Biology Chapter 16 Test Study Topics by P1OBWG

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									Biology Chapter 16 Test Study Topics

Test Date: Monday, March 28

Section 16-1: Darwin’s Voyage of Discovery
Terms to define/identify/give an example:
        Evolution
        Fossil

Other topics to know:
        - Charles Darwin – who was he? What was his contribution to science?
        - What were his major observations?
        - What three patterns of biodiversity did Darwin observe?

Section 16-2: Ideas That Shaped Darwin’s Thinking
Terms to define/identify/give an example:
        Artificial selection

Other topics to know:
        - Contributions/influence of Hutton, Lyell, Lamarck, and Malthus to Darwin
        - How inheritable variation is used in artificial selection
        - Study timeline on page 459

Section 16-3: Darwin Presents His Case
Terms to define/identify/give an example:
        Adaptation
        Fitness
        Natural selection

Other topics to know:
        - Define/describe natural selection, provide examples supporting this idea
        - Define/describe the principle of common descent
        - Study Figure 16-10

Section 16-4: Evidence of Evolution
Terms to define/identify/give an example:
        Analogous structure
        Biogeography
        Homologous structure
        Vestigial structure

Other topics to know:
        - Describe how geographic distribution relates to their evolutionary history
        - How fossils are used to document descent from common ancestors
        - Comparative anatomy, embryology, molecular biology
        - Study Figures 16-13, 16-14, 16-15

								
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