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					                                                                                                   F F                                                ก ก Software                                               F
                                                                                    Commercial Software
 Computer Software                                                                  Shareware
                                                                                                           F                   F                                           F

                                                                                                       F                           F F                     F                   F       F
                                                                                    Freeware
                                                                                                   F                               F F                                     F F F             ( F             F           )
                                                                                       F                                   F                           F                       F
                                                                                    Open Source Software
                                                                                                               F                   F                           F       F                                             F       F ก

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   3




Computer Software                                                                                                                                              Software
        F               F     F               F              ก              F                  F                                       F                   (Systems Software)                            2
ก   ก       ก                                         ก       ก     ก   F                                                                          ก (Operating System)
                    F                     ก           ก F
                                                                                                                                                             F (Translator)
                ก                 F               F               F      ก
                        F F           F               C++, JAVA, Visual BASIC              F                                           F               ก F (Application Software) 2
                                                                                                                       F                       F                                   F         (Special Purpose Software)
                                                                                                                   F                       F                       F                       (General Purpose Software)


                                                                                2                                                                                                                                                  4
             F             F              (Systems Software)                                               F         F                           (Systems Software)
                                                                                                                   ก (Operating System)
         ก                       F         Fก F            ก         F
    F                F                F                                                                        ก             F               F        F       F                   F           F        ก F
                 F              ก         F ก       F      F F                                    F
                                                                                                       ก F               ก           F                                            F F CPU                        F
    ก                                                                                                 ก F                                                 F
    ก copy                                                                                             ก   F                    F ก F F
                                                                                                                                 ก
                                                                                                      F ก                ก     ก F    F ก                                 F           ก
    ก                                                                                                    ก               ก F ก ก F F                                          F                         ก               F
                                                                                              ก                            ก F      F ก F                                                          ก         F
                           http://www.osdata.com/
                          “Operating System Technical Comparison.”

                                                                                     5                                                                                                                                      7




             F             F              (Systems Software)
2
                         ก (Operating System               OS)
                                   F (Translator)

                                                        Mac OS X




        Red Hat Linux
                                                           Windows XP Professional       OS            F           F ก F                 ก        F               F   F                   F       Application Program

                                                                                     6                                                                                                                                      8
   F         F          (Systems Software)
           ก (Operating System)
            ก                  Microcomputer
            ก Microsoft Windows
            ก           F UNIX, LINUX
            ก Mac OS X       MacIntosh System 7             ก
Apple       MacIntosh

   Note:
       IBM PC = IBM Personal Computer
                      F        IBM PC = IBM PC Compatible
                                                                 9   Microsoft Windows 7   11




                        Microsoft Windows XP                                Mac OS X

                                                                10                         12
     F        F       (Systems Software)            F        F               (Systems Software)
             ก (Operating System)                           ก (Operating System)
             ก                     PDA                      ก                F
      PDA ก Palm ( Palm                             ก F Network Operating System        NOS
  Compatible) F Palm OS                                  ก       F ก         F            F           F
                                                  F    F          F F      F             F ก F F      F ก
      PDA F          (     ก PocketPC )
    F         ก Microsoft Windows CE                      ก ก                  F F
                                                           F กก                    Client/Server
                                                   Server            F   ก       -ก - F F
                                                   Client        F

                                             13                                                                      15




         F        F(Systems Software)
             ก (Operating System)
          ก                          F
(Smart Phone)
                  ก   (iPhone OS)
                  ก       F (Android OS)
                  ก        (BlackBerry OS)
                                                                                            F   F   Novell Netware




                                             14                                                                      16
                                                    F                    F                       (Systems Software)
                                                                     ก (Operating System)
                                                                         ก                                                                    F               F
                                                                         ก                                                  F ก                                       F
                                                                                                         F              ก                 F
                                                            F            F F             F           ก               ก (Multiuser)
                                                            F       ก                            F       ก                   ก (Multitasking)
                                                   ก                                 ก       F                      ก F F F
                                                                         ก                           F                          F F

                      F   F   Windows NT

                                           17                                                                                                                                             19




                                                        F                    F                   (Systems Software)
                                                                     ก (Operating System)
                                                                         ก                                                                    F               F
                                                Multiuser
                                                                                 F                       ก              F             ก                   F F F
                                                                         F F         ก (user                     F กF                             F ก      F      F       ก           F
                                                                                     CPU)
                                                Multitasking
                                                                                     ก                                                              F ก     F (Program        ก
                                                                F CPU)
                                                                 Cooperative multitasking                    F          ก         F               CPU        F ก F
                                                                 Preemptive multitasking                                      F                     CPU        F F        ก       F        F
                                                                     CPU F

Windows Server 2008                        18                                                                                                                                             20
   F         F          (Systems Software)
            ก (Operating System)
                 ก          (Open Operating System)
       กF        F             ก ก    F                              F
                   ก     F F Fก                    F
  F              ก OS       F OS          (Proprietary Operating
System)
         ก      F OS               F                 F           F
(Portable OS) F                ก UNIX           LINUX        F
                                                                              LINUX

                                                                         21            23




                        UNIX Screen
                                                                         22   ubuntu   24
     F           F                   (Systems Software)                                               F                                       F                      ก F (Application Software)
                                          F (Translator)
                                                                                              F     F                                             ก F                                   ก               F           F
             ก                   F          F   F             F                                   F ก
 F                                                         F F               F                    ก F                                             2
      (Machine Language)                                                                                  F                       F                                     F (Special Purpose Software)
 ก F                ก                                                                                         F               F                                        (General Purpose Software)
ก F Source Code
 ก     F Translator   F                             ก F Object Code

                                                                      25                                                                                                                                                            27




         F           F               (Systems Software)                                   F                                           F                          ก F (Application Software)
                                         F (Translator)                           F                               F                                                                 F
                         Translator
Assembler                                                                        Special Purpose Software                                                                       Software
                          Assembly F                                                  F                                   F                                F ก                              F       ก       F
Interpreter                                                                       ก                                                                F             F      ก                   F F        ก                   ก
      ก       F ก                                                            ก
        ก                                                                   ก F                                       F                                     F               (               ก       )           F       F       F
     F ก ก Object Code    F F     F ก                                                             F
Compiler
                                                                                                                                          F            F                                        F                           F        F
             ก F Object Code
        ก Object Code F F   F F ก                                          ก ก

                                                                      26                                                                                                                                                            28
    F   ก               F              F                   ก                ก




            F       F       ก                                  F                    F            ก

                                29                                                                    31



F       ก       F                              F       F       ก F (Application Software)
                                           F       F
                                       General Purpose Software
                                           F F ก             F          ก                    F   F
                                           F F                F ก        ก F (Electronic Spreadsheet) F
                                     Lotus 1-2-3    Microsoft Excel
                                            F F              (Word Processing) F CU Writer
                                     Microsoft Word
                                             F Fก      F         F (Desktop Publishing)
                                      F ก         ก ก              Fก          กF        F F
            F       F       ก
                                30                                                                    32
F   F           F ก    ก F => Microsoft Excel   33                                     F   Fก    F       F => Adobe PageMaker          35




                                                           F                   F                ก F (Application Software)
                                                       F           F
                                                                       F           F        ก        F     ก                    ( F)
                                                               F           F
                                                                          (Presentation Software) F Microsoft PowerPoint
                                                              F Fก ก (Graphic Software)              F ก F             F
                                                        F Adobe Photoshop
                                                               F F     F     (Database Software)                     F ก
                                                         F         ก        F ก F             ก      ก F F        F dBASE
                                                     III Plus, Microsoft Access, Oracle, DB2, Microsoft SQL, Sybase, Informix
                                                            F


        F   F         => Microsoft Word         34                                                                                     36
         F   F        => Microsoft PowerPoint   37                                   Database Software    Oracle        39




                                                             F               F             ก F (Application Software)
                                                         F           F
                                                     ก                           F     ก                 ( F )
                                                                 F       F     (Telecommunication Software)       F
                                                        ก ก F         ก  F                     F            F
                                                         F F F      F   (Resource Discovery Software)           F
                                                     F      F ก ก F F        F        F Archie, Gopher, Search Engine
                                                       World Wide Web      F




F   Fก           ก => Adobe Photoshop           38                                                                      40
                                                                                                     F
                                                                              F                           ก                     ก           F           F
                                                                                                         (    F       0                 1
                                                                          )
                                                         ก        F                                                       F F
                                                   (Machine Language)




           F   F               => MSN         41                                                                                                                    43




                                                                                                 F
                                                                                                         F
                                                                     (Machine Language)
                                                                                  F        F                 2                     F           ก           F   ก ก
                                                                                       (Assembly Language)
                                                            F   ก     F                  ก F Mnemonic Code                                          F           ก
                                                        F           F F                F Assembler ก

                                                    ก                                                             F
                                                                                                (Assembler)                                     (Machine Language)


Resource Discovery Software   Search Engine   42                                                                                                                    44
                                                       F                                                                                                                                     F
                                                                       F                                                                                                                             F
                                (High-level Language)                                                                                                                         (Natural Language)
                  F                             3 F          ก          F        ก                                  F                                        5 (Fifth-generation Language                                       5GL)
                      F                       F F   F COBOL, FORTRAN, PASCAL, BASIC                                     C                                        F       F F                                                           F       ก F
                                                                                                                                                    F    F        F ก                                              F
                                                                                                                                               F                                       F F       F                         Fก              ก         F F
ก                                                                            F
                                                                                   F          (Machine Language)
                                                                                                                                                                  F                                      F (Knowledge Base System)



                                                                                                                        45                                                                                                                                 47




                                                   F                                                                                                                                     F
                                                                   F                                                         ก                     ก F                                                     F
                                ก (Very High-level Language)                                                                               F                                   ก F                             ก
                                                                                                                                       ก                              F
                             4 (Fourth-generation Language     4GL)                                             F
                          ก กF F F ก       F C++, Visual BASIC     F                                    F                        F        ก                                                      Fก                    F         ก         ก
                                                                                                                                     F F ก
ก                               ก         F                                F F ก       กก F         F
                                                                                                                                         ก                                         F             F F                                           ก
    F                                                                                                                                  ก
            F F                               F            ก                     ก ก                                                  ก                      FF F F
        F                   ก       F F                        F                 F            F             ก
                                                                                                                                           F F           ก                F                                    F                  F BASIC
                                                                                                                                                              ก               FF

                                                                                                                        46                                                                                                                                 48
                                              F                                                                                        F (Computer Virus)
     F                                                  F                                        F           ก                 Fก
    BASIC                                               PL/I                                         ก                    F                        F
    COBOL                                               PROLOG                                           Copy F               Flash Drive, CD, DVD, Tape
    FORTRAN                                             LOGO                                                          F
    PASCAL                                                                                                  ก Download    Copy
    C     C++                                                                                               F    ก e-mail



                                                                                            49                                                                                                 51




                                         F (Computer Virus)                                                                            F (Computer Virus)
             ก                           ก                            F             F
                 F           F               F Fก                         F   ก F       ก            Boot Sector Virus
F                                                                                                                 F                         ก          F               F           (Boot)
         F                                                                                                   F                     F   F
                         F       F                  F       F F                                      File Virus
                     F       ก       F                            F                                               F                   ก                        ก           ก         .COM, .EXE,
                                                                                                         .DRV, .DLL, .BIN, .OVL, .SYS                      F
                                                                                                     BootMacro Virus
                                                                                                                               F           Macro                   F           F    ก F

                                                                                            50                                                                                                 52
                                     F (Computer Virus)

Trojan Horse
       F                     ก               F            F           F         ก          ก
                       F F       ก               Fก           F           F ก              ก
                   F
Worm
    F ก                ก                              F                    F       F                   ก           F
               F                         F                                      F ก            F           F
           F       ก ก                                            F                    ก           ก           F
                      ก F            F


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