World Health Organization (WHO) by HC1206160222

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									World Health Organization
(WHO)

Jason A. Gonzalez
BIOL 402
April 13, 2010
WHO is the global health branch of the UN.
Their agenda is ambitious.
The WHO’s goal is world peace through
 global health and security.
The WHO’s major task is to combat disease,
  especially key infectious diseases.
The WHO agenda has six points:
   Two health objectives
   Two strategic needs
   Two operational approaches
WHO promotes development of 3rd world
 and impoverished nations and increases
 access to health care
   Equity
WHO fosters global health security and
monitors potential pandemic situations.
    Epidemics
    Revised
    International Health
    Regulations (June
    2007)
They seek to strengthen regional and
 global public health systems
   Poverty-reduction strategy
WHO funds and emphasizes research to more
 efficiently and appropriately address global health
 problems.

    Authoritative health information
The WHO partners and collaborates with
 existing organizations

    • International organizations
    • Civil society
    • Private sector
They continuously seeks to improve
 standards and performance of global
 health policy and administration

   Ongoing reforms
General success is measured in the state
 of women’s health and health in Africa
        Is it successful?
The WHO communicates their projects, funding,
  and research knowledge through their
  publications

    International Classification of Diseases (ICD)
    World Health Report (annual)
    Bulletin of the World Health Organization
    (monthly)
    List of Essential Medicines
    Global plan of action on worker’s health
    Health Sciences Online
The WHO is not an original.

   1907-1946 (1950): The Office
   International d’Hygiene Publique (OIHP)
1922-1948: The Health Organization
April 7, 1948: WHO
 Happy World Health Day!
The WHO embraces a wide range of
public health projects
The WHO will kill again.
   Smallpox (1980)
   Cholera
   Typhoid
   Malaria
   SARS
   HIV
The Global Malaria Program (GMP)
 provides technical assistance to
 countries to combat malaria on a global
 scale.
Home Management of Malaria (HMM)
 Access to anti-malarial medications
 Training for community-based service
 providers
 Education and communication
 Supervision
The WHO faces some criticism for
overreaching their scope with regulations.

    Tobacco regulation

    Sugar
The WHO has been accused of neglecting
 donor nations in need.

   Selling viruses to independent labs to make
   vaccines (and patents!)
The WHO’s national health rankings may be misleading.


     Rankings
        Overall Attainment
         • US – 37
        Overall Performance
         • US – 14
                                                #37!
        Financial Fairness Factor
         • Percentage of income spent on health care
         • Wider dispersion lowers score
The WHO has big plans for the future

     Millennium Development Goals
       8 goals to achieve by 2015
The WHO has big plans for the future
References
   http://www.who.int/en/
   Lewis, Nancy. "How the World Health Organization Works." 26 August
   2003. HowStuffWorks.com. <http://health.howstuffworks.com/who.htm> 01 April 2010.
   MacDonald, T. H. (. H., 1933-. (2008). Health, human rights and the united nations :
   Inconsistent aims and inherent contradictions?. Oxford ;New York: Radcliffe Pub. Retrieved
   from http://search.lib.unc.edu?R=UNCb5875198
   MacDonald, T. H. (. H., 1933-. (2008). Sacrificing the WHO to the highest bidder. Oxford
   ;New York: Radcliffe Pub. Retrieved from http://search.lib.unc.edu?R=UNCb5878230
   http://www.who.int/hac/donorinfo/haiti_alert_17february2010.pdf
   http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/reports.shtml
   Burci, G. L. (2004). In Vignes C. (Ed.), World health organization. Hague, Netherlands;
   Frederick, MD: Kluwer Law International; Distributed in North America by Aspen. Retrieved
   from http://search.lib.unc.edu?R=UNCb4769624
   Whitman, G. (2008). WHO's fooling who?: The world health organization's problematic
   ranking of health care systems. Cato Briefing Papers, (101)
   http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/ccdr-rmtc/02vol28/dr2812eb.html
   http://www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?pid=S0042-96862008000300001&script=sci_arttext
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