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					Volcano                                     Name Refers To Type
Unknown                                     Not applicable
Novarupta                                                  LL-strat
Aniakchak                                                  Strato
Veniaminof                                                 Shield
Emmons Lake (Pavlof)                                       Strato
Las Canadas                                                silicic edifice
Apache                                      Caldera
Bachelor                                    Caldera
Big John                                    Caldera
Black Mountain                              Caldera
Blacktail                                   Caldera
Blue Creek                                  Caldera
Bonanza                                     Caldera
Bursum                                      Caldera
Bursum                                      Caldera
Central SJ (concealed)                      Caldera
Central SJ (concealed)                      Caldera
Chinati                                     Caldera
Cochetopa                                   Caldera
Cowboy Rim                                  Caldera
Crater Lake                                 Caldera
Creede                                      Caldera
Emory                                       Caldera
Gila Cliff Dwelling                         Caldera
Grizzly Peak                                Caldera
Infiernito                                  Caldera
Island Park                                 Caldera
Juniper                                     Caldera
Kilgore                                     Caldera
La Garita                                   Caldera
Lake City                                   Caldera
Long Valley                                 Caldera        Caldera
Lost Lake                                   Caldera
Marshall Creek                              Caldera
McDermitt Caldera Complex (Calavera)        Caldera
McDermitt Caldera Complex (Jordan Meadow)   Caldera
McDermitt Caldera Complex (Longridge)       Caldera
Medicine Lake                               Caldera
Minarets                                    Caldera
Monroe Peak                                 Caldera
Mount Aetna                                 Caldera
Mount Belknap                               Caldera
Mount Hope                                  Caldera
Mt Princeton (eroded)   Caldera
Muir                    Caldera
Newberry                Caldera
North Pass              Caldera
Organ                   Caldera
Paintbrush              Caldera
Paintbrush              Caldera
Platoro                 Caldera
Platoro                 Caldera
Platoro                 Caldera
Pueblo                  Caldera
Questa                  Caldera
Quitman                 Caldera
San Juan                Caldera
San Luis Complex        Caldera
San Luis Complex        Caldera
San Luis Complex        Caldera
Silent Canyon           Caldera
Silver Bell             Caldera
Silverton               Caldera
Socorro                 Caldera
South River             Caldera
Summitville             Caldera
Thomas                  Caldera
Three Creeks            Caldera
Timber Mountain         Caldera
Timber Mountain         Caldera
Tucson Mountain         Caldera
Turkey Creek            Caldera
Twin Peaks              Caldera
Uncompahgre             Caldera
unknown                 Not applicable   Unknown
Unknown                 Not applicable
Unknown                 Not applicable
Unknown                 Not applicable
unknown                 Not applicable   Unknown
Unknown                 Not applicable
Unknown                 Not applicable
Unknown                 Not applicable
Ute Creek               Caldera
Valles Caldera          Caldera
Washburn                Caldera
Whitehorse              Caldera
Yellowstone             Caldera
Yellowstone                            Caldera
Goodsight-Cedar (Bell Top Formation)
Henry's Fork (Mesa Falls T)
Kos-Nisyros caldera                    Caldera   Caldera
Sabatini volcanic complex              Caldera   Caldera
Campi Flegrei caldera                  Caldera   Calderas
Thira                                            Graben, shields
Phlegraean Fields (Campian)                      none?
Roccamonfina                                     Strato
Porsea                                 Caldera
Toba                                   Caldera
Maninjau                                         Strato?
Tambora                                          Double strato on shield
On-Take                                          Strato
Ata                                              none?
Kakuto                                           strato?
Kutcharo (Mashu)                                 ?
Aira (Sakurajima)                                none?
Akan                                             ?
Shikotsu                                         ?
Aso                                              strato (several cones)
Kikai                                            LP-Strat?
Ebisutoge-Fukuda Tephra
Kumano
Ksudach (Stubel cone)                            shield
Gorely Khrebet                                   ?
Opala                                            shield
Chegem
Dakataua                                         Strato
Rabaul                                           LP-Strat (3 cones)
Apoyo                                            Strato
Apoyo                                            Strato
Atitlan                                          ?
Ilopango (Islas Quemadas)                        LL-strat subglacial
Los Choyos
La Primavera
Taupo                                  Caldera
Taupo                                            none?
Maroa/Whakamaru
Rotorua                                          none?
Okataina                                         ?
Kidnappers Flow
Mangakino (Ongatit Ig)
Mangakino (Rocky Hill Ig)
Mangakino (Unit E)
Cerro Galan                       Caldera
Cerro Galan                       Caldera
Cerro Panizos                     Caldera
La Pacana                         Caldera
Oxaya ignimbrites Upper Members   Not applicable   Unknown
Pastos Grandes                    Caldera
Unknown                           Not applicable
Diamante                                           LL-strat
Frailes Ignimbrite (E)
Frailes Ignimbrite (W)
Kari Kari Caldera
Pokolama
Unknown                           Not applicable
Unknown                           Not applicable
Unknown                           Not applicable
Region                        Country Deposit                                          Latitude
Africa and Red Sea            Ethiopia Green Tuff+SAM
Aleutian Islands and Alaska   Alaska                                                   58.27
Aleutian Islands and Alaska   Alaska                                                   56.88
Aleutian Islands and Alaska   Alaska                                                   56.17
Aleutian Islands and Alaska   Alaska                                                   55.35
Atlantic Ocean                Tenerife                                                 28.30
Canada and Western USA                 Chapo America
                              United States of Formation
Canada and Western USA                 Carpenter Ridge
                              United States of America Tuff
Canada and Western USA                 Delano Peak Tuff
                              United States of America Member
Canada and Western USA                 Thirsty America
                              United States of Canyon Tuff
Canada and Western USA                 Blacktail Tuff
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Blue Creek Tuff
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Bonanza Tuff
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Apache Springs
                              United States of America Tuff
Canada and Western USA                 Bloodgood Canyon Tuff
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Blue Creek Tuff
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Masonic Park Tuff
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Mitchel Mesa Rhyolite
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Nelson Mtn Tuff
                              United States of America (eruption from San Luis area)
Canada and Western USA                 Gillespie Tuff
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Wineglass tuff
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Snowshoe Mountain Tuff
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Kneeling Nun Tuff
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 not known
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Grizzly America
                              United States of Peak Rhyolite
Canada and Western USA                 Buckshot Tuff
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Mesa Falls Tuff
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Oak of America
                              United States Creek Tuff
Canada and Western USA                 Kilgore Tuff
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Fish of America
                              United States Canyon Tuff
Canada and Western USA                 Sunshine Peak
                              United States of AmericaTuff
Canada and Western USA                 Bishop America
                              United States of Tuff                                    37.70 N
Canada and Western USA                 Blue Mesa Tuff
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Thorn America
                              United States ofRanch Tuff
Canada and Western USA                 Double H Tuff
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Longridge Tuff Member 2-3
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Longridge Tuff Member 5
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Unamed
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Unamed
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Osiris Tuff
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Badger Creek Tuff
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA                 Joe of America
                              United StatesLott Member
Canada and Western USA                 Masonic Park Tuff
                              United States of America
Canada and Western USA            Wall Mountain Tuff
                         United States of America
Canada and Western USA            Woodhaul Canyon
                         United States of America
Canada and Western USA            ?
                         United States of America
Canada and Western USA            Tuff of America
                         United States of Saguache Creek
Canada and Western USA            Cueva America
                         United States of Soledad Rhyolite
Canada and Western USA            Paintbrush Tuff
                         United States of America - Tiva Canyon Member
Canada and Western USA            Paintbrush Tuff
                         United States of America - Topopah Spring Member
Canada and Western USA            Chiquito Peak Tuff
                         United States of America
Canada and Western USA            La Jara Canyon
                         United States of America Tuff
Canada and Western USA            Black Mountain
                         United States of America Tuff
Canada and Western USA            Trout Creek Mountains Tuff
                         United States of America
Canada and Western USA            Amalia America
                         United States of Tuff
Canada and Western USA            Square Peak Volcanics
                         United States of America
Canada and Western USA            Sapinero Mesa
                         United States of AmericaTuff
Canada and Western USA            Nelson Mountain
                         United States of America Tuff
Canada and Western USA            Cebolla Creek Tuff
                         United States of America
Canada and Western USA            Rat of America
                         United StatesCreek Tuff
Canada and Western USA            Belted America
                         United States of Range Tuff
Canada and Western USA            "Lithic America
                         United States ofTuff"
Canada and Western USA            Crystal Lake Tuff
                         United States of America
Canada and Western USA            Hells Mesa Rhyolite
                         United States of America
Canada and Western USA            Wason Park Tuff
                         United States of America
Canada and Western USA            Ojito Creek/La Jadero Tuffs
                         United States of America
Canada and Western USA            Mount America
                         United States ofLaird Tuff
Canada and Western USA            Three America
                         United States ofCreeks Tuff Member
Canada and Western USA            Timber Mountain
                         United States of America Tuff - Ammonia Tanks Member
Canada and Western USA            Timber Mountain
                         United States of America Tuff - Rainier Mesa Member
Canada and Western USA            Cat of America
                         United StatesMountain Tuff
Canada and Western USA            Rhyolite Canyon
                         United States of America Formation
Canada and Western USA            Challis America
                         United States of Creek Tuff
Canada and Western USA            Dillon/Sapinero
                         United States of AmericaMesa Tuffs
Canada and Western USA            Dorothy Bentonite
                         Canada (Alberta province)
Canada and Western USA            Lund Tuff
                         United States of America
Canada and Western USA            Barrel America
                         United States ofSprings Formation
Canada and Western USA            Wild Cherry Formation
                         United States of America
Canada and Western USA            Dorothy Bentonite
                         Canada (Alberta province)
Canada and Western USA            Lund Tuff
                         United States of America
Canada and Western USA            Barrel America
                         United States ofSprings Formation
Canada and Western USA            Wild Cherry Formation
                         United States of America
Canada and Western USA            Ute of America
                         United StatesRidge Tuff
Canada and Western USA            Bandelier Tuff
                         United States of America
Canada and Western USA            Oregon Canyon
                         United States of America Tuff
Canada and Western USA            Whitehorse Creek
                         United States of America Tuff
Canada and Western USA            Huckleberry Ridge
                         United States of America Tuff
                                   Lava Creek Tuff
Canada and Western USA United States of America
Canada and Western USA USA         Bell Top Formation
Canada and Western USA USA         Mesa Falls Tuff
Europe to Caucasus         Greece Kos Plateau Tuff          36'40'N
Europe to Caucasus         Italy   Morphi tephra            42 N (approx)
Europe to Caucasus         Italy   Neapolitan Yellow Tuff   40°49'38''
Europe to Caucasus         Greece                           36.40
Europe to Caucasus         Italy                            40.83
Europe to Caucasus         Italy                            41.30
                           Indonesia
Indonesia and Adaman Islands       Oldest Toba Tuff
                           Indonesia
Indonesia and Adaman Islands       Younger Toba Tuff
Indonesia and Adaman Islands                                0.33 S
                           Indonesia
Indonesia and Adaman Islands                                8.25 S
Japan, Taiwan and Marianas Japan                            35.90
Japan, Taiwan and Marianas Japan                            31.20
Japan, Taiwan and Marianas Japan                            32.03
Japan, Taiwan and Marianas Japan                            43.55
Japan, Taiwan and Marianas Japan                            31.58
Japan, Taiwan and Marianas Japan                            43.38
Japan, Taiwan and Marianas Japan                            42.68
Japan, Taiwan and Marianas Japan                            32.88
Japan, Taiwan and Marianas Japan                            30.78
Japan, Taiwan and Marianas Japan Fukuda Tephra
Japan, Taiwan and Marianas Japan
                           R
Kamchatka and mainland Asia ussia                           51.83
                           R
Kamchatka and mainland Asia ussia                           52.45
                           R
Kamchatka and mainland Asia ussia                           52.43
                           K
Kamchatka and mainland Asia amchatka
Melanesia and Australia                                     5.06 S
Melanesia and Australia    Vanuatu                          4.27 S
Mexico and Central America                                  11.92
Mexico and Central America                                  11.92
Mexico and Central America                                  14.59
Mexico and Central America                                  13.67
Mexico and Central America Guatemala
Mexico and Central America Mexico                           20.70
New Zealand and Fiji               Oruanui
                           New Zealand
New Zealand to Fiji        New Zealand                      38.78 S
New Zealand to Fiji        New Zealand                      38.55 S
New Zealand to Fiji        New Zealand                      38.08 S
New Zealand to Fiji        New Zealand                      38.23 S
New Zealand to Fiji        New Zealand
New Zealand to Fiji                Ongatit Ignimbrite
                           New Zealand
New Zealand to Fiji                Rocky
                           New Zealand Hill Ignimbrite
New Zealand to Fiji            Unit
                      New Zealand E
South America         ArgentinaCerro Galan Ignimbrite        25.57 S
South America         ArgentinaReal Grande and Cueva Negra   25.57 S
South America         Bolivia Panizos Ignimbrite
South America         Chile    Atana Ignimbrite              23.10 S
South America         Chile    Oxaya Ignimbrites
South America         Bolivia Sifon Ignimbrite
South America         Bolivia Huaylillas Ignimbrite
South America                                                34.20 S
South America         Bolivia   Frailles Ignimbrite          19.33 S
South America         Bolivia                                19.24 S
South America         Bolivia                                19.43 S
South America                                                18.58 S
Unknown                         Millbrig-Big Berntonite
Unknown                         Kinnekulle Betonite
Unknown                         Deicke Bentonite
Longitude Age              Error      Dating   Stratigraphic Age Best Volume   Method
          28–30                                                  3,000         O+A
155.16 W 89 (1912)                                               19
158.15 W 3400                                                    33.5
159.38 W 3700                                                    >400
166.02 W 87,000-105,000?                                         >50
16.63 W ca 150,000                                               72
          28,000,000                           Oligocene
          27.35 Ma                             Oligocene         >1000         O+I
          22,000,000                           Miocene           50
          6-8,000,000                          Miocene           300
          6,500,000                            Miocene           1500          O+I
          5.6                                                    500           O
          32.9 Ma                              Oligocene         100+
          28-29,000,000                        Oligocene         1200          O
          28-29,000,000                        Oligocene         1050          O
          27.2 Ma                              Oligocene         250
          28.3 Ma                              Oligocene         500
          32-33,000,000                        Oligocene         1000          O+I
          ~26.8 Ma?                            Oligocene
          33,000,000                           Oligocene         500           O
          6800 BP                              Holocene
          26.7 Ma                              Oligocene         >500          O
          33,000,000                           Oligocene         1310          O
          27,000,000                           Oligocene
          34,000,000                           Oligocene         100
          37-38,000,000                        Eocene            70-100
          1,300,000                            Pleistocene       300           Outflow + Intracaldera
          35,000,000                           Oligocene         500           O
          4,300,000                            Pliocene          800           O+I
          27.8 Ma                              Oligocene         >5000         O+I
          23.1 Ma                              Miocene           300
118.87 W 0.774 Ma          +/- 0-5%   Ar/Ar    Pleistocene       800           Ash + Outflow + Intracaldera
          28.2 Ma                              Oligocene         100-500
          33.7 Ma                              Oligocene         100+
          15,700,000                           Miocene           300
          15,600,000                           Miocene           350
          15,600,000                           Miocene           400
          210,000                              Pleistocene
          100,000,000                          Cretaceous        500           O
          23,000,000                           Miocene           200
          33.8 Ma                              Oligocene         100
          19,000,000                           Miocene           150
          29                                                     500           O
36.7 Ma                           Eocene        1000+
37,000,000                        Eocene        300
300,000 - 500,000                 Pleistocene
31.9 Ma                           Oligocene     200+
32,000,000                        Oligocene     500       O
12.9 Ma                           Miocene       1000      O
13.4 Ma                           Miocene       1200      O
28.2Ma                            Oligocene     1000
29.0 Ma                           Oligocene     1000      O+I
~29.5 Ma                                        500
15,800,000                        Miocene       300
26.0 Ma                           Oligocene     400
36,000,000                        Eocene        300
28.0 Ma                           Oligocene     >1000     O+I
~26.8 Ma?                         Oligocene     >500      O
~26.9 Ma?                         Oligocene     250
~27.0 Ma?                         Oligocene     150
13-14,000,000                     Miocene       200
68,000,000                        Paleocene     150
27.5 Ma                           Oligocene     50-100
33,000,000                        Oligocene     500       O
27.1 Ma                           Oligocene     >500
28.5 Ma                           Oligocene     100-500
39,000,000                        Eocene        400
27,000,000                        Oligocene     100-200
11.4 Ma                           Miocene       900       I+O
11.5 Ma                           Miocene       1200      O
73 Ma                             Cretaceous    500       O
25,000,000                        Oligocene     500       O
45,000,000                        Eocene        500       O
28.1 Ma                           Oligocene     >1000     O
73 Ma             Unknown other   Cretaceous    83        Ash fall
29,000,000                        Oligocene     2600
36,000,000                        Eocene        675
36,000,000                        Eocene        675
73 Ma             Unknown other   Cretaceous    83        Ash fall
29                                              2,600     O+I
36                                              675       O
36                                              675       O
28.3 Ma                           Oligocene     500       O
1,120,000                         Pleistocene
16,100,000                        Miocene       250
15,000,000                        Miocene       40
2,000,000                         Pliocene      2500      Outflow + Intracaldera
           630,000                              Pleistocene   1000       Outflow + Intracaldera
           29-32Ma                                            295
           1.2Ma                                              300
27'05'E    161 ka            +/- 0-5%   Ar/Ar   Pleistocene   110        Outflow + Ash
           374
12 E (approx) ka             +/- 0-5%   Ar/Ar   Pleistocene   > 200      Ash fall
14°08'02'' 14.9              +/- 0-5%   Ar/Ar   Pleistocene   79         Intracaldera + Outflow
25.40      BC 1390                                            27
14.14      35,000                                             150
13.93      385,000                                            100-125
           0.79                                               820        I+A
           0.074                                              2,800      O+I+A
100.18     280000 or 70-80,000                                50
118.00     AD 1815                                            94
137.48     70,000-90,000                                      13
130.55     >40,000                                            20
130.82     12,000                                             40
144.43     7,000                                              52
130.67     22,000                                             60
144.02     >31,500                                            60
141.38     30,000-32,000                                      74
131.10     29,000                                             80
130.28     6,300                                              150
           1.75Ma                                             380-490

157.52    240 AD                                              19
158.12    Upper Pleistocene                                   169
157.45    22000                                               169

150.11   1,150?                                               75
152.20   1,400                                                12?
86.03 W  23,000                                               11
86.03 W  21,000                                               11
91.18 W  84,000                                               250
89.05 W  1741 (AD 260)                                        10 to 20
         85Ka                                                 420
103.53 W 95,000                                               20
         0.0265                                               1,170      O+I+A
176.12   ca 1,800                                             90
176.05   1,100,000-500,000                                    140
176.25   140,000                                              200
176.51                                                        400

          1.23 Ma                                             >300
          0.97Ma                                              >300
          1.01Ma                                         >300
65.57 W   2.03 Ma            +/- 0-5% other   Pliocene   1000         Intracaldera + Outflow
65.57 W   4.2                                            510          O+I
          6.1                                            652          O+I
67.25 W   4 Ma               +/- 0-5% K/Ar    Pliocene   2000         Intracaldera + Outflow
          19.x MA            Unknown Ar/Ar    Miocene    3000 cubic kmOutflow deposit
          8.3                                            1,200        O
          5                                              1,100        O+I
69.80 W   450,000 +/- 60,000                             450
66.12 W   4Ma                                            620.0
66.34 W   20-11.6Ma                                      550.0
65.38 W   5Ma                                            470.0
66.26 W   5Ma                                            400.0
          454                                            1,509        A
          454                                            972          A
          454                                            943          A
            Details                                      Density    Reference 1           Preservation
                                                         1,200      Ukstins Peate et al 2003
                                                                    S 1990
                                                                    S 1990
                                                                    N+D 1988
                                                                    N+D 1988
                                                                    S 1990
                                                                    Lipman et al 1984
                                                         2,200      Steven and Lipman 1976, Lipman 2000
                                                                    Lipman et al 1984
                                                                    Lipman et al 1984
                                                         2,200      Morgan et al. 1984
                                                         2,200      Morgan et al. 1984
                                                                    Varga and Smith. 1984, McIntosh and Chapin, in press
                                                         2,200      Ratte et al. 1984
                                                         2,200      Ratte et al. 1984
                                                                    Lipman, 2000
                                                                    Lipman et al. 1996, lipman 2000
                                                         2,200      Henry and Price 1984
                                                                    Lipman, 2003
                                                         2,200      Erb 1979

                                                         2,200     Steven and Ratte 1965, Lipman 2000
                                                         2,200     Elston et al. 1975
                                                                   Lipman et al 1984
                                                                   Lipman et al 1984
                                                                   Lipman et al 1984
low + Intracaldera                                                 Christiansen 2001
                                                          2,200    Erb 1979
                                                          2,200    Morgan et al. 1984
                                                          2,200    Lipman et al. 1997, Lipman 2000
                                                                   Lipman, 1976; Hon and Lipman 1989
                                                          tuff +   Hildreth W. 1979. The Bishop Tuff: Evidence for the origin of composit
             170 km3 of outflow + 350 km3 of intracaldera 2000 300 km3 of fall out      Well preserved
                                                                   Lipman, 1976, Bove et al 2001
                                                                   Gregory and McIntosh, 1996
                                                                   Lipman et al 1984
                                                                   Lipman et al 1984
                                                                   Lipman et al 1984

                                                         2,200      Fiske and Tobisch 1978
                                                                    Lipman et al 1984
                                                                    Johnson et al 1989, McIntosh and Chapin, in press
                                                                    Lipman et al 1984
                                                         2,200      Steven and Lipman 1976
                                                                 Johnson et al 1989, McIntosh and Chapin, in press
                                                                 Lipman et al 1984

                                                                 Lipman, unpubl.
                                                       2,200     Seager 1981
                                                       2,200     Farmer et al. 1991
                                                       2,200     Farmer et al. 1991
                                                                 Lipman et al. 1996
                                                       2,200     Lipman 1975, Lipman et al. 1995
                                                                 Lipman 1975, Lipman et al. 1996
                                                                 Lipman et al 1984
                                                                 Lipman et al 1984
                                                                 Lipman et al 1984
                                                       2,200     Lipman et al. 1973, Bove et al. 2001
                                                       2,200     Lipman, 2000
                                                                 Lipman, 2000
                                                                 Lipman, 2000
                                                                 Lipman et al 1984
                                                                 Lipman et al 1984
                                                                 Lipman et al 1973, Lipman 1976
                                                       2,200     Osburn and Chapin 1983
                                                                 Lipman, 2000
                                                                 Lipman 1975, Lipman et al. 1994
                                                                 Lipman et al 1984
                                                                 Lipman et al 1984
                                                       2,200     Farmer et al. 1991
                                                       2,200     Farmer et al. 1991
                                                       2,200                           2000
                                                                 Lipman 1993, Hooper[what ref is Hooper?]
                                                       2,200     Latta 1983
                                                       2,200     Hardyman 1981
                                                       2,200     Lipman et al. 1973, Bove et al. 2002
             exponential thickness decay of ash fall                                  Ash fall preserved as an extraordinary case of s
                                                       not known Lerbekmo JF 2002 The Dorothy bentonite:a bentonite horizon, mostly
                                                                 Maughan et al. 2002
                                                                 Parker and McDowell 1979
                                                                 Parker and McDowell 1979
             exponential thickness decay of ash fall                                  The Dorothy bentonite: an extraordinary case of
                                                       not known Lerbekmo, JF, 2002, Ash fall preserved as a bentonite horizon, mostly
                                                       2,400     Maughan et al 2002
                                                       2,200     Parker and McDowell 1979
                                                       2,200     Parker and McDowell 1979
                                                       2,200     Steven and Lipman 1976

                                                                 Lipman et al 1984
                                                                 Lipman et al 1984
low + Intracaldera                                     2,200     Christiansen 2001
low + Intracaldera                                         2,200     Christiansen 2001
                                                                     Seager 1973
                                                                     Christainsen 1984b
             Areal distribution x thickness for each unit. 1250                             The caldera is major caldera-forming eruption fr
                                                                     Allen S.R. 2001. Reconstruction of abelow sea level between the islan
                                                           800 kg/cubic m DM suspected source in Pleistocene sequence, tephra Greec
                                                                     Pyle                   Ash bed
             minimum based on known thickness at one point (in Greece) and et al, An exceptionally thick Middle Pleistocene Epirus, layer fr
                                                           1.5                              The M., de Vita well exposed age of the
                                                                     Deino A.L., Orsi G., Piochideposits areS. (2004). Thein a very Neapo
             assuming an original radial volume for the outflow deposits;on the basis of boreholes data for the intacaldera deposits large are
                                                                     N+D 1988
                                                                     S 1990
                                                                     N+D 1988
                                                           2,400     Lee et al 2004
                                                           2,400     Rose and Chesner 1987
                                                                     S 1990
                                                                     S 1990
                                                                     N+D 1988
                                                                     S 1990
                                                                     S 1990
                                                                     S 1990
                                                                     S 1990
                                                                     S 1990
                                                                     S 1990
                                                                     N+D 1988
                                                                     S 1990
                                                                     Kataoka et al 2001

                                                                      Braitseva et al 1996
                                                                      S 1990
                                                                      S 1990

                                                                      N+D 1988
                                                                      S 1990
                                                                      N+D 1988
                                                                      N+D 1988
                                                                      S 1990
                                                                      N+D 1988
                                                                      Chesner et al 1991
                                                                      S 1990
                                                           1,100      Wilson 2001
                                                                      N+D 1988
                                                                      S 1990
                                                                      S 1990
                                                                      S 1990

                                                                      Briggs et al 1993
                                                                      Briggs et al 1993
                                                       Briggs et al 1993
730 DRE x 1 1/2                              1200      Sparks, R. S. J., Francis, P. W., Hamer, R. D., Pankhurst, R. J., O?Ca
                                             2,400     Francis et al 1989
                                             2,400     Ort 1993
                                             m thickness.
Intracaldera volume + outflow averaged at 35 1500                            Caldera 145-173
                                                       Lindsay et al 2002 JVGR 106 porly preserved but ignimbrite well prese
                                             unknown Schröder, W.; Wörner, G. 1996. Widespread Cenozoic ignimbrites in N
Authors estimate areal coverage and measure thicknesses
                                             1,200     De Silva 1991
                                             1,200     De Silva 1991
                                                       N+D 1988
                                                       De Silva 1990
                                                       De Silva 1990
                                                       De Silva 1990
                                                       De Silva 1990
                                             2,400     Huff et al 1996
                                             2,400     Huff et al 1996
                                             2,400     Huff et al 1996
              Impacts           Dimensions   Error         Association               Maximum Minimum Volume
                                                                         Smithsonian Number Volume
                                N/A                                                  2250    1,500
                                3
                                10
                                10
                                15
                                14
                                10x8         Topographic
6, Lipman 2000                  28x20        Topographic                            1650     1,100
                                10x6         Topographic
                                18           Topographic
                                100x60       Topographic                            1950     1,300
                                30×55                                               1350     450
McIntosh and Chapin, in press   12           Topographic
                                40x30        Topographic                            3300     1,100
                                40x30        Topographic                            2820     940
                                55x30        Topographic
                                15           Topographic
                                30x20        Topographic                            1350     900
                                18           Topographic
                                26x18        Topographic                            1350     450
                                10x8         Topographic
Lipman 2000                     24           Topographic                            1350     450
                                55x25        Topographic                            3600     1,200
                                26x18        Topographic
                                12           Topographic
                                12           Topographic
                                20           Topographic
                                25           Topographic                            1350     450
                                80x60        Topographic                            1065     710
                                100x35       Topographic                            6750     4,500
Lipman 1989                     20           Topographic
              None known        32 x 17      Best Estimate Yes           1203-14-            800
                                10           Topographic
                                10           Topographic
                                17           Topographic
                                10 to 15     Topographic
                                33           Topographic
                                12x7         Topographic
                                N/A                                                 1350     450
                                20x16        Topographic
ntosh and Chapin, in press      10           Topographic
                                17x13        Topographic
                                15                                                  1350     450
ntosh and Chapin, in press                            Eroded to batholith
                                         26x18        Topographic
                                         8x6          Topographic
                                         10           Topographic
                                         16           Topographic                                1350        450
                                         20           Topographic                                3300        1,100
                                         20           Topographic                                2700        900
                                         22x18        Topographic
                                         22x18        Topographic                                795         530

                                         20x10          Topographic
                                         15             Topographic
                                         15x10          Topographic
                                         24x22          Topographic                            1350         900
                                         18             Topographic                            1530         510
                                                        Topographic
                                                        Topographic
                                          20x16         Topographic
                                          8             Topographic
                                          20            Topographic
                                          35x25         Topographic                            1350         450
                                                        Topographic
                                          12x8          Topographic
                                          15-25         Topographic
                                          8             Topographic
                                          30x25         Topographic                            1215         810
                                          30x25         Topographic                            3300         1,100
hat ref is Hooper?]                       25            Topographic                            1350         450
                                          21            Topographic                            1350         450
                                          20            Topographic                            1350         450
                                          23x20         Topographic                            2700         900
                                                                                                            83
h fall preserved as a bentonite horizon, mostly known from subcrop. Lerbekmo suggested the 'Howell Creek intrusives' as the source region;




                                                                                                            83
h fall preserved as a bentonite horizon, mostly known from subcrop. Lerbekmo suggested the 'Howell Creek intrusives' as the source region;
                                          N/A                                                  3750         2,500
                                          N/A                                                  1830         610
                                          N/A                                                  1830         610
                                          8             Topographic                            1350         450
                                          20            Topographic
                                          30x25         Topographic
                                          15            Topographic
                                          100x50        Topographic                            3300         2,200
                           85x45    Topographic                       2700   900
                           20x50
                           16
no known work in this area 20x16    Best Estimate Unknown             110    238
no                                                                           200
no                         11*10    Best Estimate Yes       0101-01   79     74
                           10
                           13
                           6
                           100×30                                     1200   800
                           100×30                                     2700   2,700
                           17
                           6
                           5
                           20
                           13
                           6
                           20
                           19
                           14
                           21
                           19



                          5
                          12
                          11

                          12
                          12
                          7

                          19
                          9

                          12
                          35×25                                       530    530
                          35
                          50
                          15
                                           35 x 20    Best Estimate Yes
 , P. W., Hamer, R. D., Pankhurst, R. J., O?Callahaghan, L. O., Thorpe, R. S., and Page, R. 1985. Ignimbrites of the Cerro Galan caldera, N
                                           32                                                     750         500
                                           18                                                     960         640
             None known                    60 x 35    Best Estimate Yes                           2500        2000
                                                      Not applicable Unknown                      3000
G. 1996. Widespread Cenozoic ignimbrites in N-Chile, W-Bolivia and S-Peru 17°-20°S/71°-68°W. Stratigraphy, extension,correlation and orig
                                           40×50                                                  1770        590
                                           10                                                     810         540
                                           18



                                          30.0

                                          N/A                                                     4500        1,500
                                          N/A                                                     2850        950
                                          N/A                                                     2760        920
Intracaldera Volume Density                Density
                              Outflow Volume         Ash Volume Density   Outflow Area




350                 2400      170          2400      300        1000      1100
83   not known (bentonised)




83   not known (bentonised)
       67     1250   57   1250   6000
                          800
55.7   18.2   1.5                325
1700   1500   240    1500   6800
              3000
Zoned   Flow Units Composition Quartz   Plagioclase   Alkali feldspar Hornblende




        6 local   Dacite      Y         Y             Y             Y

Zoned   8 major   Rhyolite    Y         Y
Homogeneous   Rhyolite   Y




Homogeneous   Rhyolite   Y
Heterogeneous 5   Rhyolite   Y   Y   Y   Y
Homogeneous       Trachyte       Y   Y
Zoned         2   Trachyte       1   1
Homogeneous 11            Dacite       Y                     Y                 Y        Y
                          Dacite
Heterogeneous 3 upper flows apparently erupted closely in time & smaller earlier flow
Biotite   Clinopyroxene Orthopyroxene Fayalite   Magnetite Ilmenite   Apatite   Allanite   Zircon




Y

Y         Y             Y                                                       Y          Y
Y




Y
Y   Y   Y   Y   Y   Y
Y   Y   Y       Y
1   1   1       1
Y   Y   Y   Y   Y   Y   Y
Sanidine   Tephroite Chalcopyrite Pyrrhotite Anhydrite Other Minerals sio2           SiO2 Method




Y                                                                     66-68

Y                                 Y                                   75 to > 77 %   XRF
77%   electron microprobe




77%   electron microprobe
                  58-63 % + 73-77 %   whole rock XRF
rare hornblende
                  55- 61              pumice clasts XRF
Y   66-70
Glass   RI   Lithics   Crystallinity Temperature Magma Method          Thermometer Pressure




75           Sparse

                                  720-790     FeTi oxide thermometer
tron microprobe   1.503




tron microprobe   1.503
77-78 %               13-31 %   650-700   other (please denote below) two-feldspar 1 to 2
           < 1.52
60.2 plus/minus 0.4
58- 61                <3        786-798                                             0.9 to 1.4
                                          other (please denote below) thernary feldspar geotermometer
< 1%   40-45   770-790                                            200-300
                         other (please denote below) Two oxide thermometry (Anderson et
                         Not applicable
Depth   Method
Top of magma Other

Top of magma Other
Top of magma Experimental petrology
              Other
Middle of magma
Barometer
Comparing the normative composition of pumice glass with experimentally determined cotectic lines in the Quartz-Albite-Orthoc
Al-in-Hornblende
fO2   sulphur   sulphurglass ref2           ref3      ref4




                                             Sarna-Wojcicki A. M. Pringle M. 1976. Wijbrans J. 2000. New 40Ar/39Ar
                             Bailey R. A. Dalrymple G. B. and Lanphere M. A.S. and Volcanism structure and geochrona
n the Quartz-Albite-Orthoclase system.                   Keller J. Rehren P.E.Stadlbauer Tuff, Greece: the volcanism in the Helle
                                                                     Smith the York D. Chen Y. Evensen N.M. 1996. Single crystal
                                         Allen, S.R., 1998. Volcanology ofT.H. Kos PlateauE. 1990. Explosiveproduct of an explosive

                                                         G, de Vita Orsi G, de Vita S,mechanisms of the Neapolitanresurgent Cam
                                                                    S 1995. Eruptive Di Vito M 1996. The restless, Yellow Tuff inte
                                         Wohletz K, Orsi Orsi G, Civetta L, D'Antonio M, Di Girolamo P, Piochi M 1995. Step-filling a
-11.5 to -13.5   Lindsay, J. M, Schmitt, A. K, Trumbull, R. B, de Silva, S. L, Siebel, W, & Emmermann, R. 2
                 WORNER, Gerhard, HAMMERSCHMIDT, Konrad, HENJES-KUNST, Friedhelm et al. Geo
             comments




ojcicki A. M. Pringle M. S. and Wijbrans J. 2000. New 40Ar/39Ar age of the Bishop Tuff from multiple sites and sediment rate calibration for
Lerbekmo originally suggested a volume of 57 cubic km




Lerbekmo originally suggested a volume of 57 cubic km
Stadlbauer E (1988) Vulkanologisch-geochemische Analyse eines jungen Ignimbrites: Der Kos-Plateau-Tuff (Südost-Ägäis), Ph

For the best volume estimate we used the data published in Scarpati et al, 1993 where method of calculating volume is shown.
K, Trumbull, R. B, de Silva, S. L, Siebel, W, & Emmermann, R. 2001. Magmatic evolution of the La Pacana caldera system, Central Andes,
            Online article available athttp://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-02082000000200004&lng=es&nrm=iso
ediment rate calibration for the Matuyama-Brunhes boundary. Journal of Geophysical Research 105 21431-21443.
eau-Tuff (Südost-Ägäis), PhD thesis, Freiburg. Allen, S.R., Stadlbauer, E., Keller, J., 1999. Stratigraphy of the Kos Plateau Tuff: product of a m

alculating volume is shown. However similar results have been published in references 2, whose method of volume calculation has been exp
era system, Central Andes, Chile: compositional variation of two cogenetic, large-volume felsic ignimbrites. Journal of Petrology, 42, 459-486
0200004&lng=es&nrm=iso
os Plateau Tuff: product of a major Quaternary explosive rhyolitic eruption in the eastern Aegean, Greece. International Journal of Earth Scie

me calculation has been explained by authors personal comunication.
nal of Petrology, 42, 459-486.
ational Journal of Earth Sciences, 88, 132-156.

				
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