ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN Air Passenger Terminals by v143d0S9


   Air Passenger Terminals
      Design Guidelines

Arch. Annie Corpuz Pugeda, uap, M.A. Ed.
 2 Basic Approaches to Terminal Planning
   (effect on building form/detail layout)

• Aircraft against or as near to the building
  (connection by walking/mechanical airbridges)
  Disadvantage: scale dictated by size of aircraft

• Aircraft remote from terminal (passenger
  transport vehicles)
Checklist on Basic Data Requirements

• Sizing the terminal and related facilities
 Aircraft movements (passenger aircraft only)
 Passenger movements
 Baggage
 Visitors
 Employees
 Landside transportation
    Basic data on local conditions and
• Site conditions
  (topography/site conditions/climate)
• Master plan
• Airside constraints
  (height restrictions/siting restrictions/material
  restrictions/noise contours/existing fixed facilities
• Landside constraints
  (road & public transportation facilities/adjacent
  commercial, industrial, residential
Checklist of Basic Planning Objectives
•   Land transport
•   Passenger convenience & safety
•   Security & its effect on flow planning
•   Baggage handling
•   Extensibility & adaptability
•   Basic administrative requirements
 Checklist of Basic Planning Concepts

• Basic terminal types & configurations
Unit terminal
• Basic terminal flow patterns
Checklist of Detailed Design Requirements
– Passenger & Visitor Facilities (Landside)
• Transport between terminal and centers of
• Transport within airport environs
• Kerbside areas
• Concourse areas
• Check-in facilities
    Checklist of Detailed Design Requirements
      – Passenger Amenities & Processing
                 Facilities (Airside)
• Departing passengers
• Arriving passengers
• Transit & transfer passengers
• VIP/CIP passengers
• Methods of passenger movement through
  the terminal
• Methods of connection to aircraft
    Checklist of Detailed Design Requirements
          – General Terminal Facilities
• Baggage handling system
• Catering
• Security
• Administrative & general terminal support
• Building services
    Checklist of Detailed Design Requirements
          – Aircraft & Apron Operations
•   Aircraft parking stand arrangements
•   Aircraft servicing arrangements
•   Aircraft fuelling operations
•   Aircraft maintenance facilities
•   Air traffic control (ATC) facilities
•   Firefighting and rescue facilities
                                 Design Problem
A private corporation has commissioned an architect to prepare the plans of an
international standard. This will be the master plan for the aviation program for year 1996
in keeping up with the proposed full implementation of deregulation (open-skies) and
privatization of the national flag carrier to serve million of tourists worldwide and the export
drive of the government under new flying rights, expanded cabotage rights and
competitive airfares; and shall be established in at least 6 major points of the nation.
The site development plan (SDP) is desired to isolate the various structures and facilities
which are, among others, the landing strips, taxiway turn paths, runway holding bay for
modern aircraft; passenger terminal, cargo terminal, administration building, commercial
aircraft facilities such as hangers, maintenance and service airport entrance road,
perimeter/paved service road, operational activities, provided by government such as air
traffic control, communications and weather forecasting, those provided by airport
management such as 18 garage stalls, equipment buildings, for fire and crash rescue,
aircraft sales, storage maintenance and flight training, the cargo and air mail building,
pavement areas for passenger loading apron, service apron, storage, hangar for two
aircrafts. There will be parking to serve the complex. Include personal accommodations
such as lockers, locker rooms, multi-purpose room (for employees, lunch. etc.). Include a
hotel complex for transit passengers away from this site.
                            Design Problem

The terminal, which must be designed based on a gate-lounge concept
(consolidated) is the transfer point between land and air, and shall provide deplaning
and enplaning spatial facilities such as valet parking for 60 cars (20 short-turn/40
long-turn); 150 cars, 20 buses, 20 baggage check-in counters, interline passengers,
flight info, ticket counters for at least 10 airline companies, processing, immigration
processing, gate lounges, baggage claim counters/conveyors system; tax-free gift
shoppers malls; boarding device; public corridor, security, operations; snacks/coffee
areas for passengers and non-passengers, senders and greeters areas; terminating
passengers, public health, transfer to domestic, , rent-a-car, public transportation,
private vehicles, etc. The movement of departing and arriving passengers , their
immigration and customs processing, baggage claiming should be smooth and must
not inter-mix. Escalators, moving sidewalks, elevators may be used. The curb
frontage shall have space for 20 private cars, 30 taxis, 5 limos, 5 bus spaces, 4
parking through lanes, and 3 through lanes. The terminal should service 6 aircrafts
from the four big airline companies,. The other airline companies will be served
through the boarding device of any of those allotted to them which shall be flexible to
serve smaller aircrafts.
                            Design Problem
The landing/take-off strip shall be according to the requirements of the Civil Aviation
Administration, length shall be over 10,000 ft. Basis for design analysis is Boeing
Med. 707-100B. Preliminary info are: seated passengers capacity 452; take-off
runway length of 5,000 meters; runway length-flaps 30 of 3,000 meters or 9840 feet
on a standard day with zero runway gradient and zero wind. For passenger/cargo
combination seats with 6 pallets volume per load is 3980 cubic feet or 107 cu.m.
passenger capacity 332. Other data are available at the figures shown. Design shall
be in accord also with the National Building Code. Consider land area not a constraint
in planning. The selected area is flat and bordered by sea on the westside. Indicate
“NORTH” on the SDP.
Meteorological data from PAGASA BASED ON 24-YEAR RECORD. Mean
temperature 27.4 degrees; annual rainfall 1,423.5 mm; prevailing winds 2 meters per
second northeasterly (NE).

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