Speaker8 Connors PACOM

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Speaker8 Connors PACOM Powered By Docstoc
					      Commander-in-Chief
 United States Pacific Command




         JV2010 Initiative
Virtual Information Center (VIC)
              J-08
              OUTLINE

• Overview
• Political-Military Anchor Desk (PMAD)
• Virtual Information Center (VIC)
  – Development
  – Current Activity
  – Future Activity
• VIC R&D
OVERVIEW
               Project

In support of the Chairman’s Joint Vision
2010, USCINCPAC takes the lead in
developing C4ISR and Information
Superiority to achieve Full Spectrum
Dominance in Operations Other Than War
                 The Vision
             Deterrence &
 Peacetime     Conflict     Fight
Engagement    Prevention    & Win
                                     Synergistic Effect
                                        Generated by the
                                        Convergence of The
                                        Four Concepts:

                                       Provides the Capability
                                        to Dominate an
                                        Opponent at Any Level
                                        of Operations


                                       Generates Massed
                                        Effects From Dispersed
                                        Forces
            Program Rationale
Testimony to the House Military Procurement and Research and
Development Subcommittees on March 20, 1997

“We must also understand that information
superiority is not solely limited to combat
environments. Other military operations, from
peacekeeping to humanitarian assistance to
nation-building, also depend upon available and
robust information exchange.”
                      Lieutenant General Douglas D. Buchholz, USA
                     Director for Command, Control, Communications
                                   and Computer Systems
                                       The Joint Staff
                Continuum of Operations
     Exercises
        Port Visits
             Security Assistance
                   Civic Assistance
                      Freedom of Navigation and Overflight
                         Arms Control
                             Anti-terrorism
                                 Military Support to Civil Authorities
                                    Humanitarian Assistance
                                        Foreign Disaster Relief
                                         Noncombatant Evacuation (Permissive)
L                                         Peacekeeping
                                            Force Demonstration
I                                            Counterdrug Ops
K                                               Recovery Ops
E                                                  Foreign Internal Defense/Support to Insurgency
                                                     Protection of Shipping
L                                                     Enforcing Exclusion Zones
I                                                         Maritime Intercept Ops
                                                             Peace Enforcement
H                                                                  Counter-terrorism
O                                                                      Noncombatant Evacuation (Hostile)
                                                                           Enforcing Sanctions
O
                                                                                Blockade
D                                                                                  Strikes and Raids
                                                            Regional Conventional War
                                                                Regional Non-Conventional War
                                                                                Theater Nuclear Strikes SIOP

    Engagement
     Activities                                     SSC                                           MTW
          A CHANGING WORLD
• Changing Operational Focus
   – From global conflict and major regional contingencies
   – To smaller scale contingencies and operations other
     than war
   – From deliberate planning to crisis action planning
• Changing Participants
   – DOD, other government agencies, UN, independent
     organizations, non-government organizations, local
     authorities, other militaries
   – PDD 56 mandates interagency response for complex
     emergencies
• Changing Information Requirements and Sources
   – Includes political, military, economic, social,
     environmental, etc.
   – Much information outside normal ops and intel expertise
   – Much information open source
 CINCPAC Perspective on HA/DR
• Most frequently named operation today
• CINC involvement to “Shape and Respond”
  throughout
• Gov’t inter-agency activity: State Dept.,
  OFDA, etc.
• Non-Gov’t: Host Nation, IO/NGO/PVO’s
• Military: Security, Logistics, Medical,
  Engineering
• Complex Command and Control, Information
  Interoperability
VIRTUAL INFORMATION CENTER
• Virtual Information Center developed to achieve information
  superiority in the changing world
   – Responds to requests for information or frequently
      asked questions
   – Rapid structured search of open sources: electronic,
      hard copy, people, models, etc.
   – Appropriate experts in variety of locations collaborate to
      formulate search and analyze information
   – Applies government expertise such as intel or medical
      as needed
   – Condenses product to a few “drips of knowledge” for
      policy and decision makers
   – Products disseminated to DOD, government and non-
      government as appropriate
   – Political-Military Anchor Desk (PMAD) is electronic
      search tool
POLITICAL-MILITARY
  ANCHOR DESK
      (PMAD)
     Info Management Goal

Use existing information management
technology and in-place data sources,
such as IO’s and NGO’s, the Business
Community, Internet, On-line services,
predictive modeling, and remote sensing
to make us

    . . . Smarter
                . . . Faster
                          . . . At less cost
          What is a PMAD ?

• Resources -- Off-the-Shelf Technology
  for:
  –   Internet access
  –   Powerful system of search engines
  –   Archived Database
• People -- Anchor desk concept
• Concept of Operation that:
  –   Gets the right information
                         to the right place
                                          in time
      Who Needs a PMAD ?
• The CINC
  –   Where is next crisis? What are the
      issues?
  –   Can I prevent it? … or its 2nd-order
      effects
• JTF Commander
  –   What should I take? Who can help me?
  –   MOEs: What is “normal”
• Staff Organizations (J-5, JIC, OPT)
  –   What are the issues? Who are the
      players?
  –   Other opinions… Diverging views
       The Cognitive Hierarchy
          Synthesized,
                                UNDERSTANDING
          visualized


Correlated, analyzed
Fused, validated            KNOWLEDGE

   ANCHOR DESK
   Operating Area
                       INFORMATION        Formatted, filtered,
                                          translated, plotted



                                     Raw signals, facts,
               DATA                  bits/bytes, inputs
PMAD Contribution to the Cognitive Hierarchy

                         Synthesized,   UNDERSTANDING
                         visualized

                                                      Presentation & interaction
                                                      with decision makers, long-
        Correlated, analyzed                          range impacts, risks
        Fused, validated
                                   KNOWLEDGE

       Formatted, filtered,                      Model output, multi-source
       translated, plotted                       fusion, analysis

                              INFORMATION

Raw signals, facts,                         1st-order effects, filtering &
bits/bytes, inputs                          summary, input to models

                      DATA
                                        Data collection, sources
                                        & search engines
PMAD Provides Opportunities to:
  • Answer tomorrow’s questions today
    –   Define “normal”… Baseline MOEs
    –   The past as prologue… El Nino
    –   The questions don’t change
                    … the answers do
  • Building knowledge…
    –   Develop “play-book”… what worked
        before
    –   Integrate data into information
    –   Basis for analysis
    –   Stay abreast of fast-breaking “news”
        Opportunities -- Cont’d
• Enhance organizational effectiveness
    –   Better information flow within HQ
                           . . . and externally
    –   Improved presentation technology
    –   Faster data access; better connectivity
• Save $$ and Manpower
    –   Identify space-saving potential
    –   Concept development--“fly before you
        buy”
•   Model for other CINCs & organizations
VIRTUAL INFORMATION
      CENTER
        (VIC)
         VIC DEVELOPMENT

•   JAN 97    BIG IDEA
•   SEP 97    PAC CHEST
•   OCT 97    CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT
•   APR 98    VIC EXPERIMENT
•   NOV 98    CONCEPT REFINEMENT
•   98Q2      VIC DEMO (VIC II)
•   98Q3      VIC IN MAJOR EXERCISE
      Recent CINCPAC Efforts
SEP-OCT 97: PAC-CHEST (PMAD and COE Complex
Humanitarian Emergency Support Test) demonstrated
the ability to improve situational awareness in HA/DR at
the CINC level by accessing information through the
Internet and fusing it in a political-military anchor desk
Also demonstrated the need to increase granularity to
meet pre-deployment JTF information needs

OCT 97: CCRP Workshop identified new concepts for
information superiority architectures, sensors and
fusion, information access, prediction, and delivery
management in support of HA/DR operations which then
led to the VIC Concept
 The Virtual Information Center
             What is a “VIC”?
• Not a thing or place, but a process
  – Human interaction at a distance
  – Videoconferences, net-meetings, bulletin
    boards
• Expands PMAD capability
  – More people involved--more sources; more
    views
• More efficient use of resources
  – Less travel -- and time
  – More databases and finished information
Virtual Information Center

 – Open Source

 – Collaboration

 – Analysis

 – Dissemination
 Virtual Information Center (VIC)
• Interactively seeks non-traditional info
  –   International Business
  –   NGO’s & UN, etc.
  –   Commercial Remote Sensors
  –   Predictive Modeling
• Uses technology to encourage data sharing
  – Pools schedules, security, POC’s, media info., etc.
  – Relies on commercial information services and
    sensors
  – Minimizes forward footprint
         Virtual Information Center
NGO
    IO               RESOURCE
      UN              CENTER
                    (PMAD/COE)
                                 A
                                     CINC
 Business       F                N
Community       I                A                 State Dept
                L                L
                T   FUSION       Y
                                                    US AMB
                                                   Host Nation
                E                S
 Predictive     R                I
                                 S
 Modeling                            CJTF

 Remote
 Sensors                             Request for Info
                      Internet        Tasking
                        etc.
                                     Information
                     Insights
• Information Sources
  – Predictive modeling and Internet searches are
    currently productive
  – Links to Remote Sensing, NGO’s and international
    business community, not yet timely
• Information Processing
  – Collaborative expert knowledge network
  – Officer-in-the-loop allowed analysis/quality control
• Information Dissemination
  – Web-site with color-coded, clickable responses
    • Enabled Warrior Pull, but only limited Smart Push achieved
     VIC CURRENT ACTIVITY
• $150K NSAP Workflow Management Task
   – Refine the VIC process
   – Data-Info-Knowledge-Understanding
   – Automate end-to-end workflow process
   – ID bottlenecks, reduce latency, increase
     transparency, and guard against info overload

• Capture/Retrieve Relevant Information from Previous
  Experiments
   – Architecture and COTS products
   – Data collection methods
   – Database structure
                VIC FUTURE:
               The Next Steps
                             Operationalization

Virtual Information Center   Joint Experimentation
            (VIC)
                             Collaboration

                             HQ for the 21st Century
                 VIC FUTURE
 (Operationalization/HQ for 21st Century)

• Virtual Information Center is good candidate for
  information and knowledge management in
  “Headquarters for the 21st Century”
   – Provides framework on which to hang DARPA,
     DISA, ONR, ACTD, and other projects
   – Information and knowledge are treated as a utility
     manned by professionals to support CINC, staff,
     and headquarters business processes
   – Open source Virtual Information Center output and
     output from traditional ops and intel sources need
     to be merged in knowledge center
           VIC FUTURE
(Joint Experimentation/Collaboration)

• VIC Concept refinement workshop
  (Nov 98)
• Development and Execution of a
  Quick Reaction VIC Demonstration
  (Spring 99)
• Integration and Assessment of VIC
  in a major exercise (Late FY 99)
VIRTUAL INFORMATION
       CENTER
   RESEARCH AND
    DEVELOPMENT
      EFFORTS
                            VIC

      Operational                            Technical (R & D)



      Short Term                           Long Term


      Daily              Crisis            Anticipatory

        RFI             Battle Staff         Pol-Mil-Econ
Data Base development      OPT         Working Group/Brainstorm
                           CAT                Big Picture
                                               Proactive
                                          Director nominate
                                             CoS approval
                      VIC

    Operational                    Technical (R & D)



    Short Term                   Long Term


                            Search/Collection Tools
                              Collaboration Tools
                                Analysis Tools
                               Predictive Models
                              Presentation Tools
                                    Other?
  “Motherboard”
(Work Flow Process)
        VIC/R&D SYNERGY

•   Test Bed for C4ISR Tools
•   Operationalize R&D Products
•   Joint Experimentation Exposure
•   JV2010 Development
•   Enhance Information Superiority
•   Maintain Current Technology
              PACOM Advantages
     HISTORY OF DEVELOPING            PACNET 21 AND IT21
         ADVANCED C4ISR             INFRASTRUCTURE VISION



    PACIFIC RIM OF FIRE                 ASSETS
–   Earthquakes                        – Pacific Disaster Center
–   Typhoons                           – Center of Excellence
–   Volcanic Eruptions                   in Disaster Management
–   Floods                             – Political Military Anchor Desk




            GEOGRAPHY                  CHALLENGES
      – Half the earth’s surface;   – Complete spectrum
           60% of the people            of operations
                                                 VIC PROCESS
                                                                                                                      COE
                                       No        Redefine w/
  Request                   Clear
                                                 Questions                             No
    IN                                                                     Simple                       Planning MTG.
                         Yes
                                                                             ?                         Develop Search
                         COE               EBB                                                        Plan, Parse further
                                                                        Yes
                                                   Data Collected                    Develop
      Define Problem,                            Reviewed & Shared                   Search
      Assess & Parse                                                                 Strategy         EBB
                                     Update
                                                                           COE
                                    Database                                                                         Data Collection
                                                                               Provide
                                                                                                      COE
                                                                              Guidance                                  Analysis
                                                                           (from peer review)
                                 Meets                                                          EBB
        Draft         Yes                                                                                       No
                                 Rqmts                                               No
      Response                     ?
EBB                                                                           More Info                                        VIC
                                                                                                Yes         Convene Yes
                                 No                                           Needed                                        “Happens”
                                                                                                              VIC
                                                 Expand                          ?
      Internal           No                      Search
                                                          EBB
       PMAD               Need
      Review                               Yes                                                                                Update
                         More Info
                                                                                           Update                            Database
                            ?
                                                                                          Database
           Adequate No                                                No
              ?
                                              Peer                                                               Deliver
                 Yes                                                 Adequate       Yes                            to
                                             Review
                                                                        ?                                       Requestor
EBB    Post to Electronic Bulletin Board
                                             COE                                                                            EBB
Information Management System
                  CINC
                   &
               SUPPORTED
                 STAFF
                              Decision Support Tools
                                   (GENOA)

               KNOWLEDGE                  COE
                 CENTER                 PDC
                                      INTERAGENCY
                                  NGO/IOs
                               IMAGERY
        GCCS               INTERNET +

CLASSIFIED                 UNCLASSIFIED

				
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posted:6/16/2012
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