Mango (Mangifera indica) or mango fruit is a type name, as the name of the tree. Mangoes belong to the
genus Mangifera, consisting of 35-40 members, and tribal Anacardiaceae.
Mango plants grow best at an altitude of 50-300 m above sea level on a thick layer of soil and soil crumb
structure and grainy.
Varieties of high value such as 21 or Arumanis Gadung 143. Other varieties are Manalagi 69, Lalijiwo,
Chokanan and Marionette 31.
PREPARATION OF LAND
Planting hole was made 1-2 months before planting, size 1 mx 1m x 1 m and spacing of 6 mx 8 m. Two
weeks prior to the planting, soil excavation put it back in the planting hole with manure mixed in the ratio
1: 1. It would be optimal SUPERNASA flush (0.5 tbsp / + 5 liters of water / tree).
Planting at the beginning of the rainy season. Before the seeds were planted a plastic bag is removed. +
Depth of 15-20 cm above the plant roots and soil around the neck compressed in the direction of crop
plants so as not to collapse. Plants were given shelter by his side to the west and then reduced gradually.
Mango plants suited to live in areas with a dry season for 3 months. Dry period is required before and
during flowering. If planted in wet areas, plants have lots of pests and diseases and autumn flowers / fruit
if the flowers appear on the rain.
Good soil for the cultivation of mango is loose sand and clay containing equal amounts.
Soil acidity (pH soil) which is suitable 5.5-7.5. If the pH is below 5.5 should be limed with dolomite.
Mango is grown in lowland and medium altitude 0-500 m above sea level produces better quality fruit
and more numerous than in the highlands.
Manure (PK) is given a time at the beginning of the rainy season. How embedded around the canopy
width of tree crops or dig a hole in the side of the plant. Mango age 1-5 years were given 30 kg PK, aged
6-15 years were given 60 kg of PK.
Prune Forms (3 stages):
Phase I: the age of 1 year after planting during the rainy season by cutting the trunk as high as 50-60 cm
from the ground and cutting down on the field connection. Branches that grow from three branches that
kept him from spreading.
Phase II: pruning performed on all three branches that grow after the age of 2 years, the way he leaves 1-2
sections / dashed. Shoots that grow on each branch maintained 3 shoots. If more discarded. Stages of the
investment would be trimming the tree with a branch formula 1-3 - 9.
Phase III: 3 years, the same way as stage II, but kept all the shoots that grow to production.
Pruning is to maintain the plant by cutting the branches of dead / dry branches that grow inward and
downward and branch water is a young branch that will not produce fruit. Production cuts implemented
immediately after harvest.
Conducted two times a year at the beginning and end of the rainy season, by inverting the soil
(pembumbunan) around the glass plant to pathogens present in the ground dead.
Mulching at the end of the rainy season, using the straw / remnants of the former clipping / between
Weed control carried out at least 3 times a year.
INDUCTION OF INTEREST
Used to stimulate flowering SUPER NASA Solid Organic Fertilizer with a dose of 1-2 tablespoons / tree
mixed with 10 liters of water poured over them evenly under the canopy of the tree after the second
dashed (February-March) and sprayed NASA POC (3-4 ttp / tank) + HORMONIK (1 ttp) per tank.
WASTE MANAGEMENT AND FRUIT
Management of flowers and fruit for 4 times, at the time of bud break, bud elongation, mango size (green
beans) and marble size (corn).
Fertilizers are used:
Monokalsium phosphate (MKP) is given before the advent of new shoots or bud break and during bud
break or bud elongation (dose of 2.5 g / liter).
Pests and diseases
a. Tip Borer, Clumetia transverse
This worm gnawing the young shoots (flush) and flower panicles with drilled / bored into shoots or
panicle downward. Leaf or tassel flower buds wither, dry and damaged as a result of nutrient transport
stops and then die. Control; branch is cut and burned infected shoots, pendangiran to turn off the pupa,
spraying with PESTONA.
b. Thrips (Scirtothrips dorsalis)
Pest thrips are often called red stripes on the first abdominal segment there is a red line. This pest attacks
the young leaves but also flowers with piercing and sucking fluids from the epidermis of leaves and fruit.
Place a puncture can be a source of disease. Looks like burning leaves, brown and menggelinting. If
interest diketok-word of the hand and placed underneath the base with a white paper will look a lot thrips
that fell. Control: developing young shoots cut and burned, caught by yellow traps, regular pruning,
spraying with BVR or PESTONA
c. Caterpillars Phylotroctis sp.
Slightly brown color (different from Clumetia sp. The color green) bored into the base of the candidates
often flower panicles. Eggs Phyloctroctis sp. hatch and young adults to attack the fruit stalk (nipple).
Young fruit abscission layer in the autumn as the fruit stalk blackish pus. Active at night.
d. Seed Borer, Noorda albizonalis
The pest is gnawing a fruit at the end or middle of the dirt and generally leave scars and often cause fruit
rupture. This worm gnawing a direct consequence of fruit seeds fruit rot and fall. Unlike the Black Borer
is gnawing at the base of the fruit pieces. Gerekan hole can be a source of disease.
Control: fruit packaging, collect the fruit attacked and burned.
e. Mango leafhoppers (Idiocerus sp.)
The attack came as tassel flower bud elongation stadia. Nymphs and adult leafhoppers suck attack
simultaneously with the liquid on the flowers, so dry, pollination and fruit formation interrupted and then
die. Severe attacks occur when hot humid weather supported. These pests can invite disease emergence
and development of sooty (sooty mold) with honey dew issued from the planthopper may cause
phytotoxic on buds, leaves and flowers. Control: fumigation, spraying BVR / PESTONA before the
flowers bloom / in the afternoon.
f. Fruit Flies (Bractocera dorsalis)
The fruit is attacked first black dots appear, at about the point of being yellow, rotten fruit and larval
development occurred. Agravator is possible that secondary pests (Drosophilla sp.), Fungi and bacteria.
Control: fruit packaging, fruit fly trapping.
g. Antraknose disease (Colletotrichum sp.)
Black spots occur on the flush, leaves, panicles and fruit. The attacks intensified if too moist, many
clouds, rain during the flowering time and night time dew that many arise. If the interest affected the
entire crop will fail because the rate to fall. Control: pruning, planting should not be too tight, the infected
plants were collected and burned.
h. Recife disease, Diplodia recifensis
This disease is also called Blendok, the disease vector was a beetle Xyleborus affinis. These beetles make
tunnels in the trunk / branches and fungus Diplodia then go into the tunnel. Outside the venue will be out
blendok gnawing beetles (sap). Mango diseases such as sooty (mushrooms Meliola mangiferae), scabies /
scab (Elsinoe mangiferae), red rust spots (algae Cephaleuros sp.)
i. Ladybug mango (Cryptorrhynoccus gravis)
Attack the fruit and enter into it.
Control: with red ants that cause Ladybugs do not lay eggs.
j. Mango powder
Attack the fruit until the young shoots. Fruit skin looks normal, when cleaved visible pests eat the inside.
Control: a falling mango destroyed due to this pest, use a fine manure, hoe the ground around the tree
trunks and spraying insecticide into the soil that had been dug.
k. Boil leaves (Procontarinia matteiana.)
Symptoms: The leaves become ulcerous and the leaves turn brown, green and red.
Control: spraying fruit and leaves with Ripcord, Phosdrin Cymbuth or three times a week, burn the
affected leaves, menggemburkan ground for issuing a cocoon and improve aeration.
l. Fruit Flies
Symptoms: rotten fruit, fall and lowered productivity.
Control: to destroy the damaged fruit, to feed a soap solution or methyl eugenol in the container and
m. Planthopper (Idiocerus clypealis, I. Niveosparsus, I. Atkinsoni)
These different types of leafhoppers that attack rice. This aphis attack the leaves, twig wreaths and taking
out the sweet water so inviting fire ants to eat the shoots or buds. The liquid that freezes cause mold black
Control with insecticides Diazinon and curing four times a week.
n. Mites (Paratetranychus yothersi, Hemitarsonemus latus)
The first mites attack young mango leaves while the latter attacks the lower surface of mango leaves.
Both attack the flower arrangements.
Control by spraying sulfur powder, insecticides Diazinon or Basudin.
Eating a mango fruit in the evening.
Control: by allowing the ants to live in between the cage mango leaves, put the wind propeller berpeluit
and protect the trees with nets.
1) The disease of mango
Cause: The fungus Gloeosporium Mangifera. This fungus causes flowers to wilt, fruit rot, leaf mottled
black and curled.
Control: Porridge fungicide Bordeaux.
Parasite to damage in a short time because it causes the food is not completely absorbed by plants.
Control by cutting off the infected branches, cutting down the plants that were attacked with heavy pestle
HARVEST AND POST-HARVEST
Harvesting is done at the age of 97 + days after anthesis, fruit powder, and the hours of 9:00 to 16:00 pm
with the remaining pieces of stalk about 0.5 to 1 cm.