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                        Chapter 8

                           Job Safety
I. Thinking and Acting Safely
A.   Accidents on the job cost money
     1. medical bills
     2. new workers to replace injured worker
     3. fines and lawsuits
B.   EVERYONE must work to prevent accidents
     1. know all rules
     2. FOLLOW all rules
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        C. General Safety Rules
1. Learn the right way to do your job
2. follow all instructions--ASK if you do not know
3. follow all rules
4. correct and report all unsafe conditions
5. use the correct protective equipment
6. report all accidents
7. use the right tool for the job
8. when lifting, bend your knees
9. DON’T GOOF OFF!!!!
10. keep your work area clean
 II. Unsafe Acts/Unsafe Conditions
 Unsafe Acts                          Unsafe Conditions
 A. wiping or cleaning moving         A. poor housekeeping
  equipment                            B. opened drawers left
 B. failing to wear proper             unattended
  protective clothing                  C. dim lighting
 C. smoking in a no-smoke area        D. dangerous objects overhead
 D. failing to follow safety rules    E. blocked fire exits
  and signs                            F. tools left lying around
 E. Lifting too heavy a load by       G. high stacks of boxes
  yourself
                                       H. oily rags in paper boxes
 F. removing or not using
  machine guards                       I. overused electrical extension
                                        cords
 G. taking chances
     III. Proper Safety Attitude
A. Actions speak louder than words
B. Avoid these actions
         1. forgetfulness
         2. disobedience
         3. carelessness
         4. bad temper
         5. uncertainty
         6. fatigue
         7. laziness
         8. showing off
        IV. Office Safety
A. close all desk and file drawers when not in use
B. be careful when using manual paper-cutting
 machines
C. turn off all machines when cleaning
D. make sure all electrical machines and cords are
 in good shape and the plug is GROUNDED
E. do NOT touch electrical machines with wet
 hands
F. don’t lean too far back in a chair
G. replace worn electrical cords or plugs
H. unplug electrical connections by pulling the
 plug, not by pulling the cord
I. do not overload electrical circuits
J. use handrails on stairs
K. keep the floors clean and dry
L. never stand on movable office furniture
M. read and follow all directions on storing and
 using chemicals
N. be careful of dangling hair, jewelry, scarves and
 ties
, fast food worker, auto mechanic, teacher
   V. Working with Machinery and
               Tools

A. work at a safe speed
B. wear the right clothes and footwear
C. never operate machine unless you’ve had instructions
D. keep the switch “OFF” while you plug in a machine
E. examine the equipment before turning on
F. never operate defective equipment
G. wear the proper protective gear
H. keep all safety guards and shields in place
I. do not oil, clean or adjust equipment when the power is
 on
      VI. Other safety precautions
A.   Lifting
     1. lift with your leg and arm muscles
     2. keep your back as straight as possible
     3. always carry the load close to your body
     4. be sure you have good footing
     5. be sure you can see where you are going
     6. ask for help when necessary
     7. use mechanical aids to save muscle power
     8. keep your work area free from tripping hazards
     9. work smart

*Refer to figure 8-7 on page 108
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B.   Housekeeping
  1.   keep your work area clean
  2.   make sure floors are clean and dry

  3.   use caution signs
C. Using Ladders Safely
   1. choose the correct ladder for the job
    2. do NOT use metal ladders around electrical wires
     3. check a ladder before using it
     4. never use crates, boxes or chairs
     5. do not overreach
     6. make sure the ladder has firm footing and is
  correctly placed
     7. open a stepladder to its fullest width and lock it in
      positionbefore you climb
     8. always face the ladder when climbing up or down
     9. always take one step at a time and use both hands
     10. never stand on the top two steps
     11. when working outside on a home, make sure an
      extension ladder extends three feet above the roof line
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             VII. Fire Protection
A.   1/2 of all fires caused by:
            1. careless smoking
            2. faulty electrical wiring and appliances
     B. other causes
            1. faulty heating equipment
            2. grease buildup in kitchen ventilation hoods
            3. unattended open flames in kitchens and labs
            4. careless use of flammable liquids
     C. flammable liquid-one that easily ignites
     D. fire triangle-oxygen, heat, fuel
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 E. Fire prevention tips
  1. know the location of all fire alarms, fire
     extinguishers, and exits
  2. know how to use a fire alarm pull-box
  3. know how to use the telephone to report a fire
  4 know how to evacuate the building
  5. know how to use a fire extinguisher



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F.   Other fire prevention tips
     1. make sure smokers smoke only in designated areas
     2. keep your work area clean
     3. don’t overload electrical wires
     4. never store oily rags and paper in open containers
     5. keep containers of flammable liquids tightly closed
      and stored in cool areas
     6. always obey all safety rules
                             First Aid
1. Make sure the injured person has nothing in
 his/her mouth
2. stop any bleeding
3. prevent shock--keep person warm and keep
 person flat with head low
4. call for medical help
5. remain calm
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                   IX. OSHA Occupational and
                          Health Act
 A. calls for safe working conditions
 B. law passed to reduce hazards in the workplace



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C. Employers’ Responsibility
   1. provide a safe workplace
   2. examine conditions and make sure they meet
    standards
   3. make sure proper tools are used
   4. require the use of protective gear
   5. use color codes, posters, labels and signs
   6. keep OSHA records of injuries
   7. place OSHA poster in the workplace
   8. allow employee reps to have inspections
D. Employee’s Responsibilities
        1. read the OSHA poster
        2. know and follow OSHA standards
        3. follow all rules
        4. wear protective equipment
        5. report hazardous conditions
        6. report job-related injuries
        7. cooperate with the OSHA officers when they
         inspect
       X. Worker’s Compensation
A. Insurance against work-related accidents
B. All 50 states have them
C. 2 kinds
    1. compulsory--must participate in the plan
    2. elective--can choose
D. Covers:
    1. unlimited medical treatment
    2. loss of wages
    3. death benefits to your family
    4. insurance against occupational diseases
    5. income benefits for disability
*Each state’s laws differ on disability.
        XI. Disability Insurance
A. Long term = Social Security covers
B. Young people can collect, but on a different
 scale

				
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