Unit Guide-Ancient Israelites
I. Geography of Canaan
II. Early Hebrews
B. Moses and the Exodus
III. Rise and Fall of the Kingdom of Israel
IV. Jewish beliefs and texts
V. Maintaining Jewish beliefs through the centuries
1. Religious beliefs affect the daily lives of people.
2. Conflict arises over land and religious beliefs.
3. One person can change a society.
1. What are the basic beliefs of Judaism?
2. Why did conflict arise over control of Canaan?
3. How did the early Israelite leaders affect the lives and history of the Jewish
Canaan-Homeland of Hebrews, located northeast of Egypt and west of
Judaism-the religion of the Hebrews
monotheism-belief in one god
covenant-special agreement binding the Israelites to God
Exodus- the journey of the Hebrews out of Egypt
Ten Commandments-a code of moral laws
Passover – holiday remembering the Exodus
High Holy Days – the two most sacred of all Jewish holy days – Yom Kippur,
Torah-the most sacred text of Judaism, contains the basic laws of Judaism
and traces the history of the Israelites through 1200 BCE.
Talmud-set of commentaries (which explain laws that are hard to understand)
and lessons for everyday life. Created between AD 200 and AD 600.
Seder-meal eaten by Jews during Passover
prophet-people who are said to receive messages from God to be taught to
menorah-branched candlestick holder located in the front of a synagogue,
symbolizes spiritual light and guidance in the Jewish faith
diaspora-scattering of Jews outside of Israel and Judah
rabbi-religious teachers and leaders
synagogue-Jewish house of worship
Zealots-the most rebellious group of Jews in ancient Judea
Abraham-founder of monotheism
Moses-leader of the Exodus
David–Israelite king – defeated the Philistines, united the Israelites,
established the capital of Israel in Jerusalem.
Solomon–Israelite king – built the great temple in Jerusalem