Name _______________________________________________ Date ________________________________
Economics Unit Pre/Post Test (35 points)
1. Which item is NOT a good or service?
2. Which item is a service?
3. Businesses provide the goods and services we want by:
a. saving them
b. wanting them
c. producing them
d. borrowing them
4. The three basic kinds of productive resources used to produce a house are:
a. capital resources, money resources, human resources
b. natural resources, human resources, capital resources
c. natural resources, capital resources, government resources
d. money resources, human resources, government resources
5. Which of the following is an example of capital:
6. In economics, something is scarce when:
a. no one wants it
b. you can get it for free
c. everyone has what they want
d. there is not enough for everyone to have all they want
7. Opportunity cost means:
a. your best choice
b. the price of your best choice
c. the price of productive resources
d. the best thing you give up when you choose something
8. At the toy store, there are many things Alan wants to buy. When he chooses a toy to buys, there will:
a. always be an opportunity cost
b. never be an opportunity cost
c. sometimes be an opportunity cost
d. be two opportunity costs
9. With her $2.00, Keiyasha wants to buy one of these three things: a book, a bag of candy, or a belt. Her first choice is
the candy and she buys that. The book was her second choice, and the belt was her third choice. What is the
opportunity cost of her choice to buy the candy?
a. the belt
b. the book
c. the book and the belt
d. the price of the candy
10. Mr. Johnson runs a business. He can produce chairs or windows. He decides to produce chairs. The opportunity
cost of producing the chairs is:
a. the price of the chairs
b. the cost of paying many workers
c. the windows he cannot produce
d. the price of the wood used to produce the chairs
11. To be successful a business must:
a. produce goods but not services
b. produce good and services using mostly human resources
c. produce goods and services people want
d. produce good and services with a high price
12. Sarah baked some cookies. She traded six cookies to Joe for one of his toy cars. What is true about the trade?
a. Sarah gained, but Joe lost
b. Joe gained, but Sarah lost
c. Both Sarah and Joe gained
d. Both Sarah and Joe lost
13. Money is very important to our economy because it:
a. is difficult to earn
b. helps people to trade
c. can be traded for gold
d. is expensive to produce
14. Sally is saving her money to purchase a $100 bike to use for her paper route. The opportunity cost of saving her
a. the price of the bike - $100
b. giving up the chance to buy things now
c. the interest she gets at the bank
d. the money she will earn later selling papers
*Use the following information to answer questions 15 – 19.
Sarah produces and sells birdhouses for $10.00 each. She sells three birdhouses each week. It costs her $8.00 to produce
15. Sarah learns that the price of birdhouses has risen to $13.00 each. Sarah will probably:
a. make something else
b. make fewer birdhouses
c. make more birdhouses
d. make the same number of birdhouses
16. What could have caused the price of birdhouses to rise from $10.00 to $13.00?
a. fewer birdhouses produced on the market
b. fewer people wanting birdhouses
c. fewer people buying birdseed
d. fewer people having opportunity costs
17. Sarah would most likely want the demand for her birdhouses to :
c. stay the same
d. decrease then increase
18. How much profit does Sarah make when she sells one of the birdhouses for $13.00?
19. Which of the following would cause the cost of producing birdhouses to increase?
a. a change in profits
b. a change in the demand for birdhouses
c. a change in people’s desire to buy birdhouses
d. a change in the price of wood used to produce birdhouses
20. The opportunity cost of an item is _____________.
a. Your best choice
b. The price of your best choice
c. The price of productive resources
d. The thing you give up when you make a
21. Huy bought all of these at lunch. Which item is a
a. baked chicken
b. green beans
c. potato chips
22. Zaira buys goods and services. She is a ___________.
d. both a and b
23. Mariah wants pepperoni pizza at lunch, and there isn’t a lot
left. The supply is ______.
24. Nigel’s football coach has 10 footballs. There are 15 players. There is a __________ of footballs.
a. capital resource
d. none of the above
25. Leslie bakes brownies. She started selling them for $6, and now sells them for $8. The brownies are ___________.
b. low in demand
c. high in demand
d. high in supply
26. All of these are in Jonathan’s house. Which item is a need?
b. hamburger meat
d. soccer ball
27. Madison’s mom is a hairdresser. Her mom is a ______________.
a. human resource
b. natural resource
c. capital resource
d. all of the above
28. Tanner uses _________ in exchange for a good or service.
29. People and businesses rely on _________ in order for their lives to function easily.
b. opportunity costs
d. ice cream and sprinkles
30. Which one is a producer of goods?
a. a farmer who grows food
b. a doctor who treats sick people
c. a teacher who teaches children
d. a singer who entertains
31. Which one provides a service?
a. a teacher who teaches children
b. a farmer who grows food
c. a farmer who raises chickens
d. a fisherman who catches fish to sell
32. At what price will more Cokes be bought?
a. 65 cents
b. 50 cents
c. 35 cents
d. 25 cents
33. At which price will the fewest Hershey bars be bought?
a. 65 cents
b. 50 cents
c. 35 cents
d. 25 cents
34. Which will probably make the price of orange juice go up?
a. more companies selling it
b. not as many people drinking it
c. a storm kills most of the orange trees
d. too many oranges being grown
35. Which one will probably make the price of bananas go down?
a. a very good banana crop
b. too many people wanting bananas
c. a storm that kills banana plants
d. fewer stores having bananas to sell