer life expectancy,
   improved sanitation
6. 307 million
7. False
8. 22%
From National Geographic
             Overpopulation
• Too many people!
  – “Too many
    individuals in an
    isolated (one)
    area
  – Use more
    resources than
    are naturally or
    easily available
Problems Related To/Caused By
       Overpopulation
Developed



                                          VS Water treatment plant in Elgin, Illinois




Woman collects water in Nigeria, Africa
                                                      Developing
          Developed Country
• Economy/Jobs
• Government
• Safety regulations
    – Environment
    – Housing
•
•
•
•
        Developing Country
• In transition to becoming developed…can
  be anywhere along the way…
• Rapid population growth
• Safety issues
• Unsanitary conditions
• Medical needs not met
•
•
•
•
Where the World Stands…

				
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posted:6/17/2012
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