World Health Organization (WHO) Jason A. Gonzalez BIOL 402 April 13, 2010 WHO is the global health branch of the UN. Their agenda is ambitious. The WHO’s goal is world peace through global health and security. The WHO’s major task is to combat disease, especially key infectious diseases. The WHO agenda has six points: Two health objectives Two strategic needs Two operational approaches WHO promotes development of 3rd world and impoverished nations and increases access to health care Equity WHO fosters global health security and monitors potential pandemic situations. Epidemics Revised International Health Regulations (June 2007) They seek to strengthen regional and global public health systems Poverty-reduction strategy WHO funds and emphasizes research to more efficiently and appropriately address global health problems. Authoritative health information The WHO partners and collaborates with existing organizations • International organizations • Civil society • Private sector They continuously seeks to improve standards and performance of global health policy and administration Ongoing reforms General success is measured in the state of women’s health and health in Africa Is it successful? The WHO communicates their projects, funding, and research knowledge through their publications International Classification of Diseases (ICD) World Health Report (annual) Bulletin of the World Health Organization (monthly) List of Essential Medicines Global plan of action on worker’s health Health Sciences Online The WHO is not an original. 1907-1946 (1950): The Office International d’Hygiene Publique (OIHP) 1922-1948: The Health Organization April 7, 1948: WHO Happy World Health Day! The WHO embraces a wide range of public health projects The WHO will kill again. Smallpox (1980) Cholera Typhoid Malaria SARS HIV The Global Malaria Program (GMP) provides technical assistance to countries to combat malaria on a global scale. Home Management of Malaria (HMM) Access to anti-malarial medications Training for community-based service providers Education and communication Supervision The WHO faces some criticism for overreaching their scope with regulations. Tobacco regulation Sugar The WHO has been accused of neglecting donor nations in need. Selling viruses to independent labs to make vaccines (and patents!) The WHO’s national health rankings may be misleading. Rankings Overall Attainment • US – 37 Overall Performance • US – 14 #37! Financial Fairness Factor • Percentage of income spent on health care • Wider dispersion lowers score The WHO has big plans for the future Millennium Development Goals 8 goals to achieve by 2015 The WHO has big plans for the future References http://www.who.int/en/ Lewis, Nancy. "How the World Health Organization Works." 26 August 2003. HowStuffWorks.com. <http://health.howstuffworks.com/who.htm> 01 April 2010. MacDonald, T. H. (. H., 1933-. (2008). Health, human rights and the united nations : Inconsistent aims and inherent contradictions?. Oxford ;New York: Radcliffe Pub. Retrieved from http://search.lib.unc.edu?R=UNCb5875198 MacDonald, T. H. (. H., 1933-. (2008). Sacrificing the WHO to the highest bidder. Oxford ;New York: Radcliffe Pub. Retrieved from http://search.lib.unc.edu?R=UNCb5878230 http://www.who.int/hac/donorinfo/haiti_alert_17february2010.pdf http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/reports.shtml Burci, G. L. (2004). In Vignes C. (Ed.), World health organization. Hague, Netherlands; Frederick, MD: Kluwer Law International; Distributed in North America by Aspen. Retrieved from http://search.lib.unc.edu?R=UNCb4769624 Whitman, G. (2008). WHO's fooling who?: The world health organization's problematic ranking of health care systems. Cato Briefing Papers, (101) http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/ccdr-rmtc/02vol28/dr2812eb.html http://www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?pid=S0042-96862008000300001&script=sci_arttext Questions?
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